福島県須賀川市, 岩瀬郡鏡石町, 天栄村, 石川郡石川町, 玉川村, 平田村, 浅川町, 古殿町, 白河市（表郷地域を除く）, 西白河郡西郷村, 泉崎村, 中島村, 矢吹町（三神地区）（JA夢みなみ, JA全農福島）
In Japan’s “Kojiki” (Emperor Jimmu “Tosei”), it is introduced as Camilla, and in “Manyoshu（伎波都久の 岡の茎韮 (くくみら) 我れ摘めど 籠に満たなふ 背なと摘まさね, 巻14-3444, 作者未詳, 東歌）”, it is introduced as Kukumira. It is said that “garlic chives” have changed from the deliciousness of “garlic chives”. The dried seeds are garlic chives, and the leaves are garlic chives, which seems to have been useful as crude drugs since ancient times. It is said to be one of the “five kinds of vegetables with a strong odor”, that is, “five pungent roots (in Buddhism or Taoism)”.
Confirmation of autumn / winter Chinese Chive standards / Sukagawa Iwase District Autumn / Winter Garlic Chive Unification Gathering: JA Yume Minami Sukagawa Iwase District will hold an autumn / winter chive uniform gathering at the Cuurinkan in Sukagawa City on January 17, 2023. It seems that 15 people, including leek section officers, Sukagawa Agricultural Promotion Office, market officials, and JA staff, participated. It seems that he reviewed the variation in quality and called on the members of the department and the agricultural guidance staff at each branch to thoroughly standardize the quality. Regarding the sales situation, a market representative explained, “Shipping volume decreased significantly due to the heavy snowfall during the Christmas season last year, but it recovered from the beginning of the year. However, the leaves are short and yellowing a lot.” After that, the person in charge of each branch reported on the shipping status and growth status, and it seems that information was shared. Regarding cultivation management, the person in charge of the Sukagawa Agricultural Extension Center advised on temperature control and ventilation in the greenhouse, as the temperature is expected to fluctuate greatly for about a month from January 14th to early February. JA Yume Minami is a community-based agricultural cooperative that works to promote local agriculture and increase the income of producers in the Nakadori and southern areas of Fukushima Prefecture. Broccoli in particular is said to be well received by consumers and market relations. Located on the border with Tochigi Prefecture in the southern part of Fukushima Prefecture, the temperature difference between morning and evening produces delicious vegetables. The area is famous for tomatoes and cucumbers, but broccoli is also blessed with an environment suitable for producing it, and it is a popular vegetable with delicious stems. As an agricultural product that can be produced and shipped twice in spring and autumn, it seems to contribute to the income improvement of producers. In addition, in order to protect and deliver the deliciousness of broccoli, a typical vegetable that easily loses its freshness, we package and ship superior products individually using P-Plus® (Sumitomo Bakelite Co., Ltd.). Sukagawa City, Fukushima Prefecture, is located in the center of Fukushima Prefecture. It is a town with a history and tradition that developed as one of the best post towns on the Oshu highroad, which was once visited by Basho Matsuo during his pilgrimage. It is famous for being one of the largest producers of summer and autumn cucumbers, boasting top-class shipments nationwide. Among them, “Iwase Cucumber”, which has a fresh scent and crispness, is famous all over the country. Every July, the “Kiuri Tenno Festival” is held. It is said that if you offer two cucumbers, which is a special product of Sugagawa, and bring back another cucumber instead of an amulet, you will not get sick for a year if you eat it. Cucumbers prefer a cool temperature of 18 to 25 degrees Celsius, and are divided into unheated summer-autumn cucumbers (shipping period May-November) and heated winter-spring cucumbers (November-June the following day). Fukushima Prefecture is Japan’s number one producer of summer and autumn cucumbers, and among the top 20 cities, towns and villages in terms of shipment volume nationwide, 5 cities, Date City, Sukagawa City, Nihonmatsu City, Fukushima City, and Kitakata City, are listed from mid-June to 10 It seems that it will be shipped to Kanto etc. until the beginning of the month. Production of summer and autumn cucumbers in Fukushima Prefecture began in the latter half of the 1945’s in Nishifukuro Village, Iwase District (currently Nishifukuro district, Sukagawa city) with the aim of switching from a combined management of rice and wheat and silkworms to vegetables that are easy to earn on a regular basis. Crawling cultivation in the open field seems to be the starting point. After that, we introduced net cultivation using bamboo stanchions and seaweed cultivation nets, and raised the market reputation as a high-quality “Iwase cucumber” that is straight and has