山形県天童市（JAてんどう, JA全農山形, JAグループ山形）
It seems that the use of the matching app “daywork”, which allows you to recruit and apply for agricultural part-time jobs on a daily basis, is spreading among cherry producers in Yamagata prefecture who are suffering from labor shortages during the harvest season. I heard that the ease with which job seekers can choose the day they want to work is popular, and there are many applications for side business purposes. Producers seem to be trying to utilize it to secure stable labor. Kamakura Industries Co., Ltd. (Location: Yamanouchi, Kamakura City, Kanagawa Prefecture: Agriculture where labor shortages are becoming more serious due to a shortage of successors and a decrease in new farmers. One app to solve such problems. The feature of this service is that it focuses on “daily farming work” rather than long-term matching, and it is now a new way of hiring and working to protect the future of agriculture. Introduced to more than 80 JAs) developed. Job seekers can search for job information based on the date, place, and daily salary conditions and apply with a single click. It is operated with a subsidy from the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Mirai Fund (Tokyo), and seems to be available free of charge. The introduction of the app to the prefecture was started in June 2021 by the prefectural agricultural labor force securing measures implementation council made by the prefecture and producers. By the end of May 2022, there were 263 producers and 807 job seekers registered in the prefecture. The occupation of job seekers is the largest at 36%, and it seems that the use for side business purposes is conspicuous. Although the council has been increasing the number of job offers at employment security offices and employment agencies of agricultural cooperatives, it seems that employment every few weeks, which is a prerequisite, was a hurdle. Regarding the use of the app, the person in charge of the prefecture analyzes that it is being used by people who were difficult to apply for conventional job offers. The users are not always ready to work, but it seems that they are calling on the producers to use them properly, such as by letting them do simple tasks. The city area’s a fan of Tachiya River, Midare, etc. originating from the Ouu Mountains, and the western part is a plain part that belongs to the Yamagata Basin. The eastern part is a mountainous area included in the Ouu Mountains. The Mogami River flows along the city area in the southwestern part, and the Kurazu River flowing in the central part and the Midare flowing in the northern part join the Mogami River Located in the central part of the prefecture, Yamagata City is bordered by the Tachiya River in the south, Mogami River is bordered in the west, Kangawae City and Hebei Town in Nishimurayama County, Nakayama Town in Higashimurayama County, and Higashine City in the north. It is a rhombic shape with a long east and west. It is a fan-shaped area such as the Tachiya River and the Ran River that originated in the Ou Mountains Zone. In the southwestern part of the city, the Mogami River flows along the city area, and the Kuratsu River flowing in the central part and the Ran River flowing in the northern part join the Mogami River). I hear that many varieties have been introduced from overseas since the Meiji era in Japan. As for the environment, it is preferred that the terrain and soil of the: orchard are flat and the ratio of volcanic ash soil is high. In the Takadama district of Tendo City, when the Yamadera Risshakuji Temple was opened in the Heian period, the rich spirit and religious spirit represented by some stone cultural properties were created in the Takadama district. After Yoshinao Shiba set up his residence about 600 years ago, water from the mountain temple and abundant spring water filled the moat, and a castle town was formed in which the surrounding temples were moved to protect the four corners. The Ushu Highway and the east-west road that connects Risshakuji Temple and Jionji Temple pass through, and the remnants of this area, where daimyo and travelers from Sankin-Kotai came and went, and there were many wealthy farmers, are the blackboard walls, gates, and anticipation that still remain. It seems that you can tell from the pine trees, etc. It seems that you are working to promote community development that many people visit while disseminating information about Takadama’s precious history inside and outside the area. Shoge’s stone entrance gate, which is a tangible cultural property designated by the prefecture, stands in a field slightly north of the intersection of Yamadera Highway and Yoko Highway. The entrance gate is made of tuff and has a height of 3.87 m. The pillar is 91 m thick and has a circumference of 2.79 m. Kasagi and Shimaki on the pillar seem to consist of one stone. Both Kasagi