熊本県葦北郡芦北町, 津奈木町, 水俣市 (JAあしきた)
Early-growing onions “Sara Tama-chan”, a specialty of the Minamata and Ashikita regions, are shipped from February to June. From the end of March onwards, “young onions harvested with their leaves” will be replaced with “chopped onions,” and shipments will begin in earnest. It is an abbreviation for salad onion, and literally comes from the meaning of the green onion whose bulbs grow like balls.
“Environmentally friendly farmer (as recognized by law)” refers to a “sustainable A nickname of a farmer who has submitted a plan for the introduction of advanced agricultural production methods to prefectural governors and has received certification that the introduction plan is appropriate. It was selected from the applications sent to the Conference (Chairman: Kikuo Kumazawa, Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo). If you become an environmentally friendly farmer (as recognized by law), you can receive special measures for agricultural improvement funds. The “eco” in “environmentally friendly farmer (as recognized by law)” comes from ecology. Terms such as “eco-mark” and “eco-business” are widely used as symbols of environmentally friendly and considerate products. In addition, at the selection stage, the Buddhist term “partiality” (relying on the gods and Buddha), which is based on harmony with nature and the environment, is also related to “eco”, or an environmentally friendly farmer. (as recognized by law) was called for to favor the environment. From Kumamoto Green Agriculture: A “sustainable agricultural production method” is a rational agricultural production method that is recognized as contributing to the maintenance and enhancement of the productivity of farmland derived from the properties of the soil. What is done. Soil preparation technology: Technology related to the application of compost and other organic materials that are highly effective in improving soil properties. Select and introduce one or more of the following four technologies. Input of compost, etc. based on soil diagnosis. Plowing of rice straw and wheat stalks. Technology for using green manure crops. Reduction of organic matter by using grass. Chemical Fertilizer Reduction Technologies: Technologies related to fertilizer application that are highly effective in reducing the application of chemically synthesized fertilizers. Select and introduce one or more of the other technologies. Local fertilization technology, fertilization control type fertilizer application technology, organic fertilizer application technology, and other prefecture-specific technologies (simultaneous irrigation and fertilization technology, etc.). Chemical pesticide reduction technology: Technology related to the control of harmful animals and plants, which is highly effective in reducing the use of chemically synthesized pesticides. Select and introduce one or more of the other technologies. Hot water seed disinfection technology, mechanical weeding technology, technology for using animals for weeding, technology for using biopesticides, technology for using counterplants, technology for cultivating resistant varieties and using rootstocks, technology for soil disinfection using heat, technology for using light, technology for cover cultivation, pheromones Technology using pesticides, multi-cultivation technology, other prefecture-specific technologies (deep-water cultivation technology, technology using bumblebees, technology for transplanting cultivation, technology for using circulation fans, technology for shallow cutting (deep cutting) pruning, high seedling cultivation technology, ground surface residue incineration technology, pre-planting flooding techniques, etc.). “Sara Tama-chan” is a fresh and less spicy onion, so you can enjoy it raw as a salad without soaking it in water. Also, without sticking to raw food, adding heat such as simmering or frying will increase the sweetness and make it even more delicious. In order to deliver safety, peace of mind, and deliciousness to consumers, there seems to be a lot of attention to detail in the production of “Sara Tama-chan”. All of our producers are certified eco-farmers (farmers certified by the Kumamoto Prefectural Governor in accordance with the Law Concerning the Promotion of the Introduction of Highly Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems). It seems that he is working on pesticides. Strict production standards produce outstanding sweetness and juiciness, as well as a meaty quality that can be enjoyed both raw and cooked. Since 2008, it has become possible to sell “specially cultivated agricultural products” according to the national standards, and at the same time, “Kumamoto-type specially cultivated