It seems that the area under cultivation is about 359 ha and is gradually decreasing year by year. As for cultivators, as the central cultivators in the district, a certain number of farmers have been secured. There is an increasing trend, and solving these problems and consolidating farmland are issues for agriculture in Arao City.
seems to be It seems that the policy and goal of the production area to strengthen profitability through the introduction of highly profitable crops and the improvement of added value such as crop rotation is to promote the right crop in the right land. In this area, farming and livestock crops such as rice for WCS and fodder crops are prosperous. Based on the introduction of items suitable for the supplementary system, the introduction of highly profitable crops in paddy field agriculture will be promoted, focusing on crops such as cabbage and salad snaps that are promoted in the region. In addition, a system of paddy rice and wheat, double cropping of feed crops, WCS rice and feed crops, etc. has been established, and it seems that block rotation will be promoted to ensure productivity and effective use of paddy fields in the future. The policy and goals of the production area for the effective use of paddy fields, including conversion to upland fields, are to set preferential treatment for projects other than management income stabilization measures when converting to highly profitable crops and converting them to upland fields. Therefore, it seems that they will actively promote the use of greenhouse horticulture for paddy fields that have no prospect of being used for paddy rice cultivation in the future. Policy for each crop: Due to the conversion of rice for staple food, rice for WCS, and rice for new market development, the cropping result in 2021 will be less than 389 ha, which is the target for cropping rice for staple food in Arao City (actual result is less than about 33 ha). However, since it is assumed that the situation of staple food rice will not change significantly, it seems that the planting will not be promoted. Non-staple food rice, rice for new market development: In line with JA Tamana’s policy, Yamadawara rice (Yamada straw), which is rice for export, can be expected to yield a high yield of 750 kg or more per area from NARO, and the stickiness of cooked rice It is expected to be used for the restaurant and ready-made meals industry, frozen cooked rice, etc., and brewing rice, etc. The yield of brown rice in the growing area is early planting compared to “Asa no Hikari rice”. High yield of about 30% with low fertilizer and high fertilizer. In addition, high yields have been obtained in the survey test for determining recommended varieties in the Kanto and Hokuriku regions west of the region, and high yields of 750 kg per area are expected with high fertilizer cultivation. Appearance of brown rice The quality is inferior to that of Asa no Hikari rice (produced at the Aichi Prefectural Agricultural Research Institute by crossing ‘Koganebare rice’ and ‘Aoisora rice’. Named in 1987 and known as Aichi No. 61 rice). The cooked rice has a weak stickiness and is inferior to ‘Koshihikari rice’ in taste, and is as good as Asa no Hikari rice and ‘Nihonbare rice’. It seems that we need to be careful with the herbicides we use.” WCS rice seems to be planted according to the demand of livestock farmers. From the Meiji era to the Showa era, Arao City, Kumamoto Prefecture, which is the hometown of Kotoomi Pear, It seems that it was bustling as a coal mining town. At that time, workers from all over the country gathered at the mines, and it seems that Arao pears were given to local families, relatives, and friends by the workers. The splendid pears that were sent to express gratitude and feelings to those who could not meet for a long time, were used as pears to think of their loved ones. It seems to have been named. According to the city, “Kotonomi Pear” is a new brand (nickname) of Arao pears (mainly Akizuki) produced in Arao City, Kumamoto Prefecture. It seems that each pear is carefully protected and raised by marsupial cultivation, which involves covering the pear with a bag. In addition, because the fruit is fully ripened on the tree, it has a deep flavor and is desperately loved by consumers. The Japanese pear variety “Akizuki Pear” is a slightly Okute type red pear. Compared to existing varieties that mature after “Hosui Pear”, the fruit appearance is good and the fruit quality is excellent. The tree vigor is strong and the density of branch shoots is high. The epiphytes of short fruit branches are medium, and the epiphytes of flower buds are large. The maturity period in the breeding ground (Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Prefecture) is generally in the middle and late September, and it is harvested