Brassica oleracea var. capitata
群馬県吾妻郡嬬恋村大笹（JAつまごい 大笹そさい出荷組合, 黒岩農園）
Carefully nurtured in the highlands, Tsumagoi-born summer-autumn cabbage has an attractive sweetness.
The 69th National Sports Festival Winter Games skating competition and ice hockey competition are held in Nikko City, Tochigi Prefecture. Producer Soichiro Kuroiwa (private Toyo University: Founder Enryo Inoue（1858-1919）) was born in Jikoji Temple in Ura, Nagaoka City, Niigata Prefecture in 1858. He was 10 years old. In 1868, he experienced the Meiji Restoration (1868), and from that year he studied Chinese classics, and then studied Western studies at the former Nagaoka Western School (now Nagaoka High School in Niigata Prefecture). Otani School of Shinshu Buddhism) and enrolled in the newly founded University of Tokyo, where he encountered philosophical ideas that originated in Greece and became convinced that “the truth lies in philosophy.” Since the end of the Edo period, Towards the Meiji era, when Japan met the world and was swept away by rapid Europeanization, Enryo wanted to bring back the Japanese people’s roots by cultivating a “view and way of thinking” based on “philosophy” in the people. At the young age of 29, he founded the Tetsugakukan, the predecessor of Toyo University, and stated in its founding prospectus, “We will open up education to those who have no surplus funds and no leisure.” Therefore, for people in remote areas who cannot commute to the Museum of Philosophy, the “off-campus staff system” was established, and the door was opened nationwide in the form of today’s correspondence education. 2014, 1/28, From the 69th National Sports Festival Winter GamesSkating Competition / Ice Hockey Competition Will be held. As a top-level athlete, including those who have participated in the Olympic Games, he is active and exciting the venue. However, I have not confirmed whether it is the person himself or not, so I am sorry if I am wrong because I have the same surname. According to the catalog search of the Gunma Prefectural Library, document group name: Tsumagoi Village, Agatsuma County, Taki Kuroiwa Family Documents, Location: Tsumagoi Village, Agatsuma County, Source: Tsumagoi Village, Agatsuma County, Kuroiwa Family, Place Name: Ozasa Village, Agatsuma County/Azuma Former ruler of Ozasa, Tsumagoi Village, Takeda clan (Eiroku era) / Sanada Izu no Kami (Tensho 17) / Bakufu territory (Tenwa 1) / Iwahana prefecture (Meiji 1) / Gunma prefecture (Meiji 4) / Kumagaya Prefecture (Meiji 6) /Gunma Prefecture (Meiji 9) Job titles, etc. Ozasa Village, Agatsuma County (also Tashiro Village, same county) Village head, wholesaler, Honjin history According to the Numata clan territory record of 1659 According to Kanbun Gocho（At the order of the Edo Shogunate, maps and village records were created for each country on a nationwide scale four times: Keicho, Shoho, Genroku, and Tempo. The Genroku Gocho was created from 1700 to 1702 (Genroku 13). In 1983, it was designated as a national important cultural property along with the national picture map）, Tagata is 3 koku of rice, and Hatakata is 142 koku of rice.) Approximately 178 koku of rice (approximately 2,000 lbs.) of Numata clan territory reinvestigation. Around 1878, there were 131 households and 670 people. In 1662, according to the Sarugakyo Checking Station), the Yumoto clan, local vassals of the Sanada clan of the Numata clan, served as checkpoint guards. Local vassals of the Sanada clan of the Numata clan, Yumoto and others, served as checkpoint guards, but in 1682, after the Sanada clan was exiled, it was taken over by the governor of the shogunate, and Kamahara, Nishikubo, Tochihara, and Kabe (later replaced by Yokoya) served as checkpoint guards. There is a picture of the Ozasa checkpoint.
