Orange jasmine: Hakushu Kitahara, Kosaku Yamada. Karatachi no Hana wa is a Japanese song by Karatachi no Hana wa, published in 1925. A deciduous shrub of the Rutaceae trifoliate orange blooms with white flowers in spring. Abbreviation for Tang Tachibana. The meaning of Tachibana that came from China and Korea. However, it is completely different from Karatachibana, which is known as “Hyakuryo”. It seems that it is sometimes used as a hedge. The branches have large thorns. Pain when touched. Near Mexico in South America. Kidney beans found in a cave in Mexico’s Tehuacán Valley are a cultivated variety and are estimated to date to around 5000 BC. It seems that it was brought to Europe with the discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus (1451-1506). It is said that a monk from the Ming dynasty (later Ingen reverend) brought it to Japan in 1654, hence the name Ingen beans. It is called so because it blooms like an upside-down soybean. The so-called wild soybean is said to have been transformed from “vineless beans.” Historical background It is said that it has been cultivated in India for 3,000 years. Widely cultivated in tropical Asia. “Shinsenjikyo” (898-901: Chinese character dictionary of radicals, the oldest with Japanese grammar), which is written in Heian period book. Its existence was not known for a long time, but Harumi Murata It is famous that (1746-1811: Kamo no Mabuchi, one of the four kings of the Kenju school (Kenmon)) found an abstract book. It seems that it is also said that it is possible. In the Kansai region, this wisteria bean is called ingenmame, and conversely, what is generally called kidney beans is called hyacinth bean.) The exclusive species for eating young sheaths came to Japan in the latter half of the 19th century at the end of the Edo period. In 2007, Miyakojima City formulated the first Miyakojima City Comprehensive Plan as a new Miyakojima City after the merger, and has implemented various measures to realize the future vision of “Miyakokoro Yui no Shima Myaku” promotion. The 1st Miyakojima City Comprehensive Plan will end its planning period in 2016, so an examination committee organized within the city government, a comprehensive planning council consisting of academic experts and citizens in various fields, and a citizen survey will be held. , through public comments, etc., formulate the 2nd Miyakojima City Comprehensive Plan following the 1st Plan. The 2nd Miyakojima City Comprehensive Plan seems to be based on the basic principle of “Island full of heartwarming dreams and hopes – an island of bonds created by everyone”. The planning period is from 2017 to 2026, and it seems that it will be a new plan that shows guidelines for town development over the next 10 years. Bon Festival of the lunar calendar is one of the biggest events in Okinawa. It is said that during the three days of the Bon Festival of the lunar calendar, ancestral spirits return to the home of the family Buddhist altar to spend time with their descendants. The Bon Festival of the lunar calendar is held for three days from July 13th to 15th of the lunar calendar. 2022 seems to fall on the 20th to 22nd of the 8th month of the Gregorian calendar. Relatives gather at homes with Buddhist altars and have a good time with the spirits of their ancestors. Each of the three days during the period has a name. On the first day, Unke (pick up). The second day is Nakabi (Chunichi). Day 3, Ukui (sending). On the morning of the first day, each family cleans the house and Buddhist altar. After that, the altar is decorated with lots of fruits, incense sticks, candles, flowers, sugar cane, and colorful lanterns. Then, on the evening of the first day, we welcome the spirits of our ancestors. On the second day, they visit their relative’s homes with midsummer gifts, and offer incense to the Buddhist altars of each house. The third day is the most important day of the festival, the day to see off the spirits of the ancestors. Everyone enjoys dinner before performing a ceremony to send off the spirits of ancestors to the graves during this period, which is called “Guso no Shougachi” (New Year’s Day) or “Juurukunichi”. It is considered impolite to send off ancestral spirits early, so the ceremony is usually held at night. After dinner, the head of the family conducts a ceremony on behalf of the family. Burn incense sticks and Uchikabi, which is considered money in Guso, in a bowl. Food and wine are then placed in the same bowl for the ancestral spirits to bring home as souvenirs for Gusso. It seems that there is a reason why it is called uchikabi because the pattern of the coin is “struck on the paper”. At the factory, Uchikabi is manufactured using a custom-made special machine, and a coin-shaped pattern called Hatome-sen is applied. Since the spread of the new coronavirus infection, traditional events have been forced to be reduced in scale or canceled, but in order to keep the customs passed down from generation to generation in Okinawa, respect for Uyafafuji (ancestors). Entrust it to Uchikabi. In 1609, the Satsuma Domain, which invaded Ryukyu, conducted a detection on the islands of Okinawa. After that, the Ryukyu royal government under the pressure of Satsuma imposed a tax on the people of the islands of Miyakojima and Yaeyama, called Poll Tax. It is so called because it was a tax based on the population (number of heads). Poll Tax, which oppressed the harsh tax that has plagued the people of Okinawa for more than 260 years from 1637 to 1903. I heard that the taxes collected by the Ryukyu Kingdom were so heavy that villagers were thinned out and even murdered on remote islands. The Poll Tax system called “SHOZU” at this time has to be paid even if the family does not have income to live, even if they sacrifice their food and sometimes the life of the family, and the people of the island have to pay. It seems that it was a slave-like life of living for the payment of Poll Tax. Why is the tax so strict? The first reason is that the amount of income from islands and regions is fixed by the Poll Tax method so that