Sagae City, where JA Sagae Nishimurayama is located, has many of the largest tourist cherry orchards in Japan. Sagae City even has a “Cherry Tourism Division”. There are many shops and tourist facilities related to cherries in the city. Every June, during the harvest season, the roads seem to be jammed with cherry-picking buses. Sagae City and jurisdiction areas of such a cherry kingdom will deliver. In order to prevent the theft of agricultural products one after another every year, JA in Yamagata Prefecture and the Sagae Police Station collaborate to install a “security camera” in the cherry garden in Sagae City. In Sagae City, on June 15, 2022, it was confirmed that the cherries were stolen for the first time this season in the prefecture. As a measure against theft damage, JA Sagae Nishimurayama seems to have decided to install a “security camera” by utilizing the subsidy of the crop theft countermeasure project that the prefecture started this year. On the 17th, the first unit was installed in the cherry garden of a farmer in Sagae City. By next week, more than a dozen cameras will be installed in the cherry gardens in the jurisdiction. The JA sagae Nishimurayama Cherry Subcommittee hosted a cherry show on June 19, 2022 at the Agriland Direct Production Center in Sagae City, where the producers in the JA jurisdiction cultivated “Sato Nishiki Cherry” with great care. 89 items are exhibited. By the villagers 32nd anniversary of death, erected on July 21, 1670 ‘宝石’ – Able fruit of distinctuished technology by producers-Special product. Sagae City, Yamagata Prefecture : It is located in the center of the prefecture, within 20 km from Yamagata City. Developed as the core of the Nishimurayama area, the city is dotted with National Route 112, which connects the Shonai Region and the prefectural capital. It crosses the center of Yamagata prefecture and connects the Shonai region and Miyagi prefecture-Yamagata Expressway. The jurisdiction is located almost in the center of Yamagata prefecture. The area where the Mogami River, Sagae River, Asahi River, and Tukinuno River, which originate from the Dewa Hills, flow through. Sagae（It is famous as the best cherry producing area in the prefecture. It is characterized by an inland climate, with large temperature differences between summer and winter and day and night. Rainfall is relatively low in the prefecture, but the snowfall situation in the mountains and plains is significantly different. As the village of the best cherry in Japan, we practice town development that sticks to the specialty cherry and make a great contribution to the agriculture, forestry and fisheries industry. In addition, by using the ground work method, we will hold familiar parks and events by creating a town with the participation of residents. It is famous as a city that is well-balanced with commerce, industry, agriculture, and tourism. Promote “Town development colored with flowers, greenery, and murmuring”. Moisture and peace that are not found in big cities, a comfortable lifestyle can be established, and a land pattern that you will never get tired of. Airport, bullet train, highway and transportation access are also convenient and comfortable. Special products are fruits such as strawberry, grape and blueberry, roses, cherry confectionery, hand-dyed carp streamer, cherry wine and sake. The Shiraiwa district prospered as a post town for Mt. Dewasanzan travelers. During the Edo period, Jionji Temple（East Asian Yogācāra: Hosso sect）received a red stamp of 2,812 stones from the shogunate and had the largest temple territory in Tohoku. 島島東 – 親兵衛稲荷の松 ; A city-designated memorial on June 5, 2020. Export of Cherry -Domestic cool transportation from Sagae City to Fukuoka. 2018 to Taipei, Taiwan and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.Use a coolant to solve the humidity and temperature problems from the previous year. “Beni-shuho Cherry”, Developed by crossing varieties of “Sato Nishiki Cherry” × “Tenko Nishiki Cherry” in 1979 at the Yamagata Prefectural Horticultural Experiment Station (currently Yamagata Prefectural Agricultural Research Center Horticultural Experiment Station). From the accidental seedlings discovered by Takesaburo Takeda from the garden of Unkichi Nagase in 1960 (named in 1965). Selected and cultivated, and registered as a variety in 1991. From Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries variety registration. Application number 3680 Date of application 1990/01/08. Registration number 2893 Date of registration 1991/11/19. The fruit shape is short heart shape, the size is large, the skin color is reddish macula, and the sweet fruit that can be harvested from late June to early July in the breeding ground (Sagae City, Yamagata Prefecture). The shape of the tree is medium, and the size and vigor of the tree are medium. The thickness and internode length of the shoots are medium, the shape of the lenticel is a circle, the size is large, and the density is high. The leaf shape is short