agricultural products” (Yusaku-kun: soil preparation, reduced chemical fertilizers, reduced chemical pesticides), which has the same standards as the national government. Agricultural products that have been certified by the prefecture as having been produced based on the prefecture’s own “production standards” concerning the above, and are sold with the “Kumamoto Green Agriculture” display mark. Received inspection and certification in accordance with the Notification of the Minister of Agricultural Administration No. 575 dated) and a partial revision of the form). Specially cultivated agricultural products are agricultural products whose usage frequency is 50% or less compared to the customary level of the area where the agricultural products were produced (use of pesticides subject to reduction and chemical fertilizers customarily practiced in each region). Agricultural products grown in, where the nitrogen content of chemical fertilizers is 50% or less. The onion part of Sara Tama-chan with leaves can be eaten raw without being exposed to water. By boiling the stems and leaves, it can be used in dishes such as Onion tempura, Sukiyaki (thin slices of beef cooked with vegetables at the table in soy sauce, sake and sugar), and Korean barbecue. It is thicker and sweeter than regular green onions. Under the warm and rainy climate of the Minamata and Ashikita regions, producers limit the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers as much as possible in consideration of consumer safety and the natural environment. Full-scale shipments are expected to begin in early February and continue until early March. The Minamata-Ashikita region is located at the southern tip of Kumamoto Prefecture. The rias-style coastline facing the Yatsushiro Sea spreads out on the slopes of the hills, and fruit trees are thriving thanks to the mild climate. Salad onion “Sara Tama-chan” seems to have been cultivated in 1961 as a stable crop to replace barley in paddy fields. The warm and rainy climate and gentle sea breeze from the Yatsushiro Sea are suitable for onion cultivation, and the number of producers and the cultivation area has gradually expanded. In 1996, it was designated as a production area for high-quality onions by the national government, and in 1998, it received the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Award at the 3rd National Environmental Conservation Agricultural Contest. In JA Ashikita, stock (Matthiola incana: Family name: Brassicaceae) Classification: Summer/Autumn annual plant. Origin: Southern Europe Size: Height 25-100 cm, Width 20-40 cm, Main attractions: flowers (November to May). Sweet-scented gorgeous flowers bloom in clusters on extended flower stalks. The flowers are rich in color and have single and double flower shapes, each of which gives a different impression. Leaf color is slightly grayish green. The plant forms a rosette during the winter, and the leaves at the base are large. It seems that there are dwarf species for flowerbeds and group planting, and tall species for cut flowers. Many of the potted seedlings sold in stores are dwarf species, and tall species are often sold as seeds). Flower colors are pink, white and purple. It has a long shelf life and is often used for gift bouquets and flower arrangements. JA’s main destination is Miyazaki Prefecture, and it seems that shipments will continue until around the end of March. This area has been described as the land of Ashikita since ancient times, and has long been the land and sea route to southern Kyushu. It was a base. The two towns of Tanoura and Ashikita are adjacent to each other and have strong geographical and historical ties. With the trend of the times and changes in the social structure, the decentralization of power has come into practice. “Ashikita Town” was born. Born as Taura Village in 1889, making good use of the sloping topography and mild climate, sweet (variety of) Watson pomelo was cultivated from 1949. It is known as Watson pomelo village. In recent years, we have been aiming to become Japan’s No. 1 Dekopon Citrus production area. It seems that they have been working on branding and mass production. Also, the product shop “Higo Urara”. It has developed as one of the best tourist destinations in the southern part of the prefecture with the beautiful scenery of the Shiranui Sea in the background, centering on the Otachi-misaki Park area. Received the Prime Minister’s Award in the 1996 Furusato-zukuri Award for Municipalities. Ashikita has a long history of prospering as a transportation hub with a good natural harbor. Recent years Since the merger of Ashikita Town and Yuura Town in 1970, “Ashikita Town” has become a lively town thanks to the