At the beginning of April 2022, Lysichiton camtschatcensis; skunk cabbage flowers, which announce the arrival of early spring in Onuma Quasi-National Park (Onuma-cho, Nanae-cho, Kameda-gun, Hokkaido), seem to have begun to bloom in the wetlands along the lakeside excursion road. In Onuma, Konuma and Junsainuma there are places where ice that covers the surface of the lake remains, and it seems that the changing seasons shine brightly. Skunk cabbage is a perennial of Araceae. The pure white part is a deformed leaf called spatha, and columnar flowers bloom splendidly inside. The amount of snowfall on Onuma this winter was 270 cm, which was about 60% of the average year, but it seems that the number of flowers is still small due to the snow that fell in the middle of March and the temperature dropped in the end of the same month. It seems that it will take about two weeks to see the clusters in the park. Maybe some of you can’t wait? Soon, it’s time for their ephemeral generation of sunny days. Hakodate Port Opening and Ote Factory: In 1854, the opening of Hakodate Port made Nanae Village a pedestrian area for foreigners, and in order to meet the demand for foreign ships, the Shogunate opened a handicraft factory and ranch in Nanae. , Established a directly managed experimental site to explore the possibilities of agriculture in Ezo. The retro Ferris wheel in Hakodate Park is said to be Japan’s oldest active Ferris wheel. It was originally installed in 1950 at Onuma Park in Nanae Village (now Nanae Town). Also, looking at the history of libraries in Hokkaido, I am curious that in 1913, a doctor in Mori Town, Mr. Tadasu Muraoka, established a private Takeyo Bunko in Ikusagawa, Nanae. Mr. Muraoka is a family doctor of the Matsumae domain, and is known for his friendship with the Ainu people and collection of Ainu materials, but he was also a pioneer of Mr. Kenzo Okada, who created the Hakodate Library, in relation to the library. In Southern Hokkaido, where Wajin’s local society has existed since the Middle Ages, there are many more complicated and interesting historical facts than in Sapporo, which has a short history of Wajin, and Nanae seems to be no exception. It is said that there have been various activities of Wajin; Japanese centered on agriculture since the time of the Matsumae domain. In 1845, 28-year-old Mr. Takeshiro Matsuura traveled to Nemuro and Rausu in the name of Hakodate merchant Wagaya Sonbei, but also recorded that he passed through Nanae (Ezo Diary). It seems that it was a trip before Mr. Takeshiro was hired by the Shogunate under the direct control of Ezo for the second time. It is written that there are about 30 houses in a sunny place facing west, and firewood and vegetables are shipped to Hakodate every day, and charcoal production is also active. Gartonel Incident: In 1869, Mr. Takeaki Enomoto, who occupied Ezo, signed a contract to lend a vast land of 3 million tsubo to Mr. Reinhard Gartonel, a Prussian (Germany), to clear Nanae by Western farming. For this reason, the Meiji government recovered it with huge compensation after the Battle of Hakodate, but the return of this land (Gartner case) was a very serious diplomatic problem faced by the new government: Birthplace of Western Agriculture in Japan: At the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, Prussian (Germany) merchant Mr. Reinhard Gartner opened a farm here and practiced Prussian farming. Gartonel begins with agricultural machinery such as plows, halos, and mowers, which were not found in Japan, as well as seeds such as wheat, barley, swallow, rapeseed, and cabbage, and apples. He brought fruit trees such as plows, grapes and apples from plows, and hired Japanese farmers to work on plow-style agriculture. In 1869, he signed a contract with the Ezo administration of the time (Mr. Enomoto Takeaki’s Republic of Ezo) and rented a vast land of 3 million tsubo for 99 years. Later, the new government managed to cancel this amazing contract, but if the world was the world, the center of Nanae Town was Germany until 1968 (1871: The German Empire was established around Prussia). In light of the fact that Hong Kong was a British territory until June 1997, it seems that we can realistically imagine the trend of modern history that rushed to Nanae. Nanae Government Garden and Agricultural Technology: After that, Gartonel’s farm was taken over by the Meiji government and became a Nanae government garden. This government garden is the title of the Agricultural Experiment Station, and it seems that the name continued until 1894, changing to the Nanae Agricultural Experiment Station, the Nanae layer Agricultural Experiment Station, and the Nanae layer Agricultural Experiment Station. Various crops were cultivated in the government garden in order to search for crops suitable for cold regions, but foreign teachers such as Mr. Edwin Dun provided guidance on breeding and processing techniques for imported livestock. This farm seems to be the origin of Hokkaido agriculture. In the Meiji era, foreign engineers and officials such as Antissel and Warfield visited for the construction of the Sapporo main road leading to the current national highway No. 5（The only single-digit national highway in Hokkaido. Designated in 1952 (prototype is 1907) Starting point: Hakodate City, Hokkaido, Hakodate Station intersection (41 degrees 46 minutes 21.4 seconds north latitude 140 degrees 43 minutes 40.9 seconds east longitude) Main Via cities Oshamambe Town, Yamakoshi, District Isoya District, Niseko Town, Abuta District, Kutchan Town, Otaru City End point Kita 1-jobashi, Chuo Ward, Sapporo City, Hokkaido (43 degrees 3 minutes 45.8 seconds north latitude 141 degrees 21 minutes 24.1 seconds east longitude)）, and because of their resting place, the hotel was a rare style hotel at that time. The lower hotel was built. From the beginning of the Meiji era, Onuma, which had been a walking ground for foreigners, was visited by royal aristocrats such as Germany