the total amount of tax income of the Ryukyu dynasty does not decrease even in the year when the yield and production are low due to drought and typhoon damage. There seems to be something. Therefore, it seems that “farmers” had to supplement the fixed amount and grain amount with other things even in the year when the crops were harvested low. In addition, it seems that all men and women between the ages of 15 and 50 were divided into 5 to 7 statuses according to their social status in the area, and what to pay as tax was decided for each. In addition to the fact that ordinary farmers were divided into four stages for both men and women, it seems that the tax burden for each status was actually decided in more detail. I’ve also heard that high-ranking people didn’t pay at all or pushed much of their payments to low-ranking people. Not only that, it seems that high-ranking people who are the same islanders have added extra Poll Tax from farmers to collect various things in order to increase their assets. Again, Poll Tax was a very strict system in which you had to pay a fixed amount of tax regardless of the person’s income, job description, age, or gender. This tax collection was carried out not only in Miyakojima and Yaeyama but also in Japan and foreign countries at that time, but the tax collection that the Ryukyu dynasty did on the islands such as Miyakojima and Yaeyama was transmitted to the mainland as being particularly strict. As a result of the census, the amount of money in Yaeyama was estimated to be over 2666 koku rice, and a tax was levied on the head. It seems that it was called head hanging at that time. The tax bearer is called Shozu (正人), and is divided into upper (21-40 years old) middle (41-45 years old) lower (46-50 years old) lower (15-20 years old) village rank (each village). The tax was decided by taking into account (distinguishing from top, middle, bottom, bottom and bottom). The tax amount is announced on the board, and people record it using warazan and Kaida glyphs; pictograms formerly used in the Miyakojima Islands. Women paid with cloth, but it was extremely rare at that time to impose taxes on women, and it seems that they had to provide a labor force such as “Twenty-day Odela”, so living in the Poll Tax era is difficult. It seems it was. The folklore of how harsh it was, such as Tungda (a sad place where people were reduced in Yonaguni, which was suffering from heavy defeat in the 17th century), Kubura-bari, and Paipati Roma, has been handed down. Miyakojima is located about 300 km southwest of the main island of Okinawa, about 2000 km from Tokyo, 24-25 degrees north latitude, 125-126 degrees east longitude, and has six large and small islands (Miyakojima, Ikemajima, Kurimajima, Irabejima, Shimojishima, Ogami). Kamishima). Miyakojima City has a total area of 204 km2 and a population of about 55,000, and most of the population is concentrated in the Hirara area. The entire island is generally flat, with a low plateau shape, few mountainous areas, no large rivers, and seems to rely on groundwater for most of its domestic water. In addition to the current situation, Miyakojima has declared “Eco Island Miyakojima” to protect the groundwater and create an environment. It seems to be an initiative that began with the aim of protecting the environment of a great island, carefully using and devising the resources that the island brings, continuing to live forever, and creating a rich island that is loved by everyone. In 2008, the vision was “Eco Island Miyakojima Declaration”, and in 2018, “Eco Island Miyakojima Declaration 2.0” was set up. “Eco-island created together” is a pledge from other people to their own affairs. For example, regarding sewerage development, in 1989, we started a sewerage project to improve the living environment in urban areas and to conserve water quality in public water areas. Construction of a pipe pipe was started in 1992, and construction of a terminal treatment plant and a pumping station was started in 1994, and the service started in November 1997. Miyakojima City was born on October 1, 2005 by the merger of the former five municipalities (Hirara City, Shirobe Town, Irabu Town, Shimoji Town, Ueno Village), and there are 116 designated cultural properties of the city, which are municipalities in Okinawa Prefecture. Apart from that, it will be the largest number of cultural properties. Miyakojima develops vegetables, fruit trees, livestock, etc. that take advantage of the warm climate, and contributes to the development of the local economy and society as a vegetable supply production area in winter and spring. Main agricultural products Bitter gourd, wax gourd, okla, squash, french beans, mango, japanese cattle beef cattle, etc. We have enhanced a support system for new farmers who can deal with disadvantages. Aiming for stable management centered on the city’s base production area items, for new farmers who are expected to become the leaders of regional agriculture, agricultural related organizations and supervising farmers collaborate to prepare for farming by utilizing various businesses. And support farming establishment. May 8th is “Goya Day”. According to a myth handed down in Nanjo City, a god named Amamikiyo created islands and Utaki (places of prayer) in Okinawa. Of the seven Utaki built at that time, four are in Nanjo City. Amamikiyo is said to have landed on Kudaka Island, a remote island in Nanjo City. For this reason, it is still called “God’s Island”, and it seems that many divine events remain. Amamikiyo crossed the sea from Kudaka Island and landed on the beach of Yaharazukasa, one of the 100 Tamagusku people. After that, there is a legend that he temporarily lived in nearby Hamaga Utaki and settled in Mintonsk in Tamagusuku Nakamura Canal. The Sakitari cave site where human bones, stone tools, and shell beads from the Paleolithic period to the Jomon period have been found. Ryukyu is said to have been created by Amamikiyo, the creator god of the beginning of the world. It is a historical fact that it was under the vassal system of China (domestic rule), but it was a tribute relationship as a diplomatic ritual, not a vassal state. If this theory holds true, Vietnam and the Korean peninsula will also become Chinese territory. In the latter half of the 14th century, Shohashi unified the three powers of Nanzan, Chuzan, and Hokuzan, and the Ryukyu Kingdom was born. Although each era is different, the origin of the Ryukyu Kingdom’s birth from the origin of the creation of Ryukyu remains in Nanjo. Nanjo City was born on January 1, 2006 through the merger of one town and three villages (Sashiki Town, Chinen Village, Tamagusuku Village, and Osato Village). Located 300 km away, it faces the calm Nakagusuku Bay and the Pacific Ocean. It stretches 18 km from east to west and 8 km from north to south, and has an area of 49.94 km2. The city area, which is within 40 minutes from Naha Airport, is surrounded by a lush natural environment, and Kudaka Island, a remote island, is revered as the island of the gods and the birthplace of the Ryukyu people. It has valuable historical and cultural sites such as Kudaka Island, the island of the gods, many gusukus with a deep history, including the world heritage site Sefa Utaki, and the Agari Umai cultural heritage. In addition, many of the traditional performing arts and folklore that have survived to this day are valuable from an academic point of view. According to the city, many cultural assets are distributed mainly in the old village. However, it seems that they have not yet conducted archaeological surveys of all cultural properties and folklore surveys such as their origins. It seems that some cultural properties have changed their appearance due to post-war modernization and are currently being discarded. In addition, the number of elderly people who remember the traditional knowledge and skills unique to the city (business, annual events, folklore, etc.) is steadily decreasing year by year, and the preservation and inheritance of such records is in jeopardy. Seems to be In addition, valuable cultural properties (ruins) buried underground have not yet been excavated, and the existence of such ruins may be threatened by public works or development of private residential land. It seems that close communication and coordination between the government and the cultural property protection administration is necessary. The purpose of formulating an action plan for the promotion of agriculture: Purpose: To develop agriculture as a core industry of the city area economy and to enrich it as an industry where farmers can live affluently. The purpose is to draw up a new agricultural development (future image) with a view to utilizing agricultural production, processing, and logistics, and to formulate an action plan for its realization. With this purpose in mind, the following points should be considered throughout the entire process of formulating this action plan: It seems that they decided to always maintain such an awareness of the problem and work on it. Utilizing agricultural management resources and infrastructure in the region related to agricultural development, Based on the intentions of joint industries, etc., we will present Nanjo City-style agriculture as an agriculture unique to Nanjo City that can take advantage of the characteristics and strengths of Nanjo City agriculture and respond flexibly to changes in the external environment. It seems certain. In addition to the high value-added business of individual farmers and his ideal sixth industrialization, the total regional agriculture. To present the way of “his 6th industrialization of local agriculture”. We will effectively and efficiently utilize the limited land and space within the city and maximize the production of agricultural products. presents measures to maximize economic performance (agricultural output / production income of related industries, number of workers, tax revenue, etc.). In addition to the above-mentioned methods for developing agriculture as an industry or business, we present the ideal form of sustainable industrial and social systems for rural villages and communities. The promotion of agriculture and agriculture-related industries in the city and the development of rural communities and rural environments should not be undertaken by a single farmer alone, but human resources and business operators in other industrial fields in the city. Based on the recognition that it can be enriched and fulfilled only by mobilizing and utilizing to the fullest extent possible, we present the ideal way of agriculture and rural development with the participation of all citizens. This action plan is based on the “1st Nanjo City Comprehensive Plan (Revised Edition)”, which is the upper level plan of Nanjo City. The future image of urban development set forth in this plan, “Nanjo City, overflowing with sea, greenery and light,” and the plans. One of the policy outlines (seven basic policies) of the basic concept. It was formulated as something that contributes to the realization of chestnuts. In the process of formulating, the “Basic Plan for Promoting the Strengthening of Farm Management Infrastructure” (September 2014), the “Nanjo City Rural Development Basic Plan” (March 2008), and the “Nanjo Agricultural Promotion Regional Development Plan” (October 2010), “Nanjo City Urban Planning Master Plan (revised edition)” (October 2015), etc. In addition to inheriting the basic idea of and giving consistency, consistency with related policies and plans of the national and prefectural governments. Nago City: Okinawa Prefecture”, Born in August 1970 by the merger of Nago / Yabu / Haneji / Yagaji / Kushi 5 towns and villages. Located in the northern part of the main island of Okinawa, it has a total area of 210.90 km2. It occupies about 9% of the total area of Okinawa Prefecture (2,280.99 km2). It has a vast area next to Taketomi Town and Ishigaki City. “Akemio”, A stream of lush water that brings fertility from Niraikanai（Beyond the sea of gods, beyond the sea where happiness comes）to a beautiful and quiet cove at dawn. On the contrary, if you look