Koga City is located in the center of the Kanto region, at the westernmost tip of Ibaraki Prefecture, and is famous for its history and tradition, with nature rich in water and greenery facing the Tone and Watarase rivers. Even now, the city is dotted with many temples and shrines that retain the remnants of castle towns and post towns. In addition, it seems that historical and cultural facilities are concentrated at the west exit of Furukawa Station, such as the Furukawa Historical Museum and the Tenkoku Museum. Hanamomo no Sato, Furukawa Comprehensive Park (also known as Koga Park. Area of about 23ha (maintained). Opened in 1975. About 2000 peach trees are famous. The peach festival is held in spring. There are also Oga lotus (meaning the ancient lotus fruit found at the Kemigawa site in Hanamigawa-ku, Chiba city in 1951) and Ayameen, where you can enjoy seasonal flowers. Furukawa’s peaches are in Edo. At the beginning of the era, Toshikatsu Doi, the feudal lord, had the children of Edo’s vassals collect peach seeds and sent them to Furukawa in an attempt to enrich the lives of the people as much as possible. It grows in a few years and can be eaten. It is said that the trees can also be used as firewood. After that, around 1764-80, the peaches were replanted, and so It seems that it has become known as a famous place for peaches. It seems that the peaches that were planted at that time were edible varieties such as Hanbei Peach, Kintoki Peach, Tianjin Peach, and Suimitsu Peach. There was a special train from Ueno Station, and there was a dance of Geiko and a horse racing tournament at the venue. During the war, Momobayashi was changed to a field of wheat and land rice to increase food production. Since then, the momentum for revival has increased, and maintenance has started in 1973. In 2003, it was the first in Japan to receive the “3rd Melina Mercuri International Award for the Protection and Management of Cultural Landscapes” sponsored by UNESCO and Greece. This award was established in 1992 to honor outstanding activities aimed at preserving and managing the world’s major cultural landscapes. Melina Mercuri (1923-94) is the Minister of Culture of Greece, working to harmonize landscape conservation and sustainable development. Originally active as an actress, she won the Cannes Film Festival Leading Actress Award for “Don’t Sunday”. The prestigious award was given as a general evaluation that “it was in the suburbs of Tokyo and withstood development pressure”, “regeneration of nature and culture by restoration of the disappearing swamp (Gosho-numa)”, and “various contacts between nature and humans”. The three points of “a design that expresses the nature” and “the activities of the citizens who are familiar with the nature of the four seasons” were highly evaluated.) 1500 peach blossoms of five types are in full bloom, which is pleasing to the eyes of visitors.
Morokawa is also known for the fact that Kazutoyo YAMANOUCHI, a military commander who accompanied Ieyasu Tokugawa’s Aizu troops prior to the Battle of Sekigahara, was in the camp in 1600. He received a secret letter from Osaka’s wife telling Mitsunari Ishida’s troops there, and told Ieyasu, who was currently in Oyama City, Tochigi Prefecture, to get a clue to his standing. Furthermore, Morokawa was developed by the Edo Shogunate as a post town on the side road “Nikko East Highway” of Nikko Toshogu Shrine, and many old townscapes such as the brewery of the soy sauce brewer still remain.
Morokawa is the old post town of Nikko East Return (7th counting from the Mito Kaido branch). Nikko East Return is a government road that branches between Kogane inn and Abiko inn on the Mito Kaido, northeast of Mukai Kogane, passes through castle towns such as Sekijuku and Yuki, and joins the Nikko Kaido between Ishibashi-juku and Jakumiya-juku on the Nikko Kaido. It seems to be new. In addition to the purpose of visiting the Nikko Shasan of the shogun family, it seems that it was also used for the change of attendance of the surrounding daimyo, the transportation of goods, and the common people. The range of the post station seems to be the southern end of the Morokawa crossroads between the current national highway No. 125 and the prefectural highway No. 17 (former Nikko East Return), and the northern end near the Morokawa post office. From the south, it consists of Uemachi, Nakamachi, Shitamachi, and Shinmachi along the Shimotsuma Road, which branches to the east on the way. It can still be recognized as an excellent historical townscape because of the appearance of the Ohashi soy sauce shop’s mansion and brewery near the northern end, and there are other brewery and girder-style townhouses left. There is.