wisdom and tireless efforts of the townspeople. Has developed. Blessed with abundant water, greenery, and the beautiful nature of the sea, the hot spring village has a long history and the Ono hot spring center. It has continued to develop, centered around the Ashikita Seaside Comprehensive Park, one of the best beaches in western Japan, and the ruins of Sashiki Castle, where the onigawara tile with the inscription “peace reigns in the land national security” was excavated. In 1996, the city received the Prime Minister’s Award as the “Best Physical Fitness Group Award” and in 2000, the former Home Affairs Minister’s Award as a “town open to the world.” In the persimmon, a streak called a streak (from the apex to the equator, innumerable linear or spider web-like cracks occur, some of which turn blackish brown and become wavy) is formed on the pericarp. There are varieties. Varieties such as “Fuyu persimmon”, “Hiratanenashi persimmon”, and “Jiro persimmon” do not have stripes, but the new variety “Taishu persimmon” seems to be prone to stripes. It is a large fruit and has a very good taste, so it is expected to spread, but the striped pattern may be confused with a dirty fruit and evaluated as a fruit with a poor appearance. The NARO Fruit Tree Experiment Station Persimmon / Grape Branch Breeding Laboratory seems to have discovered that the sugar content of fruits with stripes is high in the process of breeding research so far. Therefore, it seems that selecting strains that produce stripes may be a strategy for cultivating high-sugar varieties. The biggest feature of JA Ashikita seems to be active product development and marketing. The Ashikita region of Kumamoto prefecture, where the JA is located, is the southernmost part of Kumamoto prefecture, which borders Kagoshima prefecture. It seems to be new. However, it became the top production area in Japan with the introduction of Amanatsu oranges, which took advantage of the warm climate, and then Dekopon. In addition, I heard that the onions “Saratama-chan（It features a crispy texture. As a commitment, it is said that it is made by suppressing the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers to 50% of the customary level in Kumamoto Prefecture. All producers are certified as environmentally friendly farmer (as recognized by law) (farmers certified by the Governor of Kumamoto Prefecture based on the “Act on Promotion of Introduction of Sustainable Agricultural Production Methods”).）” and “Ashikita beef（Japanese black beef, which has benefited from nature in the mountainous areas of JA jurisdiction and has been fattened with love, is not only shipped to Kumamoto Prefecture and the Kansai region throughout the year, but also sold at the local “Farmers Market Dekopon”. It seems that they are also working on erasing. Most of them seem to have received the title of “Wao”, a premium brand of beef Kumamoto and Japanese black beef. Known as marbled beef with a safe and secure taste.）”, which are less spicy, have distinctive production areas. In the processing of agricultural products, it seems that there is a manufacture and sale of JA mark “union noodles” that started in 1950 and continued until 2007. It was sold in all prefectures of Kumamoto, Kagoshima and Miyazaki, and part of Fukuoka, Saga and Oita, but it is said that it is manufactured and sold by itself (sixth industrialization). It goes back to last summer, but was damaged by the heavy rain in Kumamoto in July 2020. Due to the torrential rain from July 3rd to 4th, debris flow and flooding of rivers caused serious damage to houses, farmlands, business establishments, etc. in JA Ashikita jurisdiction. The JA set up a disaster response headquarters on July 5, and worked to support the damaged union members and restore the functions of each business site. Now, let’s take a look at the characteristics of the jurisdiction, though it is simple. “Ashikita Town, Ashikita District, Kumamoto Prefecture”, Located in the southern part of the prefecture. About 80% of the total area of 233.98 km2 is lined with lush mountains. Mt. Ozeki（902 ｍ）- The pure and abundant water that is the source pours into the Shiranui Sea (Yatsushiro Sea). Ashikita coast opened to the west: Overlooking the islands of Amakusa, it forms a beautiful ria coast designated by the Prefectural Natural Park. The warm climate is famous for producing Amanatsu; sweet form of Chinese citron and Dekopon; Sumo mandarin. Adjacent cities and towns are Tsunagi and Minamata to the south. Kuma Town is on the east side of the Kuma River. The north is adjacent to Yatsushiro City. “Former Tanoura Town”, The old town name in Ashikita District, southern part of the prefecture. Currently, it corresponds to the northernmost area of Ashikita Town. Facing the Yashiro Sea. The old town was enforced in 1958; Kanogawa River Typhoon（Ida）, The basin area is 852 km2 and the area of Shizuoka Prefecture is 11%, Completion of Tokyo Tower. Merged with Ashikita Town in 2005. The town name is named after “Taura countryside”, which has been the name of the area since ancient times. The soil is mainly composed of Paleozoic sedimentary rocks. Agricultural land was only along the coast and rivers. Converted from the former Ashikita forestry (short-cut pine forestry for mining wood). It was known that it was cultivated in Amanatsu using slopes at the foot of the mountain. 