Nara Prefectural Agricultural Cooperative Association, April 1, 1999 Established by the merger of 42JA in Nara prefecture. This is the first single merger in the entire prefecture in Japan. In addition, on October 1, 1999, the Nara Prefectural Credit Agricultural Cooperative Association and the Nara Prefectural Economic and Agricultural Cooperative Association were comprehensively succeeded. Demonstration project name: Labor saving for fruit selection work in large-scale persimmon production areas by automatic fruit selection based on sensing technology, composition: Nara Prefectural Agricultural Cooperative, JA Naraken Nishiyoshino Persimmon Subcommittee, Gojo City Nara Prefectural Gojo High School Kanasei Branch School, Nara Food and Agriculture Attractive Creation International University, Nara Prefectural Southern Agriculture and Forestry Promotion Office, Nara Prefectural Agricultural Research and Development Center. The Nishiyoshino district of Gojo City, which is one of the leading persimmon producing areas in Japan, has a shipping system with a joint fruit sorting plant, but the labor of the fruit sorting plant cannot be secured only by farmers and local employment, and we are also hiring outside the region. It seems. Due to the spread of the new coronavirus infection, it seems that employment labor from outside the region cannot be secured. In addition, many local employees refuse to work at the fruit sorting plant for fear of infection. In addition to the aging of veteran workers who have fruit sorting technology, it is difficult to secure general workers due to the influence of corona, so the operation of the fruit sorting plant is in a difficult situation, but the smart agriculture demonstration project was successful. As one of Japan’s leading persimmon producing areas, it seems that it is breathtaking to make efforts to become a model for other producing areas not only in terms of quality but also in terms of shipping system. Goals: Labor-saving effect of sorting work by skilled hired workers (reducing the conventional 48 people to 8 people by 80% or more), 20% improvement in the fruit sorting ability of the fruit sorting machine, manual selection of automatic fruit sorting accuracy Outline of the technical system to be demonstrated, which is equivalent to fruit work. Operation of a new fruit selection system using an AI-equipped full-circle (6 screens) measurement-compatible appearance sensor. JA Naraken’s management philosophy is safe food supply and affluent agriculture / rural development-practice of agricultural promotion plans that take advantage of regional characteristics. Creating a vibrant community-Vitalization of rural areas and coexistence with the community. Creating a JA that meets expectations and trust-It seems that business development and management soundness that meet needs. Gojo City, Nara Prefecture, It is located in the central part of the Kii Peninsula and in the southwestern part of the Nara Basin. The scenery overlooking Mt. Matsu; 待乳山 (prefectural border with Wakayama: The boundary between Yamato and Kii, About 100m above sea level) is as beautiful as a miniature garden. Envy and prominent place since the era of Manyo（in Japanese, the oldest extant collection of poems, called ‘Manyo-shu’）. Kongouikoma National Park（Designated on April 10, 1958, it incorporated the Izumi Mountains in October 1996 and became its current name.）, Yoshino Kumano National Park（Designated on February 1, 1936 with a total area of 61,406 ha.）, Yoshino River（On August 15, 16, Yoshino River Festival (at Okawa-bashi Bridge riverbed.）I wondered if it was an epidemic this year.）, Kumano River（Yoshino-gawa River continues to Kino-kawa River and flows into Kii Channel and Totsu-kawa and Kitayama-gawa Rivers continue to Kumano-gawa River and flow into Kumano-nada Sea. By building a tunnel from Gojo City at the north to Tentsuji Pass (800 meters above sea level), in 1922, a motor road was constructed for the first time at Kumano-gawa River Basin through which Kohechi went, however the construction was deferred again and again, and in 1936 the road to Kawatsu Village was finally completed. Seeing Kohechi vertically, even the lowest point is about 200 m above sea level except Hongu Town (Tanabe City) near Kumano-gawa River, and the highest points are Obako Pass (1,220 m) and Mt. Obako-dake (1,344 m), therefore, distribution of plants by altitude (Table 1) by the Nara Prefecture history editorial board positions the plants in Kohechi as the plant of hilly terrain, of highland, and of mountain.）, etc. The city is full of rich nature and a romance-filled history, such as national and quasi-national parks that give emotions to the four