The Kuroiwa family is said to be the main protagonist of Ozasa village (it seems that there was a time when they also served as the head of Tashiro village). Around 1877, there are 131 houses and 670 people. The Shinshu Expressway and Kutsukake Highway pass through the village. It also served as a wholesaler of Ozasa inn. It seems that he also ran the headquarters. Handed down: September 2003. Borrowed an old document from the Taki Kuroiwa family. 1650~1928. Extracting from “Kuroiwa Farm”, Tsumagoi Village in Agatsuma County is located in a highland area surrounded by mountains such as Mt. Asama. The product “Tsumagoi Kogen Cabbage” is known as “Japan’s No. 1 Cabbage, which accounts for half of the total shipment volume nationwide.” Cabbage is a specialty of Tsumagoi village, and the amount of cabbage shipped from summer to autumn is the largest in Japan. Superior cabbage contains a lot of dietary fiber and vitamins, and there are many nutrients that are good for the body. The taste of freshly picked Tsumagoi highland cabbage is unique to the production area. It seems that the temperature is suitable for the summer season. In addition, the village has a lot of rainfall throughout the year, so it seems to be suitable for growing cabbage, which requires a lot of water. The high altitude and the large temperature difference between morning and night make it sweet and delicious. Mt. Asama (A stratovolcano with an altitude of 2,568 m andesite on the border between Karuizawa Town and Miyota Town, Kitasaku District, Nagano Prefecture, and Tsumagoi Village, Agatsuma District, Gunma Prefecture.) It is surrounded by volcanoes such as volcanoes, and there is a lot of well-drained, nutrient-rich black soil containing volcanic ash in the fields, which seems to be suitable for cabbage. Established on April 21, 1980, Taste of mother’s Tsumagoi vegetables and edible wild plants. First of all, add the wisdom of a healthy spring. Thank you for your hard work, Noni Kodama（reverberation）. Mt. Asama-like strength forever.The history and cultural assets that the villagers are proud of. Warmth in his hand, giving a smile to the words he throws. The history of the village dates back to the Jomon period, about 6,000 years ago, from stone tools and earthenware found in various parts of the village. It has achieved remarkable development under the influence of both Jomon cultures in the Kanto region and the Central Highlands. In the Heian period（According to ‘Azuma Kagami’ in March, 1241, Yukiuji fought with Kai no kuni Shugo (provincial constable of Kai Province) Nobumitsu TAKEDA for boundaries of Miharaso, Kozuke Province (present Mihara, Tsumagoi Village, Azuma District, Gunma Prefecture) and Nagakuraho, Shinano Province (present Karuizawa), and he won.）, which is considered to be the end of the Ritsuryo system（laws and ordinance system）, houses were built and villages were formed in various places. It was called “Mihara Sho” or “Azuma Sho” and was under the control of Unno（An ancestor: 海野幸親（中原兼保））, who is considered to be a descendant of Shinano Genji. In the Kamakura period, it changed to a place controlled by Shimoya, a clan of Unno. It will also be the territory of Kanbara, a descendant. In the world of warring states, it became the territory of Sanada, and when the Edo Shogunate was established, it became the territory of Sanada’s Numata clan. It continued until the reform in 1681, after which it became under the direct control of the Shogunate（imperial lands）and continued to be ruled by the Daikansho（a magistrate’s office）until the Meiji Restoration. During the period centered around the Edo period, the highway connecting Joshu and Shinshu was developed, and post stations were set up along the road. There was also a checkpoint in “Ozasa”, and it was crowded with people and horses. There was an eruption of Mt. Asama in 1783, and the “earth and sand avalanche” caused by the eruption caused a major disaster at the northern foot of Mt. Asama. The village of Kanbara suffered catastrophic damage, including 477 casualties. April 1, 1889: The act of the City, town, and village was carried out: Eleven villages merge to form the Tsumagoi village. Located in the northwestern part of Gunma prefecture, the scenery is still wonderful. The east borders Naganohara Town and Kusatsu Town, and the west, south, and north border Nagano Prefecture. On the outer circumference except the eastern part, there are mountains with an altitude of 2,000 m such as Mt. Asama, Mt. Yunomaru, Mt. Azuma (Mt. Azumaya), and Mt. Shirane. The Azama River runs from west to east in the central part, and most of the settlements are scattered in this basin. There are many corroded soils of volcanic ash soil, and it is suitable for highland vegetables. It