On February 19, 2021, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries designated the Arida mandarin orange system as a Japanese agricultural heritage site. Agricultural heritage refers to the interconnected and united nature of traditional agriculture, forestry and fisheries that have been handed down for generations, and the culture, landscapes and agricultural biodiversity that have been nurtured in relation to them. It also means a system to certify regions (agriculture, forestry and fisheries systems) that operate globally important traditional agriculture, forestry and fisheries industries. Arida mandarin oranges, which boasts the largest production volume in Japan and is recognized as a regional collective trademark by the Patent Office. The Arida area is a stone-walled terraced farm that utilizes steep slopes, and the sunshine, drainage, soil quality, and temperature are suitable for producing high-quality mandarin oranges. about 100,000 tons). During the flowering season, the city is filled with the scent of flowers, and in the fall, the mountains are dyed orange. Taking advantage of the acquisition of the trademark, we aim to differentiate our mandarin oranges from those produced in other regions, and to raise awareness among producers of “safe and high-quality fruit production.” “Arida City, Wakayama Prefecture” : Located in the northwest, about 20 km from the prefectural capital Wakayama City. The Arida River, which originated from Mt. Koya, flows through and pours into the Kii Channel.Shimotsu Town in the north and Kibi Town in the east to it borders Yuasa Town in the south and faces the Kii Channel in the west. Nagamine mountains in the north and middle mountains in the south – The Arida River runs through the Center from east to west. Plains open in the area, and many Mandarin upland fields shine along with the north and south hillsides. ARIDA Mandarin Orange: Citrus kinokuni (species of mandarin orange) – It has been known all over the country for a long time as the home. Citrus accounts for more than 95% of the city’s agricultural production, most of which is Citrus Unshiu, orange. Don’t miss the two representative varieties of delicious oranges.）, and its deliciousness makes it popular with consumers, and its stable supply is well received by market participants and consumers. I talk about history. One tachibana naturally grew in Kanda Pond in Itoga Town in the city during the Eikyo era (1429-1440). Every year many another to produce a crop, mandarin oranges because the taste was sweet like elaborate. Tensho 2 (1574) Itoga’s village headman (esp. in the Kansai region) Mr. Magoemon Ito brought back two small mandarin oranges saplings from higo yatsushiro at the behest of Kishu Hou (surname). Blessed climate, farmers’ efforts, and strict quality control at the time of shipment. The foundation of mandarin oranges kingdom was built by the hard-working（industry）of farmers. The fishing industry is very active, and the amount of landed coastal fisheries is the highest in Wakayama prefecture. Hairtail, shirasu, horse mackerel（Trachurus japonicus Temminck et Schelegel, 1844）, mackerel, red sea bream（porgy: Pagrus major (Temminck et Schlegel, 1843)）, wakame（Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar）, green laver（enteromorpha: Ulva prolifera O. F. Müller, 1778）are abundant, especially hairtail（It is made of white fish and is chewy when made into sashimi, soft when boiled, and has a light taste.）is the best in the country. Let’s move on from the bragging story. With an area of about 37 km2, it is blessed with nature of sea, mountain and river, and the Arida River, which flows into the Kii water supply from Reihou Koya mountain, is a mother-river. It corresponds to the connection zone with the Seto Inland Sea Climate Zone and the Nankai Climate Zone. I hear that the average annual temperature is as warm as 16 degrees Celsius, the average annual rainfall is about 1,600 mm, and snow cover is rare. In addition to mandarin oranges, the main industry is famous for manufacturing fish, oil, and other local industries such as mosquito coils and work gloves. On May 1, 1956, Arida Town, Arida county enforced the city system and became Arida City. Merged with Hatsushima Town in 1958. There are also five fishermen’s associations in the City. Bottom fishing, set net fishing, single fishing, gill net fishing, etc. There are abundant