藤崎家住宅（赤松館）下の門 : Tanoura – It is a national tangible cultural property, and its registration date is October 18, 2000. Wooden, tiled roof, frontage 2.3 m, with wooden gate. 主屋一棟: 木造2階建, 瓦葺, 建築面積 769 m2. 味噌蔵一棟: 土蔵造二階建, 瓦葺, 建築面積 61m2. 長屋一棟: 木造平屋建, 瓦葺, 建築面積 12 m2. 篭部屋一棟: 木造平屋建, 瓦葺, 建築面積 41m2. 表門一棟: 石造, 間口5.8 m, 木製門扉及び左右袖塀付. 真中の門一棟: 木造, 瓦葺, 間ロ1.9 m2, 木製門扉及び東側塀延長15 m付. 下の門一棟: 木造, 瓦葺, 間口 2.3 m, 木製門扉. 塀一棟: 木造, 瓦葺, 延長 161 m. 米蔵一棟: 土蔵造2階建, 瓦葺, 建築面積 247 m2. A gate that opens between the basket room and the north back of the Miso warehouse. Then, it leads to the work garden beside the main building kitchen. With a munamon style and a simple stile roof, the frontage is large. Wide wooden doors can be opened on one side. Built in consideration of the loading and unloading of goods and the convenience of loading and unloading vehicles. The originator of a Japanese cooking expert-Birthplace of Mrs. Tomi EGAMI. The generation at that time undertook a large amount of assistance to Mr. Soho（猪一郎）TOKUTOMI. 國民新聞; 東京新聞. 将来之日本, 1886（経済雑誌社）. By written, 勝利者の悲哀, 1952: 日米戦争と必勝国民読本. “うたせ（打瀬）船“, A symbol of the Shiranui Sea. Four large masts, two paddles protruding back and forth: Take the wind on nine large and Nine large and small sails and let the tide flow: Floating in the ocean with the wind. Fishing method: There is a mechanism in the net put in the bottom of the sea: A bottom pull that pulls up prey on the bottom of the sea with seven bag-shaped nets. The origin is about 400 years ago, the home of the Island Sea of Japan. It is said that it was introduced to Ashikita in the early Meiji era. The base port is a stone and has some history（Geographic Information Ashikita is located in the southern part of Kumamoto Prefecture. Of a total area of 233.71 square kilometers, 80% of the land has a range of green mountains. A clean and abundant supply of water flows from Ashikita’s highest mountain, Mt. Ozeki (902 m) into the Shiranui Sea. The Ashikita Coast opening to the west commands a view of the Amakusa islands and forms a beautiful deeply-indented coastline. It has been designated as a Prefectural Natural Park. The warm climate of Ashikita produces citrus fruits of Dekopon and Amanatsu oranges of which Ashikita is proud. It is adjacent to Tsunaki Town and Minamata City to the south, Kuma Village with the Kumagawa River as a boarder to the east, and Yatsushiro City to the north. In terms of traffic, National Route 3 running through the town from the north to the south is a major artery with the Hisatsu Orange Railway as a major means of transportation. The Minami-Kyushu Nishimawari Expressway, which opened in February 2005, is a gateway to the north.）. In 1580, the Sagara army attacked and repelled the Shimazu navy（藤原北家菊池家流甲斐氏 – 響之原合戦覚書）. In 1597, Dutch ship stopped at this port prior to Hirado and requested trade. The ‘Tomi Gobansho’ was set up during the Hosokawa clan era. There were many ‘Kako（Sailor）’ in the uras of Ashikita. Sailors often travels to the Kinki region, which is an advanced area of the Japanese fishery, due to the clan’s request. There are many opportunities to see and hear the fishery in other places, so we are actively introducing it. The joint net spread（Combined net; Nets like those currently used）from the end of the Edo period to the Meiji era. “Geishu sink” ; Aki Province, Hiroshima Clan. It happened that a fisherman in Hiroshima started in Ashikita. A fishing method called a drifting ship, in which a bottom trawling net is pulled by a sailing ship. The harvest is mainly red shrimp, sicyonia, crab, etc. In 1981, it started as a sightseeing boat. “Tsunagi Town”, When Emperor Keiko conquered Kyushu: The name of the town was born from the legend that the ship was “connected”. Located in the southern part of the prefecture. Surrounded by mountains on three sides, north, south, east, and mountains approaching the coastline: The warm climate is used to spread the orchards of Amanatsu and Dekopon. The west faces the Shiranui Sea: The aquaculture of snapper, globefish and bastard halibut is flourishing on the coastline. Kyushu Shinkansen, which