Yokoshibahikari Town is located in the northeastern part of Chiba Prefecture, and was born in 2006 through the merger of Hikari Town in Sosa County and Yokoshiba Town in Sanbu County, and is the most populous town in Chiba Prefecture. The Kuriyama River, which flows through the center, is a mecca for fishing. The city releases juvenile salmon every year, and many salmon return to the river. Mother-river homing” Although the mechanism has not yet been determined, the olfactory imprinting theory is the theory that the mother-river homing returns to the mother river based on the memory of the odor peculiar to the mother river. Based on experiments and observations such as salmon being unable to return to their mother rivers, it seems to be supported by many researchers.
“Oamishirasato City” : The city is located almost in the center of the Kujukuri Plain. It has a climate with abundant nature, with lush hills in the west, vast countryside in the center, and the coast of “Hakusasaisho（White sand, Pinus thunbergii Parl: One of the top 100 beautiful stretches of sandy beaches dotted with pine trees. ）” in the east. It has an area of 58.08 km2 and is 9.8 m above sea level. In 1979, Concluded a sister town with the mountain town “Nakanojo Town”. Agatsuma District, Gunma Prefecture is a town of Scenic Beauty by beautiful mountains and abundant hot springs. In a natural environment different from Oamishirasato City, which faces the Pacific Ocean and has the sea. On October 10, 2006, the “Agreement on Mutual Support in the time of disaster” was also signed. Let’s continue to investigate history. Plateaus and hills that connect to the Toke district of Chiba City spread to the west, and sand dunes that have been deposited since the early Jomon period spread to the east. Research has been carried out since the 1945’s, and among them, Kutsukake shell mound, Kamikaizuka, and Minamiiizuka ruins have been known for a long time. The Shimosa Plateau, which has an altitude of 80 to 90 m, extends over the western plateau. Prior to the construction of residential areas and golf courses, the oamiyamadadai archaeological site, sunada archaeological site, mizuhooketsu archaeological site, Kanayago archaeological site, etc. Many People are said to have started living in the Paleolithic era, 20,000 to 30,000 years ago. It is said that the earth at that time was a cold period called the ice age, the sea level was more than 100 m lower than the present, and the continent and the Japanese archipelago were connected by land.Tomita Village: Fujufuse (Not Receive and Not Give) School of the Nichiren Sect is a sect whose founder was Nichiren and the school founder was Nichio. As a special product, the strawberry “shinku-no-misuzu” born in Oamishirasato is known. Developed by a strawberry breeder living in the city, it was registered as a variety in 2015. Even the flesh is dyed deep red and has a high sugar acid ratio. The catch phrase is “All, love.” The color, aroma, taste, and sweetness are all rich. Wordplay that puts that “dark” into “love”. “Togane City”, With a population of about 60,000 and a warm climate. It is located in the central part of the prefecture, about 50 km from central Tokyo. In the plains, good countryside extends toward the Pacific Ocean, and the hills are covered with Sanbu cedar forest（Chiba Prefecture A variety of cutting sugi that has been cultivated in the Sanbu area in the northeast for over 250 years（A variety selected from particularly excellent ones and cultivated by cuttings. Cryptomeria japonica; カンノウスギ）. In the Edo period, the “Onari Kaido” was built for falconry of Ieyasu Tokugawa. A post town and a wholesale district where neighboring agricultural products gather are formed. Since then, it has become a popular distribution center for logistics and has developed as a core city in the Kujukuri area. The area is 89.12 km2 and the altitude is 8.1 m. The excavation survey of the “Maruyama site” was around 1957. This is because the landowner Eiichi Ichihara at that time discovered a large amount of earthenware and burnt soil while cultivating the fields. The excavation survey was conducted in early January 1960 under the guidance of Mr. Akira Kawato, who was a teacher at Togane High School at that time. The remains are confirmed on the upper surface of the Kanto loam layer, which is dug down about 20 cm to 30 cm from the ground surface (field at that time). Many relics were excavated in the process of removing the soil accumulated on the remains, and it was found that the remains were four dwellings. After that, along with the large-scale development in the 1950s, the area around this site was excavated as the Toganedai site group. 