Around the gourd pond in Takaki, Tendo City, the habitat of the endangered species “Ibara Tomiyo (Pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758): Stickleback)” designated as a natural memorial in Yamagata Prefecture, on May 15, 2022 It seems that more than a dozen people, including the Takaki ibara tomiyo Preservation Society, which is made up of residents, and city officials have worked on activities to protect the habitat. This fish is 5 to 6 cm in length, prefers clean cold water, is a surviving species of the Ice Age, and is also called a living fossil. The prefecture has designated the habitat of this area and the Hanyu area of Higashine City, Yamagata Prefecture as a natural monument. Local residents are continuing conservation activities. In 2021, it was recognized as a new species “Kakure Tomiyo” unique to the region. In addition, it seems that there were only 11 species of Pungitius tymensis; Sakhalin stickleback fish, including domestically produced Minami Tomiyo (already extinct) and Ezo Tomiyo, which were officially named and recognized internationally. The domestic Sakhalin stickleback is the first new species in about 106 years. The earthquake that occurred at midnight on March 16, 2022 and observed a maximum seismic intensity of 6 upper did not cause major damage to buildings and lifelines in Yamagata Prefecture, but due to the interruption of some sections of the Tohoku Shinkansen, the Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa also continued the turn-back operation between Shinjo and Fukushima until last week. Moving from Yamagata prefecture to the metropolitan area is inconvenient. At Yamagata Airport, the number of round trips between Haneda and Yamagata, where demand increased sharply after the earthquake, was increased by one round trip to three round trips a day, but it seems that the number of seats is almost full because the restoration of the railway is uncertain. According to Japan Airlines and others, extra flights are set between regular morning and evening flights. All three round trips have been almost full since March 17, and the same situation is likely to continue at least during March, officials said. At the moment, three round-trip flights have been decided until March 27, and it seems that it is under consideration after 28th. Yamagata Airport on March 23 seems to have become more crowded when the temporary flights arrive and depart. March 28, 2022 Disinfection of seed fir using hot spring water is being carried out. “Hot water disinfection (temperature control is important, and it seems that the germination rate of seed fir may decrease if the temperature is wrong. Also, when using a seed fir bag, etc.” Please note that the heat may not reach the center of the bag sufficiently and disinfection may be incomplete. To ensure the effect, increase the amount of hot water to prevent the temperature of the hot water from dropping, or use seed fir. In order to keep the temperature up to the center of the bag at the required temperature, it is necessary to shake the seed bag well to allow hot water to fully penetrate into the center of the bag. Also, after hot water treatment, germination is required. Immediately cool with water to prevent the rate from dropping) “. It also features work without using any chemicals. It seems that “hot water disinfection” is being carried out using the source of Higashine Onsen, which overflows from the tank that stores the source and is thrown away. On March 28, about 10 members of the Hot Spring Bathing Rice Promotion Council said, “Tsuyahime Rice (from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries variety registration website, application number 23506, application date 2009/02/25, application publication date. 2009/04/22, registration number 20911, registration date 2011/08/09, duration of breeder rights 25 years, extinction date of breeder rights Yamagata Prefecture (Matsunami, Yamagata City, Yamagata Prefecture) ) Names of those who raised the registered varieties, Mr. Kazuhiro Yuki, Ms. Kumi Sato, Mr. Masaru Nakaba, Mr. Hiroshi Sakurada, Mr. Tomoyoshi Sano, Mr. Taketoshi Homma, Mr. Koichiro Watanabe, Mr. Masaki Mitobe, Mr. Hitoshi Miyano, Ms. Rieko Nakaba, Mr. Nobuhiko Yokoo, Ms. Makiko Moriya, Mr. Hajime Goto, Mr. Nobuya Saito, Ms. Kumi Saito, Restricted export act No designated country, Restricted production act Outline of plant characteristics of designated area registered varieties, no anthocyanin color of leaf ears, posture of flag leaf blade ( (Initial observation) is standing, heading period (50% heading) is late, lemma length (excluding spikes, excluding floating rice) is slightly short, spindle length is slightly short, number of spikes is medium, distribution of buds Is only the