ellipse, the size is large, and the shape of the nectary is the kidney. Flower shape is normal bloom, size is slightly small, number of florets is small, petal shape is slightly oblong, size is medium, pollen is present, calyx color is yellowish green, peduncle length is Inside. The appearance of the fruit is short-hearted (stretched horizontally), the shape of the apex is flat, the concave is medium, the depth of the stem is medium, the size is wide, and the size of the fruit is large (about 9 g). The color of the pericarp is reddish macula, the coloring is a little more, the color of the flesh is cream, the coloring in the flesh is absent, and the coloring around the nucleus is slight. The hardness of the flesh is hard, the juice is high, the sweetness is high (sugar content is about 20 degrees), and the acidity is low. The separation between the nucleus and the flesh is viscous, the shape of the nucleus is a circle, and the size is medium. The flowering period is medium, late April in the growing area, 55 days or more from full bloom in the growing area, late June in the growing area, the result is many, there is no physiological fruit drop, the fruit splitting is medium, and the fruit shelf life is good. Compared to “Sato Nishiki Cherry”, the shape of the fruit apex is flat, the stem is deep and wide, the size of the fruit is large, the hardness of the flesh is hard, and there is little physiological fruit drop. Compared to “Tenko Nishiki Cherry”, the shape of the fruit apex is larger than that of “Napoleon Cherry” due to the deeper stalk, the larger size of the fruit, and the stickiness of the core and the flesh. It is said that distinction is recognized by the fact that it is flat, has a lot of sweetness, and has a little sourness. The duration of breeder’s rights is 18 years. The period expires on November 20, 2009, the date of extinction of breeders’ rights. Name and address of variety registrant, Matsunami, Yamagata City, Yamagata Prefecture, Registered variety breeder, Mr. Ishizuka, Mr. Satake, Mr. Sato, Mr. Nishimura, Mr. Shinno, Mr. Kido, Mr. Yano, Mr. Takataki, Mr. Ando, Mr. Matsuda, Mr. Noguchi, Mr. Onuma, Mr. Suzuki, Mr. Watanabe, Mr. Yamaguchi, Mr. Ishiguro. It is famous as a large-grained, firm and chewy variety. The flesh is hard and chewy, and the sweetness is rich. In addition, the impression is that there is little acidity and the aftertaste is refreshing. It seems to be easy to make and rich in fertility. When properly picked, the fruit will be larger than “sato nishiki cherry”. Since they are compatible when pollinating, both tend to have a good harvest when planted nearby. In fact, it is a little hard, hard to soften even when it ripens bright red, and has high storage stability. The normal ripening period is late June. Fruits need to be thinned because they are fertile and tend to bunches (e.g. of fruit). After this, the order is unheated greenhouse → completely open field → open field cultivation (with rain protection). “Kahoku Town, Nishimurayama District”, Development began early in the Heian period and was owned by Hiromoto Oe, who joined Sagae. Around 1390, Hidenaga Nakajo（Chujo）joined the club and worked on the development of Yachi Township（The castle was built by Nagamasa Chujo during the Koji era (1555-1558), Alternatively, Shiratori juro Nagahisa built and built Yachi-honcho.）for six generations. After Nagahisa was murdered by Yoshiaki Mogami and Takamoto, a descendant of Hiromoto, was destroyed, the land was subsequently under the control of the Mogami family. After the reform of the Mogami family, it became the Tozawa clan territory in the north and the Yamagata clan territory in the south of the central part, and it has gone through many years. etc. The puddy filed was developed from early on, promoting the region centered on rice and bastard saffron（Carthamus tinctorius (Mohler, Roth, Schmidt & Boudreaux, 1967)）, and directly connected to the upper culture by the mogami river. Therefore, it has left an excellent cultural heritage. Due to the inland climate and the weather conditions（Unique to basins with large temperature differences）of the Mogami River, which is said to be optimal for safflower cultivation, safflower has been actively cultivated since the Muromachi period. From the Edo Period to the early Meiji period, it prospered as a safflower distribution center by the Mogami River. The harvested safflower descended the Mogami River to Sakata, where it was once reloaded for western-route shipping, crossed the Sea of Japan, and landed in Tsuruga. In addition, it was sent to Kyoto and Osaka via Biwa Lake and Yodo River, and made the fame of Mogami safflower known throughout the country. At that time, it was said that it accounted for half of the national production. The ship carried kamigata brought a lot of Kamigata Culture（Kyoto and Osaka area）, including daily necessities as a return load. etc. Since it is a basin, it is hot and humid in summer and snow accumulates in winter, but the average amount of snow