opened in March 2011: South kyushu nishimawari expressway TSUNAGI IC – Opened at the end of February 2016 – The convenience of transportation will also increase. “TSUNAGI FARM”, I want to preserve the rich nature of Tsunagi for the future, I want to connect the right food to future children. Environmentally friendly; Natural cultivation and fertilizer / pesticide reduction – Cultivation / promotional sales of Agricultural products, product development / promotional sales using these, etc. That is the establishment（TSUNAGI）of the connecting brand. The theme of “water, agriculture, food, health”. Correct food and agriculture for future children: Practice of efforts to connect the environment. “Tsunagi Tunnel” – 大字津奈木字引川内: August 2002 Registered as a nationally designated cultural property: Brick construction, length 212 m, width 5.5 m 1 unit. Tsunagi Taro Pass – It has a horseshoe-shaped wellhead decorated with shield-shaped voussoir. Copestone（Stones placed at the top of fences and railings）built with Edo-cut finish stone with a flat frame: Hold pit gates with pilasters（‘Pilaster’ with a rectangular cross section made by protruding from the wall）at both ends. “Sashiki Tunnel”, Similarly, the wing wall and the upper part of the mine gate lead to the wing wall. “Sometake stick dance”, A stick dance is used to express how the daughter is practicing katakiuchi. It’s a story of a parent and child. Around 1955- People in Samukawa District, Minamata City like it when they go to work. It all started when I was taught. After that, he started dancing in Sometake District and is still inherited. There was a chain under my daughter’s smooth oriental photinia. Currently, we are careful not to get injured. Stick dances are performed in various places, and episodes related to them are also handed down in each area（Minamata / Ashikita region）. “Hirakuni Roppo Dance”, It is rare in the prefecture that expresses a story. It seems that the occurrence is unknown. However, it is said that it has been handed down from about 200 years ago. Roppo refers to youxia- Hexagonal closest; 六方最密 – 六方最密充填構造（Packing ratio ≒ Face-centered cubic（cubic close-packed, CCP））- A strong dance. Avoid flexible words and actions: Exaggerated lines and actions ≒ “Japanese classical drama”. It is often danced for celebrations and begging for rain. Peculiarly Rainmaking (ritual) : It is said that he never danced and never rained. Until 2008, the dancer was old: It was the last time that the dance was stopped at the commemorative event of the 100th year of the Meiji era. However, I reproduced the dance for the first time in 13 years to show it to children. “Minamata City”, Located at the southern end of the prefecture, on the prefectural border of Kagoshima prefecture. From north to northeast, Tsunagi Town, Ashikita Town, Kuma Village. From south to southeast, It borders Izumi City, Kagoshima Prefecture and Isa City. The west faces the Shiranui Sea. It is about 22 km east-west and about 14 km north-south. Area is 163.29 km2. The city is Yatsushiro, a beautiful Yunoko Coast with a ria coast overlooking the sea: Yude Nanataki surrounded by dark green, Spa town full of historical atmosphere: The latest facilities with the theme of the environment are enriched. Warm sunlight, also known as the Mediterranean Sea in Japan: There are plenty of gourmet foods such as Dekopon and other blessings from the mountains and sea, as well as unique sweets. 民話; 鬼の歯形石, 茂田のモゼと多々良のタゼン, 井川平のオサンジョと宇土陣のスグルワラ, 肥前陣の黒ベコ, 茂道山の巡査さん, 山の神, 時鳥の話, 鬼の材石, 鬼嶽と矢筈山, 座頭滝物語, 椿谷での珍事, 河童の恩返し, 金神どん, 田頭のお稲荷さん, 山姥の話,底なし沼と逃げ道, 谷道のこっけ狸, 二の坂のおまん狸, もて木川の母子悲話, 鉄砲打ちと化け猫, 三番曲りの古狸, 山わろの話,嘉平じいさんとカラス, 寒川の水天宮と河童, 毛ぬきカッパ, 山神さんの話, みんみん滝. 伝説; 恋路島物語, 龍王物語, 久木野城, 鞍懸渕と四郎渕, 雨ざらしの水天宮, 久木野に寺院が無いわけ, 中小場の地頭さん, 松木どん, 松尾城, 吉井紀伊守物語, 瞽女渕, 元山丹波庄衛門物語, 住吉神社にまつわる伝説, 無田のヤンボシ塚, 日当野の一夜城, 惣一どん屋敷, 涙の別れ石, 障り除けの地蔵さん. Please see the city’s HP SITE for details. Really interesting. ‘Minamata Ishitobi district’, People have lived since palaeolithic 20,000 years ago. It is an archaeological excavation in recent years. And as the times get older: Nanpukuji Temple (Jomon) , Hatsuno, Ueno (Yayoi～Kofun) etc. Emigrate to lowlands. It is inferred from the ruins. The place name of Minamata appears in the record at the Engi ceremony (905-927). And it is said that Minamata and Nioh had a house. It is presumed that it was a transportation hub from that time. Power of language spit out by dying patients; Paradise in the Sea of Sorrow : Our Minamata Disease; 苦海浄土; Paradise in the Sea of Sorrow : Our Minamata Disease, 1969-講談社 : By written, Mrs. Michiko ISHIMURE（Environmental activist and poet）. “水俣市立蘇峰記念館（旧淇水文庫）” 陣内 – City registered tangible cultural property (building) : The registration date is November 5, 1997. The decoration is arranged around the eaves, and the overall appearance is simple. Early RC construction; Reinforced-Concrete. Designed by local engineer Rokuji Watanabe. Although the introduction was delayed: A library built by Soho TOKUTOMI with the named father. Today, it is even more valuable as a memorial hall. 