JA Ishikawa Prefecture Headquarters collaborates with JA Kanazawa City, Zen-Noh Export Countermeasures Department, JA Zen-Noh International, and Zen-Noh International Hong Kong to represent Ishikawa Prefecture’s sweet potato “Gorojima Kintoki Sweet potatoes (one of the 15 traditional vegetables in Kanazawa Gorojima). Sweet potatoes that are mainly produced in the Awagasaki area and the Zen-Noh sand dunes. It is said that the origin of the sweet potatoes is that in the Edo period, a person named Taroemon brought back seed potatoes from Kagoshima and started cultivating them. Shima-kintoki is a sugar-based variety of high-grade No. 14 selected varieties. It is the most sugar-based sweet potato in Japan, so it is impressive that it has a stronger feeling of warmth than others. But it seems that it continues to fascinate people)” has been exported to Hong Kong since January 2022. It is one of the Kaga vegetables and is shipped to Ishikawa prefecture, Kanto and Kansai markets, but it seems that it has started exporting from this year as a new sales channel. This is the first time that JA Group Ishikawa has directly exported fruits and vegetables from the prefecture. The headquarters will continue to work on exporting not only Gorojima Kintoki but also other prefecture-produced fruits and vegetables in order to maximize producers’ take-home and increase consumption of prefecture-produced fruits and vegetables. , Reassuring. Within the jurisdiction of JA Kanazawa City, it seems that the harvest of one of the Kaga vegetables, “Kagafuto Cucumber”, began on April 6, 2022 in Utsugimachi, Kanazawa City. Approximately 400 kg will be shipped for the first time on the same day, and it seems that it will be lined up in supermarkets and other stores around noon on the 7th. It is a white cucumber with a fruit length of 22 to 27 cm and a fruit diameter of 6 to 7 cm, and it seems that one fruit weighs as much as 600 g. It doesn’t become knotty, and the harvest per plant seems to be more than a dozen fruits. I heard that the flesh is thick but soft, and has a good taste and longevity. It is mainly semi-forcing cultivation, and it seems that some suppression cultivation is also carried out. The pruning method is to make two branches, the main branch is pinched at 15 to 20 nodes, the side branches with 7 or more nodes are pinched leaving one leaf, and the fruit is set at 1 to 2 to 3 nodes. is. In 1936, Toshio Yonebayashi, an executive farmer in Hisayasu Town, Kanazawa City, took over the seeds of Tohoku short-thick cucumbers for boiling from jobber and cultivated them among seven nearby vegetable farmers. At that time, the futo cucumber was close to the melon, and it seemed to be triangular and yellowish. However, over the years, “Kanazawa fushinari cucumbers” that had been cultivated nearby (in the early Showa era, Kanazawa fushinari cucumbers were made in Teraji, which is close to Hisayasu, and when the price became cheaper, they were grown thick and shipped to the market as boiled cucumbers. In the fall of 936, a fruit and vegetable merchant in Arimatsu, Rokusaburo Tsurugi, said that and handed about 200 cucumber seeds to the rice grove and cultivated them in earnest. In shape, the fruit color changed from yellow to dark green, and it seems that the current Kanazawa specialty Kaga futo cucumber was completed around 1952. The production area has moved from the Minma area in the city of Kanazawa to the Utsugi area in the dunes from around 1970, and the cultivation method has changed from open field cultivation to house cultivation and greenhouse cultivation, and shipped to the local market, Tokyo market and Keihanshin market. It seems that it was done. I heard that 13 houses in Uchiki-cho are cultivating on about 2.8 hectares. According to JA Zen-Noh Ishikawa, it is expected to ship about 450 tons by early November 2023. The peak season seems to be from mid-May to early June. Kaga futo cucumbers are characterized by their thick and soft flesh, and the larger ones weigh about 600 grams. Cultivation in a glass greenhouse and a greenhouse seems to keep the room temperature at about 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. The knack for cultivation is the hours of sunshine, and if the vinyl gets dirty, it seems to be humbled by the cucumbers so that they can be exposed to the sun as much as possible, and to make daily efforts for consumers. In April 1974, 27 agricultural cooperatives in Kanazawa City merged to form the Kanazawa City Agricultural Cooperative. After that, in