seasons. Historic sites from ancient times and Nanboku-Cho（When Yoshino, the base of the Southern Court surrendered in 1348 in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts, the Emperor Gomurakami entered Ano (currently Nishiyoshino Town, Gojo City) and the Southern Court was placed temporarily.）, roads and rivers where many people and cultures came and went. It’s full of no.1 in japan persimmon products, forestry with vast forest in the background, and distinctive local industry in livery. As the Gojo Daikansho（Installed in 1795 (Kansei 7): On August 17（September 29, 1863）, they attacked Gojoshi Daikansho (magistrate’s office) and beheaded Gennai SUZUKI, who was the daikan (magistrate), and raised an army to overthrow the bakufu.） was located, it developed as a central base in the Nanwa area（With Sakuraiji-Temple as the headquarters, he called the new government of Gojo and raised the flag of the debate. On the 18th, the privy council（Chogi-debate changed completely）and the Joi faction was defeated. Therefore, the Tenchugumi’s ritual loses its cause. The first armed rebellion at the end of the Tokugawa shogunate（days of the Tokugawa shogunate）, in which a low-ranking samurai and a wealthy farmer and a wealthy merchant were united.）. The proud history that became the birthplace of the Meiji Restoration（A political revolution in the latter half of the 19th century in Japan, called Meiji Restoration）. “Regional historical resources”, 東阿田稲口遺跡, 猫塚古墳, 荒坂の瓦窯跡, 栄山寺,宇智川磨崖碑, 宇智陵井上親王の墓, 草谷寺, 霊安寺町御霊神社, 念仏寺, 大澤寺,栗山家住宅. Nish-Yoshino Village was incorporated into Gojo City on September 25, 2005, along with Yoshino District Oto Village（On September 25, 2005, Nishi Yoshino Village and Oto Village in Yoshino County (Nara Prefecture) were incorporated into it.）. Famous;Meanwhile, Oaza of former Nishi Yoshino Village and that of former Oto Village came to start with ‘(Gojo City) Nishi Yoshino Town’ and ‘(Gojo City) Oto Town’ respectively. Nishiyoshino Onsen Hot Spring is a hot spring which is located in Jodo, Nishiyoshino Town, Gojo City, Nara Prefecture (former Nishi-yoshino Village) (Yamato Province, old province). Jokaku-ji Temple is a Koyasan Shingon sect temple located in Gojo City, Nara Prefecture (former Nishiyoshino Village, Yoshino County）, Enshrines the sect’s founder, Kukai（Japanese great teacher named Saint Kobo）: 普賢延命菩薩 – Vajramoghasamayasattva（大安楽不空真実菩薩）. 富有柿, 1820年（文政3年）に, 美濃国（岐阜（県））大野郡居倉村（瑞穂市居倉）の小倉ノブ氏が,『居倉』「御所柿（奈良県御所市原産）」を, 圃場に植樹されたのが, 始まりと聞いている。Over time, in 1857, his grandson “Chozo” took over his intentions, and in 1884, he entrusted his thoughts to “Saiji Fukushima” in the same district. For the first time, “Goshogaki persimmon” was grafted on the premises of the residential land (* not farmland). In 1898, there was a prefectural show, which was selected (judgment committee). We consulted on the naming of “Fukuju” and “Fuyu” with “Kamekichi Kuze”, the principal of Kawasaki Jinjo Elementary School. It was decided to be a passage of the classic “Li-chi（苛政猛於虎也: A Confucian scholar’s book on gratitude compiled by Taisei from Zhou to Han. All 49 volumes. Respected as one of the Five Classics since the Tang dynasty. Even the precious jade cannot be a good vessel unless it is polished. In the same way, human beings cannot become good members of society who know the way of being human unless they improve themselves by learning. The reason for being a person is polite. The beginning of courtesy is to correct the posture, attitude, and way of walking, then the expression is softened, and finally the wording is careful. Don’t be arrogant or rush with your desires. Only when you fulfill your duties as a child can you fulfill your responsibilities as a parent when you become a parent. Only by fulfilling your duties as a vassal can you fulfill your responsibilities as a monarch when you become a monarch. Only if you have the experience of serving your boss as a subordinate can you master his subordinates when you are in the position of boss. It is a savage human way of life to act as emotions go. The way of life according to gratitude is different from that. A good teacher is like a bell to the students. If you hit it small, it will make a small sound, and if you hit it big, it will make a loud sound.）”, “Fuyu Shikai”, and boasts a splendidly honorable first place. The following year, in 1899, he won the first prize at the 1st Vegetable Fruit Fair hosted by the Prefectural Agricultural Association. In that year, it was selected as a recommended variety of the prefecture by the then governor of Gifu prefecture, “Masaaki Nomura” and below. From “Fuyugaki”, the precocious completely sweet persimmon “Matsumoto Wase Fuyu Persimmon” changed the branch of “Fuyugaki” in the field of Mr. Yutaka Matsumoto in Shigasato Village, Ikaruga District, Kyoto (currently Ayabe City) around 1935. It’s been found. Harvest is expected from mid-October to early November. The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Forestry (Fisheries) certification was named and registered in 1952. “Fuyugaki Persimmon” from Nishiyoshino, which is said to be the finest persimmon. The history of persimmon production in Nishiyoshino Town goes back to the end of the Taisho era. Around this time, planting of “cashed tree crops” in the fields began, and at the same time, the cultivated land was converted to fruit fields, and it seems that clearing was also promoted. Currently, the persimmons produced in Nishiyoshino Town are of the types “Fuyu”, “Hiratanenashi”, and “Wase Tone”, and among them, “Fuyu persimmon”, which has a large production volume, seems to have begun to spread in the early Showa period. From the latter half of the 1955’s to the first half of the 1965’s, the construction of orchards centered on persimmons became popular, and the creation of suitable sites for persimmon production was almost completed. In 1974, the state-owned Gojo Yoshino Comprehensive Agricultural Land Development Project started with the aim of becoming the number one persimmon producing area in Japan. I heard that rough mountains and steep terrain, which had been difficult to clear until then, were also developed, and a large fruit tree producing area was born. In this way, it seems that the farmer’s management scale has gradually expanded, the modernization of farming has been promoted, and the farming landscape has changed completely. It seems that the latest equipment is now being introduced into the process that was patiently carried out by hand. Even so, it seems that the feelings and appearance of the farmers who are devoting themselves to making persimmons do not change. To bring up under one’s personal care The persimmon trees that have been raised seem to produce fine and good quality persimmons every year in response to their affection. The yield is the highest in Japan, and the taste of persimmon seems to be as confident as any production area. Nara’s house persimmon seems to be a persimmon cultivated in a vinyl house called Tone persimmon, which was born in Nara prefecture. Cultivating in a greenhouse accelerates the harvest time, but it is less susceptible to rain and disasters, and it can be cultivated while managing fertilizer and water, so it seems that delicious persimmons with a higher sugar content can be harvested. The average temperature is 16 degrees, which is surprisingly high, and it seems to be 18 degrees or more. In addition, since the rain does not hit the trees directly, diseases are less likely to occur, and since vinyl and nets are stretched around the trees, it is possible to prevent the invasion of pests and reduce the amount of pesticides used. Therefore, it seems that safe and delicious persimmons can be shipped nationwide. For high-precision sorting with the latest equipment, the “color, scratches, volume, shape” of fruits can be calculated electro-optically by a new sorting device using the latest CCD color camera method, and the grade and class can be determined instantly. It seems that you will be able to do it. The selected fruits have good color and ball alignment, and it seems that the market evaluation will be significantly improved. In addition, it seems that the fruit selection effect will be dramatically improved by supplying 100% fruit for each article based on 3 fruits per second. An abbreviation for Charge Coupled Device, it is a semiconductor device that converts an image into an electrical signal and extracts it. The size is about 1 cm in length and width, and it seems that it is made up of small pixels arranged in a grid pattern like a grid. When shooting a landscape with a camera, the light from the subject passes through the lens and forms an image on the CCD. When light hits one pixel of the CCD, an electric charge is generated according to the intensity of the light. It seems that the light intensity (concentration value) of each pixel can be obtained by extracting the magnitude of the charge as an electric signal. Around mid-September 2021, one of the main varieties, Wase Tone, which was cultivated in the open field, was shipped for the first time at JA Naraken Nishiyoshino Kaki Fruit Sorting Plant in Okudani, Nishiyoshino Town, Gojo City, about a week earlier than usual. Gojo City is famous as the “best persimmon in Japan” with the production volume of each municipality. It cases that eliminate infectivity by adhering to protruding proteins on the surface such as influenza virus.