beautiful colors and shine. Furthermore, as the prefecture and agricultural cooperatives promoted the combined management of rice and wheat and cucumber in order to raise the income of producers, cultivation spread mainly in the Nakadori region such as Sukagawa City, and in 1966 it was designated as a vegetable for summer and autumn cucumber. Received designation of production area. We have created the best summer and autumn cucumber producing area in Japan, and are shipping the unified brand “Power Green” of cucumbers produced in Fukushima prefecture to Kanto and other areas. In addition, JA Yume Minami, whose jurisdiction is in Sukagawa City, has operated a large-scale new cucumber fruit sorting plant “Kyurinkan”, and by adopting a horizontal movement no-head, no-fall method, warts and scratches that indicate freshness occur. Instead, it seems that they are shipping higher quality cucumbers. At JA Yume Minami, producers have been certified as eco-farmers who have reduced the amount of chemical fertilizers and pesticides used by 20% compared to conventional cultivation based on the Sustainable Agriculture Law. It is shipped under the “Curly Tenno” brand. According to the JA Yume Minami Vegetable Liaison Council, As a large cucumber producing area, producers grow with confidence, pride, and responsibility. All producers carry out radioactivity inspections with safety and security first. We are certified as an eco-farmer that reduces the amount of chemical fertilizers and pesticides used by 20%, and we are proud to grow cucumbers that are safer, more secure and of higher quality than any other production area in Japan and deliver them to consumers. Please try the fresh, crispy and crispy cucumber Tenno of Sugagawa with all your love, said the director at the time. Sukagawa City, which boasts the highest shipment volume of summer and autumn cucumbers in Japan, has more than 20 types of cucumber menus such as cucumber curry, cucumber sauce, cucumber pasta, cucumber gelato, and cucumber shochu. It seems. A low-calorie and healthy salad noodle that is eaten while melting the secret meat miso by serving vegetables such as cucumbers on the bright light green cold noodles kneaded with cucumber juice, which can only be eaten in Sugagawa. It’s a local B-grade gourmet. Most of it is water, but it contains a good balance of potassium, sodium, calcium, vitamins and minerals. To survive the hot summer in Japan, I remember kappa noodles. In addition, Sukagawa Kappa noodles (dried noodles) seem to be used as a return item for hometown tax payment. In addition, JA Fukushima Chuo Meeting, JA Zennoh Fukushima Prefectural Headquarters, and Fukushima Minpo have been studying the difficulty and preciousness of growing life through the cultivation of cucumbers for elementary school students in the prefecture since 2009, as well as expressing their gratitude for the ingredients. It is said that they are developing “Cucumber Biz from Fukushima . Affectionately Cucumber Cultivation Daisakusen” for the purpose of nurturing. JA Zen-Noh Fukushima Prefecture Headquarters will provide cucumber seedlings to schools that wish to participate free of charge, and while the children are cultivating, they will create a cultivation diary and cucumber cooking recipes and sell them through the school. In 2019, there were exhibitions from 31 schools, and it seems that the award-winning children commented, “I didn’t like cucumbers, but I loved cucumbers grown by myself.” In 2007, JA Zen-noh Fukushima Prefecture Headquarters announced “Cucumber Biz” (in March 2007, economic industry) with the catch phrase “Eat cucumbers in the hot summer and cool down your body” and play with “Cool Biz” by the Ministry of the Environment. (Trademark registration with the Provincial Patent Office) was proposed. This is because 95% of cucumber is water, which has the effect of cooling the body, and contains potassium, sodium, calcium, vitamins, minerals, etc. in a well-balanced manner, and is the water after sweating a lot as a natural sports drink. Since it is ideal for replenishment, it seems to be a sales promotion campaign that says, “Let’s eat cucumbers from Tohoku and Fukushima and spend the hot summer cool.” Cucumbers can be eaten raw, such as pickled vegetables, pickled oil, stir-fried foods, as well as whole bites, salads, and sticks. Since 2008, as a unified campaign for Zen-Noh’s six Tohoku prefecture headquarters, it seems that they are actively promoting sales at market promotion and mass retailers in consumption areas such as Tokyo. In 2019, due to the new Corona disaster, the prefectural governor, producer representative, JA Fukushima Goren chairman, and JA union leader representative will gather at the JA fruit sorting area in late July to promote to market participants by web conference method. We carried out top sales to