In 1848, Ranald McDonald pretended to be a castaway, and Rishiri Island in Hokkaido (most of the island was designated as Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park. Otadomari Marsh, Numaura Wetlands, Minamihama Wetlands, and the surrounding coastal areas were designated by the Ministry of the Environment. (designated as one of Japan’s important wetlands). McDonald, who has Indian blood, believed that Japan was the home of Indians, and he seemed to have a strong admiration for Japan. After landing, he was escorted to Nagasaki, where he was interrogated by the magistrate’s office, as was customary at the time. The interpreter at that time was Einosuke Moriyama, a Dutch interpreter who could speak a little English. Moriyama and other Shogunate interpreters, who felt a strong need to learn English, decided to learn real English from McDonald’s, who spoke English as their native language. It seems that I have learned the language. However, since McDonald’s was a criminal who entered the country by violating the prohibition, exchange classes between Japanese and English were conducted through the prison’s lattice. This seems to be the first time a Japanese person learned real English directly from an American teacher. In April 1849, McDonald was handed over to the American warship Preble, which came to pick up the castaways. After that, Moriyama was used as an interpreter and played an active role in the negotiations of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between Japan and the United States (June 19, 1858). Amphibious Rapid Deployment Brigade (an amphibious operation unit owned by the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force. A unit that is strongly aware of the defense and recapture of remote islands. A unit under the direct control of the Ground General Corps, with about 2,400 members as of 2021) is Nagasaki. Two regiments are organized at the Ground Self-Defense Force Ainoura garrison in Sasebo City. In 2024, the Takematsu garrison in Omura City (the third regiment is expected to have about 600 personnel, similar to the 1st and 2nd regiments. From 2022, we will start developing the corps office and indoor underwater training ground. The plan aims to deploy it in fiscal 2023. In fiscal 2019, about 200 personnel, including the headquarters of the 7th Anti-aircraft Special Forces Group, will be relocated to Camp Miyakojima (Okinawa Prefecture). A third regiment was also deployed to the Ministry of Defense, etc.). Also known as the Japanese version of the Marines, they are an elite unit of the Ground Self-Defense Force that assumes the recapture of remote islands. Regarding the invitation of the Amphibious Rapid Deployment Brigade’s third regiment, Sasebo City and Goto City also raised their hands in hopes of an economic ripple effect, but in February 2022, the Ministry of Defense decided to deploy it to Omura City. I have decided. The city expects a population increase of about 1,200 people, including their families, if a 600-man unit is formed at Takematsu Garrison, and it seems that the economic ripple effect is estimated to be about 2 billion yen. “Omura City, Nagasaki Prefecture,” Located in the northwestern part of Kyushu. In ancient times, the Christian daimyo “Sumitada Omura” ruled. In the Meiji era, the 46th Infantry Regiment was stationed. The Naval Air Corps was established in the Taisho era.In the Showa period, the 21st Navy Air Factory, which boasts the best in the Orient, was established. During this period, it prospered as a military city. April 1, 1889 : The act of the City, town, and village was carried out. There were eight villages in one town. In 1925, one town and one village merged to form Omura Town. Furthermore, in 1939, Nishi-Omura and Takematsu Village merged with Omura Town. Installed by Navy Air Factory on February 11, 1942 : Five villages merged with Omura Town and the city administration was enforced. After that, in 1963, Mururo Township, Higashisonogi Town, was incorporated and continues to the present day. Then, in May 1975, the world’s first Marine Airport was completed. NAGASAKI EXPRESSWAY opened in 1990, and KOBA SMART IC opened in 2018. The Kyushu Shinkansen West Kyushu Route