Written by Hironaga Matsumae (1737-1801), the fifth son of Kunihiro Matsumae, the lord of the Ezo Matsumae domain. The title of the book is also “North Washi”. The history, geography, customs, products (birds, beasts, fish and shellfish, medicines, etc.) of Ezo are described in detail in all 10 volumes, and it is evaluated as the highest level Ezo magazine at that time. The beginning of the first year of Tenmei (1781). Hironaga was adopted by Hiroyuki Matsumae, the chief retainer of the Matsumae domain, and served as the chief retainer of the same domain. He is known as a Great scholar and seems to have interacted with many writers. Hakyo KAKIZAKI, the fifth son of Sukehiro, the lord of the Matsumae domain, and a well-known painter, is the nephew of Hironaga. The year after he was born, he became the heir to the elder Kakizaki Shogen Hiromasa. Born in Edo as the second son of the Kitamura family, the chief retainer of the Hirosaki clan, he was educated in both being accomplished in both the literary and military arts in Hirosaki. After leaving the house and becoming a sermon priest, he became a priest and later became a Japanese poetry, and traveled around the country mainly based in Edo and Kyoto. He came to Japan in 1731 and stayed in Nagasaki until 1733, during which time he painted on Yuhi Kumashiro (1712-1772), who was a Chinese interpreter, Tang. I studied under the teaching of the law) and learned the style of the Nanpin school (a school of Japanese painting that conveys the lineage of the Shen Quan of the Qing dynasty that came to Nagasaki). A portrait of the Ainu who cooperated with the Matsumae clan during the 1789 battle of Kunashiri Menashi (an uprising by the Ainu on Kunashiri Island was suppressed by the Matsumae clan. The shogunate feared the possibility of cooperation between the Ainu and Russia). The statue was used for the inspection of Emperor Kokaku. Hakyo was greatly influenced by this Joraku, as he began to interact with the painters and writers of the Maruyama-Shijo school, which was the mainstream of Kyoto painting at that time. During the period (1807-1821) when the Matsumae clan was transferred to Yanagawa Village, Date District, Mutsu Province (Yanagawa Town, Date District, Fukushima Prefecture), he worked hard for the clan as a chief retainer, while his activities as a painter were also the most fulfilling. It is called the time. Hakyo, who returned to Matsumae, retired from his senior position and handed over his reign to his son. He travels to the princes to greet the rehabilitation, lays down on a sickbed in Edo, and dies in his hometown of Matsumae. It’s a name given as it came from Nanjing, China. In 1542, a Portuguese ship was said to have drifted ashore in “Bungo Japan” (It came to Japan because it arrived at the port of Bungo no Kuni (Now Oita prefecture). “Don Francisco (Furan Shijiki) Christian: Christian [1680: After Enho 8“, avoiding the sword of Tokugawa 5th Shogun Tsunayoshi-Ko, “Kichi” Catholicism, Christianity): 1530, Eiroku 3 to 1587, Muromachi Shogunate 12th Shogun “Yoshiharu Ashikaga-Ko 1511, Eisho 8 to 1550” Oriental pumpkin: Cucurbita moschata “The feature’s that the skin’s dark and the unevenness is clear. The pulp’s viscous, has a lot of water, and has a moist feeling.” Western pumpkin: Cucurbita maxima “Cultivars such as the Hubbard group, Delicious group, Turban group, and Manmoth group are known.” Introduced from the United States in 1863, cultivation began in earnest in the first year of the Meiji era and spread throughout Hokkaido. Pepo pumpkin: cucurbita pepo: Spaghetti squash, zucchini are also reported to be friends. It’s said to have originated in North America and Central America, and it is unclear when it came to Japan, but the record introduced in the first year of the Meiji era remains. The leaves are mottled and splintered. The flowers are yellow or orange and are short-lived. Therefore, there is a tendency that artificial pollination is often applied to pollination.In the days of “Hideyoshi Toyotomi” and Tokichiro Kinoshita? History has dreams. There’s a lot of hope. Agricultural products are passed on with a feeling of romance. Since pumpkin fruits can be stored for a long period of time, they have long been an important food in winter when vegetables tend to be In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of green and yellow vegetables due to health food orientation, frozen foods due to the nuclear family, and more imported products. Consumption is increasing year by year, and the post-harvest curing treatment (Degradation of starch is promoted, which leads to an increase in total sugar content.) Is remarkable. The Yotei Agricultural Cooperative is located in the southwestern part of the foot of Mt. It consists of Makkari Village, Rusutsu Village, Kimobetsu Town, Kyogoku Town, and Kutchan Town), and in March 1997, eight JA merged agricultural cooperatives. Was born as. Among agricultural