and Italy and many foreigners. In 1929, the Norwegian ski team showed off the feats of skiing to the townspeople, and until around 1955, there was interaction with foreign tourists visiting Onuma Park for sightseeing. Hokkaido Komagatake started its activity more than 30,000 years ago, and after a rest period of about 25,000 years, it spewed pyroclastic fall and pyroclastic flow 6,000 years ago, and entered the rest period of about 500 years again. In the Edo period, during the large eruption of Kanei, after several hours of violent mountain noise, a part of the mountaintop collapsed, debris avalanche flowed into the eruption bay (the bay in southwestern Hokkaido), a large tsunami occurred, and on the coast. I hear that more than 700 people have been killed. The eruption lasted for about 3 days and then suddenly subsided for about 70 days. It is said that the debris avalanche at this time also attacked the southern foot of the mountain and blocked the Orito River to form Lake Konuma and Lake Onuma, forming the current elegant mountain scenery of Mt. Komagatake（It is an active volcano with an altitude of 1,131 m that straddles Mori Town, Shikabe Town, and Nanae Town in Hokkaido, and has become a symbol of the Oshima Peninsula. It seems that it used to have a cone-shaped mountain like Mt. Fuji.）. However, the eruption at this time greatly destroyed the top of the mountain, and the main peak as the outer ring mountain surrounding the crater, Kengamine (1,131 m), Sawaradake (1,113 m), Mori Sumita (892 m), and the back of the ridgeline piece (about 900 m). , It seems that he made the back of a horse (about 850 meters). Since then, Komagatake has been erupting more than a dozen times, large and small, in the 350 years since the great eruption of Kanei. Chifu School was established in 1881 in Shandong Province, China, for teachers and pupils of foreign missionaries, and was established in Japan in 1964. The town’s Chifu School has missionaries who work in Japan and South Korea, but there is another school in Asia, Malaysia, where they have missionaries who work in Southeast Asia. The education is basically in English, but it seems that he also taught Korean, Chinese, and Japanese. In the past, I participated in an athletic meet at Togeshita Elementary and Junior High School and had exchanges with the local community. Although it was closed in 1998, it seems that it has become more tolerant of different cultures as it has become more commonplace with the townspeople. Nanae Town History Museum（Honcho）: A facility where you can comprehensively study the history of the town by equipping it with modern facilities in place of the Nanae Town Educational Materials Room, which opened in 1984. The museum was established in 1870 because of the history of Nanae Town from the time it was hunting and gathering in the natural environment to the present day, and the birthplace of Western-style agriculture in Japan. A lot of valuable materials are prepared, such as an overview of Nanae Gakuen, which played the role of a technical guidance center, and a permanent exhibition of the state of life in each season until the early Showa era. The Hokkaido Shinkansen opened on June 26, 2016. The Oshima area where the Shinkansen runs and the Hiyama area, which was the stage of western-route shipping trade from the Edo period to the Meiji period, are located in the southern part of Hokkaido and are blessed with a relatively warm climate in Hokkaido. Due to the small amount of snow, the Shinkansen Agricultural Cooperative, which has jurisdiction over 2 cities and 12 towns in the area, produces and ships various types of vegetables throughout the year. JA Shin Hakodate ships 70 to 80% of the shipment of green onions to the outside of Hokkaido. With the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen, it is said that it is working to further strengthen sales outside Hokkaido and raise awareness as a special product. Shipments are unified under the brand “Hakodate Raised”. Was jointly launched by 8 JAs around Hakodate City in 1996 before the wide-area merger, and the agricultural products that each JA had shipped under its own name are unified and shipped as “Hakodate-raised”. By unifying the standards, the aim was to raise awareness of the production area, and at the same time, improve quality and strengthen sales capabilities. In addition to green onions, various items such as rice, tomatoes, and cucumbers are said to be shipped as “bred in Hakodate.” It seems that JA Shin Hakodate’s out-of-road shipments are not specialized in a specific area, but are dispersed in the areas of Kanto, Kinki, and Tokai, which are large consumption areas. It is said that securing shipping destinations within this area is the result of promoting sales through existing business partners with whom we had transactions since the time when we were shipping Chinese cabbage and winter tomatoes. Among them, as a characteristic movement, compared to the time of 2006, the ratio to the arrival volume of the Osaka Central Wholesale Market increased by about 20 points at the peak, reaching the 40% range from the high 30% range. The 10-year (2006-2016) growth is due to the impact of the provisional safeguard measures for green onions that were launched in April 2001, when the market arrival of Chinese green onions decreased significantly, and the replacement demand from existing customers. It seems that it was an opportunity to respond to. It is said that the products were distributed and shipped to major markets all over the country in order to meet the demand of market participants who were looking for procurement from alternative production areas in Japan. It is said that the evaluation from was high. This seems to have further fostered a relationship of trust with existing Kinki business partners and led to the development of new business partners. After that, the market share increased steadily due to the enforcement of the positive list system（A system that basically