Carica papaya L.
愛知県豊橋市高洲町字小島, 長瀬町字郷西（豊橋温室園芸農業協同組合, 長瀬集出荷場）
It is said that the name “Ababai” in the Caribbean province was scorned. “Mamao” in Spain and Portugal. In Brazil, it is called “Mammon”. Fue nombrado por el significado de fruta. Traducción en inglés.
At the beginning of March 2022, the Nankai Trough Earthquake (Government Central Disaster Prevention Council (Disaster Prevention Measures Promotion Review Council, on October 11, 2011, the Central Disaster Prevention Council established the “Disaster Prevention Measures Promotion Review Council” as a new specialized study group. We will examine the government’s response to the Great East Japan Earthquake, which caused unprecedented damage, summarize the lessons learned from the Great East Japan Earthquake, and summarize the earthquakes directly under the capital and the Tokai, Tonankai, and Nankai earthquakes (so-called “three interlocking earthquakes”). In preparation for large-scale disasters and frequent heavy rain disasters, we will conduct investigations and deliberations to enhance and strengthen disaster prevention measures. After holding a total of 13 meetings, the final report will be decided on July 31, 2012. According to this damage estimation, once a huge Nankai Trough earthquake occurs, the damage estimation is carried out in the event of the largest scientifically assumed Nankai Trough earthquake. There is a possibility that the seismic intensity will be 7 in some areas from Shizuoka prefecture to Miyazaki prefecture, and it seems that it is expected that there will be strong shaking with a seismic intensity of 6 to 6 in the wide area adjacent to it. An event was held at the roadside station in Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture to raise awareness of disaster prevention in preparation for a large tsunami of more than 10m in the wide area of the Pacific coast from to the Kyushu region. “Roadside Station Toyohashi (Ichinosawa, Higashinanane Town)” seems to play a role as a wide-area activity base to collect support units and supplies from other prefectures in the event of a large-scale disaster such as the Nankai Trough earthquake. At the venue, an earthquake simulation vehicle that allows you to experience the shaking of seismic intensity 7 expected from the Nankai Trough earthquake, as well as a map created by local high school students in three-dimensionally on the topography of Toyohashi, will be displayed to confirm the altitude of the area where you live. It seems that it was done. It seems that the training was suitable for the time when the risk was high and sensitive from the viewpoint of life support due to the overlap of corona. Going back to the past, about two years before the Corona epidemic began to spread, sales of “side green vegetables” such as green siso and edible small chrysanthemum to accompany dishes recovered at the national fruit and vegetable market. It seems that the demand for restaurants such as hotels and taverns has returned. The sales volume of green siso in the Tokyo market was 48 tons in late June, which was 30% higher than in early May when restaurants refrained from doing business. At the Toyohashi Greenhouse Gardening and Agricultural Cooperative, which produces perilla in Aichi Prefecture, the main production area, shipments in June exceeded the same month in 2019, and the price seems to have increased by 10%. As of 2022, spread prevention measures are still being applied in various places. We hope that the situation remains the same, but that people will take over the spirit of self-help, seek ways out of the crisis of Corona, and revive. History: 1929 “Toyohashi Greenhouse Garden Association” established, 1949 “Toyohashi Greenhouse Horticultural Agricultural Cooperative Association” established with the enactment of the Agricultural Cooperative Law, new association office built in Kitakyushu Town, Toyohashi City, 1954 new joint workshop, 1957 Established melon, tomato, gourd, and flower subcommittee, 1958 Mainichi Shimbun (Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo; Umeda, Kita Ward, Osaka City, Osaka; Nakamura Ward, Nagoya City, Aichi; Konya Town, Kokura-kita District, Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka) ) Awarded as an excellent agricultural organization, 1964 newly built a greenhouse center in Toyohashi City, 1968 Ooba Subcommittee, 1969 Chrysanthemum flower Subcommittee established, spica Subcommittee established, 1971 Chrysanthemum leaves Subcommittee established, 1974 Primula sieboldii Subcommittee established, Ooba The club and the potted flower club merged and renamed the pottery subcommittee, the flower ear subcommittee was renamed the spica hojiso subcommittee, and the Nagase cold storage was completed in 1981. 