production, potatoes were designated as a vegetable designated production area as the “Mt. Yotei” area in 1974, and as a result of vigorous production promotion since then, they are highly evaluated as the main production area of edible potatoes in Hokkaido today. It came to. Bareisho; Solanum tuberosum, which accounts for one-third of the sales business of about 20 billion yen, boasts a planted area of 3,500 hectares and a collection volume of about 80,000 tons, and is a major pillar of JA. In July 2017, it was decided to hold the “G8 Hokkaido Lake Toyako Summit”, and an international media center will be set up in Rusutsu Village, which is expected to be visited by many press personnel and tourists from Japan and overseas. Therefore, 36 varieties of potatoes (for raw food, processing, and starch) were cultivated so that they would bloom in early July, and press personnel and tourists could enjoy the colorful flowers of Mt. Yotei in the background. The purpose was to improve the image as a production area, to have an interest in potatoes and to understand agriculture. “倶知安 is a kanji” : Chinese characters for “Kutchan”. くっちゃん is named after the Ainu word “Kutchani”. Kusshani is the old name of the Kutosan River, a tributary of the Shiribetsu River. Kushani is “Ku Shan Yi” from the meaning of “a place that flows out of a place like a kudzu”. This Ku Shan Yi becomes Kusshani, and further changes to Kudosani to become the Kutoyama River. On the other hand, the same Kusshani became Kuchan and became a place name, which was announced in 1893. The “kanji” was assigned by Takeshi SHIRANI（He has served as the chief of the geography section of the department, the secretary of the Ministry of Education, the secretary of the Takushoku affairs, the secretary of the internal affairs, the chief of the internal affairs secretary / minister’s secretariat Hokkaido, the director of the shrine of the Ministry of Interior and the chief of the Hokkaido section of the general affairs bureau.）, the counselor of the Hokkaido Agency at that time. The town emblem is a design of the acronym “K” of the town with the image of a snowflake and the image of a bird flapping its wings. The overlapping of snowflakes represents “contact”, the image of a fluttering bird represents “leap and dynamism”, and the blue symbol color represents “development and hope for the future”. It symbolizes “Kutchan, the town of contact”. It was enacted on July 1, 1991 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the opening of the foundation. And this year marks the 130th anniversary. Town Flower: “yellow-flowered rhododendron”-It is an evergreen small shrub that grows naturally in the high mountains of Hokkaido and Tohoku, and has five yellow petals that can be cultivated from July to August. It was selected because it is a representative alpine plant of Mt. Yotei and the Niseko mountain range, and was considered as one of the projects commemorating the 100th anniversary of the opening of the foundation in 1991. Town Tree: Acer pictum Thunb. Subsp. Mono (Maxim.) H. Ohashi, 1993-It is a deciduous tree of the Aceraceae family, and in the fall, seven constricted leaves turn yellow. Selected because it is widely distributed around the town and was used as a material for skis in the early days of skiing. Widely used in parks and roadside trees. It was examined together with Machihana, and was announced and enacted on December 11, 1998. Image character: Jyagata-Kun-The design is for potatoes to ski, with potatoes wearing blue skis and green ski caps. The triangular ski cap is a Sho-chan hat, which was unveiled on August 3, 1991, in the image of Mt. Yotei. “Niseko Town, Abuta District” is 140 degrees 48 minutes east longitude and 42 degrees 52 minutes north latitude. Located in the western part of Central Hokkaido, almost in the center of the Shiribeshi jurisdiction. Surrounded by the mountains of Mt. Yotei (1,898 m), a national park in the east, and Niseko Annupuri (1,309 m), a national park in the north, it forms a hilly basin with many wavy slopes. The Shiribetsu River (the clearest river in Japan in 2004) flows in the center of the town, and small and medium-sized rivers such as the Konbu River, Nisekoanbetsu River, and Makkari River flow into it. It has an inland climate, with an average temperature of 6.3 degrees Celsius, and the deepest snowfall in winter can reach as high as 200 cm. It is within 120 minutes by private car from Sapporo City and Chitose Airport, and about 90 minutes by private car from Otaru City. Niseko means “a steep cliff” in the Ainu language. Also, “Nupuri” means “mountain” in the Ainu language, and the mountain “Niseko Annupuri” with a ski resort means “mountain with a steep cliff (and a river below it)” in the Ainu language. It seems to be. 1895 Entered Nishitomi, the first immigrant of Town. 1897 Separated from Abuta Village and entered the area of Makkari Village. Even as of 1901, the branch village became independent from the neighboring village, Makkari Village. Named “Katamura” from Makkari Village character Makkari Betsuta, and set up a government office in the current aza-motomachi. The town system was enforced in 1950, and the name was changed to Niseko Town in 1964. 