exchange information. Enjoy the cool Tohoku / Fukushima cucumbers, Sukagawa cucumbers Tenno and Kappa noodles, survive the hot summer, and hope for the future of agriculture and the development of Japan. Sukagawa City is located almost in the center of Fukushima Prefecture, and due to the merger of municipalities (Sukagawa City, Naganuma Town, Iwase Village) in April 2005, it is 37.9 km from east to west and 16.5 km from north to south, with an area of 279.55 km2. Flat shape in the east and west shape. With views of the Nasu mountain range to the west and the Abukuma highlands to the east, join the central area from the Ou mountain range. The Ebana River, Shakado River（A river that flows from Tenei Village, Iwase District, Fukushima Prefecture to Sukagawa City, and is a primary tributary of the Abukuma River water system, a first-class water system.）, Nameri River, etc., which flow into the Abukuma River, flow slowly, and the fertile land spreads along the flow. The western part of the country, which is strongly influenced by the Ou mountain range, belongs to the inland type of Japan and has a large temperature range. Overall, it is close to the Kanto region, and is relatively mild throughout the year with an average temperature of around 13°C, moderate rainfall throughout the year, and little snowfall. In addition, access to the Tokyo metropolitan area and the Sendai area is easy via the Tohoku Jukan Expressway, National Route 4, the JR Tohoku Main Line, and the Tohoku Shinkansen. It seems to be in a location environment blessed with the most high-speed transportation system in the prefecture, such as having a port. Regarding the current state of food, agriculture, and farming villages, agriculture is taking advantage of the favorable location conditions such as the natural environment and regional characteristics, expanding the scale of production with paddy rice, vegetables, fruit trees, flowers, and livestock as the main crops, and a crop rotation system such as greenhouse horticulture. To establish. We are developing highly profitable agriculture while streamlining management. Paddy rice produces good-tasting rice, and vegetable production has progressed since the 1955s, centering on Natsuaki cucumbers. “Summer and Autumn Tomatoes”, “Winter Spring Cucumbers” in 1996, and “Summer and Autumn Eggplants” in 2010 are all designated vegetable production areas. In particular, cucumbers are famous nationwide under the brand name of “Iwase cucumbers” and are one of the largest producers of cucumbers in Japan. In this way, we have developed agriculture that takes advantage of the characteristics of the region, but the circumstances surrounding agriculture have changed dramatically. The slump in the prices of domestically produced agricultural products has led to a serious shortage of workers, and the weakening of the agricultural production structure seems to be progressing. In addition, the lack of workers in agriculture is also a factor in the increase in abandoned farmland. Fiscal 2022 Sukagawa City Regional Agricultural Revitalization Council Vision for Strengthening Rice Paddy Profitability: Current state of regional crop planting, issues facing the region. Taking advantage of the favorable geographical conditions such as quantity, we have developed agriculture based on paddy rice-centered management and composite management with vegetables, fruit trees, livestock and flowers as the main crops. In particular, cucumbers, a vegetable, have become one of the largest production areas in Japan under the brand name of “Iwase cucumbers”. In addition, flowering plants such as spiraea and ilex seem to be major crops boasting one of the largest production volumes. Paddy fields account for about 80% of the cultivated land under management, and about 50% of the value of agricultural output. “Rice” is followed by “Vegetables”, “Fruit” and “Livestock”. Regional issues include the continuing decline in the total number of farm households and farmers due to the aging of agricultural workers and the lack of successors to farming, and the percentage of full-time and semi-full-time farmers among commercial farmers is also declining. It is continuing. While there are various issues such as declining consumption due to population decline and deterioration of management due to the impact of the new coronavirus, in paddy field agriculture, we will maintain a balance between staple food rice and non-staple rice and maintain the area utilized, Promote stable agricultural management by strengthening power. In the past efforts, as a main conversion crop, rice for feed has been supported by production area subsidies, etc., and the conversion of cropping has progressed. Need continued support. Promoting suitable crops in suitable areas as a policy and target for enhancing profitability by introducing highly