Malus domestica ‘Jonathan’
青森県八戸市, 三戸郡五戸町, 新郷村, 南部町, 三戸町, 田子町, 階上町（JA八戸, JA全農あおもり）
In the southern part of the prefecture, it is called 満紅, and in the Tsugaru region, Sennari. Following various terms, the name is decided in 1900.
On March 19, 2022, due to the influence of the low pressure, snow was intensifying from the northern part of Tohoku to the Pacific side of Hokkaido. It seems that heavy snow and blizzards need to be watched over the afternoon. While the cyclone is developing, it is moving northeast off Sanriku (general term for Rikuzen, Rikuchu, and Mutsu), and it is snowing intermittently from the northern part of Tohoku where the active clouds surrounding the cyclone are passing. It seems. Especially in Iwate prefecture, the amount of snow has increased sharply. In Morioka City, which was 0 cm on the evening of the 18th, the snow depth seems to have increased to 32 cm at 9 o’clock. It reached 25 cm even in the coastal area of Miyako City. In addition, the Pacific coast of northern Japan is windy, and the maximum instantaneous wind speed is 34.7 m / s in Erimo Town, Horoizumi District, Hokkaido, Cape Erimo, 23.9 m / s in Hachinohe City, Aomori Prefecture, and 23.8 m / s in Onagawa Town, Miyagi Prefecture. I’m observing. Blizzard warning and heavy snow warning to Hokkaido and Iwate prefecture as of 11:00 am. A storm warning is being announced in Miyagi prefecture. Local people, guarding! Introducing Jonathan: Isopas Spitzemburg × Unknown. I heard that it was introduced from the United States in 1871. The harvest season is around mid-October（Nakate species）in cold regions. The fruit weight is 180-200 g. The fruit shape is circular and the fruit color is bright red. It is well-known as a world-class variety that is suitable for sweet and acid, has good quality, and is suitable for cooking and processing ingredients. However, since it is vulnerable to diseases and has low profitability, production has decreased in recent years, but I hear that it is still popular. As an aside, there are about 15,000 apple varieties around the world and about 2,000 apple varieties in Japan. I heard that about 300 species are cultivated at the Prefectural Apple Experiment Station and about 50 species are cultivated in the prefecture. It seems that about 40 types are shipped to the market. No, it’s wonderful. In this way, is our industry rooted in our country? The Hachinohe Agricultural Cooperative is an agricultural cooperative that merged the former JA Hachinohe Wide Area, the former JA Shinsei Gonohe, the former JA Mabechi, and the former JA Takko in April 2009. Located in the southeastern part of Aomori prefecture, Hachinohe city facing the Pacific Ocean is on the east side, Akita prefecture is on the west side, and Iwate prefecture is on the south side. The characteristic of the climate is that the low temperature may continue mainly in the coastal areas in the summer due to the influence of the easterly wind “Yamase; cold wind descending from the mountains” that blows from the Pacific Ocean side, which causes cold damage. In the mountainous areas, the temperature difference between day and night is large, and the amount of snowfall in winter is small in Aomori Prefecture. For this reason, in the jurisdiction, complex management is flourishing by combining paddy rice, horticulture, fruit trees, flowers, livestock and dairy farming, centering on upland farming such as long potatoes and garlic, according to the characteristics of the cultivated area such as climate and topography. The number of regular union members is 19,47, and the vegetable general subcommittee, which consists of shipping farmers, consists of 1478 units and 11 specialized departments. Among them, the number of bell pepper specialists is 343 (at the time of Reiwa 2). In addition to garlic, Kuraishi beef / Takko beef, Jonathan (apple), General Leclark (Western pear), Juno Heart (Cerasus avium: Mating and breeding research has been carried out since 1997 at the Aomori Prefectural Industrial Technology Center Apple Research Institute Prefectural South Fruit Tree Department in Gonohe Town, Aomori Prefecture. The Minami Fruit Tree Department of the prefecture is a facility where various activities such as research on stable production technology of Aomori prefecture’s specialty fruit trees, breeding of new varieties, and research on pest control are being promoted. It is said that research was carried out so that not only the taste but also the desired color and size would come out. In May 2005, a large-scale wildfire broke out near the Southern Fruit Tree Department of the Apple Research Institute, where the Juno Heart log is located. The fire approached three logs, but the residents inside and outside the town rushed to extinguish the fire and escaped the damage. Saplings were added from the logs. It seems that Juno Heart would not have been born without this log. It seems that the name of Juno Heart is derived from the fact that the goddess “Juno”, who controls the happiness of the family in Roman mythology, and the fruit are in the shape of a heart, wishing for the happiness of everyone from the good luck of avoiding the forest fire. “Juno Heart” was born by crossing Summit（Canada recommended varieties）, which has a strong sweetness and a good reputation for its taste, and Summit, which has large fruits and is well-separated. Dozens of combinations were bred to sprout, and from the fruit-bearing ones, we continued to select the ones with good taste. Among them, the ones with particularly good taste were selected, and the cherry farmers were asked to cultivate them on a trial basis, and it seems that they repeatedly listened to the opinions of the people concerned. 