2001 100 years since the opening of Niseko Town. This year marks the 120th anniversary of the milestone. Enforcement of “Niseko Town Town Development Basic Ordinance”. The town was separated from Makkari Village (Currently Rusutsu Village) in November 1901, and the Tocho Office was set up in the current Town district. The pioneer hoe was put down in the present Nishitomi area by the ancestors, and the town developed while confronting many difficulties under the harsh natural conditions. Overview of town history, prehistoric times : Paleolithic and Jomon period ruins are left in the town. The Paleolithic period was the final stage of the ice age, and the straits around Hokkaido were connected to the land, so it is speculated that people moved in search of food. In the Jomon period, the climate approached the current state, and the lifestyle changed from a dynamic life to a sedentary life. By this time, people are thought to have lived in the hills of the Shiribetsu River, and many ruins such as earthenware and arrowheads are left behind. Prehistoric times are revealed in the ruins. However, no records have been found from the Middle Ages (Kamakura, Muromachi period), when the Ainu society and culture were formed, to the latter half of the Edo period, and the actual situation remains unknown. Fascinate. More than 13,000 years ago, when tools were made mainly from stone and used on a daily basis to carry out daily life, pottery was used as a container and had a diverse cultural structure. It refers to the era from 1000 years ago to 2300 years ago. The town is located in the area called “Shiribeshi”, and the name was given by the pioneer ambassador in 1869, adopting the idea of Takeshiro Matsuura. Mr. Takeshiro investigated the basin of the Shiribetsu River twice at the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, and considered Mt. It is said that he called “Yotei”. In addition, it is said that the country name of this region was “Shiribeshi”. In the early Edo period, the river flow was strong upstream from the vicinity of Niseko Town, and it seems that there were no Ainu settlements because it was difficult to fish for salmon and trout. However, when I learned that this basin had abundant resources, I came to work during the fishing season. The Japanese clerk is Japan’s first Chokusenshu history book, completed in 720? It is said that when Abe no Hirafu-Ko, who was the national guard of the Hokuriku region, led the Navy to conquer Ezo, he set the rear Yotei as the administrative agency and appointed a county official according to the opinions of the two Ezo. Agricultural work during the pioneering period: In 1894, the land that had been the imperial forest was converted to a national forest. This makes it possible to cultivate. In 1895, a plot was set up, and a hoe for clearing was to be put in. Unlike other areas, the town is characterized by the fact that it has been cultivated by farms invested by capitalists in Honshu and group settlers, and among them, the nationally famous farm is “Arishima Farm”. A farm reclaimed by Takeshi Arishima (Mr. Takeo’s father: Although he was a samurai of the Shimazu clan, he was promoted as a bureaucrat of the Meiji government and retired as the director of the government bond bureau of the Ministry of Finance. Served as an officer. When the State-owned Undeveloped Land Disposal Law was enforced in Hokkaido in 1897, he started a reclamation project on 350 ha of land in Kaributo Village, Hokkaido.) in 1899 after receiving a wage cut on undeveloped land. The farm was taken over by Takero in 1908, but in 1922 he declared the farm open for free and gave the farmland to the peasants free of charge. The peasants organized the “Kaributo Symbiotic Farmers’ Association（Business: Agricultural land sharing, rice cultivation, dairy farming, joint purchase / use of materials / machinery, joint direct sales to the market.）” and managed all of the farm facilities as a shared property. This will continue until the 1949 Act on Special Measures for the Creation of Homegrown Farms comes into force. This act had a great impact on the society at that time.Before the liberation, it was the office of Arishima Farm and the residence of Takeo Arishima, after the liberation it was the office of Kaributo Kyosei Agricultural Co., Ltd., and after the dissolution, it was the first “Arishima Memorial Hall”, but it was destroyed by fire in 1957. The Arishima Thanksgiving Hall was built in 1963 with the cooperation of former union members and local residents. Around 1897, Kaributo Village (now Niseko Town) was considered to be an undeveloped land in Makkari Village, so all the duties including