and Shimaki seem to be cut vertically at both ends. The kan and bundles have been lost, but it seems that traces of inserting the kan remain in both through holes. Because it stands facing west, it is believed that things stood toward the mountain temple. Together with the stone entrance gates of Motoki, Yamagata City and Rokuta, Higashine City (Yojiro Inari Shrine), it is said to be one of the “best three entrance gates” and has almost the same style. Takadama Castle was built 600 years ago by Yoshinao, the grandson of the owner of Yamagata Castle, Kaneyori SHIBA (the second son of the Oshu quest Shiba family and the ancestor of the Hashu quest Mogami). It is a contoured flat castle surrounded by a quadruple moat, and it seems that a small castle town was created by taking in water and spring water from the mountain temple and moving the surrounding temples to protect the four corners. It seems that there are still some remnants of roads such as junctions, cityscapes, and place names. The moat disappeared with the times and was completely filled in the 1965s, so it seems that only a part of the moat remains today. In 1979, in order to convey the irreplaceable historic site left in the hometown to the future, a monument to the Takadama castle ruins was placed on the site of the former Takadama village office (currently Tatenouchi Community Center) near the main gate of Takadama Castle Nimaru. Erect. The inscription was written by Yorinobu TENDO, the 24th generation of the Tendo family, a descendant of the Tendo castle owner who was associated with the castle. Going back a little in history, the Tendo Oda clan is a clan that has Oda Nobunaga’s second son Nobunaga as an ancestor. Nobunaga and his eldest son, Nobutada, were attacked by his vassal Mitsuhide AKECHI in 1582 and committed suicide at Honnoji Temple, and his second son, Nobutada, took over. After that, the Oda clan ruled the Obata clan (Kanra Town, Gunma Prefecture) and the Takahata Clan (Takahata Town, Yamagata Prefecture). Kokudaka was about 23000 koku of rice, and the territory was 21 villages in the Murayama region (Murayama district). Since life in Takahata was difficult, he entered Tendo to produce safflowers in Tendo and rebuild the economy. At that time, safflowers from the Edo period were useful as dyes and cosmetics, and it seems that they were so expensive that it was said that “Monme was a gold one.（≒ 3.75 g）” In the current Tendo city, it was located in Tendo, Oshimizu, Kubonome, Nagaoka, Haga, Terazu, Ozeki, and Araya. At that time, in addition to the Tendo Oda domain, the villages of the Tsuchiura domain, Kitame branch, Tatebayashi domain, Shogunate domain, and Tanagura domain were mixed in the current Tendo city. The relationship between Tendo and the Oda clan has been about 100 years since the country was changed to Takahata and came under its control until the Oda clan disappeared at the end of the Tokugawa shogunate. Among them, it seems that it was only about 40 years after Nobukazu ODA that the Oda clan directly ruled Tendo by letting the vassals live mainly in Tendokan (currently Tazuru Town, Tendo City). As the purpose of formulating the basic policy, with the progress of motorization in recent years and the opening of large-scale customer attraction facilities, it seems that the attractiveness of the city as a “face of the city” in the central city area is decreasing, and the vitality is declining. In order to improve this difficult situation, Tendo has been holding the “Tendo Town Development / Urban Revitalization Roundtable” since 2011. In addition, we will conduct a questionnaire on Tendo City shopping streets and urban revitalization, and a questionnaire on consumer trends in Tendo City, and get the voices of shop owners and consumers. We have formulated the “Tendo Central City Revitalization Basic Policy” in order to summarize these opinions and create and revitalize the liveliness of the central city area. I heard that Tendo City has relatively little snowfall in the eastern part of central Yamagata Prefecture, with fruit fields mainly in the east and paddy fields in the west, and there are many farmers who mainly use fruit trees. Main agricultural products “cherry”, apples, western pear, grapes, rice, thighs, beef cattle, farmer image required by pig farming areas Dout, western pear, grapes and other fruit trees are cultivated and produced to protect the production area and brand. Seems to need it. New farming support system Technology and management guidance is provided by the Agricultural Technology Promotion Division of the Murayama General Branch Office of Yamagata Prefecture, and the Agricultural Guidance Division of the Tendo City Agricultural Cooperative. At the Yamagata Prefectural Horticultural Experiment Station (currently Yamagata Prefectural Agricultural Research Center Horticultural Experiment Station) in Sagae City, in 