14 years to repeat. The quality is stable with a large red color and a strong sweetness, and the application for variety registration was submitted in March 2012, and the registration was granted in December 2013. It’s been about 22 years since it started, and it seems that his wish has come true.), and edible chrysanthemum are rare nationwide as special products in the jurisdiction. There are various items. In the jurisdiction, we mainly produce heavy vegetables such as yam, garlic, and burdock, but as the producers are aging, we focus on the production of green peppers as a conversion item from heavy vegetables, especially female producers. It is said that it has been focusing on lightweight summer and autumn vegetable promotion crops. While the market evaluation is increasing due to the high motivation of female producers for planting and the politeness of management and fruit selection work, it became a designated production area in 2010, and the planted area and the number of producers increased due to the conversion from leaf tobacco in 2012. Seems to be. After that, the planted area tended to decrease while the market unit price was sluggish, but in recent years when the sales unit price is stable, not only the conversion from heavy vegetables but also the initial investment is small and it is easy to manage, harvest and select fruits. In addition to being a pillar of cropping items for new farmers as an item, it seems that the number of producers who are trying to expand the scale of cropping by renting fallow land is increasing, which is helping to maintain the production area. The main cropping type is forcing / semi-forcing open-field cultivation using non-woven fabric coating using private seedlings and seedlings purchased from seedling companies, prevention of lodging by attracting flower nets, cultivation management by pruning, fertilization management and thorough harvesting within the standard. It is said that it is trying to maintain the tree vigor and is aiming for an average yield of 6 tons as summer and autumn peppers. As one of the promotion crops, we focused on recruiting new planting of bell peppers, and first focused on “production area”. Among them, she subsidizes soil diagnosis, which is indispensable for new planting and soil preparation. The purpose of this subsidy is to create a new and easy-to-work environment. Specifically, we hold cultivation seminars for new planters and provide detailed guidance from the planting preparation stage for planting. Achieves high quality and stable production from the first year. Furthermore, after planting, by holding a local cultivation class in the field in cooperation with JA, the prefecture promotion office, seed and seedling manufacturers, etc., it will be possible to provide more accurate guidance on fertilization management and pest control management in the cultivation year. The system is in place. Regarding the formation of the subcommittee organization, it seems that the district branch of the bell pepper specialty department is organized for each district farming center, and the representatives of each district form the bell pepper specialty department headquarters organization. I hear that this has led to the sharing and dissemination of cultivation information, the swift holding of cultivation seminars suitable for the situation in each district, and the increase in the sense of unity among producers and the amount of energy for cultivation. From a long-term perspective, based on the collected data of variety comparison tests and material comparison tests with the cooperation of the Hachinohe City Agricultural Promotion Center, we will guide cultivation to varieties that are more suitable for the climate of the planted area and unify cultivation techniques. , It seems that it contributes to high quality and stable production. There are two types of shipping: 4 kg cardboard (packed in bulk) and 7.5 kg cardboard (packed in 150 g bag). The criteria for fruit selection are A, B for grades and L, M, S for grades. Individual selection (hereinafter referred to as “individual selection”) in which the producers individually harvest and sort, and the harvested products by the producers are kept at the agricultural cooperative. It is said that the