family register affairs had to go to Makkari Village. Around 1901, the movement of residents who wanted a branch village became active, and the first residents’ convention was held on September 17. On October 16th of the same year, a notification of the branch village was issued from Hokkaido, and the branch village will be approved in a short time. Regarding the revision of the town name, there was a movement in 1936, but as a result, it ended in misfire, and in 1966, the second katakana town “Niseko Town” was born by the second movement. Located in the southern part of Mt. Yotei, which is known as Ezo Fuji, it is a pure farming village that has developed with agriculture as its core industry. The main crops are potatoes, radishes, carrots, etc. Among them, edible lily roots It boasts the largest shipment volume in Japan. It is also well known as the birthplace of enka singer Mr. Takashi Hosokawa, and the Makkari River Park, which runs through the village, has a singing “Takashi Hosokawa Memorial Statue” and is said to be a popular tourist spot. The name of the village is derived from the Ainu language “Makkaripet”: a conversion from the river surrounding Mt. Yotei. Rusutsu Village was founded in 1872 when Higashi Honganji opened a new road to Usu district and moved to Sannohe. After passing through branch villages, the current Rusutsu Village was born in 1924. With an area of 119.84 km2, National Highway No. 230 runs from Sapporo to Toyako Hot Springs in the center of the village. Mt. Yotei rises to the north of the village, and is adjacent to Kimobetsu Town in the northeast, Makkari Village in the northwest, Toyako Town (Former: Toya Village) in the Iburi Subprefecture in the south, and Date City (Former: Otaki Village). At the foot of Mt. Yotei, the village of Rusutsu, a plateau of green and white snow, is an endless village of happiness, thanks to the hard work of its ancestors and the blessings of abundant nature, who endured the harsh wind and snow and broke the foundation of their hometown. Established a charter in hopes of its development. Rusutsu: Mr. Takeshiro Matsuura, a Japanese man who passed through the village more than 140 years ago. The footsteps are described in the “Backward Yotei Diary” (diary on February 2, 1952). “Go to Horonutsuf (Shino) Nutsukehetsu (Genya Kitakawa to Akota territory Hen) Yutoenka (Hara) Rusochi (Miscellaneous trees), It reaches Sorioi (at the foot of Yudake)… ”. (“Takishiro Ezo Diary Collection No. 2” Japanese Classic Complete Works Publishing Association) Rusutsu in the text is said to be the origin of the name of Rusutsu today. One of the first people to settle in the village, Mr. Kazaemon Abe, moved to the village with Kuninari Date-Ko in April 1871 as a clan of the Sendai domain, and in 1872 he handled the station in Kimobetsu. He is said to be the first person to settle in village on record. Large farm management: In 1888, Mr. Bunzo Hashiguchi entered Rusutsu Village and moved to the United States at the age of 22 to study agriculture. He aimed to manage a large American farm and dreamed of a model farm by importing all the machinery from San Francisco. Abandoned the business due to labor shortage and inconvenient transportation, and in 1892 Mr. Yasuaki Kato took over the farm with Mr. Bunzo’s dream. Mr. Bunzo and Mr. Yasuaki Kato could not realize the concept of large farm management, but they left a big mark on Rusutsu agriculture and were the first to put a hoe in the village. In 1891, the predecessor of National Highway No. 230 started construction on the road from “Abuta” to Sapporo via Toya, Rusutsu, Nakayama Pass, and Jozankei, and was completed in 1895. This road played a major role in agricultural development at the foot of Mt. Yotei. The JA Yotei jurisdiction is located in the central and southern part of the Shiribeshi branch office jurisdiction in southwestern Hokkaido. In this position, there is the Conide-type independent peak “Mt. Yotei”, which is the symbol of this JA, and the countryside spreads around it, and you can see “Mt. Yotei”, one of the 100 famous mountains in Japan, from each area. The climate is generally warm and sunny from spring to summer, but in winter it is affected by the northwest monsoon, and there is a lot of snowfall, with heavy snowfall extending from mid-November to mid-April, especially in the foothills of Yotei. , It is one of the most heavy snowfall areas in Hokkaido. In local agriculture, a wide range of production such as rice farming, upland farming, vegetables, and livestock farming is carried out, and various management forms suitable for climate, soil, and climate conditions are formed. The Yotei Agricultural Cooperative is located in the southwestern part of the foot of Mt. Yotei in the Shiribeshi jurisdiction and consists of 9 towns and villages. It was established in March 1997 as a merged agricultural cooperative of 8JA. The head office is located in Kutchan Town, and