155 pit dwellings were detected at the Ebigaya site, 142 at the Toganekuroda site, 265 at the Shikidai site, and 109 at the Koyuidai site. In the re-survey of the Maruyama site conducted at this time, about 105 pit dwellings were confirmed. It was a valuable survey to learn about the lives of people from the Kofun period to the Nara and Heian periods. Besides, Hachigaya site, etc. “Kujukuri Town, Sambu District”, A monument of “the birthplace of Sweet Potato cultivation in the Kanto region” is erected here. The eighth shogun, Yoshimune Tokugawa, ordered Mr. Konyo Aoki to grow sweet potatoes and made a prototype at the current Kujukuri Town Fudodo. As a result, sweet potato cultivation has become widespread in the Kanto region and remote islands since the Kyoho famine. As a result, it is commented that, since the Great Famine of Kyoho, the cultivation of sweet potato spread in Kanto region and solitary islands, and thus a lot of people’s lives were saved in the Tenmei Famine :（The 8th general of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) Yoshimune TOKUGAWA had already ordered Konyo to cultivate the known sweet potato as an emergency crop at the famine in West Japan, and make trial pieces in the Koishikawa Medicine Garden (Koishikawa Botanical Gardens), Makuwari Village in Chiba District of Shimousa Province (present Makuhari, Hanamigawa Ward, Chiba City, Chiba Prefecture), and Fudodo Village in Yamabe County of Kazusa Province (present Kujukuri Town, Sanbu District, Chiba Prefecture). Kujukurihama was chosen as the marathon site because Ino Tadataka, a geographical surveyor in the Edo period, was born in Kujukuri Town. Kujukuri beach: Located almost in the center, “katakai” has prospered with sardine fishing since the Edo period, and is a town where “sardine culture” lives. “Sanmu City”, Located in the eastern part of Chiba prefecture. It faces the Pacific Ocean for about 8 km in the center of Kujukuri beach, one of Japan’s leading sand coasts, and has a total area of 146.77 km2. It is roughly divided into the Kujukuri coastal area, the vast alluvial plain as a hinterland, and the hilly area consisting of low plateaus at an altitude of 40 to 50 m. These are strips that are almost parallel to the coastline, and for some reason they are nostalgic scenery. The city is active not only in rice cultivation but also in vegetable and fruit production. In areas rich in nature, with forest products such as Sambu Cedar, seafood from Kujukuri Beach. As a tourist resort, you can enjoy sports such as swimming, surfing, and tennis, and it has local resources that are attractive to young people. Due to the good location, the concentration of industrial facilities is increasing, and because of the good nature environment, many people visit and move to this area. The area was recognized as a blank area in the early Kofun period, but the Shimato Sakai No. 1 burial mound (4 mirrors) was discovered in the latter half of the early Kofun period (late 4th century). The case is Kitano No. 5 Mound, the second case designated on September 13, 2011. In the category of bronze ware, there were bronze swords, bronze pikes, bronze dagger-axes, bronze bells, bronze mirrors, and so on. Although it was made in various periods, as a historical and archaeological term, it often refers to the bronze mirror excavated from the remains in China, Korea and Japan. In 2006, Sambu District Naruto Town, Sambu Town, Matsuo Town, and Hasunuma Village merged. Naruto and Togane carnivorous plant communities are nationally designated natural monuments. The birthplace of the poet Ito sachio, known for his novel “The Tomb of Wild Chrysanthemum,” is a historic site designated by the prefecture. “Shibayama Town”, Located almost in the center of the Hokuso plateau in the northeastern part of the prefecture. At the northernmost point of Sambu District, in the 60km area of the capital. Adjacent to Tako Town in the east, Yokoshibahikari Town and Sammu City in the south, Tomisato City in the southwest, Narita City in the north, and Narita Airport. 8.4 km east-west, 10.5 km north-south, 43.24 km2 in area, generally flat. The Takaya River flows to the east and the Kido River flows to the west, and this basin becomes a rice-growing area, and upland fields are flourishing in the hills in the northwest. Many wild Cerasus jamasakura (Sieb. ex Koidz.) H.Ohba (1992) bloom in the hills of the town, and are most familiar to the townspeople. With its ancient history, culture, and beautiful nature, it is eager to become the courtyard of the international airport city. Various house-shaped haniwa of the mid Kofun period (tumulus period) were excavated from Tonobeta number 1 mound in Shibayama Town, Sanbu County, Chiba Prefecture and Nagase Takahama site in Umanoyama burial mounds located in Hawai Town, Tohaku County, Tottori Prefecture. Kannokyoji-Temple: The three-storied pagoda in the precincts is designated as a tangible cultural property of Chiba Prefecture. Koike Otsuka Tomb, Takada No. 2 Mound,Yamada / Houma tumulus group.Arai Festival (Radish Festival):It is a festival held on December 14th every year, and it is said that fire should not be used except at the house on duty.At the house on duty, Shishi-Mai（Lion dance）will hold a festival of disease-free breathing, fire theft, and a good harvest. At Omiya Shrine, a turret built in front of the shrine is set on fire. The practice of throwing radishes at the child and preventing the priest from entering the shrine from the front is a sight to see. “Yokoshibahikari Town” : Located in the northeastern part of the prefecture. Kujukuri Beach, with its white sands in the south, and gentle hills in the north. The average annual temperature is 15 degrees Celsius, with cool summers and warm winters, with a pleasant climate. On March 27, 2006, sambu