is scheduled to open in 2022. Promote town development that takes advantage of the convenience of transportation access. Omura Boat Race Ground : Established on April 6, 1952 as Japan’s first speedboat racecourse. A motorboat race has begun in Omura Bay. There are twenty-four places nationwide, but the city is the birthplace of boat racing. A large-scale vision will be installed in 1996. It is popular as a state-of-the-art leisure facility. Prunus lannesiana ‘Mirabilis’（Nationally designated natural monument）, A rare variety of cherry blossoms discovered and named from the village cherry blossoms of Omura Shrine. There are many Sepals and petals, and all flowers are double-flowered. 黒田五寸（About 6.5 centimeters long）人参原種育成会 : Omura City specialty. Japan’s only breeding group for the original species organized by Farmers. Around the end of the Taisho Period, Tadashi KURODA of Kuromaru Town introduced Maruyama-Gosun from Japan Agriculture and Forestry. Nagasaki-Gosun was also cultivated in the same area. Mr. Kuroda and Mr. Yoshida repeat seeding from 1935 to 1945. Then, the Natural Crossing is cultivated by improving the color of the core. In 1973, KURODA Gosun was cultivated in about 50% of the total area of carrot designated production areas nationwide. In 1960, a training group was formed. This variety has very strong heat resistance-Summer sowing type varieties. The root color is the darkest of the carrot varieties, deep red-orange to the center. It has a very high CAROTENE content, and the meat is soft and has no carrot odor. The taste is the best, especially as a healthy food such as raw food and juice. The history of Nagasaki mandarin oranges dates back to 1780 (Tenmei era) when the lord of the Omura domain, Sumiyasu OMURA, took the Satsuma domain’s “Nagashima mandarin oranges” (Wenshu mandarin oranges from Nagashima Town, Izumi District (former Higashimachi)) to Ikiriki Village, Sonogi District (currently : Tarami Town, Isahaya City), and it is said that it was started by having three great people cultivate it.（Citrus Unshiu has heard that the seeds brought back from China by the envoy to Tang China began to bear fruit and were found in Kagoshima.）When high-quality “Unshu mandarin oranges” were grown in the Ikiriki region, seedlings began to be shipped all over the country, and are said to be “Ikiriki-Type unshu”. In 1876, mandarin oranges were being sold by hand in castle towns. From around 1887, ‘Ikiriki Village’ expanded the production area of mandarin oranges, and even today, the area is the main production area in Nagasaki Prefecture. In 1961, the Law Concerning Special Measures for the Promotion of Fruit Tree Farming (Cabinet Order No. 145) was enacted, and the Nagasaki Prefectural Citrus Promotion Plan was formulated, and the area under cultivation of citrus fruits rapidly increased throughout the prefecture. Demand for fruit trees in Japan is generally declining and stagnant, and there is a growing tendency for small quantities to be sold as other items and for good quality. Many fruits, including mandarin oranges, are in overproduction. There are increasing demands from other countries to expand imports of fruits and fruit products. In order to achieve sound development, it is necessary to deal with the overproduction trend of fruits. Induce production that responds to trends. Fostering independent fruit tree farmers who can be the core players in the production area. And it is necessary to further strengthen the constitution of fruit tree agriculture. The system for promoting fruit tree agriculture was strengthened（Partial amendment of Law No. 15, July 1, 1985）. To the prefectural governor, the then Vice-Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries（Kenichi Kakudo, After retiring, he will assume the post of chairman of the Norinchukin Bank.）