at the sea from the land-It is also a stream of water that spreads out of the sea-It expresses the enterprising spirit of wishing for the happiness of many people and pushing toward their potential. It continues to develop as a nucleated city of Yanbaru; An area with a series of mountains and a dense evergreen broad-leaved forest. On August 1, 1973, seven citizen charters and city symbols were enacted. Ficus microcarpa, Harpago chiragra, Sillago japonica, Cerasus campanulata (Maxim.) Masam. & S.Suzuki, Zosterops japonicus loochooensis, Lilium longiflorum, Kallima inachus. Sister city: Hokkaido Takikawa City-Concluded on July 1, 1990. Hirakata City, Osaka Prefecture-Signed on July 31, 1997. Hachimantai City, Iwate Prefecture-Concluded on January 27, 2007. Tatebayashi City, Gunma Prefecture-Signed on April 25, 2009. Hilo District, Hawaii, United States-Concluded on June 13, 1986. Londrina, Federal Republic of Brazil-Signed on August 11, 1998. “Ishigaki City”, It is a bridgehead of the Yaeyama Islands consisting of 10 manned islands. The third largest area in the prefecture-Consists of Ishigaki Island and the “Senkaku Archipelago”. Focusing on Mt. Omoto, the highest peak in the prefecture-With the mountains connected to YAE in the background, the flat land spreads to the south and the river develops. The peninsula and cape combine to create a diverse terrain and landscape. In addition, coral reefs have developed along the coastline, which extends approximately 184 km. Rich and precious flora and fauna inhabit along with the land area. It is located at the southwestern tip of the ryukyu arc and the Japanese Islands. It is located about 400 km from Naha City and about 1,960 km from Tokyo. It is also a border island and is located as a node with Asia. It’s a short distance of about 270 km to my favorite Taiwan. The total area of Yaeyama Islands is equivalent to 25% of the total area of the prefecture. It is the third largest island after Iriomote Island on the main island of Okinawa. The area of Ishigaki Island is 222.24 km2. Subtropical agriculture such as sugarcane and pineapple; Primary industry: Ishigaki beef production, tuna fishing, coastal fishing, etc. Utilizing the blessings of subtropical nature such as the tourism industry centered on Marine Sports. In addition, there is a historic site sprinkle on the island surrounded by beautiful coral reefs. “Taketomi Town, Yaeyama District”, with Yonaguni Islands. “Yaeyama Islands”, Ishigaki City (Ishigaki Island / Senkaku Islands) and Taketomi Town (Taketomi Island, Kohama Island, Kayama Island, Kuroshima, Shinjo Island (Uechi Island / Shimojima), Nishimote Island, Yufu Island, Hatoma Island, Hateruma Island（Japan’s southernmost manned island）etc. 1 city and 2 towns of Yonaguni Town (Yonaguni Island), the westernmost island in Japan-A group of islands in the Nansei Islands. Yaeyama District Island, 24 degrees 2 minutes to 25 degrees 55 minutes north latitude. It is in the range of 122 degrees 55 minutes to 124 degrees 34 minutes east longitude. It consists of 32 large and small islands at the southwestern tip of the Nansei Islands near Taiwan. Yonaguni Island is the westernmost part of Japan. Hateruma Island is located at the southernmost tip of Japan’s manned islands. The distance from Naha to Ishigaki is about 411 km. There are 12 inhabited islands in the Yaeyama archipelago. 1 island in Ishigaki City, 1 island in Yonaguni Town, 10 islands in Taketomi Town. Desert island-13 islands in Ishigaki City, 6 islands in Taketomi Town, 1 island in Yonaguni Town, including the Senkaku Islands. Changes in the number of employees by industry in the Yaeyama areaーFactors behind the current decline in the primary industry: By improvement of production baseーThe expansion of the management area and the spread of mechanization have promoted labor saving. In addition, the income gap with other industries has widened. It’s said that pineapple was introduced to Okinawa around 1866. 3rd Nago City Land Use Plan: This plan embodies the “Land Use Concept” of the Nago City Comprehensive Plan Basic Concept. It seems to be positioned at the top of individual plans related to land use in Motoichi, as it provides basic direction. The planning period will be seven years from 2022 to 2029, including the end of the 5th Nago City Comprehensive Plan. In addition, it seems that this plan will be reviewed according to individual plans as necessary, based on changes in the social situation and environment surrounding Nago City, such as the declining population, declining birthrate and aging population in 10 years. Positioning: Changes from the 2nd Nago City Land Use Plan Create a land use plan map using a cadastral map. In this plan, considering that the land use plan is a plan that sets the basic direction of the land use of the city, the basic policy of land use is not for each stroke, but by roughly zoning the city limits. It seems that the land use plan map is determined as a conceptual map. As for the regional plans, the 2nd Plan established town planning concepts for each of the 17 residential areas, but based on the regional plans of the 5th Nago City Comprehensive Plan, 5 regions (Nago, Haneji, Yabu, Kushi, Yagaji) and stipulate basic policies for land use. 5th Nago City Comprehensive Plan (Land Use Concept), Agricultural Promotion Regional Development Plan City Plan, Master Plan Environmental Basic Plan, Green Basic Plan, etc., 3rd Nago City Land Use Plan A separate plan related to the city’s land use is presented. Itoman City: The Meiji government is the first stage of the abolition of the han system : The Ryukyu Domain was established on September 14, 1872. “琉球藩ヲ廃シ沖縄縣ヲ置ク” – Then, it will be proclamed on April 4, 1879. ‘字糸満’, 3 or 7 bellies – Beginning with a relative group: In the middle of the modern era, some people moved to fisheries from neighboring rural areas. Eventually increased to 13 belly: At the beginning of Meiji, it developed into a big city next to Shuri / Naha. Located at the southernmost tip of the main island. Coastal fishermen are once called Sabani（鱶舟）. Known for the Itoman ama who set sail to various parts of the South Sea on the Kuri boat. In the inland area, agriculture livestock farming, centered on upland farming, is also popular. In addition, many traditional events rooted in lunar calendar culture remain in each region. In addition, there are many battle ruins because it was a fierce battlefield of Ucinaaikusa; Operation Iceberg. Naha bomb 10 October 1944（United States Navy MTF）: The U.S. military, which performed blitz, added fierceness the following year. In the next year, the results of the battle will be fierce: On March 23, a fierce bombing of the main island of Okinawa began. 