profitable crops and increasing the added value of conversion crops. Through combined management with Promoting crops suitable for. In order to improve profitability and added value, there is demand and profitability can be expected for cucumbers and Thunberg spirea, which are major production areas. By promoting regional promotion crops, it seems to increase the profitability and added value of farmers. In order to develop new markets and demand, we will cooperate with JA, etc., which is a member of the council, and consider new initiatives for export rice and rice for processing, etc., taking advantage of economies of scale, and improve farmers’ income and sales. It seems to be trying to strengthen. In order to reduce production and distribution costs, it is necessary to improve yield per unit, introduce low-cost production technology, and consolidate and consolidate farmland in order to increase profits. It seems that they are trying to disseminate production techniques such as direct seeding cultivation. The city, which is blessed with abundant nature, will merge with two neighboring towns and villages in April 2005. Responding to diversifying citizen needs: Promote community development that makes use of valuable resources such as personality, history traditional culture, and the natural environment of each region. In all fields, exchanges will become more active and new cultures will be created. 1. Characteristic resources abound regionally, including particular skills, know-how, traditions and culture. By using these resources, it is possible to develop products and services attractive in world markets. 2. Examples of management resources that are unique to the community include special regional products and manufacturing methods that have been handed down in a traditional manner, an accumulation of technology resulting from the concentration of local industry, and nature and cultural assets such as historical heritage. From April 2018, we will look at the future image of the city together with the citizens. Formulation of the 8th Comprehensive plan “Sukagawa City planning vision 2018”. In light of the advent of a declining population and the rapid declining birthrate and aging population（As we now face a new age of population decline and an aging society, small and medium retailers and other businesses that are rooted in their individual communities are asked to try new projects and new system development in order to work for the realization of a society in which it is comfortable to live and lives are rich.）. Looking ahead to what the city should look like 10 years from now, we will flexibly respond to the trends of the times and the socio-economic situation. This planning is said to be a guideline for town planning for the next five years from that time. Further develop with cooperation, and promote each measure in order to further improve city’s unlimited development and citizen satisfaction. The north side of the city is koriyama city, and the south side is tamagawa village, kagamiishi town and Tenei Village. The east side faces Hirata Village, and the west side faces Naganuma Town and Iwase Village. It overlooks the Nasu mountain range to the west and the mountains of Abukuma to the east, and is blessed with abundant nature and a mild climate with the Abukuma River and Shakado River flowing through the city center. The area is 154.98 km2. It is the second largest city in the prefecture after Koriyama City, and commercial agglomeration and various urban facilities are being developed. Act on Special Zones for Reconstruction in Response to the Great East Japan Earthquake, Act No. 122 of December 14, 2011. Ishikawa Town, Ishikawa District, Surrounded by beautiful nature such as the rich greenery of the Abukuma area and the flow of fresh water. Located in the southern part of Naka-load in the prefecture, on the west side of the Abukuma Highlands. It has prospered as the central city of the Ishikawa region while handing down a long history and tradition. With a total area of 115.71 km2, it is formed from the flat land of the Abukuma River basin and the mountainous area that connects to the Abukuma Highlands. Along the Imadegawa River, which flows almost in the center. Arimitsu（Minamotono）Ishikawa: It seems that he moved to 1063. It was triggered by development and control. After a while, in March 1955, Ishikawa Town, Sawada Village, Yamahashi Village, Nakatani Village, Bohata Village, Nogisawa Village merged to form the current Ishikawa Town. This year marks the 65th anniversary. In primitive and ancient times, there are many buried cultural properties (ruins). Among them, the Toriuchi site (prefectural historic site, April 7, 1978) is famous nationwide. In the tomb built in the middle of Yayoi Period, countless vases that seem to have human bones in them have been