district yokoshiba town and Sousa District hikari town merged. The scenery of Kujukuri Beach, where the Pacific Ocean spreads magnificently, and the Kuriyama River, which flows through the central part of Yokoshibahikari Town, shines. It is a long and narrow terrain from north to south, and as it progresses from the flat coast to the plateau, it becomes slightly inland and the temperature difference. In general, it is blessed with natural conditions suitable for agriculture, which is cool in summer and warm in winter. Complex management that combines open-field vegetables and facility horticulture is flourishing centering on paddy agriculture. Paddy rice is the main crop, and sweet corn and leek are well known as open-field vegetables, such as tomatoes, squashes, and broccoli. There are also strawberry growers, and many are harvested from December to May and are popular. Working on high-profit crops, cherry tomato, melon in the green house. Hydroponic mitsuba（Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) DC.subsp. japonica (Hassk.) Hand.-Mazz. (1933) cultivation, and in recent years, flower cultivation such as Cyclamen persicum has been carried out to improve management efficiency. Both pig farming and dairy farming are actively carried out. Speaking of representative agricultural products, welsh onions（Allium fistulosum L. var. bouddhae Prokh.）. From around 1968, the cultivation of autumn and winter welsh onions became popular as a back crop of wheat, and in 1972, it was designated as a national production area. Plateau fields in the Houme Area and Kotabe Area were develoed from the 40’s to the 1950’s. After that, the cultivation method was improved and the brand continued to shine. Let’s explain the product. The top of the representative crops is green onion. From around 1968, autumn and winter green onion cultivation became popular as a back crop of wheat. In 1972, it was designated as a national production area. The fields will be improved from about 40 to 50 years, which will support the cultivation of green onions. Currently, both spring onions and autumn / winter green onions : The “Hikari green onion” brand has received high praise in the market. In addition, he won the 26th Japan Agricultural Award before 2000. Farmers and groups who have been enthusiastic about managing agriculture and have made outstanding achievements. The Central Union of Agricultural Co-operatives, Japan Agricultural Cooperatives prefectural FSBA and NHK Organization. “See（Child）green onion”, Raised under the sun and seawater spraying of kujukuri, it is thick and sweet enough. 30 strict unified rules – “九十九里海っ子ねぎ” : Uses organic fertilizer specified by JA – Reduced pesticide cultivation : Aim for the number of times Pesticides to be used to be less than half of the standard number of times used by the prefecture. Sambu agriculture promotion center (Formerly sambu agriculture promotion center) : After repeated examinations and tests, it was cultivated in 2006 with seawater and commercialized.
It seems that “Ryusho Naganegi” from Yokohama Ueki Co., Ltd. (Minami Ward, Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture) has been selected as the winter chicken that is on sale. This excellent agricultural product (even in harsh summer weather, it seems that it is difficult to lose stock. It grows stably even in conditions that are prone to root pain, such as various diseases, overhumidity, and overdrying, and has excellent yield and excellent product rate. It has 1-2 more leaves than existing varieties, so it is a labor-saving variety that makes it easier to adjust the harvest.) is fine, smooth, and shiny. The taste is sweet and delicious, and the texture that does not make you feel fibrous is wonderful. Uses the strongest cultivar. The aigara system is the winter long onion, which seems to be the softest and sweetest system. However, it has a drawback that it is difficult to make, and it seems to be a line that has disappeared in recent years. The reason I chose it is that whether it is eaten raw or cooked, the texture is not streaky, it is crisp and has a strong sweetness. It has just the right amount of scallion fragrance, is not too spicy, and is a variety that can be enjoyed by everyone, even children. The only drawback seems to be the high seed cost. Fertilizer It seems that the fertilizer is slowly absorbed so that the long onions do not get tired. For that reason, it seems that they have jointly developed with a fertilizer manufacturer that matches the soil quality of the production area to create and apply the original fertilizer of this production area. The name of the fertilizer is “Hikari-negi-bijin” and “Super-hikari-negi-bijin” after “Hikari long onion”. Too much or too little fertilizer is likely to cause disease, and it seems to be characterized by a loss of tightness. The feature of this fertilizer is that it contains organic matter, and it seems to work slowly in fertilizer. For this reason, the leaves are colorful and shiny, and the white part is bright, so it seems that excellent agricultural products can be produced. In addition, it seems that the natural mineral soil improver “Sogo Mineral Hoso（Is manufactured by Japan Institute of Mineral Chemicals. Mineral soil improvement