The taste and texture of Fuyu persimmon changes depending on how ripe it is. For hard persimmons, you can enjoy the crisp and refreshing sweetness and crispy texture, and for ripe persimmons, you can fully enjoy the sweet juice and melted flesh. Fuyu persimmon is the most produced product in Japan among sweet persimmons, and it has a better texture of flesh than other persimmons, has a lot of juice, and has a strong sweetness and ripens so that it is called the king of persimmons. It is also a characteristic of this excellent agricultural product that it has a melting texture when it comes. The delicious harvest time is about one month from early November to early December. When Mr. Ogura of Ikura, Mizuho City, Gifu Prefecture, the birthplace, was an officer of the Youth Association, a person who moved to the Korean Peninsula in the same village was consulted to make Fuyu-gaki on the Korean Peninsula, and in 1926 (In neighboring countries, Chiang Kai-shek (former military officer from Fenghua District, Zhejiang Province, 3rd and 5th National Government Chiefs, 1st President of the Republic of China, and Permanent President of the Chinese National Party) will launch an anti-co-coup d’etat on March 20 (Zhongshan). Fuyu-gaki was sent to the Korean Peninsula (Keijō Imperial University opened in 1924, declared war on Japan in 1945, Soviet troops occupied the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, and closed in 1946). There is.
Nara persimmons are lovingly cultivated on slopes of 100 m to 400 m above sea level. With an average annual temperature of 14 to 15 ° C and a moderate temperature difference during the harvest season, it is a very suitable climate for growing persimmons. Supported by a long history and new technology, many young farmers have inherited the foundations of their predecessors and are enthusiastically working on making persimmons. Fuyu persimmon is cultivated on a mountain surface of about 300 m, and it seems that the cold morning and evening and the sunny weather in the daytime grow high quality fruits. The season and shipping time are from late October to early December. The history of persimmon production in Nishiyoshino Town goes back to the end of the Taisho era, about 96 years ago. Around this time, planting of “cashed tree crops” in the fields began, and at the same time, the cultivated land was converted to fruit fields, and it seems that clearing was also promoted.
Nara’s greenhouse persimmon grows Wase Tone, which was born in Nara prefecture, in a greenhouse. When cultivated in Greenhouse, the harvest time is earlier, it is less affected by the outside weather, and it can be cultivated while managing fertilizer and water, so it is possible to produce delicious and excellent agricultural products with higher sugar content. The sugar content of open-air persimmons is about 14 degrees at the highest, and the average of Greenhouse persimmons is 16 degrees, and if it is high, it is 20 degrees or more. In addition, since the rain does not hit the trees directly, diseases are less likely to occur, and the surrounding vinyl and nets prevent the invasion of pests, suppress pesticides, and ship safer and tastier persimmons nationwide. It seems.