The Fukiage Sand Dunes, one of Japan’s three largest sand dunes, is the main production area for pickled scallion from Kagoshima Prefecture, which boasts the number one and two production volumes in Japan. The prefecture accounts for about 30% of the national production, and the coastal area of Fukiagehama seems to be the center of onion production. The sandy soil of this area has low water holding capacity, making it unsuitable for growing many crops, but the pickled scallion yields large, crunchy, sweet balls.
Fukiage Beach, which is counted as one of Japan’s three largest sand dunes, faces the East China Sea on the west coast of the Satsuma Peninsula in Kagoshima Prefecture. “Fukiagehama” is the longest sand dune in Japan. Originating in China, it was introduced to Japan as a medicinal plant during the Heian period, and is said to have been cultivated as a vegetable since the Edo period. It is cultivated mainly in Minamisatsuma and Satsumasendai, and seems to be shipped from April to June.