shipping system is a combination of machine co-selection, which is co-selection (hereinafter referred to as “co-selection”). At the beginning of the merger, shipping bases were set up for each old JA, and the shipping system was based on each base, so the shipment was inherited from the transactions with the old JA. Therefore, the transaction market is larger than the production volume, the shipment volume becomes unstable, and it seems that the sales unit price did not increase. For this reason, in order to expand the sales lot per transaction market, by consolidating the shipping area and transaction market, unifying the sales staff assigned to each base, and adding up the daily receipt quantity and distributing the shipment, each transaction market It is said that it tried to secure a sales share in Japan and establish continuous stable shipments. On the other hand, in order to reduce the burden of fruit sorting work by producers and realize high unit price sales while promoting area expansion, it is said that an automatic pouch (150 g) fruit sorting machine has been additionally introduced and co-selection is being carried out with a system of three machines. In addition, for lower grade products, MUJI (4 kg) and large bags (400 g) have been newly set to improve farm income. As a result, it is possible to quickly respond to sales demand and continue shipping the loosely packed (4 kg) centered on individual selection and the sachet (150 g) centered on co-selection, leading to advantageous sales. From the introduction site to JA Hachinohe, I would like to introduce Hachinohe City, Gonohe Town, Sannohe District, and Hashikami Town, which are considered to be the production areas. Hachinohe City is located in the southeastern part of Aomori Prefecture facing the Pacific Ocean. , Former Nagawa Town, Former Nanbu Town), and the south borders Hashikami Town and Karumai Town, Iwate Prefecture. As for the terrain, a plain surrounded by gentle plateaus spreads toward the Pacific Ocean, and two rivers, the Mabechi River and the Niida River, flow in the form of dividing the plain into three. A large-scale industrial port, fishing port, and commercial port have been developed in the coastal area, and an industrial zone is formed behind them. For this reason, it is one of the best fisheries cities in Japan with excellent fishing port facilities and facilities behind it, and seems to be the best industrial city in the northeastern part of Japan. The Nango area (formerly Nango village), which was merged on March 31, 2005, boasts a national name as a “Town of jazz and Buckwheat noodles”, and special products such as blueberries are being developed. It seems that it is. The summer is cool due to the influence of the cold and moist eastern wind (Yamase), and the winter is sunny and dry. In addition, although it is located in the north Tohoku region, it has a small amount of snowfall and long daylight hours. From the north of Iwate prefecture to the south of Aomori prefecture, the place names with “戸; He; 柵; Fence” added to the numbers from 1 to 9 are left. These areas were called “Nukanobu District” from the late antiquity to the Middle Ages. It is believed that the numbers from 1 to 9 remain what was called the place name in this Nukanobu district. This “fence” is considered to be a local governing body based on the ancient ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code). It seems that there is an idea to make it a forward base on the imperial court side moving north for control（It seems that there is an idea to make it a forward base on the imperial court side going north for Emishi rule.）. In any case, Hachinohe is said to mean the 8th “fence” in “Nukanobu”. Is it the main factor that the areas that were different clan in the Edo period were united in the Meiji period? It is interesting to see various regional differences between the Nanbu region and the Tsugaru region. It seems that there are various possible causes, such as differences in climate and topography, but one of the causes cannot be overlooked is that these two areas were territories of different clan for about 260 years during the Edo period. The relationship between the lords of the Nanbu clan and Tsugaru clan began with the independence of Tamenobu-Ko from the Nanbu clan at the end of the Warring States period, and was not good until the Battle of Noheji at the end of the Edo period. I hear that the confrontation between the South and Tsugaru, which is still sometimes said, is rooted in the fact that the two regions that originally had different regional characteristics were united as Aomori Prefecture by the abolition of the feudal clan after the Meiji Restoration. It seems that the friction between the two regions caused by the transition from the early modern period to the modern era was intertwined with the behavior of these feudal lords, creating a kind of confrontational feeling. It is believed that people settled in Gonohe Town from the discovery