長野県中野市大字豊津（JAながの みゆき共撰所, JA全農長野）飯山市
Shine, excel, stand out, shine, “Muscat” means that it has a musk scent.
It has been revealed that the “Nagano Prefecture Shugo Maki Player Supporters Association” will be launched on March 13, 2022 to support the Yokohama DeNA Baystars Shugo MAKI infielder (from Matsumoto Daiichi High School to Chuo University) from NAKANO. His place close to one’s person is Feelings of gratitude. Fans are looking forward to you again this year. Tokyo Agriculture University (predecessor Jikei YOKOI, the first president of Tokyo Agriculture School) is famous for saying “Ask rice, ask farmers about agriculture” and “Agricultural prosperity and agriculture died”. The private Tokyo Agricultural School, which was run by the Ikueikai and participated as a councilor, fell into financial difficulties, so the school management was entrusted by Takeaki ENOMOTO. Agricultural school has been promoted to a university. Since its establishment in 1891, it has continued to develop under the principle of practical science as a university dealing with comprehensive science related to all animals and plants. Contributing to society as a university that sciences greenery and life in 6 faculties and 23 departments that challenge the environment, health, energy, and regional revitalization), JA Nakano City (Miyoshi Town), and the Japan Mushroom Meister Association (Nakano) in 2022. On March 11, a comprehensive cooperation agreement was signed with the aim of regional revitalization using specialty mushrooms. In addition to jointly conducting research related to mushrooms, it seems that they will also work on product development and information dissemination. It seems that the joint efforts will also be used as a place for practical training for students at private Tokyo Agriculture University. It seems that they will also use public relations magazines published by the Japan Mushroom Meister Association to promote the content of their efforts and research results. Nagano Prefecture’s agriculture boasts a high first-class rice ratio with the highest yield of rice in Japan due to the advanced technology and diligence of farmers, and the core garden crops are lettuce, apples, etc. A variety of high-quality items are produced in a well-balanced manner, including items with the highest market share in Japan such as “grapes”, carnations, and Enoki mushroom. The Nagano Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Station is said to be conducting experimental research to solve problems in agriculture and fisheries, centered on six experimental sites（Agricultural Experiment Station（Ogawara, Suzaka）, Fruit Tree Experiment Station（Ogawara, Suzaka）, Vegetable Flower Experiment Station（Soga, Shiojiri）, Livestock Experiment Station（Kataoka, Shiojiri）, Nanshin Agricultural Experiment Station（Shimoichida, Takamori, Shimoina）, Fishery Experiment Station（Akashinanakagawate, Azumino）.）in the prefecture. The new “Nakano City”, which was created by the merger of Nakano City and Toyota Village on April 1, 2005, is located in the northeastern part of Nagano Prefecture. Two iconic mountains, Mt. Kosha (1351.5 m) to the northeast and Mt. Madarao (1381.8 m) to the northwest, are located across the Chikuma River, which runs through the center of the city. Villages are formed on the river terraces created by the Chikuma River and the alluvial fan formed by the Yomase River, and the urban area extends over the Nakano alluvial fan. Mt. Kosha is a beautiful mountain that rises independently, and is known as “Takayashiro”, and has been the object of worship since ancient times. At the foot of the river, the Yomase River forms a “Jusan cliff（It is a natural monument with the name of a historic site that has been designated by the national government as the “13 cliffs of Chogenbo breeding ground” (designated on November 14, 1953). It is a cliff formed by the Yomase River, which is a tributary of the Chikuma River, eroding the alluvial fan where the volcanic rocks of Mt. Kosha were carried and deposited by rivers and landslides. It seems that the Yomase River used to flow on the southwest side of Nakano City, but it is said that the flow moved to the north side due to the flood in 1406, and it became a position close to the present. The vertical cliff surface is maintained because the cliff surface was repeatedly eroded by the Yomase River. I heard that the cliff extends from northwest to southeast for about 1,500 m and maintains a height of 30 m or more in the central part. Rookery has been recorded in Spain, Germany, Japan, Norway, Russia, etc., but I heard that Japan has the most records. Rookery takes place in cliffs and holes in buildings, but the number of nests varies from two to 28. In Japan, cliff rookery has been discovered in Nagano and Yamanashi prefectures since around 1950. However, it seems that the number of pairs has decreased in these rookeries, and there are many rookeries that have disappeared. Among them, the breeding ground was designated as a national natural monument in 1953, and is famous as a rookery on a rare cliff in the world, which continues to breed even now.）” and flows north, pouring into the Chikuma River. To the south of the Nakano alluvial fan is the lowland off Entoku, which is further connected to Zenkojidaira in the southwest. In addition, Mt. Madarao consists of five ridges that look like spread palms, with four valleys and many swamps between them, and the terrain is rugged and complex. It joins the Madarao River and pours into the Chikuma River. To the east, Joshinetsu Kogen National Park Shiga Kogen is desired, and to the west, it is said that it is blessed with a scenic view of Hokushin Gogaku（Nasu Godake-Mt. Chausu, Mt. Asahi, Mt. Sanbonyaridake, Mt. Minamigassan, Mt. Kurooya. Echizen Godake-Mt. Haku, Mt. Hino, Mt. Monju, Mt. Ochi, Mt. Yoshinogadake. “Hokushin Gogaku-Mt. Iizuna, Mt. Togaku, Mt. Kurohime, Mt. Myoko, Mt. Madarao.” Mt. Aso-Mt. Neko, Mt. Takaoka, Mt. Nakadake, Mt. Eboshi, Mt. Kishima.）