水俣市教育委員会 2013 “水俣城跡 / 古城遺跡” 水俣市文化財調査報告書4: 下水道工事, 集落, 散布地, 近世陶磁器, 銃弾, 包含地: 旅館 : 古城遺跡, 散布地, 縄文, 弥生, 古墳, 古代 (細分不明), 中世 (細分不明), 近世 (細分不明) 時代, 縄文晩期土器, 弥生土器, 土師器, 須恵器, 石鍋, 転用品, 銭貨（銅銭）, 肥前系陶磁器. “Ashikita and Minamata”, Beautiful sea seen from Hisatsu Orange Railway: The lush mountains that soothe your mind and body shine. Among them, the yellow fruit that shines in the green-Amanatsu (Citrus natsudaidai). It has been cultivated since 1949 and remains as a traditional village nationwide. The taste is refreshing, sweet and sour, and the bitterness is pleasant. “Marmalade” made using leather: Jelly using pulp, dressing using whole fruit, etc. Processed products are also unique to the Ashikita and Minamata area. JA Ashikita has few flatlands and many coves in the Shiranui Sea, where the rias-style hills approach the coastline. The climate is warm and fruit trees are cultivated on slopes. Aiming to establish the Tanoura brand, it was first sold in 1991 and became the main agricultural product. “(Taishu) persimmon”, which focuses on production, is said to be “A persimmon a day keeps the doctor away.” It is said to be very good for the body. In 1977, it was a variety made with “Fuyu persimmon” as a parent, and was registered as a variety in 1995. It is a perfect sweet persimmon that ripens at the same time as “Wase Matsumoto Fuyu persimmon” and has a very good taste. Some sweet persimmons, such as “Wase Nishimura persimmon（The birthplace of “Shimosakamoto district, Otsu city, Shiga prefecture”, which prospered as a gate town, was registered by the second generation Mr. Yazo in 1960. “Wase” refers to a variety of persimmons that ripen relatively early compared to other persimmons from late September to early October. It is considered to be an incomplete sweet persimmon, and if a large amount of seeds are added, the sweetness is strong, and if it is small, the astringency remains, so it may be de-astringent. When a pattern like “black sesame” is added to the flesh, it is evidence that the astringency is removed and the sweetness is further increased. It is rounded and the pericarp is pale orange with a glossy finish. The flesh is reasonably firm and the juice is sufficient. Since it is a seedling that occurred in the hedge of the “Fuyu persimmon” cultivation garden that pollinated “red persimmon”, it has the gene of perfect sweet oyster, and when it is crossed with perfect sweet oyster, it is a child of perfect sweet oyster. However, it seems that it has been presumed that it may occur.（Application of）chemometrics（計量化学（応用））, Svante Wold 1971: 瑞, Umeå universitet）The Formation of Fruiting Mother Shoot from Water Shoot by Pinching in Japanese Persimmon cv. ‘Nishimura-Wase’）‘Wase Nishimura’ persimmon is one of the important cultivars for commercial culture in Japan. ‘Wase Nishimura persimmon’ tends to bear many more staminate flowers but fewer pistillate flowers with age or weakening of tree vigor, which causes decrease yield. Although there was no difference in the numbers of flowers among pinching date, pinching in early May is more recommended, because the percentage of summer shoots sprouted from water shoots is higher than that of after late May. There was no difference in the fruit quality among experimental plots. Based on these findings, pinching water shoots from May to June could be applied to form fruiting mother shoots for the next year.）”, are said to be incomplete sweet persimmons, and it seems that the astringency cannot be removed without seeds, but “Taishu Persimmon” is mature except for those cultivated in cold regions. When I did, the astringency seemed to be gone. “Taishu Persimmon” is characterized by its crispy and soft meat and a large amount of fruit juice. The size of the fruit is about 400 g, which is about 1.5 times larger than that of “Fuyu persimmon”, and sometimes it seems that minute cracks called “strips” are likely to occur on the top of the fruit. It tends to be disliked because it has a bad appearance, but the part where the “strip pattern” is formed has a sugar content of about 2 to 3% higher than other parts, so the taste is excellent. Okute’s “Fuyu persimmon”, which matures in mid-November, accounts for about 60% of Japan’s sweet persimmon production, and it seems that price declines due to concentration of harvesting and shipping labor and concentration of shipping volume are problems. To deal with this, we created the