there is “Mt. Yotei” in the center of the area, and the agricultural land spreads around it. Among agricultural productions, Jingle bells were designated as a vegetable production area as the “Mt. Yotei” area in 1974, and as a result of vigorous production promotion since then, they are now the main production area for edible horse bells in Hokkaido. It has been highly evaluated. Jingle bell, which accounts for one-third of the sales business, boasts a planted area of 3,500 ha and a collection volume of about 80,000 tons, and is a major pillar of JA. After the merger of JA, the “Yotei Agricultural Cooperative Edible Horse Bell Production Organization Liaison Council” (about 900 producers) was established in March 1997 to unify the production union activities inherited from the former agricultural cooperative. Toward the early establishment of the “Yotei brand”, we have been actively engaged in business with the aim of achieving high quality leveling, standardization and production promotion. Cultivation workshops, quality standards, acceptance handling standards, consumer area market research, etc. meet more than 20 times a year and consist of tireless efforts. Raw edible horse bells at the foot of Mt. Yotei are famous all over the country for their good taste, and even after the merger of JA, we focused on early shipment before the August bon, and long-term leveling by early shipment, the largest raw edible horse bell in Hokkaido. We have built a planned shipping system of 80,000 tons. It is sought after as a “Reliable Production Area” from mass retailers such as Keihanshin and Kanto. The producer proved that the crops were cultivated and harvested safely by observing the standards stated in the cultivation calendar such as daily control and fertilization by the efforts of all the members of the production history book, and in JA, before shipping. It is said that it is working to create a production area that is trusted by consumers by voluntarily conducting residual inspections of pesticides. In addition, a compost intensive treatment facility and a compost house have been developed to effectively utilize organic resources in the area and to build a function to circulate them. For that purpose, we will analyze the soil and compost components of the fields that require compost input, promote the systematization of compost input based on the soil diagnosis fertilizer application design, and promote sustainable circulation as a production base for edible horse bells. We are promoting type farming. The harvest of the early-maturing variety “Toya” has reached its final stage, and the harvest of the advanced cultivation “Danshaku”, which began in early August, has reached its peak, and 5,000 to 15,000 cases per day are shipped to prefectures. Mikado Kyowa : Under the Lima Gran Group, Kyowa Seedling Co., Ltd. and Mikado Breeding Farm Co., Ltd. merged in 2007 and started as “Mikado Kyowa Co., Ltd.” Hokkaido Branch: Kita 3-jo, Chuo Word, Sapporo City, Hokkaido: Onodai, Midori Word, Chiba City, Chiba. Rupiah Red was announced in 1990 from the mating of (IK × Andes) × Earls, and is known as a popular red meat net melon that is easy to make. It is a middle leaf with medium internodes and a little strong grass. Female flower settling and fruit set are stable and good. The fruit is a regular sphere inside and outside 1500 g, the skin color is grayish green, the net is dense and evenly expressed, and it rises a little. The flesh is dark orange and thick, and the lenticel green flesh is slightly thin. It is hard to become hollow fruit and seeds do not flow. The sugar content is high and stable at 16 degrees inside and outside, the meat quality is rich in melting quality, and the taste is good. 53 days after flowering, it matures properly inside and outside, and 3 to 7 days after harvest is the best time to eat, which is a delicious time. It is hard to vine, has good female flower settling and fruit set, and is easy to cultivate. In addition, it is resistant to Fusarium oxysporuｍ (race 0,2) and is resistant to powdery mildew. The optimum temperature for germination is around 27 ° C, and after germination, the seedlings are transplanted to a seedling raising pot and gradually acclimatized to low temperatures. The standard amount of fertilizer applied is nitrogen 8-10 kg / 10 a, phosphoric acid 15-20 kg / 10 a, K 10-12 kg / 10 a. It is advisable to add enough good quality compost so that the fertilizer effect will last for a long time. Beds should be prepared early, mulched and tunneled, and warm enough. Plant after the soil temperature can be secured at 16 ℃ or higher. No special cultivation technique such as “steaming” is required. Throughout the growing season, the maximum temperature is 28 ° C, the eve temperature (temperature until 12:00 pm) is 12 ° C, and the minimum temperature is 10 ° C. From around the mating period until the net is completed, I would like to aim for a temperature