Phasealus vulgaris L.
鹿児島県垂水市新城（有限会社 大坪青果）肝属郡南大隅町, 錦江町（なんぐう地区）
Flowering is concentrated in a short period of time, and pod enlargement occurs at the same time. Derivation is while studying.
On May 10, 2022, Tarumizu City, Kagoshima Prefecture, signed a comprehensive cooperation agreement with the Public Interest Incorporated Foundation Charity Association, which operates the Imamura General Hospital (Kagoshima City), to improve the environment for childbirth and child-rearing. In Tarumizu City, where there is no obstetrics department, doctors from Imamura General Hospital will give lectures and hold consultation meetings. In the future, it seems that it aims to build a system that allows pregnant women to undergo medical examinations and visit newborn babies in the city. Based on this agreement, we plan to hold a counseling session on infants with language problems and a lecture on childbirth and childcare in June. It seems that the column serialization in the city public relations magazine will also start. According to the city, pregnant women in the city are currently attending medical institutions in Kagoshima, Kanoya, and Kirishima. The number of births in the city continues to decline, and it seems that it has dropped to around 50 in 2021 and 2020. The Shinjo SHIMAZU Family was founded in 1636 with Hisaaki, the second son of the Tarumizu Shimazu Family, the fourth generation Hisanobu. The Shinjo family was founded at 4700 koku with her grandmother (Shinjo-sama) 3700 koku, with her daughter Iehisa of Governor-general as her wife and lady’s pin money 1000 koku. Iehisa gave his son-in-law Hisaaki a senior position as a national elder and oban gashira, and his brother-in-law, Mitsuhisa, had a great deal of confidence. Audition to the general by the desperate persuasion of the chief retainers. After that, he was ordered to return to Japan, and it is also the place where Shimazu Yamato no Kami Hisaaki, the lord of Tarumizu Shinjo, committed suicide in 1645. , The daughter of Iehisa, became the ancestor of the Shinjo Shimazu family. However, in 1639, he went to Edo at the behest of his 19th lord, Mitsuhisa, and on his way home, when he stopped by the Kishu family, he laid down on the palanquin and greeted him at the entrance. Mitsuhisa, who was furious because of the three branches of the Tokugawa family (Owari, Kii and Mito), was confined to the riverside Hofukuji Temple (a historic site designated by the city of South Kyushu). However, he did not hear what he said and was moved to Seisenji, the last temple, and was killed by an execution (on the command of a feudal lord), who died at the age of 30). The Shinjo Shimazu Family became a disassociation from the family line for one generation, and 50 years later, it was succeeded by Tadakiyo, an eldest son. In 1869, he returned his private territory until his 13th generation, Hisaharu. After that, he seems to have been calling himself the Suekawa family. In Shinjo, the second son of the Tarumizu Shimazu Family was separated and became the lord of Shinjo and ruled until the meiji restoration, but in the Meiji era it became Shinjo Village. Ushine was ruled by the lord of a manor under the direct control of the domain during the Edo period, and became Ushine village after the meiji restoration. Tarumizu City, Kagoshima Prefecture, Located in the northwestern part of the Osumi Peninsula, almost in the center facing Kagoshima Bay. A key point on land at sea connecting Kagoshima City, the prefectural capital, and the Osumi Peninsula. Kirishima City to the north and Sakurajima to the west : The east borders Kanoya City with the Takakuma mountain range as the boundary. It covers an area of about 162.12 km2 and has a coastline of 37 km. Taking advantage of such terrain, the aquaculture industry of yellowtail and amberjack is thriving. The climate is mild and fruits such as loquats and citrus fruits : Cultivation of vegetables such as French bean（Pisum sativum）and Green beans is also popular.In addition, hot spring water that springs from the ground from the Takakuma mountain range : It is popular as a healthy drinking water that contains abundant natural minerals in a well-balanced manner. “Tarumizu City” : There are various theories about the origin of the name.Under the cliff of Tarumizu Castle – “Shimizu” drips from between the rocks and there is a pool of water : It is famous because it was the only drinking water in this area. It is said that this place name happened. It is said that the name first appeared in the record during the Heian period. Kazusa no Suke Syunsei（“蒲生（Kamou）上総介舜清（Chikakiyo）”（真光房）- Son of Fujiwara no Norikiyo）in 1120 : Build a castle from Usa down to Shimo-Osumi. Tarumizu Shimazu family ; 島津忠将: 薩隅日三州中興之賢太守貴久, Second younger brother 忠良入道日新, Second son. Its eldest son Mochihisa ; In 1598, he moved from Tanegashima Island to Tarumi and became a lord. Kokudaka is 17,000 crop yield, 領地は垂水の他, 大崎, 高山, 大姶良, 鹿屋, 串良, 宮崎の縄瀬などに及ぶ. It ruled Tarumizu for about 250 years until the Meiji Restoration. The castle was too small for vassals to live in. Relocation Started construction of the castle and relocated in 1611 – お長屋跡; 林之城(現: 垂水小学校). In particular, we focused on promoting education. At that time, it was called the best in the domain in terms of culture. That spirit was inherited after the Meiji Restoration. With the times, many human resources have been produced in various fields. “Shinjo and Usine” : Later, a standing corps was set up in each township to control the military and administration. City flowers / Trees : Rhododendron sataense ; 高峠つつじ, A variety of a plant belonging to the heath family called ’yama-tsutsuji’. “牛根松”, I have to investigate. 宮脇公園 : Located between Japan National Route 220 and the coastline. A park with a beautiful row of ficus superba trees with a total length of 1.5 km. A row of about 100 trees : It is a large tree over 100 years old and has many roots hanging from its branches. It also creates a tropical atmosphere. An evergreen tree of the subtropical Moraceae fig genus that grows on warm coasts. It is treated as an academically valuable plant. Trees are planted as sandproof, windproof, and park trees : It is popular as a place of relaxation for local residents and as a drive spot. The landscape seen from here is beautiful. Kaimon Mountains and Kinko Bay seen from the park ; Sunset over the Satsuma Peninsula, etc.