fascination of Nakate’s sweet persimmon “Taishu”, which is high quality and easy to cultivate. Regarding cultivation, it can be cultivated west of Chiba prefecture on the Pacific side and west of Niigata prefecture on the Sea of Japan side, but avoid cultivation because astringency may remain in cold regions where the summer temperature does not rise sufficiently. Better. It seems that male flowers tend to have more epiphytes and female flowers have less epiphytes. In order to increase the number of female flowers, it is necessary to maintain strong tree vigor and to adopt a pruning method that produces strong shoots, and it seems that the pruning method that puts a strongly cut back branch is effective. It seems that the stripes can reduce the occurrence and blackening by preventing the fruits from becoming excessively enlarged in autumn and by improving the ventilation in the canopy. Last but not least, let me introduce you to a special persimmon. In Mashiki Town, Kamimashiki District, Kumamoto Prefecture, a luxury brand persimmon called “Cinderella Taishu” is widely known. A variety called Taishu persimmon was cultivated in a house, which is rare for persimmons, with a lot of time and effort. Minimize water and fertilizer, stress persimmons and concentrate nutrients on fruits. It seems that the name comes from the fact that it can withstand bullying (stress) and become a shining persimmon. The variety was officially registered in 1995, and its actual texture is crispy, and it seems to be described as a pear-like texture. The sugar content, which is said to be the sweetest of all Japanese persimmons, is over 20 degrees. Stay tuned! The maturity period is early November, which is the same period as “Wase Matsumoto Fuyu persimmon”, and it is said that it can be harvested one to two weeks earlier than “Fuyu persimmon（1820年に, 美濃国（岐阜（県））大野郡居倉村（瑞穂市居倉）の小倉ノブ氏が,『居倉』「御所柿（奈良県御所市原産）」を, 圃場に植樹されたのが, 始まりと聞いている）”. The tree vigor and the size of the tree are medium, and the appearance of the tree seems to be between open and upright. The disease resistance and insect resistance are medium, and it seems that no particular problematic pests have been found. The settling of female flowers is less than that of the persimmon mentioned earlier, but the physiological fruit drop is less, and it seems that the yield comparable to that of “Wase Matsumoto Fuyu persimmon” can be obtained. As an aside, joint cultivation is a method of connecting seedlings with grafts in a straight line. Harvesting is expected at an early stage, and it seems to have the advantage of being able to manage and harvest without using a stepladder. C(OH) (CH2COOH)2COOH: C6H8O7; When energy is taken up by the living body, it decomposes through various processes to become a substance called acetyl-coa (active acetic acid), which binds to Oxaloacetic acid（C4H4O5）. Later, it transforms into seven types of acids and returns to citric acid. TCA cycle: A substance called “ATP (adenosine triphosphate（C10H16N5O13P3）)” that acts as an energy source for cells in the body. Effective against lactic acid, which is the source of stiff shoulders and muscle fatigue. From J-PlatPat, Registration No. 5387806, Registration Date: February 4, 2011, Registration Bulletin Issue Date: March 8, 2011, Publication Date: September 16, 2010, Application Number: Business Application 2010 – 66546, Filing date: August 24, 2010, Prior application right generation date: August 24, 2010, Renewal application date: September 18, 2020, Renewal registration date: September 28, 2020, Duration Expiration date: February 4, 2031, Trademark (for search): Kumamon, Name (reference information): Kumamon, Right holder name or name: Kumamoto prefecture, Address or whereabouts: Kumamoto City, Kumamoto Prefecture, Law classification: 2006 law, International classification version Display: 9th edition, Number of classifications: 1, Classification of goods and services and designated goods or services, Similar group code: 16 Paper packaging Containers, paper waste collection bags, plastic waste collection bags, stationery, printed matter, 18C04 19A06 25B01 26A01 etc. 