tip, the amount of rice lemma (small spike) is medium, the color of the tip of the outer spikema (tip color) (ear) is white, the degree of curvature of the main axis hangs down, the spike shape is spindle-shaped, and it is in the mature stage. In the evening, the color of the lemma is yellow-white, the length of the lemma is medium, the color of the lemma is yellow-white, the weight of 1000 grains of paddy is medium, there is no phenol reaction of the lemma, the length of the brown rice is medium, the width of the brown rice is medium, The shape of the brown rice is semi-circular, the color of the brown rice is light brown, the scent of the brown rice is absent or extremely weak, the thickness of the lemma is medium, the lemma is present, the color of the lemma (initial observation) is yellowish white, and the length of the longest lemma is Very short, the degree of extraction of the spikes is well extracted, the type of the embryo is rice, the amylose content of the embryo is type 4, the ear germination is medium, the lodging resistance is a little strong, the granulation resistance is difficult, and the blast resistance. The estimated genotype is Pi-i, k, the leaf lemma field resistance is strong, and the leaf stripe disease resistant cultivar group is Japanese paddy rice type (+). The application cultivar “Tsuyahime rice” is the control cultivar “Koshihikari rice”. In comparison, the length of the lemma (excluding ears, excluding floating rice) is rather short, the impaired cold resistance is medium, and the presumed blast resistance genotype is Pi-i, k. The distinction is recognized by the fact that, compared to the control cultivar ”Haenuki rice”, the disorder type cold resistance is medium, and the presumed blast resistance genotype is Pi-i, k. It seems that the work of immersing the seed fir in a bag of 5 kg each in a bag was repeated. According to the Tone Onsen Cooperative, the source is weakly alkaline at about 65 degrees Celsius, without adding water or heating. Since it can be used, it seems to be suitable for hot water disinfection. Soichiro Adachi Meiju Farm : Higashine City is the birthplace of the finest varieties of cherries, “Sato Nishiki cherries,” and the producers’ cultivation techniques and efforts to improve quality have made it possible to widely provide high-quality cherries, making it the number one producer in Japan. Boasts a quantity. In April 2017, the geographical indication “Higashine cherries” was registered as a brand, saying that the efforts of cherries throughout the region to revitalize the town have led to the improvement of the name recognition of “Higashine cherries”. Higashine cherry shipping standard, production area, whole area of Higashine city, size, L ball or more (about 22 mm or more) coloring area, 70% or more. In 1912, breeding was promoted by Mr. Eisuke Sato of Higashine City, Yamagata Prefecture. Many cherries at that time had a strong acidity and did not last for a long time, and it seems that it was a source of concern for producers that they were damaged during shipping. The improvement by Mr. Sato seems to have started by mating “Kidama cherries”, which has a good taste but does not last long, and “Napoleon cherries”, which has a long-lasting but strong acidity. After that, in 1923, 11 years after the start of the improvement, it seems that it had a wonderfully sufficient sugar content and succeeded in growing it for a long time and bearing fruit. The king “Sato Nishiki” is born. Sato Nishiki cherry is steadily increasing shipments due to its beautiful glossy ruby color, well-balanced sweetness and acidity, and longevity. With the increasing demand for raw cherries from around 1975, it seems that it has become a popular variety known all over the country. Higashine Cherry: On April 21, 2017, the “Registration of Geographical Indications and Registration Certificate Awarding Ceremony” was held at the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and related parties including the chairman and vice chairman of the Fruit Tree Kingdom Higashine 6th Industrialization Promotion Council. Attended and received a registration certificate from Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Isozaki. In the city, the “Fruit Tree Kingdom Higashine Sixth Industrialization Promotion Council”, which is organized by people involved in agriculture and commerce and industry in the city, educational institutions such as local universities, and the government, applied to the government in October 2016. Was done. After the announcement in December (until March 28, the following day) and the Academic Experience Committee on April 12, registration will be decided on the 21st. The target varieties are “Sato Nishiki cherries” and “Beni Shuho cherries”. Among