between “Hosui Pear” and “Niitaka Pear”, and the yield seems to be about the same as both varieties. It is resistant to black spot disease (Alternaria alternata Japanese pear pathotype), and it is said that the conventional control of red pear is sufficient for scab and other pests. The fruits are oblate and the skin color is yellow-reddish brown. The size is about 500 g, which is smaller than “Niitaka Pear” but bigger than “Hosui Pear”. The flesh hardness is about 4 lbs（It is known that the hardness of fruits decreases as they mature and becomes the lowest toward the beginning of the harvesting period.）, which is about the same as “Hosui Pear”, and the sugar content is about 12%, which is about the same as “Hosui Pear”. The pH（It is the concentration of hydrogen ions, not the concentration of “hydrogen”.）of the juice is around 5.0, and it seems that the taste is not sour. Almost no heart rot occurs. Depending on the location and year, water-soaked pulp disorders and corkism pulp disorders may occur. The shelf life is about 10 days at room temperature of 25 ° C, which is shorter than “Niitaka Pear” and seems to be about “Hosui Pear”. When the relationship between the amount of fertilizer applied and the flesh disorder was investigated, the occurrence of cork-like disorders increased in the fertilizer-rich area (N44 kg / 10 a), and the occurrence of water immersion disorders increased in the nitrogen-free area (N0 kg / 10 a). On September 7, 2022, the pear “Akizuki pear” cultivated in Arao City and other places will be named “Kotonomi pear” and will be on sale. Akizuki Pear Name Derivation: It has a strong sweetness and a soft texture. It was named because it has beautiful round skin like the autumn moon. Arao City is located in the northwestern part of Kumamoto Prefecture and borders Omuta City in Fukuoka Prefecture. Located between the Fukuoka and Kumamoto metropolitan areas, it has a well-developed railway and road network that makes it easy to commute to work and school in urban areas. The city has a good balance of urban functions and nature, such as the number of people living there, so it is possible to lead a diverse lifestyle. In addition, in addition to “Greenland”, one of the largest amusement parks in western Japan, the city also has “Manda Pit（It seems that the city will carry out a World Heritage certification at the Manda Coal Mine Museum in order to increase interest in the Manda Mine and understanding of the value of the World Heritage Site through learning about the World Heritage Site. It seems to have two of the largest pits in Japan built with the best of techniques from the Meiji era. Two shafts were constructed from the end of the 1800s to the beginning of the 1900s, and the facilities and machinery were well-equipped. However, in the latter half of the 1900s, coal mining efficiency declined. In 1951, coal mining ended, and in 1997, the mine was finally closed. Arao City and Omuta City have many modern industrial heritage sites that were indispensable for the modernization of Japan, and are registered on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List as “Kyushu-Yamaguchi Modern Industrial Heritage Sites”, July 2015. It is registered as a World Cultural Heritage site as an asset that constitutes the “Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding, and Coal Industry”. The stately preserved brick building itself is also worth seeing, but the pit where coal miners traveled between underground and above ground, and the machine room where huge machines are left, are also impressive. Completed in 1908, the No. 2 shaft turret had a cage (elevator for lifting) suspended from it, and it seems that it was used for the lifting and lowering of coal miners and for transporting materials. It seems to be reclaimed now, but it seems that it was a pit with a depth of 264 m when the coal mine was in operation.）”, which is registered as a World Heritage Site, and the Xinhai Revolution (October 10, 1911-February 1912). On the 12th, a revolution occurred in China to overthrow the Qing dynasty and create a modern nation. After the Sino-Japanese War, the Qing dynasty (China) was invaded by the great powers. A revolutionary movement to create a modern nation capable of defending national independence arose, led by Sun Yat-sen, who advocated “Three principles of the people.” The three guiding theories of the revolution are “nationalism (national independence),” “democratization of politics (political democratization),” and “popularism (stabilization of people’s lives).” In 1911, the army rebelled in Wuchang, Hubei Province, which triggered a nationwide revolutionary movement, and many provinces declared independence from the Qing Dynasty. Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866-March 12, 1925) was established as the first republic in Asia, with Sun Yat-sen as the provisional president and Nanjing as the capital. In 1905, he formed the Chugoku Domei Kai (China Alliance Association), and with the aim of realizing a democratic republic, he teamed up with a party (secret society) and launched an anti-Qing armed struggle mainly in central and southern China, but ended in repeated failures. ), and the traditional pottery（”Shodai ware”: pottery made in the northern part of Kumamoto Prefecture, such as Arao, Nankan, and Kumamoto. It is said that Tadatoshi Hosokawa, who was the first generation of the Meikoji family, followed the potters Genshichi of the Meikoji family and Hachizaemon of the Katsuragi family, and ordered them to make pottery on the orders of the feudal lord.）It has world-class tourism resources such as the registered Arao tideland, and is bustling with about 2 million tourists every year. Hachiro Miyazaki (1851-1877: Freedom and People’s Rights activist from Kumamoto Prefecture. He studied at Chomin Nakae’s Buddhism school and was called “Rousseau of Kyushu.” He supported Takamori Saigo in the Seinan War and was 26 years old. (1865-1927: In the Seinan War, the Democratic Rights Party of Ueki School organized a cooperative corps and participated in the war on the side of Saigo’s army.) He was the second son of Arao’s four Miyazaki brothers. He campaigned all over Japan advocating equal ownership of land, and established the Doshikai for the Restoration of Land. (It is said that he assisted Sun Yat-sen’s revolution.) When the Meiji Restoration occurred and Japan finally began to advance on the road to modernization, the Freedom and People’s Rights Movement and the liberation of Asia from the Western powers began to change. In Arao, there were men who dedicated their lives to fulfilling their ambitions beyond national borders. These are the Miyazaki brothers Hachiro Miyazaki, Tamizo, Yazo (1867-1896), and Toten (1871-1922). Born in 1851, Hachiro was a civil rights activist and established the Ueki School in Kumamoto to advocate civil rights. However, in 1877, during the samurai rebellion known as the Seinan War, the largest and last civil war in Japan, he formed the Kumamoto Cooperative Corps and joined the Satsuma army and was killed in action. It is said that Hachiro’s ideas greatly influenced the lives of his younger brothers Tamizo, Yazo, and Toten. Tamizo became the head of the Miyazaki family after his father, Chozo Miyazaki, who died two years after Hachiro died in battle. Throughout his life, he advocated the “land restoration theory,” in which land ownership is one of the basic human rights. Arao pear, known as Arao jumbo pear, which governs regional agriculture, is a variety called “Niitaka pear”. It seems that production started in Arao City at the beginning of the Showa era. In the near future, there are about 150 farmers growing it, and it seems that the production will be about 2000 tons. Niitaka Pears Shipment was born in 1927 at the Kanagawa Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Station by crossbreeding Amanokawa pears from Niigata Prefecture and Imamura ‘Aki Nashipment’ from Kochi Prefecture. It seems that the name Niitaka pear comes from Nii in Niigata Prefecture and Taka (Ko) in Kochi Prefecture. As I mentioned earlier, in 1908 Mr. Shigesaburo Matsuo and Mr. Masuo Sekijima started planting in Arao City, and it seems that the number of farmers has increased since the beginning of the Taisho period. And now, it boasts one of the largest areas for growing Niita pears in Japan. The brand name of Arao Jumbo Pear has become recognized nationwide. Another reason why it became a nationwide district seems to be deeply related to Arao’s industry. The fact that it prospered as one of the Mitsui Miike coal mines for about 100 years from the Meiji era to the Showa era is also a big achievement. It is said that during that time, people from all over the country gathered at the coal mines and sent Arao Jumbo Pears to their hometowns one after another, and the brand name of this excellent agricultural product spread all at once. I heard that the harvest season is from the end of September to the end of October. Japanese Pear: “Shinkou”, “Niigata Prefecture”, The pear tree planted at Kojiro Yashiki Shinden (currently Niigata City) in Nihongi, Yokogoshi Town is said to be the oldest in Niigata Prefecture. It was bred in 1932 from the seeds of “Nijisseiki pear” at the Niigata Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Station Horticultural Department (currently Agano City), and is a hybrid breed with “Amanokawa Pear”, which has been popular in Niigata since the Edo period. It is said to be the red pear that matures the latest in Japanese pears. Named in 1941. The history of “Nijisseiki Pear” is deep and colorful. Established in 1888 by the merger of Ohashi, Akiyama, Takatsuka