1982 Expansion and relocation of Komoguchi Cold Storage Collection Center, 1983 Establishment of Youth Club, 1984 Acquired spica “Chiyo no Hikari（Application number 647 Date of application 1982/09/29 Date of publication of application-Registration number 513 Date of registration 1984/03/19 Duration of breeder’s rights 15 years Extinction date of breeder’s rights 1999/03/20 * Name and address of registrants whose varieties have expired Toyohashi Greenhouse Horticultural Agricultural Cooperative (Komoguchi Town, Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture): Names of those who bred registered varieties Mr. Aiji Takahashi, Mr. Masashi Sato, Mr. Shinichi Asano, Mr. Satoshi Shionoya, Mr. Tominaga Hayashi, Mr. Atsushi Asano, Mr. Ryo Tominaga, Mr. Toshiyuki Tominaga, Mr. Masuo Inagaki, Mr. Hisakichi Suzuki）” variety registration, achieved sales of 8 billion yen in 1986, achieved sales of 10 billion yen in 1989, renamed Sakuragusa Subcommittee to Edible Flower Subcommittee in 1989, established Bell Rose Subcommittee in 1991, Ooba Subcommittee in 1994 Received “Asahi Agricultural Award”, 1995 Spica “Hosen（Application number 5635 Application date 1992/12/09 Application publication date-Registration number 4360 Registration date 1995/03/15 Duration of breeder’s rights 15 years Extinction date of breeder’s rights 2010/03/16 * Name and address of registrants of varieties whose period has expired Toyohashi Greenhouse Horticultural Agricultural Cooperative (Kojima, Takasu Town, Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture): Names of those who bred registered varieties Mr. Aiji Takahashi, Mr. Kazuhiro Haneda, Mr. Motoya Oki, Mr. Masashi Sato, Mr. Masao Asano, Mr. Masuo Inagaki, Mr. Hiroshi Asaoka, Mr. Yoshihiro Ozaki, Mr. Yoshiaki Kobayashi, Mr. Yoshito Suzuki）” “Yutaka no Kaori（Application number 5797 Application date 1993/02/19 Date of publication of application-Registration number 4361 Registration date 1995/03/15 Duration of breeder’s rights 15 years Extinction date of breeder’s rights 2010/03/16 * Name and address of registrants of varieties whose period has expired Toyohashi Greenhouse Horticultural Agricultural Cooperative (Kojima, Takasu Town, Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture): Names of those who bred registered varieties Mr. Yoshio Shirai, Mr. Aiji Takahashi, Mr. Motoya Oki, Mr. Masao Asano , Mr. Masashi Sato, Mr. Masuo Inagaki, Mr. Hiroshi Asaoka, Mr. Yoshihiro Ozaki, Mr. Yoshiaki Kobayashi, Mr. Yoshito Suzuki）” variety registration, Ooba Subcommittee “Japan Agricultural Award Grand Prize”, 1997 Herb Subcommittee established, 2002 Main building facility in Takasu Town, Toyohashi City New construction, 2019 Big O Center completion ceremony. Toyohashi City and JA Toyohashi, which want to spread the appeal of locally produced agricultural products, are exposed to the offensive of emerging production areas and are likely to take a strategy of “attacking and defending.” It is said that it will hold an agricultural product fair centered on stores in the Tokyo metropolitan area in collaboration with the large discount store “Don Quijote (Headquarters: Aobadai, Meguro Ward, Tokyo)”. “Aichi Toyohashi Domai Fair” selling agricultural products from Toyohashi will be held at 15 stores in total, “Don Quijote” and “MEGA Don Quijote” in Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba, Saitama, etc. from December 3 to 5. It seems. It seems that about 30 items such as tomatoes, cabbage, cucumbers and strawberries will be on sale at the store. According to the city, the fair last year was held at five stores in the Kanto area and elsewhere. It seems that it has a good reputation, and I heard that Don Quijote has offered to increase the number of stores significantly this year. Such a proposal from a major mass retailer seems to be a good connection for an “agricultural kingdom” like Toyohashi. Agricultural products from Toyohashi are said to be in the midst of fierce competition for market share with newly emerging competing production areas such as Kyushu. With the high quality cultivated over a long history as a production area and the large number of production items, which are said to be more than 70 items, the city and JA are planning to increase consumption and raise awareness in the metropolitan area. Let’s support everyone. Green papaya has heard that it was introduced to the Orient around the 18th century. It seems that it was introduced to Japan under the names “Gourd” and “Papaya” in the Meiji era. In Okinawa, papaya is called “Nuchi Gusuri” and is very useful. Since 1968, when imports were permitted, many products have been on the market, and it seems that cultivation has begun in Ogasawara and Kagoshima. In papaya, there are male flowers with pistils only, female flowers with pistils only, and amphoteric flowers with pistils and stamens. Seems to bear elongated fruits. I’ve heard that even the blue fruits that have grown fluffy can be shipped as fruits, if you wait for about a month and a half without harvesting, the whole will turn yellow. The amphibian species (Solo species) was born around 1919. It is a well-known fact that various varieties have been announced from all over the world today, more than 100 years later. Even in Okinawa Prefecture, which is the main cultivation area