is about 1 m. Inland climate peculiar to the basin where the temperature difference is large. Cherry from mid-June to early July boasts the highest production of any National towns and villages. Harmony with Nature Easy to live in, you can raise children with peace of mind, the vitality created by interaction, learning from history and nurturing the next generation, full of charm to make together. “Nishikawa Town, Nishimurayama District”, The name of the town comes from the name of the Nishikawa Junior High School Association established by both Nishiyama Village and Kawadoi village. Located in the center of the prefecture, 32 km west of Yamagata City. It is surrounded by the Asahi mountain range in Bandai-asahi National Park, Mt. Gassan and its tributaries. 95% of the total area is occupied by mountains, and the flat land extends slightly along the Sagae River and its tributaries that flow through the town. The habitable area is only 12.57 km (3.2%), and it is one of the prefecture’s most heavy snowfall areas, with more than 5 m of snow in many areas. At Mt. Gassan, which is also a symbol of the town, you can enjoy skiing in the spring and summer. Every year from early April to late July, it is crowded with about 150,000 skiers and snowboarders. Improvement of water source area, further strengthening normal standards-Water source town. Establishment of water pollution prevention standards（水質汚濁防止法 ; Water Pollution Prevention Act, 昭和四十五年, 十二月二十五日, 法律第百三十八号, Act No. 138 of December 25,1970）and Natural environmental learning : Activities such as enlightenment ofmaintenance has been certified as “town development that makes the most of water”. The choosed hundred famous water : The lectotype of “famous water” is that “conservation status is good” and “conservation activities by local residents” are being continued. Specialty Actinidia arguta (Sieb. Et Zucc.) Planch. Ex Miq. (Kiwi berry) variety “Hoko” : Mr. Kazuo Sato has spent more than 30 years selecting native Kiwi berry. Moreover, it seems that breeding has been continued for more than 40 years since that time. Not only nutritional values such as vitamins and minerals, but also noble aroma, mellow sweetness and abundant vitamins stand out. It looks like a small kiwi, but it’s the taste of a new fruit that I’ve never encountered, and once I eat it, it’s an unforgettable taste that I haven’t eaten yet. There are excellent varieties of Green soybeans in the murayama area – ‘Hiden’. This variety tends to start harvesting late, around September 20th. Once eaten, it has an unforgettable taste and is gradually gaining popularity. It is mainly made in the Nishimurayama area centered on Kahoku Town and Sagae City. We are also starting to make varieties such as “Banshaku-Chamame: Evening drink Boiled Brown green soybeans” and “Yukine（Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries variety registration, Application No. 19209 Date of application 2006/01/10 Date of publication of application 2006/10/23. Glycine max (L.) Merr. No “anthocyanin” coloring of embryonic axis, finite growth type, white hair mushroom color, more hair mushrooms, main stem length is quite short, leaflet shape Sharp oval shape, flower color is white, ripe pod color is medium, grain size (general group) is large, grain shape is sphere, seed coat ground color is yellow, umbilical color is yellow, flowering period Medium, early maturity, medium number of branches, small number of main stem nodes, medium bottom pod node height, medium number of leaflets, medium difficulty of split pods, monochromatic / double seed coat The color is monochromatic, the leaf color of the grain is yellow, and the ecological type is intermediate. Compared to the control variety “Sayanishiki green soybeans”, the application variety “Yukine green soybeans” has a larger grain size (general group), the ground color of the seed coat is yellow, and the flowering period is in the middle. It is said that distinction is recognized. Registration number 18018 Date of registration 2009/03/19 The duration of breeder’s rights is 25 years. Name of cultivar registrant, Snow Brand Seed Co., Ltd., Atsubetsu Ward, Sapporo City, Hokkaido, registered cultivar breeder, Mr. Omi, Mr. Honda, Mr. Ohashi)”, which are harvested in late August and have a taste that is comparable to the secret. etc. When OE no Hiromoto was assigned to Jito (manager and lord of manor) in Sagae no so, Dewa Province, he left the capital for Sagae as mokudai (deputy) of Hiromoto and lived in Doso Mototate (present Mototate, Sagae City, Yamagata Prefecture) then in Yoshikawa (section of village Yoshikawa, Nishikawa Town, Nishimurayama District), to rule respective lands. “Asahi Town, Nishimurayama District”, East edge mountain foot. The Mogami River meanders northward for about 21 km from north to south of the town area. It is famous as a town with abundant natural environment, with native forests such as national parks occupying about 73% of the town’s soil. The river terraces along both banks of the