April 1992, the nickname of the agricultural cooperative came to be called JA, and the JA notation became “JA Kanazawa City”. JA is an abbreviation for Japan Agricultural Cooperatives, and is a nickname that symbolizes the image of a new agricultural cooperative. The jurisdiction of JA Kanazawa City is the entire area of Kanazawa City. While reaffirming the important role of supplying fresh and safe agricultural products to citizens and securing precious nature, we are promoting efforts in collaboration with the government to utilize the multifaceted functions of agriculture. In addition, based on the spirit of cooperation and mutual aid, it is said that it is promoting activities to contribute to union members and local communities. “Kaga vegetables” (currently, the following 15 items have been certified in “Kanazawa”, Ishikawa Prefecture. , Seri, Utsugi Akakawa Amaguri Pumpkin, Akagawa, Kuwai, Kanazawa Ippon Onion, Futatsuka Karashina, Kanazawa Shungiku) There are many agricultural products that are proud of. Among these agricultural products, those that meet certain conditions are certified as “Kanazawa Sodachi”. The purpose is to promote production and expand consumption by certifying it as an excellent agricultural product produced by making the best use of the climate and increasing the awareness and trust of consumers. [Kanazawa Sodachi certified items (5 items)] Daikon radish, watermelon (including Kodama watermelon), none, tomato, cucumber Kodama; Small watermelon, tomato, and cucumber were added in January 2016. [Kanazawa Sodachi Certified Producers (7 groups)]: Daikon radish–JA Kanazawa City Sand Dunes Collection and Shipping Area Daikon Subcommittee. Watermelon-JA Kanazawa City Sand Dunes Collection and Shipping Area Watermelon Subcommittee, JA Kanazawa City Kanazawa Kodama Watermelon Subcommittee. Pear- JA Kanazawa City Pear Subcommittee, JA-Kanazawa Chuo Fruit Tree Subcommittee. Tomato-JA Kanazawa City Sand Dunes Collection and Shipping Area Tomato Subcommittee. Cucumber-JA Kanazawa City Sand Dunes Collection and Shipping Area Gourd Subcommittee. Producing area: Sakiura district, Kuratsuki district, Kahokugata. Shipping time: Early August to late October. Cultivation characteristics: Sakiura district (Tachiyama town, Tate town, Nishiki town, Okuwa town), Asakawa district, Kura It is cultivated in the moon area. It has been cultivated nationwide since its appearance at the end of the 18th century, and there are many varieties, but it is mainly a red pear variety called Sansui Pears (Shinsui, Kosui, Hosui) with a strong red (brown) color of the pericarp. The 20th century, which has a strong blue (green) color of the pericarp, has been shipped and sold directly to the local market and the Kansai market for a long period of time. Variety: Shinsui Pear, Kosui Pear, Kaga Shizuku Pear（1998 Seeds collected from the pear variety “Kuratsuki Pear” (later found to be “Kosui Pear” by his father): 1999 Sowing, 2005 First fruiting, 2008 6 tasty strains selected, 2013 6 strains Select one of the most promising strains, apply for variety registration in 2014, decide the name as “Kaga Shizuku Pear” in 2016, Debut in the market in 2017）, Hosui Pear, 20th Century, Kuratsuki Pear, Nansui Pear, Akizuki Pear, Niitaka Pear. We aim to promote production and expand consumption by certifying excellent agricultural products produced by utilizing the climate of Kanazawa as “Kanazawa Sodachi” and increasing the awareness and trust of consumers. Implementing body: Kanazawa City Agricultural Products Brand Association. Requirements for certification applicants: Individuals and groups that have an address in Kanazawa and produce a certain amount of agricultural products subject to certification. Have and practice cultivation guidelines for the agricultural products to be produced. Must have and comply with shipping standards for the agricultural products to be produced. The cultivation history of the agricultural products to be produced must be booked and organized. Strive to work on GAP (Agricultural Production Process Management) for the agricultural products to be produced. Strive to work on safe and secure cultivation methods that are environmentally friendly for the agricultural products that are produced. Target individual group Certified farmer: Kanazawa City Agricultural Cooperative or Kanazawa Central Agricultural Cooperative Production Group (Subcommittee): Agricultural corporation: An organization organized by a farmer who has three or more members and has rules