them, “Sato Nishiki” is said to be the best variety in terms of both appearance and taste, and because of its excellent balance of refreshing sweetness and moderate acidity, it is highly evaluated because it is in high demand as a representative taste of early summer. It has gained. Sato Nishiki cherries originated in Higashine City and was named in 1928 and made its debut in the world. Since then, the efforts of our predecessors and study have promoted the establishment of cultivation techniques, and it seems that they have reached the present day. Furthermore, Sato Nishiki’s cultivation technology has greatly contributed to improving the quality and production of all varieties of cherries, including the later developed Beni Shuho cherries, and Higashine City boasts the highest production of cherries in Japan. It is generally said that the temperature difference between day and night has a positive effect on the growth of fruit trees and brings out the sweetness of the fruits. In the production area of “Higashine cherries”, the maximum temperature in June, which is the ripening period of fruits, was 26.2 ℃, the minimum temperature was 14.0 ℃ (2015), and the daily range reached about 12 ℃. Although June is the rainy season, the production area has relatively low rainfall and long daylight hours, which seems to have a positive effect on the taste. The soil is a well-drained gravel-brown lowland formed by rivers in the region, including the Midare River alluvial fan in the Ou Mountains. This is suitable for cherry cultivation, which prefers drainage and breathability, and it seems that low soil moisture leads to a strong sweetness of the fruit. The Fruit Tree Kingdom Higashine 6th Industrialization Promotion Council finely standardizes the state of cherries (colored area) in order to deliver high quality cherries to consumers, and “superiority” “excellent” “good” It is ranked in. Of these, the ones shipped as Higashine cherries are of the highest standard, high quality rank. Located in the Murayama Basin in the central part of Yamagata Prefecture, it is a rural city with abundant nature with hot springs adjacent to Sendai City in the east and Yamagata City and Tendo City in the south. In addition, National Highways 13, 48, and 287 pass through, and Yamagata Shinkansen Sakuranbo-Higashine Station and Yamagata Airport are located at key points of transportation within the prefecture, and it is also an industrial city where advanced technology industries are concentrated. The area of the city is 206.94 km2, which is the ninth largest among the 13 cities in the prefecture. The city system will come into effect on November 3, 1958. A long time ago, there was a large lake called “Moga Umi” in the middle of the Murayama Basin, and the earliest cultivated place at the foot of the Ou Mountains to the east of this lake was called Higashine, and it is said that this place was named. In addition, Taira no Nagayoshi (Nagayoshi ODAJIMA), who built Higashine Castle, said “Higashine Border” on the Bonsho of Fukouji Temple（Owner (name of the implementing organization): Overview of Yakushiji Temple, the bell of the former Fukouji Temple has a height of 109 cm, a caliber of 75.9 cm, and a thickness of the rim of 5.2 cm. It is the old bell of 2. The milky protrusions are arranged in 5 rows and 5 steps on all sides between the milks, the arabesque pattern is engraved between the grasses, and the inscription seems to be engraved between the ponds. The bell retains the characteristics of the Kamakura period and is excellent. The applicant, Nagayoshi, is said to be a military commander in the Southern Court at the head of Odashima manor. In the first year of 1741, Fukouji Temple changed its name to Ryukoji Temple, so this bell is also called “Ryukoji bell”.）donated in 1356, and it is said that it remains as the first gold stone inscription. The city has a long history, and many ancient Jomon period ruins have been discovered. The name of Higashine can be seen for the first time in the record in the Takauji ASHIKAGA document in 1352, which states that “Dewa no Kuni Odashimaso Higashine Magogoro Ruins” was donated to Kamakura Houkaiji Temple（Tendai Sect: Kinryuyama Shamanin Entonhokaiji Temple-In order to mourn the spirit of the Hojo clan after the fall of 1333, it was erected by Takauji Ashikaga, who was ordered by Emperor Go-Daigo, in this area, which was called the Komachi residence at that time and is the site of the Hojo clan’s successive authority. The principal image is Kamakura 24 guardian diety of children, the first child-rearing sutra reading Enmei guardian diety of children, and is the only temple in the 33 Kannon sacred sites in Kamakura that enshrines Cundi Kannon, and also Kamakura-Enoshima Seven Lucky Gods. Enshrines Bishamonten.）