in Japan, it seems that the old-generation Taiwanese F1 variety “Taino No. 2” has long been the centerpiece. Currently, it seems that F1 varieties that have been significantly sexualized are the main varieties. Green papaya has a dark green integument and a white flesh inside. The meat is dense, and when cut, it gives the impression that a white milky juice comes out. This white juice seems to be the origin of another name, “milk melon”. White juice contains proteolytic enzymes. Enzymes are special proteins that promote various chemical reactions in the body. In addition, it has various roles such as skin and bone formation, metabolism and promotion of immunity (body defense mechanism), and is an important component indispensable for maintaining and promoting health and vital activities. Immature fruits (green papaya) appear to be rich in enzymes that promote the breakdown of the three major nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids), including the papain family cysteine protease, to make them easier to digest. Therefore, the burden on the stomach that digests food is reduced, and it seems to be effective in preventing and improving stomach upset. Now, let’s introduce the production area, though it is simple. “Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture”, Born on August 1, 1906 as the 62nd city in Japan（Futagawa inn Station (Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture)）. Although it is a region, the east borders Shizuoka Prefecture with the Yumihari Mountains as the border. Facing the Pacific Ocean to the south and Mikawa Bay to the west, it is blessed with abundant nature and a warm climate. The center is dotted with facilities such as the city hall, yoshida（Fumon-ji Temple (Toyohashi City) (Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture) : Yoshida Shichifukujin）castle, and art museum. It seems that the shopping district is developing around Toyohashi Station. A tram (city tram) runs from the station front to the eastern part of the city, and is popular as a means for citizens.In the eastern part, Imou Bog, known as small Oze in the Tokai region, is located in the eastern hills. In the south, the farmland cultivated during postwar days bears abundant vegetables and boasts the highest agricultural output (gross agricultural production) in Japan. The Omotehama coast, which faces the Pacific Ocean, is known as the spawning ground for loggerheads（Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758): Widely distributed in the world ocean. The coastlines of Japan’s Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa are attracting attention as the only spawning grounds in the North Pacific Ocean. The body color is brown on the back, pale yellow on the abdomen, and the head is large.）. Mt. Ishimaki rises in the north, and many are hilly areas. A region where fruit trees such as jiro persimmon, which is famous for “Ishimaki”, strawberries, peaches, and grapes are cultivated. Beautiful flower irises（Acorus calamus var. angustatus:sweet flag）bloom in early summer at the northernmost tip.January 4 : Toyohashi Flower Festival (Toyohashi City). Aichi Prefecture’s cabbage production in 2016 was the second highest in Japan. Above all, the area from Toyohashi City to Atsumi Peninsula is positioned as a major production area. Efforts of Mr. Koshiro Sugiura, who was the head of the vegetable shipping union in Takashi Village, Atsumi District (currently Toyohashi City) in 1930. Thanks to his efforts, the excellent variety “Koshi Kanran（Cabbage）” was born. After that, it will gradually be cultivated in neighboring Okubo, Tahara Town and Akabane Town. It is said that this area has become a production area that supplies large consumption areas in the east and west. In 1966, winter cabbage became a designated production area of the country, and actively worked on improving cultivation techniques. In 1968, Toyogawa irrigation water was introduced, and the production volume increased dramatically. It grows well in warm and abundant sunshine, and is characterized by good taste and freshness. The cultivated area at that time was about 1100 ha in the fall and winter, and about 500 ha in the spring and summer. Expansion of scale and anniversary of cultivation progress, acreage is on the rise. It is roughly divided into four types according to the time of year, and the main products are winter (cold ball) and gold sour (spring type), which are shipped in the fall and winter.In winter, the leaves are flat with few wrinkles, and the leaves are hard and chewy. It is used for cooking because it does not easily crumble even when cooked. Gold sour (named in Toyohashi:spring) is often used for raw food such as julienne because the leaves are wrinkled and round in shape and the leaves are soft. In recent years, sorghum（green manure: High production is expected and germination is good.Moreover, the seed price is cheaper than Crotalaria（Juncea）. It tends to be relatively easy to use because it is relatively responsive to the acidity