material commercialized by (a member of the National Soil Improvement Material Council). The ore used as the raw material seems to be an ore that is an aggregate of fault clay whose mother rock is graphite schist, etc. quarried from the northeastern part of Yamanashi Prefecture, including the Chichibu Paleozoic Kobutsu Line, the oldest stratum in Japan. After beneficiation and drying, the ore is coarsely crushed with a jaw crusher, intermediately crushed with a two-stage roll crusher if necessary, and finely pulverized with a special fret mill. It seems to be a granulated product made by adding molasses to this and granulating it by the plate method. It appears to degrade more readily with soil water. The rock-forming mineral composition is mainly composed of quartz, feldspar, and plagioclase, with calcite, sericite, pyrite, titanite, magnetite, sulfite, graphite, chlorite, and illite and chlorite as clay minerals (X-ray diffraction). seems to be mostly accepted.）” is applied. This “Sogo-matsu Mineral Hoso” seems to be a natural fertilizer containing a large amount of Tennobu Special Minerals (patented product) from the autobiographical vein of Japan’s longest-lived village (Uenohara City, Yamanashi Prefecture (former Kita-tsuru District)). Inspection system In this production area, each producer adjusts and sorts based on the shipping standards and brings them to the shipping area. Regarding long onions brought in from producers, at the stage of bringing them to the shipping area, a full-time inspector or a staff member dedicated to the shipping area conducts an on-vehicle sampling inspection so that only producers who have passed the inspection can unload the goods into the shipping area. In addition, since the shipping area is centralized, it is possible to inspect with the eyes of full-time inspectors, and it seems that they are trying to correct the disparity between individuals. In addition, there is an officer in charge of inspection representing the producer, who regularly holds meetings at the shipping site to confirm the current inspection status, exchange information with the full-time inspectors, and provide inspection guidance to the full-time inspectors. It seems that they are keeping in mind the inspection corresponding to the current situation. I have heard that all producers are obliged to record their cultivation history, and shipments from those who have not submitted their cultivation history will not be accepted. In addition, in this production area, it seems that they are working on disease and pest control by strictly observing the number of times of use and the number of days before harvesting according to the chemical (pesticide) and method of use stipulated by the Chiba Prefecture Control Standards. In addition, they use pheromone agents to predict the occurrence of pests throughout the area, and they are working on reducing pesticides through timely pest control in conjunction with environmental conservation. Soil preparation In the production of vegetables, we believe that “soil preparation” is the first priority, and it seems that this production area is putting the most effort into soil preparation. It seems that they carry out soil diagnosis and try to design fertilization according to the conditions of each field. Roots seem to have the highest oxygen demand among vegetables. Therefore, it grows to the soft, oxygen-rich upper part of the earthen mound. Therefore, it seems that they are making soft soil with an aggregated structure. By caring for the roots, it seems that under any environmental conditions, the surface of the crop is smooth, fresh, and well-packed. It seems that they are trying to improve the humus component in the soil by planting and plowing green manure crops for the purpose of avoiding continuous crop failure and improving soil fertility.
JA Chiba Midori’s brand “Hikari Green Onion” is a representative agricultural product of Yokoshibahikari Town. It is also characterized by its sweetness, refreshing aroma and freshness. Going back in history, it seems that it started around 1955 as a side crop of mugi in the former Hikari Town area. In 1972, it became a nationally designated production area, and the cultivation area expanded as the fields were improved. In 2000, he won the Grand Prize of the 26th Japan Agricultural Prize in recognition of his ambitious efforts, such as repeated improvements to cultivation methods. In addition to the conventional fall and winter long onions and spring long onions, we also focus on sweet and soft summer “premium long onions”. Pre-cooling is done at the collection point, and it seems that they are able to ship all year round while maintaining freshness.
The maintenance of plateau fields in the “Homai and Kotabe” districts in the 1965s and 1975s also seems to have boosted the cultivation of long onions. Since then, the cultivation method has been repeatedly improved, and now both spring and autumn spring green onions are designated as a production area of the country, and are highly evaluated in the market under the brand name of “Hikari Green Onion”, and are highly trusted by consumers. In addition, we are also focusing on cultivating summer green onions, and we are achieving year-round shipments.