. It can be seen that this area was called Higashine for more than 600 years. During the Heian period, the lowlands in the northwestern part of Higashine were cultivated and the Jori paddy fields were opened. Murayama District was newly established in this region, and the county office was set up in Koriyama in the city, becoming a political center. Shortly thereafter, the oldest recorded Odajima manor was established in the Tohoku region, and it is said that it came from Kamakura during the Nanbokucho period. The lord of a manor Nagayoshi ruled this land and became a military commander in the Southern Court. It is said that the largest Zelkova serrata in Japan in the Higashine Elementary School playground was already towering as a large tree that just covered the sky when Nagayoshi built the main castle. Also, on the banks of the nearby Ryukoteranuma, the second oldest temple bell in the prefecture donated by Nagayoshi in 1356 is hung on the bell tower. During the Warring States period, Mr. Sakamoto and then Mr. Satomi ruled, and Mr. Satomi (Mr. Higashine) worked hard to maintain the vast Higashine Castle and laid the foundation for the town of Higashine. However, in 1622, Mr. Higashine was also entrusted to the Awa Tokushima domain due to the reform of the Mogami clan. Since then, the lord of the Yamagata domain has often changed. Around this time, Higashine developed into a land with an advanced atmosphere, with the Akita Expressway being developed and the culture of Edo directly entering by Sankinkotai, and the production of cash crops such as safflower and tobacco was active. In addition, it is located in the largest Midare River alluvial fan in the prefecture, and it is relatively new that the central part was developed due to poor water use, and it was not until the modern era that it was reborn as a splendid fruit tree area as it is now. With the enforcement of the town and village system in 1899, six villages, Higashine Village, Togo Village, Takasaki Village, Otomi Village, Odashima Village, and Nagatoro Village, were established, and in 1906 Higashine Village became Higashine Town. Then, in 1954, these towns and villages merged to form Higashine Town. Higashine City has developed as a political and economic center and a transportation hub since ancient times. Currently, it is one of the leading fruit tree producing areas in Yamagata Prefecture such as cherries and apples, and high-tech industries are concentrated in the Omori Industrial Park, and it continues to develop as the location of the empty gateway Yamagata Airport. Furthermore, it is expected to continue to grow dramatically as a base city for high-speed transportation networks, such as the formation of a new city center through land readjustment, the opening of Sakuranbo-Higashine Station due to the extension of the Yamagata Shinkansen, and the opening of the Tohoku-Chuo Expressway. Alliance on July 6, 1991: In 1603, Ieyasu Tokugawa opened the shogunate in Edo and founded Nihonbashi and Kyobashi by reclaiming most of the sea, so the original form of the current Chuo Ward was created. Located in the center of the 23 wards of Tokyo, with Nihonbashi, Yaesu, Tsukiji, Tsukishima, Ginza, etc., large office districts line up, and as the name implies, it is the center of Tokyo in all aspects such as culture and economy. It has played an advanced role. The city donated the cherry tree, which boasts the largest production in Japan, which sprouted a relationship of exchange and concluded a friendship city tie-up. Since then, the circle of exchange has been expanded in many situations such as event exchange and staff exchange. 国指定重要美術品: 普光寺の鐘, 昭和16年4月9日, It is also a cultural property designated by Higashine City and Yamagata Prefecture. 県指定文化財: 神輿, 昭和27年4月1日, August 1, 1955 Higashine Wakamiya Hachiman Shrine, Higashine City. It is a portable shrine that is said to have been made in the Kamakura period. 普光寺の梵鐘, 昭和52年8月19日, 東根市元東根, It is the second oldest in the prefecture with the inscription of 1356. 木造釈迦如来坐像, 平成22年4月30日, 東根市沼沢, Busshinji Temple It is said to have been made in 1715 at the Great Buddha Hall. 市指定文化財: 木造十一面観音菩薩立像, 昭和41年10月5日, 東根市泉郷, It is said to be Gyoki’s work at Sawatari Kannon-do. 薬師如来座像, 昭和41年10月5日, 東根市花岡, Estimated to be made in the middle of the Heian period at Higashine Kokubunji Yakushido.（Higashine City Oaza Honmaruhigashi : The Higashine Hanaoka Ruins are located northeast of Higashine City Hall and east of the Higashine Castle Ruins (currently Higashine Elementary School). It is the east street of Jizo as much as Kas. The ruins are the remains of a village in the Jomon period.）高橋由一筆, 小池理右衛門夫妻肖像画, 昭和41年10月5日, 東根市本町個人, It is said to be the first Western-style painter in Japan. 