From NARO, it is a tangor that was bred by crossing “Marcot” with the breeding line Kiyomi × Encore No. 2. It is a large, soft, juicy, fragrant, low-nucleus cultivar with a high sugar content and good taste. The fruit is large, weighing 200-280 g, with a smooth surface and a flat, well-rounded fruit shape. The pericarp is orange to dark orange, thin and easy to peel. It has a medium fragrance similar to Angkor or Marcot, ripens in February, has a sugar content of 12-13%, and has a good taste. The pulp is dark orange, the funnel is thin, the flesh is soft and juicy, and the number of seeds is 0-5. Parthenocarpy (in plants, the ovary wall and flower beds are enlarged without fertilization and fruit is formed. Automatic parthenocarpy (narrowly defined parthenocarpy) that does not require pollination, and fertilization that does not require fertilization. However, there seems to be a transitive parthenocarpy in which fruit formation is triggered by pollination by distantly related pollen, cold temperatures, treatment with plant hormones, etc. As a similar phenomenon, the fertilized embryo stops developing prematurely. It is also characterized by its strong ability to produce seedless fruits due to degeneration, etc., but this is called pseudoparthenocarpy. Confirmed the effect of suppressing the occurrence of sunburned fruits by net shading from outdoor cultivation. Introductory costs such as facility costs and installation labor hours became an issue. Therefore, some regions are working to reduce these emissions. As for other factors that inhibit fruit appearance, some effects were confirmed with calcium carbonate wettable powder. Extracted from a local demonstration field in the Higashi Kishu area, which is a citrus production area in Mie Prefecture. CaCO3 (classified industrially into light calcium carbonate (light coal) and heavy calcium carbonate (heavy coal). Light coal is chemically produced from limestone (calcium carbonate), and is either precipitated calcium carbonate or synthetic calcium carbonate. Heavy charcoal is produced by physically pulverizing and classifying limestone), spraying wettable powder, and shade net materials, etc., to compare and study the effect of suppressing sunburn and other factors that hinder fruit appearance. Early harvesting and storage at the local demonstration farm “Setoka mikan”, comparison of harvested fruits and fruit quality, and study of labor saving of bagging work in winter. Summarize introduction costs, etc., and create a manual for technology introduction. And strive to spread and expand it. The Mie Prefectural Kumano Agriculture and Forestry Office Kishu Regional Agricultural Extension Center plays a central role in coordinating each organization and managing the progress of the project.
Creation of a profitable agricultural management entity. As consumer needs become more sophisticated and diversified, prices are becoming more polarized depending on fruit quality and characteristics. In addition, it seems that profitability is on a downward trend due to a decrease in yield due to the aging of trees in the orchard, soaring material costs such as fertilizer and fuel oil prices, and deterioration in quality due to abnormal weather such as high temperatures, droughts and torrential rains. are all working together to fight. However, the aging population and lack of successors are becoming serious problems. Therefore, we will promote highly profitable fruit production by introducing high-quality fruit production technology, planting varieties that meet consumer needs, and thoroughly implementing energy-saving and cost-saving measures. also promoted.
Agricultural cooperatives are voluntarily established by farmers based on the Agricultural Cooperatives Law (Agricultural Cooperative Law: 2018 Law No. 71, 1947 Law No. 132) for the purpose of mutual assistance. It is a cooperative and has legal personality. It also aims to improve the economic and social status of farmers through mutual assistance and cooperation in production and consumption activities. There are also cooperatives all over the world. Even in Japan, where joint-stock companies have great influence, cooperatives such as agricultural cooperatives and consumer cooperatives have a certain amount of power. Needless to say, there is a demand for theoretical clarification of the significance of the existence of cooperatives in today’s economic society and their future development. The spread of cooperatives in Japan is also closely related to the development of the capitalist economy. About 120 years ago, the Meiji government decided to establish a credit union system in Germany in order to stabilize rural areas where a commodity economy was spreading. Consider introducing. Law No. 34 of March 7, 1900, the Industrial Cooperative Law, which is a modern cooperative, is enacted. Agricultural cooperatives after World War II were essentially reorganized agricultural associations under the Agricultural Organization Law during the war. Industrial associations in rural areas, agricultural associations, sericulture associations, tea industry associations, livestock associations, and poultry associations, which have no legal basis, were integrated into agricultural associations under the Agricultural Organizations Act of 1943. If they are public corporations or trade associations with compulsory membership, etc. However, it is an obvious fact that all of them were included in the scope of the postwar Agricultural Cooperatives Law.