Mogami River are fertile land suitable for growing fruit trees and crops, including specialty Apples. The climate is inland, and in summer there are many hot and humid days and cool nights.Winter is a snowy area with many cold days, and it is suitable for cultivating high-quality fruits because of the large temperature comparison and temperature differences. The attractive weather environment allows you to clearly feel the four seasons. The area of the town is 196.81 km2, and the terrain extends 25 km east to west and 21 km north to south from east to west. The southeastern part is surrounded by the Shirataka Mountains and is blessed with abundant natural resources such as beech virgin forest. Humans began to live very long ago, and historically it was the first Paleolithic discovered in Japan-Osumi site. In 1936, Kuniharu Otake（Kuniji: Born in 1880, he was the son of a great landowner and experienced fukushima’s sericulture school. Formed a cooperative credit union and has been a member of the village and town council since 1917.etc.）instinctively saved the stone fragments that came out during the construction of the Meikyoubashi in the attic. In 1949, he was convinced that Susumu（Shin）Sugai was a Paleolithic and published it in the douujinshi “Jomon”. Announced earlier than the Iwajuku site in Gunma prefecture. Komatsuno ruins where stone tools were discovered after that. It is estimated that paleolithic man already lived 20,000 years ago in the late pleistocene. In the Nara period, many villages developed with the rise of mountain worship such as Asahi peak. Among them, onuma’s “Ukishima Inari Shrine” is blessed as a noble prayer place for Mr. Oe sagae and Mr. Mogami yamagata. After that, it was worshiped as a prayer place for successive Tokugawa shogunates. The town and village system was enforced in 1902. As for cultural properties, the nationally designated important cultural property “Satake Family Residence” is located in the Tokiwa area. A valuable private house as an example of a well-preserved middle-class farmhouse in the middle of the Edo period. Prefectural designated natural monument is a thousand-year-old “large sugi（Cryptomeria japonica (Thunb. ex L.f.) D.Don）” – Miyajuku’s “Horyu Shrine（It is said that the temple that enshrined the spirit of the dragon was started in the 11th year of Jowa (844).）”. Arajuku’s “Yakushi Nyorai Statue”, which is thought to have been revealed in the late Heian period. Kakuta style lion dance: Geki Shirota, the unsealed house of Oya Village, is a curtain lion from Kakuta Village of the Sendai Domain. Buddhist memorial service at Eirinji-Temple（Soto school (of Zen Buddhism)）on feed tray (August 15th). He also performed a dance at the oya Fujin Festival (August 31st) to pray for a good harvest-Prefecture-designated intangible folk cultural property. etc. To establish a unique agricultural management that takes advantage of the characteristics of the region. We have promoted complex management that incorporates hops, livestock, etc., centering on apples and grapes. Since 1970, utilization of unused agricultural land, creation of agricultural land, conversion from puddy filed. We are trying to increase agricultural income centered on fruit trees. Japan’s No. 1 “Bag-free Fuji Apple” As a result, apples have established themselves as “Bag-free Fuji Apple” as the nation’s most excellent quality production area. It has a long history, dating back to 1887. Since then, the establishment of a cultivation technology system backed by systematic fruit tree promotion measures that make the best use of the land and enthusiastic research by growers: National production center formation. 小錦 八十吉（2代; 西村山郡旧三泉村）, 二十山部屋;（最高位）小結. Chrysanthemum: もってのほか（夏薔薇, 食用菊; Cut flower））, Nishimurayama（As an example of salt-dried tofu, rokujo dofu (六條豆腐: salted been curd; 六浄本舗) in the Iwanezawa area (Nishikawa Town（岩根沢）, Nishimurayama District) of Yamagata Prefecture is representative.）. The climate varies from region to region, and the mountainous and mountainous areas are among the most rainy and humid areas in Japan. The temperature difference is large between hot and humid in summer and cold in winter, while the flat area has relatively little rainfall and is in basin weather conditions. A fruit that turns bright red like a ruby when it is bathed in the sunlight. It’s the taste of early summer, cherries – Sato Nishiki Cherry – From over 100 years ago to the present – Dewa Nishiki Cherry : Sato Cherry is an important variety that expresses the taste of Japanese fruits. In 1912, breeding was promoted by Eisuke Sato of Higashine City, Yamagata Prefecture. Many cherries at that time had a strong acidity and did not last for a long time, and it seems that it was a source of concern for producers that they were damaged during shipping. The improvement by Mr. Sato seems to have started by mating “Kidama cherries”, which has a good taste but does not last long, and “Napoleon cherries”, which has a long-lasting but strong acidity. After