青山永耕作 阿吽双龍絵図, 昭和41年10月5日, An unsubscribed ink painting from Rokuta. 長瀞陣屋絵図, 昭和41年10月5日, 東根市東の杜資料館, Nagatoro Jinya pictorial map at the end of the Edo period. 村山旧藩領絵図, 昭和41年10月5日, 東根市東の杜資料館, Murayama region territory map in the late Edo period. わらび手刀, 昭和41年10月5日, 東根市小田島野田個人, 鉄製つぼ鐙, 昭和41年10月5日, 東根市大富羽入個人, 石造鳥居, 昭和41年10月5日, 東根市六田与次郎稲荷神社, マリア観音像, 昭和44年5月29日, 東根市観音寺龍泉寺, 円鏡, 昭和44年5月29日, 東根市個人, 坤輿万国全図と渾素義図屏風, 昭和46年5月25日, 東根市, It is said to have been copied by Mr. Chikuzen Miura during the Tenpo era (1831-1845). 六面幢, 昭和46年5月25日, 東根市北ノ宿貴船神社境内, 黒塗頭形冑, 昭和50年10月13日, 東根市東の杜資料館, It is said to be the prototype of the uppermost domaru (a simple armor for walking graduates that is surrounded by a circle and has an inquiry when worn on the right side. The kusazuri is divided into eight pieces to suit the activity). 高橋由一作, 岡田清八郎肖像画, 昭和52年10月15日, 東根市長瀞個人, It is said to be Mr. Yuichi (1826-1898), the first Western-style painter in Japan. 大森山の磨涯仏, 昭和62年4月1日, Higashine City Omoriyama Gochi nyorai and Six guardian diety of children. 石山太柏筆 ｢庭井｣ 屏風絵, 平成2年4月1日, 東根市小田島島大堀, 長瀞小学校の想画集, 平成8年12月25日, 異形注口土器, 平成19年4月19日, 東根市東の杜資料館, Excavated from the Kanizawa archaeological site. 紅花絵巻 / 農耕絵巻, 平成22年3月16日, 東根市神町個人, 観音順礼大絵馬, 平成23年4月1日, 東根市長瀞禅会寺, Lifestyle of the common people in the Meiji era. 市指定史跡: 里見景佐の御霊屋, 平成17年9月8日, 東根市東根城主里見景佐の墓所, 若木山の防空壕, 平成22年3月16日, 東根市. 市指定無形民俗文化財: 若宮八幡太々神楽, 昭和43年8月16日, 東根市東根若宮八幡神社, 小田島田植踊, 昭和56年12月23日, 東根市小田島蟹沢八幡神社, 黒伏山神社沢渡獅子舞, 昭和56年12月23日, 東根市東郷沢渡黒伏神社, 関山囃子, 昭和56年12月23日, 東根市関山西原西原公民館, 長瀞猪子踊り, 昭和62年4月1日, 東根市長瀞日枝神社, 藤助新田菖蒲叩き行事, 平成4年9月10日, 東根市大富天満神社, 東根七夕まつり行事, 平成6年1月1日, 東根市東根, 市役所周辺. During the 2021 cherry season（Yamagata Prefecture’s special products were stolen just before shipping. In recent years, there were at most 3 cases, but this year there are 7 cases, and the total damage amounted to about 1.5 million yen, which is the highest in the past 10 years according to the JA Yamagata Central Association. Damage caused by low harvest of cherries due to unseasonable weather this year. I heard from my relatives that the prefectural police have launched an investigation and that local governments and JAs are conducting patrol activities.）, the price was rising due to the expected poor harvest since 1996, and especially the gift box was in a state of competition. Global warming was one of the causes that is said to be behind this. However, I heard that experiments have begun at production sites to see that cultivation will become difficult in the future. According to the prefecture, this year’s harvest is expected to be about 9,500 tons, 68% of the average year. If it falls below 10,000 tons, it will be the worst crop since 1996 (9260 tons). Also, the price is rising. According to the Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation, the average unit price of cherries in Yamagata Prefecture from June 1st to 22nd this year is 2741 yen per kg. According to the prefecture, the unit price was about 1.3 times the unit price from June to late July last year, the highest in the last 10 years. Due to the reduced yield, some farmers may have abandoned shipments to new customers due to insufficient shipments to their existing customers. One of the reasons for the poor harvest was the freezing and death of the pistil during the frost from mid-April to late April. After all, it seems that the effects of global warming have been pointed out in the background. In general, the temperature rise in spring is remarkable in global warming, and while the temperature in early spring is high, the growth progresses and the resistance to cold is weakened, but in recent years, the temperature fluctuation tends to be severe, and there is a risk of frost damage (frost damage). Sexuality increases. According to the prefecture, the temperature in early spring was 3 to 5 degrees higher than normal this year, and the growth progressed. It was about 15 years ago that I realized the change in temperature. Vinyl was put on the tree to avoid damaging the fruit due to rain, but the temperature was too high and the heat was trapped, and the fruit began to soften and lose its tension. It is said that the frequency of high temperature damage and sunburn, which makes the fruit color worse, has increased. Yamagata Prefecture occupies about 70% of the nation’s share of cherry production. According to the Yamagata Local Meteorological Observatory, the average annual temperature is on the rise, rising 1.2 degrees per 100 years. According to the prefecture, it is well known that although it is not frequent, it is often reported that the high temperature continues in early summer, and the color of the fruit deteriorates and the quality deteriorates due to dehydration. In 2015 (August 2015, Higashine cherries were disseminated