regarding organization and operation. The Japanese pear variety “Akizuki Pear” is a slightly Okute type red pear. Compared to existing varieties that mature after “Hosui Pear”, the fruit appearance is good and the fruit quality is excellent. The tree vigor is strong and the density of branch shoots is high. The epiphytes of short fruit branches are medium, and the epiphytes of flower buds are large. The maturity period in the breeding ground (Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Prefecture) is generally in the middle and late September, and it is harvested between “Hosui Pear” and “Niitaka Pear”, and the yield seems to be about the same as both varieties. It is resistant to black spot disease (Alternaria alternata Japanese pear pathotype), and it is said that the conventional control of red pear is sufficient for scab and other pests. The fruits are oblate and the skin color is yellow-reddish brown. The size is about 500 g, which is smaller than “Niitaka Pear” but bigger than “Hosui Pear”. The flesh hardness is about 4 lbs（It is known that the hardness of fruits decreases as they mature and becomes the lowest toward the beginning of the harvesting period.）, which is about the same as “Hosui Pear”, and the sugar content is about 12%, which is about the same as “Hosui Pear”. The pH（It is the concentration of hydrogen ions, not the concentration of “hydrogen”.）of the juice is around 5.0, and it seems that the taste is not sour. Almost no heart rot occurs. Depending on the location and year, water-soaked pulp disorders and corkism pulp disorders may occur. The shelf life is about 10 days at room temperature of 25 ° C, which is shorter than “Niitaka Pear” and seems to be about “Hosui Pear”. When the relationship between the amount of fertilizer applied and the flesh disorder was investigated, the occurrence of cork-like disorders increased in the fertilizer-rich area (N44 kg / 10 a), and the occurrence of water immersion disorders increased in the nitrogen-free area (N0 kg / 10 a). Therefore, it is effective to reduce the nitrogen application rate in fields where many cork-like disorders occur, and to prevent nitrogen shortage by topdressing at a time when the sugar content is not affected in fields where water immersion disorders occur. It is thought that the delay in the ripening period of cork-like flesh disorder is a factor that promotes the occurrence, but it seems that the occurrence of cork-like flesh disorder can be reduced by accelerating the ripening period by spraying etephone. If the preliminary fruit thinning is delayed, the occurrence of cork-like pulp damage becomes severe, so it is presumed that it is preferable to perform the preliminary fruit thinning at an early stage（From NARO）.
In addition to “Kaga vegetables”, it seems that there are many agricultural products in Kanazawa that are produced by taking advantage of the climate of Kanazawa and boast excellent quality and abundant production. It seems that among these agricultural products, those that meet certain conditions are certified as “Kanazawa Sodachi”. Certified items (5 items) Japanese white radish, watermelon (including small watermelon), none, tomato, cucumber, small watermelon, tomato, and cucumber were added in January 2016. None: JA Kanazawa City Pear Subcommittee, JA Kanazawa Chuo Fruit Tree Subcommittee.
Kanazawa pears grown in Kanazawa, a castle town of Kaga Hyakumangoku, are harvested after they are fully ripe on the tree, so their strength and characteristic are that they have a high sugar content and are large balls. It is a new variety registered as a variety in 2001. The sugar content of Akizuki pear is about 13%, and because it has little acidity, it has a strong sweetness, and the flesh has a perfect balance of crispness and is juicy. The size of the fruit is about 500 g, which is large enough to be eaten, and it is made into a very beautiful and beautiful round shape, which is very close to a work of art.
Optical sensor type fruit sorters that can sort with less damage due to non-destruction are attracting attention because they can measure the deliciousness that consumers eat. Every year, it starts from the latter half of July with Shinsui Pear Kosui Pear and continues to ship until the end of September, but will continue to be “Kaga Shizuku Pear”, “20th Century Pear”, “Hosui Pear”, “Kuratsuki (mutant species)” and “Nanshui Pear”. Many varieties such as “Akizuki Pear” and “Niitaka Pear” are scheduled to be relay-shipped one after another until around autumn.