. In 1597, Nagasaki was the first onion to land in Japan by a Portuguese ship. The production of early-maturing onions is thriving, and it has a good reputation for its freshness and good taste. I hear that potato was introduced from Jakarta to nagasaki by a Dutch ship in 1598. It boasts the second largest production volume after Hokkaido, and Minamishimabara City is one of the leading production areas in the prefecture. Cultivation started in earnest in the Meiji era, and now it is cultivated based on two crops, spring and autumn, taking advantage of the warm climate. Asparagus officinalis was introduced to Nagasaki as ornamental from the Netherlands during the Edo period. There are spring and summer seasons, and spring asparagus grows slowly over time, so it has a strong sweetness and is rich in minerals and especially vitamin C. Summer asparagus has a beautiful light green color because it grows at a stretch due to the blessings of the daytime sun, and it is soft to the vicinity of the root. I hear that the bright red tomatoes were introduced to Nagasaki from the Netherlands at the end of the 17th century”. City jurisdiction, Kuidetsu, Takematsuhonmachi, Ozato Town, Matsubarahonmachi. City designated historic site : Ozato legend Doi Suzuta’s Tomb, Conflict with ‘SUMISAKI Omura’ : Master-Slave Relationship.City designated memorial : Matsubarahonmachi-Shaso at Matsubara Hachiman Shrine Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl, The 15th Emperor Ojin 品陀和気命（ホムダワケノミコト）, 大物主神 – Mt. Miwa in Sakurai City, Nara Prefecture ; （Koshinto）, There are some shrines even today, such as Omiwa-jinja Shrine, which enshrines Mt. Miwa in Nara Prefecture, that regard mountains themselves as the kami’s Shintai or Yorishiro (an object capable of attracting kami). Assuming from the high possibility of large kofun (tumulus) being a tomb of leader (great king) of the time by the chronological order of kofun and others, the following kofun tumulus show there was a sovereignty in this region (present day Sakurai City and Tenri City): Yamato-kofun Tumulus Clusters and Yanagimoto Otsuka Tumulus built at the foot of the Mt. Miwa, in the southeast of Nara basin in the early Kofun period (from about the middle of the third century to the early fourth century), and large scattered kofun with the hill length of 300 meters to 200 meters such as Shibutani Mukoyama-kofun Tumulus (identified as a mausoleum of Emperor Keiko), Hashihaka-kofun Tumulus (surmised by some researchers to be a grave of Himiko : There is a theory that Unabi Hime no Mikoto, the sixth-generation Hikohoakari mentioned in “A Family Tree of the Amabe Family（A shrine house of ‘Kono Shrine’ located in Miyazu City, Kyoto Prefecture. ‘籠名神社祝部氏係図’ with ‘籠名神宮祝部丹波国造海部直等氏之本記’ : Designated as an important cultural property in June 1975 and a national treasure in June 1976.）, was Himiko.), Andonyama-kofun Tumulus (identified as a mausoleum of Emperor Sujin), Mesuriyama-kofun Tumulus, and Nishitonotsuka-kofun Tumulus (identified as the grave of Tashiraka no Himemiko). “NODA mound tomb”, March 1962 Noda Town, Omura City, (at that time, Noda Township) 4332 – It was discovered and excavated by chance while clearing the forest wilderness in a mandarin orange field. It was on a slope of 80 m above sea level on a ridge extending from the Tara mountain range. Far from here -You can also see the nishisonogi peninsula, omura bay, Korikawa, Sanagawachi River（Rifukuji Town : Until September 1658 during the Edo period – There was Motokura Shrine (Motokura Daigongen) in the present Noda Town.）and the plains. This burial mound was estimated to date from the 7th century. There was also a spring of water near here. The main body is said to be a double-sleeve side-hole type stone chamber. The size was about 2 m in both depth and width. A flat stone like a ceiling board covers this stone chamber : Banking was applied on it, and it looked like a burial mound. However, it seems that the size could not be confirmed at that time. There are currently no burial mounds left. At the time of clearing, it is said that there was a mound, but there is no record of how large it is and it is unknown. “Sue pottery” – The lid was excavated. ‘野田古墳１基’ – おろぐちおにのあなこふん – 小路口本町の『鬼の穴古墳』: The scale and form are almost the same as the city-designated historic sites. “loquat ; 枇杷”944年 (天慶7年) に, 陽成天皇 (正倉院) より,「枇杷 (びわ) を賜う」とある. 江戸時代の天保の頃（It has a history of cultivation since the Edo period.）, 長崎市内で ‘三浦シオ’ が奉公されている場で, 唐通詞 (とうつうじ) から種を譲り受け, (茂木) の私宅の庭で入植されたのが始まりとされている. (1838年頃のお話し) “Nagasaki Prefecture” : Located at the forefront of Japan and surrounded by the sea. It’s considered to be the largest production center in Japan because it has a perfect environment for loquat blessed with a mild climate. 