domestically and internationally), the prefecture created a vision for global warming countermeasures and is studying countermeasures such as cultivation of new crops. While protecting the cherry brand by developing varieties that can withstand high temperatures, it seems that they are also conducting experiments on the adaptability of new varieties such as Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Mr. Mitsutaro Sirai. Yamagata Prefecture’s Chubu Murayama Basin, 140 ° 23’40 “east longitude, 38 ° 25’42” north latitude, 121 m above sea level. The climate is inland, with an annual precipitation of 887.0 mm and an average annual temperature of 11.5 ° C. The production of fruit trees such as apples, peaches, grapes, and La France is thriving, including the proud cherry blossoms, and the name is outstanding by declaring “Fruit Tree Kingdom Higashine”. It is 22.5 km east-west and 14.3 km north-south, close to the prefectural capital, Yamagata City, and has Yamagata Airport. After the opening of the JR Yamagata Shinkansen stop “Sakuranbo Higashine Station”, it has become crowded with tourists from outside the prefecture and has played a role as a “gateway to the land”. In addition, it is adjacent to Sendai City, the largest city in Tohoku, and is conveniently located to the center of the city, which takes about 1 hour on National Highway No. 48. There are national roads 48 and 287, and 12 prefectural roads. Furthermore, in September 2002, the Higashine Interchange on the Tohoku Chuo Expressway was completed and is connected to Tokyo by an expressway. Such a transportation network activates the exchange of people, things, and information, and greatly contributes to the creation of a new and prosperous city. As a result of attracting companies with the aim of developing a harmonious industry, the city has many high-tech companies such as electronics and precision machinery located in the Higashine Omori Industrial Park (Omori, Techno Town) and Yamagata Rinku Industrial Park. The shipment value of manufactured products has also increased year by year, and the shipment value of manufactured products in 2010 was the second highest in the prefecture. A large zelkova, a nationally designated special natural monument, towering over the school grounds of Higashine Elementary School (Honmaru Minami). It’s a magnificent giant tree that’s over 1500 years old, has a trunk thickness of 16 meters, a diameter of 5 meters, and a height of 28 meters, but I’m always worried when I go back to the countryside. Even if you can’t see it, it seems to be related to your ancestors, and when you remember it, you feel at ease.
This excellent agricultural product has gained a lot of fans since around 1975 when the demand for raw food increased and it was known all over Japan at once. In addition, the introduction of the rain shelter greenhouse, which began in earnest around the same time, made it possible to produce ripe cherries that are excellent in coloring and taste and suitable for raw food, which seems to have led to a rapid expansion of production. The features of Sato Nishiki are that it has a beautiful bright red color, is glossy, has a lot of sweetness, and has a good taste. Also, each grain weighs about 7-8g, but in recent years it seems that many big balls weighing 12-13g have appeared.
Yamagata cherries, which are in season in early summer, are round and lovely, and the bright red fruits deepen their color. If you chew on the taut skin, the slight acidity and artistic sweetness will fill your mouth and make you dreamy. Yamagata Prefecture, which accounts for 70% of the national production, is surrounded by high mountains, and it is said that the climate with a large temperature difference between summer and winter and day and night grows high-quality and sweet fruits.
The cherries arrived in Japan in the first year of the Meiji era, and in 1875 in Yamagata prefecture. At this time, prototypes were made nationwide, but most of them seemed to have failed due to frost damage, rainy season, and typhoon damage except in Yamagata Prefecture. Only Yamagata Prefecture, which suffered relatively little damage, was able to achieve results, but it seems that basic foods such as rice and grains were prioritized in the historical background. It seems that mass consumption of apples, pears, etc. was important for fruits, and that it was not important for luxury fruits. Since then, cherry cultivation has spread in Yamagata Prefecture along with fruits such as apples, western pears, and peaches, and the efforts of the public and private sectors have been fruitful. Currently, the production of cherries in Yamagata Prefecture accounts for 75% of the national production. It seems that the cherry kingdom has been completed.