3/26, Kerama Islands, Yomitan / Kadena coast on April 1st: Landed on the main island of Okinawa and quickly occupied the prefecture. Residents rescued from cattails (cave: limestone cavern) and tomb :After the camp era, he returned to his hometown. In hometown, where many fortunes have turned into rubble, the reconstruction of the hometown will begin soon after sadness. It’s after losing a precious life. Itoman district (Itoman city) is set around Itoman town. Nanbu Ward at the site of Nashiro’s U.S. military camp: Nanbu Ward and Mawashi Village were set up in the Komesu area. Three villages, Makabe, Kyan, and Mabuni, who lost a lot of inhabitants: Merged on April 4, 1946 to form Miwa Village. December 1, 1971, Itoman Town changes to City. For the Ryukyu Legislature of the Government of the Ryukyu Islands, 「糸満町を糸満市とする処分についての議決を求める件」: In the opinion of the chief executive, Itoman Town「復帰体制を整える事務と併行して市としての行財政運営ができるようその体制づくりに最善の努力を払つているので都市行政を運営していくうえに支障はないものと思料する」Is written. Known as a fishing town, it boasts a beautiful sea: Inflow of domestic wastewater, etc. in the city: Coral reefs in coastal areas are no longer as large as they are. Under such circumstances, sewage works formulated a basic plan in 1979. Started in 1980 with a business license in the planned area of 193 ha. In 1982, the 4th landfill Nishizaki Town was added as the planned area 516 ha. Addition of Minamihama landfill in 1993: Added South Land Readjustment Project, etc. in 1996. After that, the adjacent area is added and it continues to the present. In 2001, we will use highly treated water from sewage treatment plants: Nishizaki Water Park is achieving the conservation and restoration of the water environment of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism,「蘇る水100選」Was elected to. “糸満大綱引” : The city’s manhole cover is inspired by the traditional event Itoman. 五穀豊穣, 大漁祈願, 家内安全, 無病息災を願う. It celebrates the fruit by combining the male and female ropes divided into north and south. “大綱” : It is made by connecting small ropes made by the citizens themselves in each area. It is also called the popular rope (Suningina) and the universal rope (Manningina). An open festival that anyone can participate in. Many households are connected and a comfortable environment is provided to many citizens: The idea is to be able to do it. “Onna Village, Kunigami District,” Located on the west coast side of the central part of Okinawa Islands. Nago City to the north, Ginoza Village to the east, Kin Town. And, Ishikawa District, Uruma City (formerly Ishikawa City), Adjacent to Okinawa City and Yomitan Village to the South. The area is 50.82 km2, 27.4 km north-south and 4.2 km east-west. It has an elongated shape and is adjacent to the Ishikawa District (formerly Ishikawa City): It is the narrowest area in the east and west of the main island of Okinawa. Kisenbaru is in the mountains. The west side faces the East China Sea, and the east side is centered on Mt. Onna: 北から漢那岳, 熱田岳, ブート岳, 屋嘉岳, 石川岳, 読谷岳 etc. Surrounded by Mountains, there are nearly 40 small rivers originating from these mountains. It is known as a village rich in nature with abundant changes such as mountains, rivers and the sea. Agriculture and fisheries that many villagers have lived in: It is undergoing a major change with the passage of time. In agriculture, in addition to the conventional Saccharum officinarum cultivation: A variety of crops such as floriculture such as orchid and chrysanthemum, tropical fruit trees, and vegetables are cultivated. Fishery does not rely solely on “fishing” : Aquaculture fisheries such as Mozuku and Umibudo are producing results year by year.Before and after the war, it has been ticking as a quiet village of semi-agricultural and semi-fishing. Major turning point; Intern. Ocean Exposition, Okinawa, Japan, 1975 or later held after returning to the mainland. The beautiful coastline with coral reefs is attracting attention as a tourist resource. Large resort hotels are now competing and standing side by side. Nationally designated historic site Nakadomari Ruins, Nationally designated historic site Yamada Castle（Gusuku）Ruins, National Historic Site Kunigami-Hosei-Kaido（Cobblestone road）, Prefecture designated scenic spot Manzamo. 恩納村教育委員会社会教育課（博物館） 2015 『恩納南バイパス（1工区）埋蔵文化財発掘調査報告書II』恩納村文化財調査報告書13, “谷茶の生産遺跡群” : 恩納南バイパス（1工区）建設工事遺跡概要種別, 近世 (細分不明) 時代, 畑, 猪垣, 沖縄産陶器, 本土産磁器, 銭貨, 動物遺存体（獣骨, 貝類）, 近世から近代. 沖縄県教育庁文化課 1979 『恩納村熱田貝塚発掘調査報告書』沖縄県文化財調査報告書23, “熱田貝塚遺跡” – 字安富祖 : 道路建設遺跡, 集落,平安時代, 柱穴, 炉, 土器, 銭貨, 石器, 貝製品, 自然遺物, 平安並行, 集落, グスク, 柱穴, グスク土器, 陶磁器, カムィヤキ, 滑石製石鍋, 金属製品, 玉類, 自然遺物, 集落, 近世 (細分不明) 時代, 銭貨, 金属製品, 煙管, 自然遺物. Village designated cultural property, “Tojinhaka tombstone” : A merchant ship in Fujian, China, was wrecked in 1824. Six of the 32 crew members drift to the beach of Nakadomari. Engraved with the names of the five deceased drifters. Itoman City’s 6th industry, promotion of local production for local consumption: Purpose of strategy development Law Concerning Creation of New Businesses through Etc. and Promotion of Utilization of Regional Agricultural, Forestry and Fishery Products” (hereinafter referred to as “Sixth Industrialization and Local Production for Local Consumption Law”) was established. This law stipulates that farmers, foresters and fishermen work together from production to processing and sales to expand the scale of their business, and jointly develop and sell high-value-added products with processors and distributors. By doing so, it