Shinden, Kamishiki, Wanagaya, Kawaratsuka, Tanaka Shinden, and Kushizaki Shinden in Ohashi, Yabashira Village, Higashi Katsushika District, Chiba Prefecture (1889). The name of the village, “Yabashira,” is the result of the cooperation of the eight old village areas, which became the pillars of the new village. It was discovered by a 13-year-old boy, Kakunosuke Matsudo, in what is now Okanashi Motomachi in the 20th century. It is very difficult to cultivate, and after trial and error, it took about 10 years, and it seems that it has finally reached maturity. Initially, it was named “Shin-Taihaku Pears: Green Pears” and was created after much painstaking effort. In December 1935, the original tree of “Nijisseiki pear” was designated as a national natural monument. Unfortunately, it died in 1957, but the original tree seems to be preserved in the reference room of the Matsudo City Museum in Chiba Prefecture. The good quality of pears has spread nationwide, and “Nijisseiki pears” are produced not only in Matsudo City, but also in Tottori, Shimane, and Okayama prefectures. Even today, Tottori Prefecture boasts the highest production volume in Japan. It seems that there is a monument of gratitude given by Tottori Prefecture. In 1904, saplings were sent from Matsudo, Chiba Prefecture to Tottori Prefecture, which is famous as a production area. Tottori Prefecture’s Nijisseiki Pear, which boasts a history of about 118 years since the start of cultivation, has overcome numerous difficulties such as black spot disease, typhoons, and heavy snow damage to produce beautiful and delicious pears and deliver them to consumers. , Tottori Prefecture’s “Twenty I also hear that the Nijisseiki Pear brand is being built.
Shinko pears are Okute’s flagship variety and are harvested at the latest of all Japanese pears. The flesh is soft and juicy, with a good balance of sweetness and sourness. The fruit has a reddish-brown ripe luster and is popular for its excellent longevity. In Niigata Prefecture, which produced this excellent pear, the history of pears in Niigata dates back to the time of the fourth Tokugawa shogun, Ietsuna, according to the records left in old books. It is said that the pear tree planted at Kojiro Yashiki Shinden in Nihongi, Yokogoshi (currently Konan Ward, Niigata City) is the oldest in the prefecture.
Arao City is a compact city measuring 10 km from east to west and 7.5 km from north to south with an area of 57.37 km2. Mt. Shodaisan in the east and the Ariake Sea in the west are gently undulating hills, and it is famous as a well-balanced city that combines rich nature with lifestyle-related functions. Agricultural and marine products born from the rich nature of mountains and seas include fruit trees such as pears and tangerines, and wetlands under the Ramsar Convention (adopted at an international conference held in Ramsar, Iran on February 2, 1971). There are seaweed and other marine products made in Arao-higata, which is registered as a tidal flat, and high-quality raw milk, which support our diet. Arao pears are a specialty product that represents the city, and they account for about 20% of the city’s agricultural calculation value. It has a long history of cultivation, starting in 1907, and is now Kyushu’s largest pear-producing area. The main varieties are Niitaka pear, Hosui pear, and Akizuki pear. Niitaka pear, in particular, has inherited cultivation techniques from its predecessors and has established itself as a brand of “Arao Jumbo Pear.” It seems that they sell to delivery. So far, the 1st Arao Creation Comprehensive Strategy has been aimed at stabilizing the production base of pears, the main product, in order to turn agriculture into a growth industry. It seems that they have implemented measures such as promoting participation in agricultural mutual aid, supporting borrowing of working capital, and recommending breed renewal. On the other hand, the aging of pear farmers, the lack of workers, and the recent weather disasters and abnormal weather have led to new. As the risk of cultivation of Takanashi is increasing, the 2nd Comprehensive Strategy for Creation of Arao seems to be working to improve productivity, increase added value, expand sales channels, etc., and draw out the appeal of pears as a production area.
On October 4, 2022, based on the provisions of Article 7, Paragraph 5 applied mutatis mutandis in accordance with the provisions of Article 8, Paragraph 4 of the Act on Promotion of the Multifunctionality of Agriculture (No. 78 of 2014), Since the change of the plan related to the function promotion business has been approved, based on the provisions of Article 7, Paragraph 6, which is applied mutatis mutandis in Article 8, Paragraph 4 of the same law, the outline of the business plan related to the approval of the change has been announced.