that, in 1923, 11 years after the start of the improvement, it seems that it had a wonderfully sufficient sugar content and succeeded in growing it for a long time and bearing fruit. The king “Sato Nishiki cherry” is born. Sato Nishiki cherry is steadily increasing shipments due to its beautiful glossy ruby color, well-balanced sweetness and acidity, and longevity. With the increasing demand for raw cherries from around 1975, it seems that it has become a popular variety known all over the country. Higashine Cherry: On April 21, 2017, the “Registration of Geographical Indications and Registration Certificate Awarding Ceremony” was held at the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and related parties including the chairman and vice chairman of the Fruit Tree Kingdom Higashine 6th Industrialization Promotion Council. Attended and received a registration certificate from Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Isozaki. In the city, the “Fruit Tree Kingdom Higashine Sixth Industrialization Promotion Council”, which is organized by people involved in agriculture and commerce and industry in the city, educational institutions such as local universities, and the government, applied to the government in October 2016. Was done. After the announcement in December (until March 28, the following day) and the Academic Experience Committee on April 12, registration will be decided on the 21st. The target varieties are “Sato Nishiki cherries” and “Beni Shuho cherries”. Among them, “Sato Nishiki cherries” is said to be the best variety in terms of both appearance and taste, and because of its excellent balance of refreshing sweetness and moderate acidity, it is highly evaluated because it is in high demand as a representative taste of early summer. It has gained. Sato Nishiki cherries originated in Higashine City and was named in 1928 and made its debut in the world. Since then, the efforts of our predecessors and study have promoted the establishment of cultivation techniques, and it seems that they have reached the present day. Furthermore, Sato Nishiki’s cultivation technology has greatly contributed to improving the quality and production of all varieties of cherries, including the later developed Beni Shuho cherries, and Higashine City boasts the highest production of cherries in Japan.
This wonderful produce is called ‘red jewel’, ‘queen of fruits’ and ‘little lover’ in Yamagata Prefecture. Among them, “Little Lover” is the name officially used by JA Zen-noh Yamagata. The cherries on sale are relatively cheap, so they are easy to buy and delicious to eat, so they are not well known nationwide and are gaining popularity. Cherries are in season from June to July. It is a precious fruit that is only available for a short period of time before midsummer.
Yamagata Prefecture, my rural and spiritual hometown, is said to be the most suitable for cherries in Japan because of its extremely hot summers and little rainfall during the rainy season. It is said that there are more than 1,000 kinds of cherries in the world, and more than 30 kinds of cherries are cultivated in Japan alone. Sato Nishiki cherries are currently the most produced variety in Japan. With further improvements, Yamagata’s cherries have grown into super high-quality fruits. And there is no doubt that the efforts of Yamagata’s cherry farmers are enormous to maintain high quality. In the snow country of Yamagata, the weight of the snow breaks the branches. That’s why they always remove the snow and do the work of shoveling the snow to speed up the germination. After that, they are pruned, disinfected, and pollinated, but it seems that multiple varieties of cherries are grown at the same time, as they do not pollinate between the same varieties. For reliable pollination, use adorable bees. Since it is vulnerable to rain, a vinyl roof is placed over the tree to protect it from the rain, and after the fruit is produced, various processes and uses are carried out, such as gathering the leaves together so that the sun can shine in, and laying aluminum sheets under the tree.
Before 2015, Yamagata Prefecture launched the “Yamagata World’s No. 1 Cherry Project Promotion Council” with the aim of boosting its cherries, which boast the highest production volume in Japan, into a global brand and promoting them overseas. Large ball varieties are grown because the main variety is smaller than the size preferred in Asia. In order to reduce the work of aging cherry farmers, he developed a “harvesting robot” and has been aiming to export it overseas since that time. In order to upgrade Yamagata Prefecture’s cherries to the world’s best, it seems that the brand is gradually being established as a luxury cherries for gifts. It seems that the main issues are large ball, overseas export, and labor saving. It goes without saying, but it seems that it will take more than 10 years to develop a super large ball variety. It seems that the development of an automatic harvesting robot will also take time.