fish species to be landed, and they are mainly shipped to Keihanshin. A part of the northern coastal industrial area of the prefecture at the mouth of the right bank of the Arida River : In addition to petroleum refining, there are electric wires, cables, can-manufacturing, and shipbuilding industry. Also, as a local industry, there is a manufacturing factory for working gloves and mosquito coils. Ask me to say it again. The city boasts a scenic tourist destination with citrus cultivation and a beautiful coastline. Arida River used to be Mandarin’s Export boat flight. It seems that it is now highly used as agricultural and industrial water. The flat areas on both banks are fertile and the cultivated land is well organized. In the past, rice wheat, pyrethrum, papaver, etc. were cultivated. Mostly converted in recent years, MIKAN and some paddy rice and some green cultivation is carried out in the beach sand area. Palaeozoic strata-A rock formation as a species of the Mikabuo system. It has abundant water retention, good drainage and breathability, and is suitable for cultivation. Wakayama Prefecture announced on February 19, 2021 : 日本農業遺産-聖地 ; A sustainable agricultural and forestry system that connects Mt. Koya and the upper reaches of the Arida River and the Arida mandarin orange system that laid the foundation for mandarin orange cultivation are certified in three areas in the prefecture, including the Shimotsu area in Kainan City.“Aridagawa Town, Arida District”, The historical development of this area was when Kobo Daishi opened Mt. Koya. Arida Kaido-Starting from being opened, a living area is formed along the Arida River. The climate belongs to the Setouchi climate zone and the Nankai climate zone. In the plains and mountains, the climate is relatively warm, although there are some differences in weather conditions.Industrial structure : Number of employees by industry major category – The primary industry accounts for more than 30% of the total. In addition, it is an area where agriculture and forestry play an extremely high role. The town is located almost in the center of the prefecture. Then, it forms an elongated shape from east to west. Arida River -It meanders west through the Center, creating abundant nature and industry. On January 1, 2006, the former Kibi Town, Kanaya Town, and Shimizu Town merged. Fujinami district ruins etc. “Yuasa Town” : A story about a wealthy merchant BUNZAEMON KINOKUNIYA of the Edo period who brought ‘Kishu Mikan’ to Edo where the price for mikan were skyrocketing and made a fortune is famous-Tamura Mikan : A garden created by carving out a well-drained rocky mountain-Tamura District. It is located on the west coast of the Kii Peninsula in the central part of the Prefecture. The area of the town is 20.79 km2. About 30 minutes by car from Wakayama City, the prefectural capital. About 1 hour from Kansai International Airport by highway. Facing the Kii Channel, coastal fisheries and citrus cultivation are flourishing due to the warm climate. In addition, seafood such as fresh whitebait landed in Uasa Bay is known. Currently, the town system is celebrating 125 years.Kumano, a sanctuary in the southern part of the Kii Peninsula : In ancient times, the Kumano Kodo, which was used by pilgrims, traversed the town. From that location, it was often used as a lodging or resting place. At the end of the Heian period, a powerful family named Mr. Fujiwara-Aoki, based in this area, he expanded his power during the time of Muneshige Yuasa (1118-95). Eventually, the Yuasa clan remains as a samurai corps with wide power on the Kii Peninsula. Through the mediation of Saint Mogaku (Morito Endo), he descended to Minamoto no Yoritomo, was relieved of his real estate, and became a Kamakura Gokenin : From the influential family of the Heike. Yuasa is flourished mainly in commerce and industry such as soy sauce brewing. Soy sauce that dates back to the Kamakura period : Later, with the protection of the Kishu clan, brewing flourished. It is now said to be the birthplace of soy sauce brewing. An area of the city where soy sauce brewing was popular-Even now, traditional building townhouses and storehouses are often left behind. In December 2006, it was selected as an Important Preservation District for Traditional Buildings. Even now, we are proceeding with the preservation and maintenance of the historic townscape. A story that tells