of the soil.）has been used to improve drainage and fertility. It’s said that there is a border in Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture, that divides the two different ways of cooking sukiyaki between the Kanto and Kansai regions. “豊橋温室園芸組合”, The union established in 1929 will celebrate its 92nd anniversary this year. The ancestors began growing Melon in a glass greenhouse in 1910. It is known that a large flood hit Tokyo “府” and 15 prefectures in eastern Japan in August. Among them, we established a specialized association for promoting fruit vegetables, which is unique in Japan. Especially in the early Showa period, the distribution of high-quality agricultural products of melons to the metropolitan area. Since then, the spirit of these predecessors has been passed down. Renamed in 1949 ≒ Toyohashi Greenhouse Gardening Agricultural Cooperative : An important foundation of Continue farming income for union members – Specializing in the production and sale of agricultural products. Since October 2020, Bridgewell Co., Ltd. (Koto Ward, Tokyo) has formed a business alliance with the Toyohashi Greenhouse Gardening and Agricultural Cooperative, which boasts a high production volume in Green siso (Ooba), and is an ultra-fresh Japanese basil OVAL.) ” Business sales started. By fully automating the manual counting of sheets, rubber band fixing, packing, etc., which normally took 3 to 4 days after harvesting by hand, the risk of foreign matter contamination is reduced and shipping is done in a short day after harvesting. Realized. The green perilla (perilla) collected at OVAL’s package center “Big O Center” keeps its freshness in an environment where temperature and humidity are strictly controlled until the package is completed, and it is provided in a fresher state. It is possible to do. It is also possible to set price contracts that suppress price fluctuations due to the balance between supply and demand in the market, and realize stable supply with high production volume.
It was introduced to Japan in the middle of the Meiji era and was cultivated in Okinawa and the Ogasawara Islands. It seems that it is sometimes called “Mokka” because of its shape similar to that of a melon. When the Spaniards and Portuguese who discovered mom’s breast papaya and spread it to the world for the first time, it seems that the shape was associated with the mother’s breast. In addition, the fruit has a unique scent, and when the fruit or trunk is damaged, the juice like milky lotion comes out. The etymology of the name “papaya” is unknown, but one theory is that it is a transliteration from Carib. It is a proteolytic enzyme (protease) obtained by extracting and purifying from the milk of immature fruits. Papaya is native to the West Indies from southern Mexico and is now cultivated in many tropical countries, and in Japan it grows naturally in Okinawa and elsewhere. Papain, which was named after it was discovered in papain (catalytic residue (in serine protease, Ser195, which performs nucleophilic attack), and His57 and Asp102, which play a role in enhancing the nucleophilicity of serine, are derived from three amino acid residues. Composition.) Is C3H7NO2S and C6H9N3O2, and the sulfur atom of the thiol group of the thioserine residue nucleophilically attacks the carbonyl carbon of the peptide bond, so that hydrolysis of proteins and peptides begins. Basic amino acids, C2H5NO2 and C6H13NO2. Subsequent cleavage of the peptide bond with the amino acid.) Is a proteophilic enzyme, which is classified as a cysteine protease having cysteine, which is an amino acid at the active center.
It is an unripe fruit before ripening, and unlike the yellow ripe fruit papaya, it has a light taste, so it is eaten like vegetables. Ao papaya has the action of decomposing fat and protein called papain enzyme, and it has been confirmed that it not only has the effect and function of assisting the digestion of proteins such as meat, but also the function of decomposing fat and sugar. Due to its action, the meat tends to become tender when cooked with meat. It is also an excellent vegetable that contains a lot of polyphenols and vitamins, especially vitamin C, which have antioxidant effects.
Since only a certain amount of digestive enzymes and metabolic enzymes can be produced in the body, if a large amount of digestive enzymes are consumed due to overeating, etc., the metabolic enzymes will be relatively deficient, and we will have various disorders due to insufficient metabolism. And symptoms appear. However, this excellent produce is not only rich in papain, but also rich in carbohydrate-degrading enzymes and lipolytic enzymes. Few foods contain all the enzymes that break down these three major nutrients. Ultraviolet rays that cause spots, wrinkles, and dry skin, regardless of gender, also generate active oxygen in the skin tissue and accelerate skin aging, but if it is an enzyme-rich agricultural product, it can be relied on as a beauty food that protects the skin. It will be.