1979, “Sato Nishiki Cherry” × “Tenko Nishiki Cherry” (1960, from the garden of Unkichi Nagase, Takeda The accidental seedlings discovered by Takesaburo (named in 1965) were selected and bred from the seedlings obtained by crossing, and were registered as varieties in 1991. In the first year of the Meiji era (1868: Restoration of the Royal Government), German R. Gartoner planted six cherry trees in Hokkaido (Nanai Town, Kameda District, Hokkaido: an artificial beech forest is also known). Was done. After that, “Hakodate” was the central area, but the pioneer was moved to Sapporo because it was too biased to the south. Thus, after the bakufu transferred power back to the Emperor, the Meiji Restoration began with a declaration of The restoration of imperial rule on December 9, 1867. Under the Decree for the Restoration of Imperial Rule, the Meiji Government intended to pursue theocracy and use Shinto as its base. planning of agricultural development in Hokkaido by the Meiji government focus on Kiyotaka KURODA and Horace Capron, History Anthropology Society, Choi Shobo, 1980.9 (En marge de l’histoire; historical boundary), A Study on Kenjiro YAMAKAWA’s Study Abroad, Faculty of Letters, Aoyama Gakuin University It is said that the first issue of the Department of History, 1970.3 (1969), Both, CiNii Articles) imported seedlings from the United States of America and spread them to Hokkaido and the Tohoku region. In Yamagata Prefecture, original breeding was promoted, and because the climate was suitable, it developed into industrial cultivation. Today, it boasts the highest production volume in Japan. Agriculture, which controls the bright signs of Japan and the development of the first industry, will be reborn from Tendo City, Yamagata Prefecture.
According to NAROPEDIA, Nakate’s sweet fruit series variety. Selected from seedlings obtained by crossing “Tenko Nishiki cherries” with “Sato Nishiki cherries” at the Yamagata Prefectural Horticultural Experiment Station in 1979, and registered as a variety based on the Seedling Law in November 1991. With the progress of planting, the cultivated area in 2002 was 192 ha, which is the 5th place. The tree vigor is a little strong, the tree shape is medium, and the occurrence of new shoots is a little less than that of “Sato Nishiki cherries”. The number of bouquet-like short fruit branches is large, the number of florets per flower bud is large, and the fruiting is extremely good. The flowering period is about 3 days earlier than that of “Sato Nishiki cherries”, and although it has fruit powder, it is self-incompatible, and it seems that it is cross-compatible with “Sato Nishiki” and “Napoleon”. The harvest season is about 60 days after full bloom, and a few days after Sato Nishiki Cherries. The fruit weighs as large as 8-10 g, the fruit is oblate, the coloring is good, and the flesh is white. The sugar content is 20%, the acidity is low, and the taste is good. It seems that the meat quality is tight, the occurrence of urumi is small, and it is fertile.
JA Group Yamagata “Cherry” top sales are being held at Tokyo Seika Wholesale Center in Ota Ward on June 10, 2022 (Friday). Yamagata Prefecture, which accounts for about 80% of the nation’s cherry production, is by far the number one cherry producing area. Since the beginning of June, the number of open-air items has increased rapidly, and the “Yamagata cherry season” has begun. In 2021, the crops were poor due to the frost damage in April, but from the outlook for normal crops in 2022, it seems that abundant circulation is expected as usual at the peak. Before the peak of shipment in late June, the current chairman (steering committee) of JA Group Yamagata and other top executives from the prefectural headquarters visited the venue to emphasize the arrival of the cherry season and the recovery to normal production.
The National Federation of Agricultural Cooperatives Yamagata Prefecture Headquarters, JTB Corporation, and the Tohoku Branch of Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. will promote the appeal of Yamagata Prefecture, promote tourism, and promote the distribution of prefectural products “cherries” to further revitalize Yamagata Prefecture. We cooperated in agricultural support for the purpose of contributing to. In April 2021, JA Zennoh and JTB signed a cooperation agreement on agricultural support projects, and regional revitalization by creating new jobs starting from work support at agricultural sites where labor shortages are an issue. It seems that they are developing efforts for regional revitalization. JAL employees in charge of air cargo and sales departments, including the “JAL Furusato Cheering Squad” consisting of JAL’s active flight attendants, will be working on cherry harvesting for a total of 16 days from June 15, 2022 (Wednesday). I heard that we are planning to support sorting and boxing work.