「かごしまよかとこ100選海道の旅」に選定. 垂水市教育委員会 2002, 垂水市埋蔵文化財発掘調査報告書6 : 宮ノ前遺跡, 重田遺跡, 新城宮脇, 縄文, 弥生, 古墳時代, 土杭, 縄文土器, 弥生土器, 成川式土器, 縄文時代後期, 晩期, 弥生時代, 古墳時代. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Variety registration. Application number 5331 Date of application 1992/06/15. Registration number 4532 Date of registration 1995/06/13. This variety is a fixed variety cultivated by mating the strains owned by the applicant, and is a cultivar for pods with finite dwarf, dark green leaves and white flowers, and dark green pods with no streaks. The color of the hypocotyl is green, the growth and plant type are finite dwarf, the plant height is medium, the number of main stem nodes is medium, the leaf color is dark green, the size of the leaflets is medium, and the flower color is white. The length of the pod is medium, the width is narrow, the degree of bending is straight, the length of the beak is long, the shape is slightly bent, there is no constriction, the surface is smooth, the cross section is circular, the hardness is soft, and there is no streak. The ground color of the young pods is dark green, there is no spot color, the size of the grain is extremely small, the shape is oblong, there is no type of spot on the seed coat, the ground color is white, and there is no ring color. The flowering period is early, the harvesting period and maturity period are medium, and the lodging resistance is medium. Compared to the “compact bean”, the size of the leaflets is large, the degree of bending of the pods is straightforward, the length of the beak of the pods is long, and the surface of the pods is smooth. Compared to “Nerina bean”, the beak length of the pod is longer, the surface of the pod is smooth, and the cross section of the pod is circular, so that distinction is recognized. Plant Breeder’s right has a lifespan of 15 years. The extinction date expires on June 14, 2010. Name of cultivar registrant, SVS Holland (Netherlands, 1601 BM Enkhyuzen), registered cultivar breeder, Jeff Willemsen. At the applicant’s breeding research farm (Netherlands), in 1983, the strain “83” owned by the applicant. Forward / reverse mating was performed using “/ 2423-6” and “83 / 5821-5” as parent lines, and individual selection was performed later, and line selection was repeated. In 1987, the F11 gene generation had the desired characteristics. Those who have completed the breeding after confirming that they are doing. Snow brand seed co., Ltd. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Megmilk Snow Brand Co., Ltd. “Best crop xera bean” : After sowing -A mesophyll species that can be harvested in about 62 days. The plant height is around 60 cm, and the leaves are small and have many branches and flowers. The length of the pod is about 15 cm. It is slow to gain weight, and there is little deterioration in quality even with a slight delay-Round pod seed. Although it is derived from green beans, it is said that it originated in the vicinity of Central America and southern Mexico, and it seems that it was used as a grain instead of the way it is eaten as it is now. It was introduced to Europe in the 17th century, and it is widely known that this name was given to it because it was brought to Japan by a Chinese monk, Ingen Zenshi, during the Edo period. It seems that it became popular as a fruit and vegetable in Japan after the Meiji era of civilization.
Since it is difficult to treat soil diseases once they occur, soil disinfection is carried out. After treatment, cover with vinyl, etc., leave for 2 weeks or more, and then degas. It seems that the drug treatment will be completed 30 days before sowing. Use chloropicrin 2-3 ml / plant or gustard fine granules 30 kg / 10 a. Before disinfection, plowing and weeding should be done in the absence of plant residues. When using chemicals, do so with water in the soil. After using the chemical, cover it with vinyl or the like. It seems that the harvest period will be about 60 days after sowing and about 2 weeks after flowering. In order to improve quality and yield, we mainly harvest young pods (S to M grade).
I heard that it was the Italians who started eating young pods instead of beans, and from there they spread throughout Europe and were introduced to Japan during the Edo period. It seems that beans were once cultivated to pick up the beans inside. The varieties of green beans, which eat beans and young beans together with pods, are different, and it was not until the Meiji era that green beans were introduced from the United States. It is also called “Sando beans” because it takes a short time to harvest and can be harvested three times a year. There are vine-bearing and vine-less seeds, and it seems that they can be harvested about 50 days after sowing. In addition, green beans have a different food culture, such as young harvesting in which the shape of the beans inside cannot be seen in the Kanto region, and it is preferred in the Kanto region that the shape of the beans can be clearly seen.
There are various theories about the origin of the name of Tarumizu City, and one theory is that there is a pool of fresh water dripping from between the rocks under the cliff of Tarumizu Castle (former Tarumizu), which is the only drinking water in this area. It became famous because of it, and it seems that it is said locally that this place name happened. The Shinjo area faces Kinko Bay in the west with the lush green mountains in the east, and several rivers flow through the area, and fertile fields are open. It seems that about 580 households currently live in the area. In addition to active agriculture of onions, silk beans and beans that take advantage of the climate, chrysanthemum grown with artificial light (a cultivation method that delays the flowering time by artificially lengthening the sunshine hours by illuminating before flower buds are formed. It is a kind of seasonal cultivation, and it seems that the first electric chrysanthemum in Japan was cultivated in Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture in 1937). In addition, activities centered on public halls are enlivening the area, and it seems that intergenerational exchanges are highly evaluated.