prohibits the distribution of foods that contain more than a certain amount of pesticides for which no standards have been set. May 2003: Amendment of Food Hygiene Law, October: Provisional standard (first draft) announced, August 2004: Provisional standard (second draft) announced, provisional standard (final draft) compiled at the end of May 2005, WTO report, public comment solicitation August, September Food Safety Committee investigation deliberation, Pharmaceutical Affairs / Food Sanitation Council Food Hygiene Council Food Hygiene Subcommittee Deliberation / Report November: Notification of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, provisional standards, etc. 715 Item list Standard values for each crop by item Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare → Provisional standards for pesticides remaining in foods (final draft), provisional standards in the positive list system for pesticides remaining in foods (final draft: standards) Price list) . The amount determined by the Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare after hearing the opinion of the Pharmaceutical Affairs and Food Sanitation Council as an amount that does not harm human health: A certain amount or more. If uniform standards apply: Foods that do not have a residue standard (including crops). If the standard values are set in the following, they are used as provisional standards. Codex standards, which are international standards: Registration suspension standards based on the Agricultural Chemicals Control Law, standards set in other countries (US, Canada, EU, etc.), Those that are not subject to uniform standards: Substances specified by the Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare as having no risk of harming human health, general examples: Natural enemies stipulated in Article 1-2, Paragraph 2 of the Agricultural Chemicals Control Law, same Specified pesticides stipulated in Article 2 of the Law etc.）on May 29, 2006 and the decrease in the share of Chinese products due to the Chinese-made frozen gyoza poisoning incident that became apparent. At the time of 2016: In addition to the fact that the production volume itself was in a declining phase due to the aging of agricultural workers and the shortage of workers, Kinki is increasingly seeking direct sales and contract transactions with actual consumers who do not pass through the market. He said that he felt that the reliability of us from the market participants was relatively higher than that of the production areas in and around the area. I want to go. The strength of inquiries from Kinki is also affected by changes in the consumption structure of the region. Since that time, it has been said that green onions are preferred in Kinki, but looking at the changes in the amount of green onions received at the Osaka Central Wholesale Market, green onions are on a downward trend, while white onions are on an increasing trend year by year. In addition, looking at the annual purchase amount of green onions per capita in Kinki, although it varies from year to year, it is generally on an increasing trend, and household consumption is increasing. Among the vegetables produced by JA Shinhakodate, which is known for the “Hakodate-raised” brand, it boasts the largest cultivated area on all roads. In particular, raw food has
At the end of January 2019, the 2018 Hokkaido Youth Agricultural Conference Project Announcement (Regional Activities Division), Nanae’s green onion branding, Calcots Festival IN with Roadside Station, is in the Oshima Subprefecture Bureau. The 58th Nanae Town 4H Club, which won the highest award and became the representative of Hokkaido, was held in Tokyo on February 26th and 27th, 2019. He made a presentation as a representative of Hokkaido in the regional activities section of the National Youth Farmers Conference, and received the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Award, which is a very prestigious highest award. The club is a group of volunteer farmers in their teens to 20s in the town, and can be used for branding green onions (Kita no Takumi) produced in Nanae-cho, and for grilled meat that fully uses its japanese leek. Assuming that the PR activities of the town’s specialty green onion, which was carried out in collaboration with related organizations, such as exploring the commercialization of sauce and participating in events at the roadside station “Nanairo Nanae”, are model activities of other 4H clubs. It seems that it has been evaluated.
As represented by paddy field and upland farming income stabilization measures, the national agricultural policy concentrates on the bearers centered on certified farmers, so the Nanae Town Regional Leader Development Comprehensive Support Council (Extension Center, Agricultural Commission, Agricultural Cooperative) , Each production association, supervising farmer, town, etc.), etc., go back to about 9 years ago, depending on various standards based on the basic concept of Nanae Town and the management content such as the farming plan grasped by the agricultural cooperative. Has secured 198 certified farmers. Within the jurisdiction, it seems that it plans to secure as many certified farmers as possible in cooperation with related organizations with the aim of further increasing certification. It continues to develop as a suburban type adjacent to Hakodate City, which is a consumption area, and plays a role as an important food supply base in Southern Hokkaido, and it seems that it is a challenge to secure a large amount of high-quality agricultural land with high productivity. For this reason, 7,342 ha, which is 34.0% of the total area of the town, has been designated as an agricultural promotion area, and it seems that efforts have been made to conserve and improve agricultural land and to develop Japan’s agriculture. The area around the town is a relatively warm area, the birthplace of Hokkaido agriculture, and the birthplace of Western agriculture in Japan.