confirmed.Suijinbira pottery from the tokai region and Onga River pottery from the Kyushu region were excavated（Over 200 jars and jars despite the small area）. Global Warming Countermeasures Promotion Law and Global Warming Countermeasures Plan. On February 11, 2023, the traditional event “Shirakawa tumbling doll market” will be held in Shirakawa City, Fukushima Prefecture for the first time in three years. Seems to be welcoming. Shirakawa tumbling dolls are said to have originated when Matsudaira Etchu no Kami Sadanobu, the lord of the Shirakawa clan, commissioned artist Buncho Tani (1763-1840) to draw designs, and they are characterized by their gentle facial expressions. The eyebrows represent a crane, and the mustache represents a turtle, with a pattern of pine, bamboo, and japanese apricot. Shirakawa City, Located in the southern center of the prefecture overlooking the Nasu mountain range. The total area is 305.32 km2, and about half of it is occupied by forests. Many rivers such as Abukuma River, Yashiro River, and Kumato River flow vertically and horizontally in the city. Excellent farmland spreads in these headwaters, forming a rich rural landscape and the scenery is wonderful. Shirakawa Seki Ruins”, which has been famous as a Utamakura since ancient times: 都出でて あふ坂越えし折までは 心かすめし 白川の関, 西行,『山家集』etc. Shirakawa feudal lordsadanobu matsudaira is famous as the place of “dominky oraku” and is said to be the park of japan’s oldest “Nanko Park”. Komine Castle is said to have been built by Chikamoto Yuki during the Nanbokucho period. etc. Rich nature and many historical and cultural heritage such as “Shirakawa Lantern Festival”（The annual festival of Kashima Shrine, which is the total village shrine of shirakawa town under the castle of komine. Designated by the city, designated as an important cultural property (craft) Date February 8, 1966: The Kashima Shrine portable shrine has a pedestal (base) of 130.5 cm and a total height of 171.2 cm (excluding decorations). Shirakawa feudal lord Tadayoshi Honda donated. 1657 have been handed down to the present day. It is one of the three major lantern festivals in Japan and has a long tradition. As one of the three major barriers in Oshu, it has developed as a transportation hub since ancient times. Currently, it is famous as the gateway to Michinoku.
Garic chives can be harvested throughout the year, but when they are grown in greenhouses, they are especially soft and sweet, so they are useful as a green ingredient in hot pot dishes, vegetable side dishes, with simmered eggs, etc. In addition, meat japanese dumplings with plenty of Sukagawa-produced sardines is popular. It was born from the desire to make processed products with locally produced materials, and started selling at the farmer’s market “Hatakenbo”. The skin contains whole wheat flour and 100% Sukagawa Koshihikari rice flour, giving it a chewy texture. There is no garlic in it, so it seems safe for those who are concerned about the smell.
Chives belonging to the genus Allium of the Liliaceae family seem to be native to western China. It has been cultivated in Asia since ancient times, from Mongolia in the north to Malaysia and Vietnam in the south, and has been grown in China for 3,000 years. It is said that it was introduced to Japan around the 9th or 10th century, and it is a certain fact that it is mentioned in Kojiki, Nihon Shoki, and Honzo Wamyo. It has a long history and is now very popular as a healthy vegetable, but it seems that full-scale cultivation began after the Meiji period. After 1945 after World War II, consumption seems to have surged due to the diversification of food. Green-yellow vegetables are resistant to both heat and cold, but they are said to be cultivated in greenhouses and available all year round, and are said to be in season from winter to spring.
Chinese chives are perennial vegetables that go dormant in winter and wither above the ground, but new shoots appear in spring. As a farmer, it seems necessary to renew stocks by dividing and sowing seeds in order to produce excellent agricultural products of good quality. In general, it seems that the yield of Chinese chives can be understood as the amount of increase in the number of stems after the start of harvest, that is, the amount of regeneration per plant. Therefore, the yield tends to increase as the number of tillers increases to a certain extent. In order to stably produce high-quality Chinese chives, it is very important to secure an appropriate number of tillers and accumulate sufficient reserve nutrients before harvesting. It is well known that the number of tillers is greatly influenced by the planting method and the time of planting, but the seedling quality is also greatly affected, so it seems that raising seedling techniques to obtain highly productive seedlings is also important.