seems to aim to improve the income of farmers, foresters and fishermen, create new business and employment opportunities in the region, improve the food self-sufficiency rate, and contribute to the construction of a society with less burden on the environment. Under these circumstances, in the 4th Itoman City Comprehensive Plan (Late Basic Plan), which was formulated in 2015 in Itoman City, towards the realization of the future image of a “town with rich connections”, Under the promotion plan of “Historical Capital of Happiness and Rikuko（陸の幸）”, we are promoting industrial development utilizing local resources by promoting cross-industrial exchange (promoting sixth industrialization by utilizing agriculture, commerce and industry collaboration projects), promoting branding ( product development through industrial collaboration),” “enhancement of agricultural production (promotion of local production for local consumption, etc.),” “promotion of tourism agriculture (unprofitable promotion of product development and branding using natural resources)”, and “promotion of marine products distribution and processing industry (development of specialty products and information dissemination using unused resources, etc.)” Promoting 6th industrialization and local production for local consumption utilizing local resources. In addition, in order to further strengthen efforts, based on the current situation and issues such as the sixth industrialization in Itoman City, in order to be able to strategically promote the efforts of the sixth industrialization in the future, the city, agriculture, forestry and fishery Established the “Itoman City Sixth Industrialization / Local Production for Local Consumption Promotion Strategy Council” consisting of related organizations such as commerce, industry, and finance. By formulating a “strategy”, it seems that they will show promotion measures to establish the “Itoman brand” both in Japan and overseas. Sixth industrialization (Agriculture, forestry and fisheries as primary industry, manufacturing industry as secondary industry, retail business as tertiary industry, and comprehensive and integrated promotion to utilize local resources) This strategy seems to include “agriculture, commerce and industry collaboration” in which farmers, foresters and fisheries workers and commercial contractors leverage each other’s strengths to develop new products and services and cultivate new demand.) Local production for local consumption (Efforts to expand the consumption of local agricultural products by promoting the use of local agricultural, forestry and fishery products.) The explanation of the rice rice seems to convey the strength of the city and its citizens. Yaese Town, Shimajiri District was born on January 1, 2006, when Kochinda Town and Gushikami Village merged and were reborn. Kochidaira Town and Gushikami Village were born as “Kochinda Village” and “Gushikami Village” based on the island towns and villages system of Okinawa Prefecture in 1908, and have developed many histories. With the improvement of convenience through the development of major roads such as national and prefectural roads, the general lives of residents and the economic activities of companies have expanded beyond the borders of towns and villages. Exchanges have progressed. Under these circumstances, administrative services such as garbage disposal have been actively promoting wide-area support, but in the future, the road network will be improved, welfare services will be improved, sports and recreation facilities and cultural facilities will be available. It seems that an integrated response was required for administrative services related to the daily lives of townspeople. As the needs of town residents diversify, along with changes in social conditions such as the declining birthrate and the development of a gender-equal society, there are changes in the lifestyles of town residents, such as valuing the lives of individual family members, and diversification of employment forms, such as an increase in double-income households. It seems that people’s values are diversifying, such as seeking spiritual richness instead of material richness. Along with this, the townspeople’s administrative needs seemed to have become more sophisticated and complex. It was thought that the rapid declining birthrate would make it difficult to maintain administrative services due to the decrease in human resources responsible for production activities and the accompanying decrease in tax revenue. In addition, as the population ages, the needs for medical care, health care, and welfare will increase, and it is expected that the burden will increase accordingly. In order to promote decentralization, the so-called Decentralization Comprehensive Law was enacted in April 2000. Based on the idea that local governments should take care of problems that are familiar to residents, the authority of local governments has been expanded. As a result, the autonomy of self-determination has expanded, and the weight of self-responsibility has also increased, prompting a major change in local administration. In this era of decentralization, it seems that people were required to independently decide and implement administrative services and various measures based on their own judgment and responsibility. The town is located in the south of the main island of Okinawa Prefecture, and the town area is about 6.6 km east-west and about 9.1 km north-south, with a total area of 26.96 km2. The town borders Nanjo City to the east, Itoman City to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the south, and Haebaru Town and Tomigusuku City to the north. In addition, it is close to Naha City, the prefectural capital, and the north end of the town is about 4.7 km from the prefectural office, and the government office (main government building) is about 7 km. The terrain is generally undulating, and in the southern part of the town, there is a hilly plateau with Mt. forms a majestic sea cliff and has a scenic landscape. The Yaese-dake area in the south is