of numerous archaeological sites to the Jomon period, more than 5,000 years ago. In 1189, Kai Province and Nanbu Saburo Mitsuyuki-Ko were awarded the five counties of Nukanobu (now Sannohe, Aomori Prefecture, Kamikita District, etc.) by military service, which is the beginning of the so-called Nanbu region. Because it is suitable for raising military horses, it is said that the place name of Gonohe was born from the ranch system of Kunohe, which was divided into nine houses (ranches) and further divided into north, south, east and west. According to the oldest description in the history books, the description “Mutsu no Kuni Nukanobu Gonohe” can be seen in the letter of knowledge given to Saemonnojo Taira no Moritoki-Ko by Tokiyori Hojo-Ko, the authority of the Kamakura Shogunate in 1246. At that time, even though Mr. Nanbu ruled this Nukanobu district, the fact that he appointed Gonohe as a substitute for Gonohe does not belong to Mr. Nanbu, and is under the direct control of the Shogunate. Nukanobu Gonohe is not the name of one village, but a wide area name that includes fields, Makino, and townships, and corresponds to the Gonohe townships in the 1297 Gonohe township inspection letter (land survey report). It is estimated to be (7 villages in 1 town before the war, such as Shingo, Kuraishi, Gonohe, Toyosakimachi, Hachinohe City, and Ichikawacho). Belonging to Mr. Nanbu after Keicho, Gonohe Daikansho, which is unique to the Nanbu clan, was set up as a key point of local industry, economy, and culture. He oversaw the judicial, administrative, and police powers of 28 villages in total, and was said to have occupied 14,170 Koku at the end of the feudal era. In April 1889, the town and village system was enforced to become Gonohe Village, and in November 1915, the town system was enforced and “Gonohe Town” was born. July 1955 Gonohe Town, Kawauchi Village and Asada Village merge to form New Gonohe Town. In addition, a part of Nozawa Village Tegurabashi and Toyosaki Village Toyomanai was incorporated. In July 2004, Kuraishi Village was incorporated and merged to the present day. It has been known as a horse-producing area for a long time, and agriculture is a core industry that combines rice, apples, and vegetables with leaf tobacco, livestock, etc., but since it was designated as a new industrial city in the Hachinohe area, Jizodaira Kogyo It seems that it is steadily developing as a town where agriculture and manufacturing industry are promoted by attracting companies to the housing complex. Hashikami Town was born on May 1, 1980, when the town system was enforced. Blessed with the abundant nature of the mountains and the sea, we will steadily develop while being supported by the tireless efforts of our predecessors and the love of the townspeople, and on May 1, 2020, the 40th anniversary of the enforcement of the town system. We have reached a turning point. The “Lighting live” town where the rising sun rises earliest in the prefecture. It is said that it boasts a history and culture of more than 1290 years as a place of worship dotted with many Jomon ruins. Chicken dance: Designated by Aomori Prefecture Intangible folk cultural property: Designated on October 6, 1959, Founded: It is said that Benkei Musashibo danced to mourn the spirit when he died in the Battle of Koromo, Oshu during the Ansei period. He has participated in dedication entertainment competitions such as Meiji Shrine in May 1941, Yasukuni Shrine in October 1957, Ueno Music School, Fukushima Prefecture in September 1964, and the National Theater in 1991. etc. The open space of Ippei, where the lawn is spread around the coast and the Hashikami lighthouse. The contrast between the blue of the sea, the green of the lawn and the white of the lighthouse is superb. It is also known as the venue for the “Hashikami Ichigoni Festival（Abalone and sea urchin from Hashikami Town）” in late July, and is crowded with many families. Another highlight is Mt. Hashikami at an altitude of 740 m. At the 8th station, Obirakitai, natural azaleas grow in clusters, and in early June, when the flowers are in full bloom, there are no end to the number of climbers. In early June, the “Hashikami Woushiyama Festival” will be held, and it is said that the event will be lively at Genghis Khan. At midnight on the 18th, two days after the earthquake on the night of March 16, 2022, when a maximum seismic intensity of 6 upper was observed, an earthquake with a maximum seismic intensity of 5 upper occurred off the coast of Iwate prefecture. In areas hit by strong tremors, local government and firefighters were forced to work hard. A male employee of the Disaster Prevention and Crisis Management Division (Uchimaru) in Hachinohe City, who observed a seismic intensity of 4, seems to have felt that a large tremor lasted for 3 to 5 seconds after a weak tremor. As of 0:15 am on March 19, there seems to be no information on the damage. I’m not relieved, but I can’t deny the concern about worry.