8年生, 1区半樹15果房（45果）; 長崎甘香（あまか）loquatは, 長崎県で作られている「福原早生loquat（交配：瑞穂種（1936（昭和11年）, 旧農林省果樹試験場 : 交配『田中loquat × 楠loquat』）× 白枇杷種「白茂木loquat」（The seeds of mogi are irradiated with radiation and mutated. “長崎県果樹試験場” で育成され, 1982年（昭和57年）に品種登録）」と言う品種の ‘枇杷’ の商標である. The original ancestors came from China during the Edo period. A fruit that has been popular with the history of Nagasaki. Initially, cultivation was attempted by farmers in Chiba Prefecture. In addition to the time-consuming maintenance of branches and leaves-Abandoned because the breeding method has not been established because it is a new variety. Learn the importance of “Bees” activities, which are essential for pollination. Also, sunshine is indispensable for the growth of fruits. The intense sunlight damages the face and the epidermis in the same way as humans. It seems that there is no change in the deliciousness itself, but if that happens, the commercial value will be increased. House cultivation – What the bag actually covers is a measure to prevent it. The inside of the bag is black to soften the sunlight. Cover each branch while observing the growth of the fruit. I can’t imagine how painful the work would be. The terrain surrounding Omura Bay’s relatively warm throughout the year, and the blessing of the sun’s sufficient to make it suitable for growth. It’s a large ball, is weak against the wind, and falls out, so it was carefully grown in a greenhouse（Even a little vibration is easily scratched, and the same can be said for the pericarp.）. The orange color, which symbolizes the sunshine of early summer, stands out. Fresh and tend to have a higher edible rate than bananas. It’s more than twice the size of a standard loquat and weighs 70 g-80 g per ball.
According to JA Zen-Noh Nagasaki, loquat is a fruit tree that is vulnerable to cold weather, and young fruits may wither and die due to low temperatures. Therefore, it seems that the only areas suitable for open-field cultivation are south-facing slopes, where the winter climate is warm and the cold does not accumulate. Recently, in order to protect the young fruits from cold damage, it seems that cultivation in greenhouses is being actively pursued. Unlike other fruits, this excellent produce blooms in winter. The fruit is very delicate and easily damaged, and each bunch is carefully bagged in early spring and carefully grown until harvest.
Nagasaki Prefecture, which has a history of loquat cultivation since the Edo period, is located at the forefront of Japan, surrounded by the sea, blessed with a warm climate, and has a perfect environment for loquat, making it the largest production area in Japan. In addition, the history of loquat in Japan is old because there is a description of loquat in old Japanese documents. However, it seems that loquats that came from China were prized for their larger size. Motegi loquats were first shipped around the time of the Meiji Restoration, and it is said that they were traded favorably due to their excellent appearance and taste.
Mogi loquat: Vigorous and upright. Fruit weight is about 40 g. It has a relatively low acidity, is of excellent quality, and is said to be the most cultivated in Japan. Cold resistance seems to be weaker than that of Tanaka loquat. The ripening period is from late May to mid-June in Nagasaki Prefecture. Tanaka loquat has strong tree vigor and spreadability. Fruit weight is about 60-70 g. It seems to be the second most cultivated loquat after Mogi loquat. There is a lot of acidity until just before full ripeness, and it seems that the sourness is a little strong if you pick it early. Cold resistance is strong. The ripening period is about 10 days later than Mogi loquat. Wase Nagasaki loquat is strong and upright. The fruit weight is 40-45 g and the taste is excellent. The ripening period is 10 days to 2 weeks earlier than Mogi loquat. Among the Wase cultivars, it blooms later and is less susceptible to cold damage, but it is more susceptible to cold damage than Mogi loquat, so it seems that it is suitable only for warm areas.