of 15 ° C the night before. When the outside air is cold, pay attention to the ventilation volume and wind direction so that the outside air does not come into direct contact with the crops, and devise ways such as making the film in the tunnel inside the house half-open to make it a tsuitate. Irrigation should be done around the time when the resulting branches are aligned, after confirming fruit set and during the horizontal net development period, and irrigation should be modest from about 10 days before the harvest time. The number of days from flowering to harvest is about 55 days, depending on the cultivation season and grass vigor, and it seems that harvesting may take 60 days in the low temperature period and 50 days in the high temperature period. Discoloration of the fruit stem, change in skin color, result: Soil deficiency of the first leaf of the branch, cracks in the fallen cork, thin nets between the nets, etc. It is good to judge and judge the harvest. A popular red meat melon that is easy to make, has a high sugar content, and has a nostalgic scent. The flesh is soft, the mouthfeel is mellow and juicy. Although the net (stitch pattern on the skin surface), which is a marker of sweetness, has a high density, it is famous as a variety whose sweetness tends to decrease because it is vulnerable to a hot and humid environment. “Yotei Melon” from Niseko Town was shipped for the first time on June 16, 2021, cutting the top of the agricultural cooperative jurisdiction. Blessed with good weather from March to April, it is a little larger than usual and is said to have great sweetness. The producer brought 12 cases of red meat “Rupiah Red” (8 kg per case) to the warehouse of the Niseko branch of the agricultural cooperative. The sugar content is 17.4 to 17.5 degrees, and it seems that it was shipped to the Sapporo Central Wholesale Market. The long-awaited season for consumers has arrived. The author has just been accompanied the other day. The family was very pleased with the exceptional taste. In addition to melons, it is a large production area where many tastes of Hokkaido such as asparagus, tomatoes, carrots, burdock, dioscorea opposita, and potatoes are harvested. Yotei Pumpkin: “Ajihei: JAN (GTIN) Code: 4962484196197, Mating Name: Kyowa Seedling Co., Ltd. (In 2007, Kyowa Seedling Co., Ltd. and Mikado Breeding Farm Co., Ltd. merged ≒ Mikado Kyowa Co., Ltd.)”. In Kaga City, Ishikawa Prefecture, Ajihei pumpkin is branded and cultivated as one of the “Kaga Kutani vegetable”. Kaga City is known as the birthplace of Japan’s leading colored porcelain “Kutani ware” and as a hot spring area where famous hot springs spring out. It refers to the seasonal vegetables produced in Kaga City cultivated in the climate, climate, and culture in a rich natural environment with two clear streams originating from Mt. Dainichi（Altitude 1368 m: It is the highest peak in Komatsu City and is designated as a prefectural natural park. The abundant nature of the primeval beech forest and the 360-degree panorama overlooking the mountains and valleys of the distant home attract visitors. At the junction of Mt. Dainichi and Mt. Suzugatake, there is the Dainichi Nature School “Katakuri Hut”, which seems to be used as a nature observation hut for climbers and as an evacuation hut in an emergency.）and a fertile plain. Local production for local consumption in Kaga City: In the sense of “consuming locally produced products locally,” this is an initiative that connects farmers and consumers through activities that consume locally produced products locally. Through these efforts, we aim to revitalize local agriculture by providing opportunities to purchase and consume local agricultural products. In addition, through education that makes children feel familiar with agriculture and agricultural products, they will deepen their attachment to “local agricultural products” and a sense of security, thereby expanding the consumption of agricultural products and supporting local agriculture. In Kaga City, in cooperation with JA Kaga’s “JA Kaga Agri School Project”, children are promoting local production for local consumption in Kaga City by participating in agricultural experience activities. What is JA Kaga Agri School: Community-based food and agriculture education activities that provide children who will lead the next generation with opportunities such as farming experiences to help them understand the joy of growing agricultural products, harvesting and eating fresh food. Is. By dispatching farming instructors and union member farmers to elementary schools in the city and having elementary school students learn about farming, they deepen their understanding of agriculture and give children the joy of growing agricultural products happily, harvesting and eating fresh food. It is famous as an effort to get people to understand. From Ishikawa Sunrise Industries Creation Organization: JA Green Kaga