the history and tradition of its origin. “First drop” – In April 2017, Kishu Yuasa was certified as a Japanese heritage site. “Hirogawa Town”, Located in the center of the prefecture, at the southernmost tip of the Arida District.Hirogawa flows through the center of the town and flows into the Kii Channel. The east borders Aridagawa Town and Hidakagawa Town with a watershed. The west faces Shikoku far away across the Kii Channel. In the south, the high Shirama Mountains run from east to west. The north borders Hirokawa River and borders Yuasa Town. It is also 40 km to Wakayama City and 100 km to Osaka City. The history is old and begins in the early Jomon period at the Takashima site. Hironsho-From the end of ancient times to the beginning of the Middle Ages, it was a place of cultural fusion that was popular as a place to go back and forth on Kumano Road. Established on April 1, 1955 by the merger of 1 Town and 2 Village. The Flower’s Lilium japonicum. The Tree’s Quercus glauca. The town facing the Kii Channel, which receives the blessings of the Kuroshio Current, has a 400-year tradition-Production Arida Mikan.Growing up in a warm climate and well-drained land, it is exposed to the Sun. It has an exquisite balance of sweetness and acidity and is very tasty. National Important Cultural Property Hozoji Temple（Bell tower）: Built in 1436 by a superior Myoshu. During the Muromachi period, it prospered as the Kishu South Head Temple of the Seizan school of the Jodo sect. It used to require 25 brunch temples. Moved to nearby Hiro Hachiman Shrine（Kaminakano）in 1695. It was moved when the gods and Buddha were separated in the Meiji era ; 1868-An ordinance to distinguish Shinto and Buddhism was issued. “Kara Mandarin”, Mating King Tan Gold to Owari Satsuma Mandarin. The size is similar to Citrus unshiu, and it is famous as Mandarin Orange that can be eaten in spring. The long aging period on the tree condenses the umami and makes it even richer. I heard that it was difficult to commercialize it when it was introduced in Japan. Born in the United States in the early 1900s. From this fact, plants have a history of more than about 120 years.
The history of kala mandarin orange dates back to the Taisho era. In 1915, at a university in the United States, this cultivar was created by crossing Japanese Wenzhou mandarin oranges with King Mandarin oranges and was announced in 1935. In Japan, it seems that cultivation began in 1955 at the Aichi Prefectural Fruit Tree Experiment Station. At first, it was thought that the fruit had high acidity and had no commercial value. ing. It seems that it has spread all over the country as “spring oranges” that can be enjoyed at the end of spring. It looks like a mandarin orange and weighs about 150 g. The fruit is on the tree until around April, and the ripening period is extremely long, so the juice is thick and rich in water. After harvesting, it is stored for about a month to reduce acidity before being shipped, so it tends to be enjoyed from the end of April to the end of June.
85% of the agricultural land in the Arida area is citrus fruits, 85% of which is mandarin orange. On October 27, 2006, Arida mandarin oranges were certified as a regional brand as the first certification under the regional collective trademark system. Kiwifruit, plum, loquat, strawberry, tomato, cherry tomato, garlic, Japanese pepper, and spray mum (Chrysanthemum native to Japan and China brought to the United States and bred through selective breeding). And so on. In particular, Japanese pepper boasts the number one production area in Japan along with famous farmers and mandarin oranges.
Arita oranges are happy oranges. Since 2012, the Arida Agricultural Engineers Association has operated the irrigation information website. The Arida Agricultural Engineers Association was established in 1971 and consists of agricultural engineers in the Arida area. Constituent members are JA Arida (Arida Agricultural Cooperative), JA Wakayama Prefectural Agriculture (Wakayama Prefectural Federation of Agricultural Cooperatives), Kinki University Faculty of Agriculture Affiliated Farm, Wakayama Prefectural Arita Chuo High School, Wakayama Prefectural Agricultural Mutual Aid Association (NOSAI Wakayama Chubu), Aridagawa Land Improvement District, Wakayama Fruit Tree Experiment Station, Arida Promotion Bureau Agriculture and Fisheries Promotion Division (secretariat)