a plateau where Ryukyu limestone is distributed, with steep slopes facing north and gentle slopes facing south. The eastern, western, and northern areas form a gentle plateau, and the overall flat landform gently spreads to the north. Most of the plateau is a sugar cane field, and villages are scattered in it. In 2022, the Okinawa Times reported on items left behind by those who died in the Battle of Okinawa found in a trench in Asato, Yaese Town. There is testimony that the remains were scattered around this trench immediately after the war, but no one has ever heard of the remains being collected. It seems that they started investigating around December last year and found the entrance to the trench. When I got permission from the landowner and went inside the trench, I found a lot of mementoes. There seems to have been an unusually large number of relics in recent years. About 80 years after the war, and 50 years after Okinawa was reverted to Okinawa, there are still many uncollected remains and artifacts lying dormant in the soil, which is a big problem. Most of the representatives of the countries who died after the war, but it will be necessary for the rest of Japan to take responsibility for the post-war process until the end. In terms of industrial promotion plans, the number of workers in the primary and secondary industries in the town is higher than the prefectural average. A region where there is a thriving agricultural production-related business. In addition, the natural environment such as the coast of Gushikami and natural bridges will be preserved, and it seems that they are planning to strengthen the tourism industry that makes use of local resources. In addition, the tertiary industry accounts for about 70% of the industrial structure of the town, and the economic structure centered on the wholesale, retail, and manufacturing industries is the composition ratio of the number of employees by industry, sales, and added value. It seems that there is none. Geographic advantage in the northern region In order to take advantage of the town’s location and promote more rational land use, we will promote the balanced development of local agriculture and industry by encouraging the entry of new industries, such as attracting logistics and commercial facilities. They seem to be aiming for growth. Located about 10 km from Naha Port and Naha Airport, and integrally connected by the Naha Airport Expressway and main roads, it is an area suitable for agglomeration of airport and harbor industries. In addition, since the northern region is located within 1 km from Haebaru Minami Interchange, it satisfies the conditions for efficient logistics, and it seems that demand for locations such as companies in the commercial and logistics fields is increasing. Uruma City was born on April 1, 2005 through the merger of Gushikawa City, Ishikawa City, Katsuren Town, and Yonashiro Town. It is located on the east coast of central Okinawa Island, 25 km northeast of Naha City, bordering Kin Bay to the east and Nakagusuku Bay to the south. There are 10 islands, both inhabited and uninhabited, in the northern and eastern seas of the peninsula extending to the southeast. Five of these islands are connected by undersea roads and bridges. Blessed with abundant water resources and fertile land, it once boasted the largest sugar cane production in Okinawa. After the Pacific War, foreign language schools, educational schools, and agricultural and forestry schools were established. The former Gushikawa City has a history of developing as During and after the war, the former Ishikawa City developed as the political and economic center of Okinawa during and after the war, with refugee camps set up by the U.S. military, the Okinawa Advisory Committee, the predecessor of the Ryukyu government, and the civil government. In “Omorosaushi”, it is called “Kimutaka” (rich and noble), and prosperous to the extent that it is likened to the capital of Yamato and Kamakura, and it reached its peak in the era of the castle lord Amawari. Former Katsuren town with Katsuren Castle, which was designated as a World Heritage Site in 2000. Historical changes such as the “Shinugudo ruins”, which is said to be the largest terraced settlement in Okinawa from the middle of the Okinawa shell mound period about 2,500 years ago, and the Nishihara（iribaru）area, Hirata area, Yonashiro area, and the implementation of the island town system of Okinawa Prefecture. The two cities and two towns of the former Yonashiro Town, which experienced the. There is a peculiarity of an urban industrial structure with a low ratio of primary industries such as agriculture. In the future, the company plans to make effective use of incubation facilities such as the Uruma City Ichui Gushikawa Jinbunkan, and promote and revitalize each industry with the basic policy of creating rich and vibrant industries that make use of local resources. Agriculture, livestock, sugarcane, flowers, vegetables, melons, mandarin oranges, watermelons, rushes, etc. are cultivated. In addition, the livestock industry of pig farming and beef cattle is also thriving. Fisheries: The coastal fisheries in both Kin Bay and Nakagusuku Bay are the main ones, but there is a shift from “fishing to catch” to “fishing to grow”. In addition, mozuku from the Katsuren area seems to occupy a high share in the prefecture. Due to the expansion of large commercial stores, the number of customers from surrounding municipalities is increasing and the area is booming. On the other hand, the ability of existing small and micro enterprises to attract customers has declined, and it seems that they are currently working on urban development projects. The Nakagusuku Bay Port New Port District, located in the industrial southern coastal area, is a base for the processing and trading industry, with a wide variety of businesses such as metal processing, food processing, building material wholesale, and semiconductor manufacturing. In addition, there is a designated special free trade zone in the district, and it seems that preferential