An old variety native to New York, USA, it was called Jonathan Apple in the name of the discoverer at that time. Introduced in Japan in 1872, it seems to have been a representative variety of apples along with Kokko Apple until 1955. Among the major varieties in Japan, it has the strongest acidity but also has aroma, and it seems that it is also known as a variety suitable for cooking and processing. The 1965s was a period of renewal of varieties, and it seems that they shifted to delicious and Fuji Apple. Especially determined was the 1968 Kokko Apple mass dumping case. It seems that it was called the mountains and rivers market case because apples could not be sold due to consumer satiation and more than 10,000 tons were dumped into mountains and rivers. Bananas were liberalized in 1963, the year after the debut of Fujisaki Town, Minamitsugaru District, and the price of apples was high due to the abundant harvest of other fruits and the gourmet taste of the people who became rich due to high economic growth. Crash. Apples that cannot be sold even if they are put on the market lose their place and are discarded by farmers. This was a decisive turning point, and it seems that the renewal of apple varieties in Aomori Prefecture has progressed dramatically.
The beginning of Aomori apples dates back to the early Meiji era. The western apples you are currently eating were introduced to Japan in 1871 by Kiyotaka KURODA, Deputy Secretary of the Hokkaido Development Commissioner, and in the spring of 1875, three seedlings were distributed to Aomori Prefecture from the then-Ministry of Interior’s Industrial Promotion Board. It is said that it started when it was planted in Hokkaido.
On September 26, 2021, JA Group AOMORI and others asked the child-rearing households to eat safe and secure rice produced in Aomori prefecture while Japan was in danger of pandemic. Types of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Plants Oryza sativa L., Application No. 18998, Application Date 2005/11/14, Application Publication Date 2006/06/21, Registration Number 18348, Registration Date 2009/07/31, Duration of breeder rights 25 years, Date of extinction of breeder rights, Name and address of variety registrant, Local Independent Administrative Institution Aomori Prefectural Industrial Technology Center (Tanaka, Kuroishi City, Aomori Prefecture), Name, Mr. Yasumasa Mikami, Mr. Yoichi Kawamura, Mr. Kazuharu Maeda, Mr. Hiromasa Yokoyama, Mr. Motoharu Tateyama, Mr. Masao Takatate, Mr. Wataru Kobayashi, Mr. Toshimitsu Nakabori, Mr. Zenzo Oyamada, Restrictions on exports, no designated countries, restrictions on production Outline of the characteristics of the plants of the designated area registered varieties: The posture of the flag leaf blade (initial observation) is standing, the heading period (50% heading) is a little early, and the lemma length (excluding ears, excluding floating rice) is. Short, the length of the main shaft is a little short, the number of ears is a little small, the distribution of rice is overall, the amount of rice lemma (small ears) is medium, the color of the tip of the outer lemma (tip color) (small ears) Is white, the degree of curvature of the main shaft hangs down, the spike shape is spindle-shaped, the maturity is a little early, the rice color is yellowish white, the length of the rice is medium, the color of the rice is yellowish white, the weight of 1000 rice grains is medium, and the rice No phenol reaction, the length of the brown rice is a little short, the width of the brown rice is medium, the shape of the brown rice is semi-circular, the color of the brown rice is light brown, the scent of the brown rice is absent or very weak, and the degree of green of the leaves is light. Green, thick lemma, rice lemma, yellow-white lemma color (initial observation), longest lemma length is quite short, ear extraction degree is good on the cob axis, lemma type is rice, lemma Amyrose content is type 4, impaired cold resistance is slightly strong, ear germination is difficult, lodging resistance is strong, grain removal is difficult, blast resistance estimated genotype is Pi-a, i, ear blast field resistance Strong sex, strong leaf blast field resistance, medium protein content. The application cultivar “Masshigura rice” has less ear germination than the control cultivar “Mutsuhomare rice”, and blast resistance. Distinguishing is recognized by the fact that the sex-estimated genotypes are Pi-a, i, etc. Compared to the control variety “Yumeakari rice”, the ear blast field resistance is stronger, and the leaf blast field resistance is stronger. It is said that there is a distinction between them.）Approximately 8,000 km was donated to the Prefectural Council of Social Welfare. Masshigura rice seems to have been distributed to about 4,000 households through about 50 child-rearing support groups in the prefecture.