温故創新（Visit the old and create the new. The word “NEW” means cutting down a tree that has taken years of hard work to grow and rebuilding it into something else.）: Dr. Itsuzo Shigematsu (End of the war as a naval surgeon in Rabaul. The Japanese representative of ABCC, Dean of the Department of Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, as the successor to Masao Tsuzuki, because he was a leading expert in Japanese epidemiological research from Genesis. He has served as the chairman of the Institute for Radiation Impact Research, a member of the ICRP, and the head of the research group of the Ministry of Health and Welfare. IAEA) Coined by (Chairman of the International Advisory Committee). Hypertension and Stroke Control in the Community: Proceedings of the WHO Expert Committee of Experts, Tokyo, March 11-13, 1974 is famous. In early November, JA Ashikita presented the 2022 persimmon “Taishu persimmon” to the Ashikita town hall. According to the JA Persimmon Sectional Meeting, there is very little damage to the fruit and stinkbugs this year, and the produce is of high quality. According to the Shimane Prefectural Agricultural Technology Center, 30 species of stink bugs have been recorded that damage fruit trees, but the main species on oysters are the brown stink bug and brown stink bug. Depending on the year, damage by the green stink bug can also be seen. Damage to fruit trees by stink bugs has been recorded for a long time, and was already reported at the end of the Meiji era. In 1918 and 1919, Shimane Prefecture was hit by brown stink bugs, causing great damage to peaches and pears. Since 1972, many fruit trees (such as persimmons) have been damaged almost every other year. Adults that fly to the persimmon orchard suck the juice of the fruit. Only fruits are damaged, leaves and branches are not affected. The part of the fruit that has been sucked by the juice turns black as it is soaked in water, and after that it often turns blackish brown or remains green without being colored. The sucking part collapses when the fruit enlarges. In addition, the pulp of the sucking part becomes spongy. Attacks begin in July and continue until October. Many of the damaged fruits fall from July to early September. The adult stink bug is about 11 mm long, and has a green body with brown wings. Adult brown marmorated stink bugs are 14 to 18 mm long, and have irregular dark brown spots on a dark brown ground. The adult green stink bug is 11 to 17 mm long and has a glossy green color. Each stinkbug seems to have a unique odor. Both overwinter as adults. The German green stink bug overwinters under leaf litter, the brown stink bug in houses and between bark spaces, and the glossy green stink bug in thickets of evergreen broad-leaved trees. These stink bugs are highly omnivorous and parasitize many plants, but instead of colonizing and multiplying, they migrate from one to another to suitable food plants. Persimmon is one of them, and the larva cannot grow. Plants on which larval growth can be seen are cherry and mulberry fruiting from spring to early summer, and then cedar and cypress cucumbers and boxwood fruits. It seems that fruit trees tend to suffer more damage in years when there are few cedar and cypress cucumbers. Overview of the Minamata Convention on Mercury: In 2001, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) began activities related to global mercury pollution. Mercury Assessment) published. Subsequently, at the 25th meeting of the UNEP Governing Council held in February 2009, a legally binding instrument (convention) for reducing risks from mercury was enacted, and an Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC: An Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee was established, negotiations began in 2010, and it was agreed to aim for a summary by 2013.
According to JA Group Kumamoto, shipments of JA Ashikita’s specialty onion “Sara Tama-chan with leaves” will begin on January 27, 2023. There is almost no pest damage this year, and it seems that the quality is very good. Sara Tama-chan with leaves is not only the spherical part of the onion, but also the leaf part is delicious. It is especially delicious with a thicker and sweeter taste than regular green onions. The use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers is minimized, and consideration is given to consumer safety and the natural environment. Shipping will continue until early March. After that, chopped onions with the leaves cut off will be shipped until June.
In 1968, the Minamata City Agricultural Cooperative established the “Onion Production Group”, and since then, both the number of members and the cultivated area have steadily increased. In 1993, the “JA Ashikita Onion Subcommittee” was established through the wide-area merger of Minamata City, Tsunagi Town, and Ashikita Town, one city and two towns, and the “JA Ashikita Onion Sorting Plant” was completed in April 1995. Accompanied by this, the expansion of the cultivation area is further accelerated. In 2001, it received the “All Producers Eco-Farmer Certification”.
Onions for salads have been frequently featured in the media. In 1998, the name “Sara Tama-chan” was registered as a trademark. There are many producers who want to protect the production area by being nurtured and nurtured with this love.