Agricultural Products Direct Sales Office “Genki Village”, Kaga City vegetables grown from two clear streams and fertile land are registered as “Kaga Kutani Vegetables”, as of September 1, 2021. JA Kaga’s Ajihei Squash cultivation is spreading mainly as a crop of paddy rice, and is cultivated throughout Kaga city. It is a powdery squash that boasts a moderate sweetness and a fluffy feeling. It seems that Ajihei Squash is often shipped after about a week because it becomes sweeter and tastier when it is stored and aged than immediately after harvesting. The texture also changes from fluffy to sticky, so it’s a good idea to change the cooking method depending on when you eat. I heard that it is cultivated all over Japan, including Ishikawa, Hokkaido, Aichi, and Kagoshima prefectures. Harvesting begins in early July and ends in late August or September. Shipment starts at the same time as harvesting, but the ones that have been aged for about a week have a higher sugar content and are more delicious. Shipments reach their peak from late July to early August, but it can be said that many of them are more mature after mid-August. A high-quality variety that pursues strong powder quality, high sugar content, and flavor. The flat fruits with a fruit weight of 1.7 to 1. kg are well aligned. The grass is strong, the vines grow well, and there are few side branches, so it is suitable for large-area free-range cultivation in tunnels and open fields. Large fruits can be produced by high fertilizer cultivation that emphasizes the original fertilizer. The flesh is dark yellow and thick, and the powderiness is the highest 30 days after flowering, and it becomes viscous and the sugar content is the highest at about 17 degrees in 40 to 45 days. The pericarp is dark patina with fine leaflet spots. I heard that there is no discoloration of the peel after harvesting and it has a long shelf life.
From Vilmoran Mikado Co., Ltd., Ajihira pumpkin has a strong flesh and excellent taste, and is the most popular Wase variety. A high-quality species that pursues strong powder, high sugar content, and flavor. It seems that the fruits are well-aligned with high-waisted flat fruits with a fruit weight of 1.6 to 1.8 kg. The grass is medium, the vines grow well, and there are few side branches, so it seems to be suitable for precocious cultivation in tunnels and open fields. The pericarp is dark patina with fine leaflet spots, and there is little discoloration of the pericarp after harvesting, and it has a long shelf life. The flesh is dark yellow and thick, with the highest powderiness 30 days after flowering, and about 45 days after it becomes viscous and has the highest sugar content.
It seems that the JA adjusts the cultivation time for each region and carries out long-term harvesting and stable shipment from August to October. In addition, “Amahoku Pumpkin (according to Kaneko Seed Co., Ltd.), which can be stored until the end of winter, is harvested after July (around 45 to 50 days after flowering) and is nutritious and has a strong feeling of warmth and is easy to cook. However, the skin is soft and can be easily cut with a kitchen knife. Moreover, the skin does not remain in the mouth even when eaten. The meat has a smooth texture and a pleasant texture, has no habit, and is easy for anyone to eat. However, the content of carotinoids is extremely high in terms of content) ” Is also cultivated, and it seems to be characterized by a chewy texture and a long shelf life. Although it is a characteristic of the ingredients, it is mainly cultivated with high flour and high sugar content varieties, and I hear that it boasts a sweet and chewy texture.
In order to improve the growth of female flowers, it is desirable to raise seedlings at low temperature for a short day in the nursery if possible. After germination, the minimum temperature is 12 to 15 ° C until the true leaves are about the size of a 10-yen coin, and after that, the temperature is controlled to 10 to 12 ° C, and it seems that the optimum day length is 8 to 9 hours. The fertilizer effect is devised so that it is the highest after fruit set. (Combined use of fast-acting fertilizer and slow-acting fertilizer) The cultivation density varies depending on the number of tailored ridges, but it seems that 60 cm is suitable for two tailoring with a ridge width of 2.7 to 3 m, and 70 to 75 cm for three tailored. It is said that the fruit-bearing node should be the 10th node at the most fruit, and the 15th node should be set especially when the grass is weak. The side branches up to the fruit set are removed early. If the grass is too strong, remove up to the second fruit. Harvest varies depending on cropping type and weather, but seems to ripen in 40 to 45 days. The best sugar content, powderiness and flavor are 10 to 15 days after harvest. The sugar content seems to be 14 to 15 degrees. For pest control, it is said to be based on conventional varieties.