tax and financial measures are being taken. The ruins of Katsuren Castle are known as the residence of Amawari, a famous historical figure who was active in the 15th century. There are epic poems that have been composed, and it seems that the prosperity of Katsuren has been compared to Kyoto and Kamakura. In 2000, it was registered as a World Heritage Site as one of the Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu. In the city, there are the ruins of Agena Castle, which is said to have been built by Aji Agena Okawa around the 14th century, the Iha Shell Mound, which is famous as a ruin representing the early prehistoric period of Okinawa (shell mound period), and the remains of a village from the middle of the shell mound period in the center of Ikei Island. In addition to nationally designated cultural properties such as the Nakabaru Ruins, there are many ruins such as the prefecturally designated Iha Castle Ruins. In addition, all-island bullfighting tournaments are held in spring and autumn at the Agena bullfighting arena, which boasts the largest scale in Okinawa, and the Ishikawa event park, which is a mecca for bullfighting. In order to promote livestock farming and develop bullfighting tourism, it seems that a bullfighting candidate bull examination meeting is held every year. Eisa is a heroic dance in which young men and women go around each region and soothe the spirits of their ancestors. When I was a junior high school student, I also vividly remember performing with volunteers. Katsuren Heshikiya, Yonashiroya Keina, and Gushikawa Akano Eisa are especially famous in the prefecture, and during the Bon Festival of the lunar calendar, they seem to be crowded with visitors from neighboring municipalities. Yakena and Heshikiya Eisa are also certified as one of the 100 best soundscapes in Japan. Waitui, designated on April 23, 1997, is a farm road excavated from a cliff that leads to farmland in the southwestern part of Hena Village (Hidenbaru, Kakenagu). For many years, the villagers climbed and descended steep mountain roads on the steep cliffs of Hidenbanta, but in order to relieve this hardship, from 1932 to 1935, this cliff was excavated and a crossing agricultural road was opened. It is about 150 m long and 20 m high at its highest point. The traces of difficult construction by people who made full use of tungwe and crab shells at that time are engraved on the cross section, and it is important to know the history of the hardships. The official name is “Hiden Farm Road”, but it seems that it is called “Waitui” in the sense of “cut and taken”. February 2020, Act on Promotion of Appropriate Management and Utilization of Livestock Manure (Livestock Excrement Law): Livestock excrement is a source of environmental problems, such as causing offensive odors and causing water pollution by flowing into rivers and groundwater due to improper management such as open-air piling and bare digging. On the other hand, it is expected to be effectively used as a soil improvement material and fertilizer by applying appropriate treatment such as composting, and it also has an aspect as an important regional resource in rural areas. For this reason, with the aim of contributing to the development of a healthy livestock industry, the “Livestock In 1999, the Law Concerning Proper Management and Promotion of Utilization of Excreta (Livestock Excrement Law) was enacted and enforced on November 1 of the same year.” The purpose of Article 1 of the Livestock Excrement Act is to stipulate, This Act provides for the management of livestock excrement by In addition to stipulating necessary items for By taking measures to systematically promote the management of livestock excreta, promote the proper management and utilization of livestock manure, The purpose is to contribute to the sound development of the livestock industry. It seems to be said. In other words, the Livestock Manure Act requires those who run the livestock industry to properly dispose of livestock manure by taking various measures. It seems to aim for the sound development of the livestock industry by promoting processing and utilization. In Miyakojima City, Kidney beans are cultivated during the off-season of Honshu, taking advantage of the mild climate, and the production volume is increasing year by year as the number of farmers increases. The market share of Okinawan vegetables in the Tokyo market is particularly high from the end of the year to early spring. It seems that one of the city’s strengths is its ability to take advantage of its mild climate to ship vegetables during the off-season for vegetable production on Honshu. Since 2000, we have been promoting agriculture using subsurface dams. The soil of Miyako Island is made up of highly permeable Ryukyu limestone formed by uplifted coral reefs. About 40% of the precipitation does not retain water and immediately permeates from the soil surface and becomes groundwater. It seems that the environment suitable for greenhouse gardening is in place. Green beans are grown all over Japan, from Hokkaido to Okinawa, so they are available all year round, but they are especially popular from spring to autumn. From winter to spring, when it is difficult to cultivate in Honshu, shipments from Okinawa seem to increase. The variety of kidney beans introduced this time is the soft and easy-to-eat round bean variety, “Green Wonder-Green Beans”. You don’t have to bother to remove the sinew, so it’s easy to cook and is very popular.
Green beans in winter are mainly produced in Okinawa, and are even more popular. In addition, various varieties of excellent agricultural products are cultivated, and Okinawan green beans are eaten all over the country. In the beloved city of Miyakojima, the city takes advantage of its warm climate to cultivate the grapes during the off-season on Honshu. The market share of Okinawan vegetables in the Tokyo market is particularly high from the end of the year to early spring, and in 2015 it was ranked number one in Japan in terms of the amount received at the Tokyo wholesale market.