is cool even in summer, and the average annual temperature is around 8 ° C, with a large daily temperature difference. It can be said that the temperature and humidity are the best places to avoid the heat.In the village, it is also called “Tamana”. Everyone knows it as a highland vegetable with abundant nature grown in a highland area with an altitude of 800 m to 1,400 m. It is shipped mainly from summer to autumn, during which time cabbage sales account for half of the total nationwide shipment. It is probably the achievement of the friends who share with the efforts of the producer. It is vulnerable to high temperatures and droughts, and the optimum temperature for growth continues to be said to be 15 to 20 ° C. The average temperature in “Tsumagoi” is in this range from June to September. Due to the large amount of rainfall in summer and the large temperature difference between day and night, delicious cabbage that cannot be imitated anywhere else can be produced. It is rare among agricultural products, and although there is no seasonal season, it is often found in the flat areas of Japan from autumn to spring. However, it is not a greenhouse, but a valuable product that is cultivated all year round. The people of Tsumagoi village, who are involved in the brand production area, are full of energy and energize us. I’m looking forward to dinner today. I have to get home early after work. Cabbage is a rare crop among crops, and there seems to be no season for it. In the flat areas of Japan, it is often grown from autumn to spring, but in the cold highlands and Europe, where cabbage is native to Japan, it is often grown from summer to autumn, so it seems difficult to say which is the best season.
It is famous nationwide as a production area of summer and autumn cabbage. The amount of cabbage shipped from summer to autumn is number one in Japan, and it seems that about 150 million cabbages are produced in Tsumagoi Village from July to the end of October. It is a highland area with an altitude of 700 m to 1,400 m, and the temperature from June to September is cool at 15°C to 20°C, which seems to be suitable for cabbage. I’ve heard that the village is suitable for growing cabbage, which requires a lot of water, as the village receives a lot of rain throughout the year. After all, the high altitude and the large temperature difference between morning and night make the cabbage sweet and delicious, and the morning dew on the plateau makes the cabbage juicy.
As for the environment, it seems that the newly planted seedlings often wither due to low temperatures and dryness, or are washed away by heavy rain. I have heard that they spare no time and effort to do so. Also, it seems that cabbages that have been damaged by hail just before harvest cannot be shipped. It seems that there are many natural enemies such as caterpillars (diamond moths), deer, and wild boars. As a regulation, one box of cabbage contains 8 pieces and weighs about 10 kg. It seems that there are times when I hurt my back because I carry a lot of excellent agricultural products.
In 1991, the Ozasa Sosai Shipment Association was established (7 unions merged). There was frost damage from May 3rd to 6th, and the damage area was 20 ha. There was hail on June 6. Damaged area of 60 ha in the Kamahara district. The first half quality evaluation is obtained, but the second half, Xanthomonas campestris pv. Leaf margins become water-soaked and discolored, later expanding to form yellowish-brown V-shaped lesions, and surrounding leaf veins turn black. It occurs in spring and autumn in spring and autumn, and is likely to occur when the temperature is slightly low and there is a lot of rain. It often occurs after strong winds such as typhoons and heavy rain. The pathogenic bacteria remain in the soil together with the diseased residue, It adheres to the leaves with raindrops and invades through the water holes and wounds on the leaf edges. Feeding damage from pests promotes the emergence.In addition, this disease seems to be seed-borne. It is better to avoid continuous cropping of cruciferous crops. Fields Drain well.Plant varieties with strong resistance. Early dispose of diseased strains while raising seedlings. Avoid excessive nitrogen. Preventive chemical control. If damaged by strong winds and rain, promptly Chemicals are sprayed. Pest control is also thoroughly done to prevent pests from entering through the damage marks. Severely infected plants are removed and disposed of. Construction of Hamata pre-cooling warehouse collection facility, construction of plateau fresh center. Sales exceeded 10 billion yen for 5 years in a row. Donated relief supplies (cabbage) to areas affected by the eruption of Mt. Fugendake in Nagasaki Prefecture.