In August 1868, Amakusa was placed under the jurisdiction of Nagasaki Prefecture from Tenryo (under the direct control of the Emperor, Shogunate), and in December 1869, the entire island was reorganized into 40 villages. January 1873, Transferred to Shirakawa Prefecture, Higo Province (now Kumamoto Prefecture). Due to the mild climate, various citrus fruits such as pomelo and amakusa citrus are produced, marine products such as tiger prawns, golden pike conger and japanese blue crab, cultured pearls (Pinctada fucata (mother of pearl, hermaphrodite), Pinctada margaritifera, Pinctada maxima are dioecious)

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