. Iiyama City has a long north-south terrain with the Sekida Mountains in the west and the Mikuni Mountains in the east, centered on the Iiyama Basin, which extends to the lowest Chikuma River offshore area in Nagano Prefecture. There are Mt. Nabekura and Lake Hokuryu in the east, and it is said that it is a place blessed with many natural resources. The distance to neighboring cities is 36 km to Nagano City, 15 km to Nakano City, and 25 km to Myoko City, Niigata Prefecture. As the main transportation network, National Routes 117, 292, and 403 run in the city, and the JR Iiyama Line runs from Nagano City to Tokamachi, Niigata Prefecture. In March 2015, the Hokuriku Shinkansen extended to Kanazawa, and the Hokuriku Shinkansen Iiyama Station opened. The history of Iiyama has prospered as a transportation hub connecting Shinshu and the Sea of Japan for a long time, and has played a role as a distribution center for marine products such as salt and fish, and as an important station route in the development of Echigo and Dewa during the Yamato Imperial Court. It seems to be new. During the Warring States period, it became a strategically important place as a front-line base for Kenshin Uesugi’s departure from Kawanakajima, and in 1564 Iiyama Castle was built on the left bank of the Chikuma River. It seems that the city formation of Iiyama was centered around this Iiyama castle, and the function as a castle town was gradually improved as the castle owner changed several times. From the early to the middle of the Edo period, the logistics function using the Chikuma River and the highway leading to Echigo developed, and the development of new fields and the development of irrigation water were actively carried out, establishing the foundation of agriculture. It seems that it was done. After the Meiji Restoration, it became Iiyama Prefecture by the Abolition of the han system in 1871, and was further incorporated into Nagano Prefecture, and the town system was enforced in 1889. With the enforcement of the Municipal Merger Promotion Law in August 1954 after the war, Iiyama City was merged with Akitsu Village, Yanagihara Village, Tozama Village, Tokiwa Village, Mizuho Village, and Kijima Village. birth. After that, the city incorporated Ota Village and Okayama Village in 1956, and it seems that it has reached its present appearance. In 1893, with the opening of the Shin-Etsu Line that did not go through Iiyama, it gradually lost its function as a distribution base, and after that it developed mainly in agriculture, with local industries such as Iiyama Buddhist altars and Uchiyama paper. However, during the high economic growth period from the latter half of the 1955’s, economic growth stagnated due to the lack of conditions for industrial location and the handicap of being a heavy snowfall area, resulting in the outflow of population, mainly young people. Seems to have occurred. As for the culture and citizenship of the city, it seems that the spirit of solidarity and cooperation that is typical of the temple culture and snow country that has continued since the Edo period can be mentioned. Landscape of temples and shrines including the syoju hermitage of the famous priest syoju old man (Etan DOKYO, the revival of the Rinzai sect). The city’s culture and citizenship include the spirit of solidarity and cooperation that is typical of the Teramachi culture and snow country that has continued since the Edo period. , Ski resorts such as Madarao and Tokari, and natural resources such as the Chikuma River and Lake Hokuryu, seem to create a rich climate and charm suitable for Japan’s hometown. It seems that the city is characterized by the changes of the four seasons and the richness of the landscape from time to time. The climate of Iiyama seems to be an inland basin type climate from spring to autumn. In winter, the seasonal wind from the Sea of Japan creates an updraft due to the influence of the Sekida Mountains, which stretches from Mt. Madarao in the southwest to Mt. Nabekura in the northwest, so it seems to be one of the most heavy snowfall areas in Japan. The average annual temperature is about 11.1 degrees Celsius, the annual rainfall is about 1,555 mm, the average deepest snowfall is 176 cm on flat ground and 350 cm in mountainous areas, and about one-third of the year is covered with snow. There seems to be. In addition, Kosuge Shrine, Takeminakatatomino mikoto hikokamiwake Shrine, Inukai Shrine and other shrines that are said to have been built in the Nara period can be seen around the city, and it seems that the area has been open for a long time. In particular, it is said that the important highway connecting Shinano and Echigo (later valley highway) has been excavated since ancient times, and it seems that marine products from the Sea of Japan were brought to Shinano. In the Middle Ages, Kosuge Shrine flourished and many edifice and shrine were built in the precincts, and monzen town prospered with tempests and worshipers, and it was counted as one of the three major shugen places in Kita Shinano along with Togakushi and Iizuna. During the Warring States period, it became under the control of the Uesugi family, and it seems that a major renovation was carried out in 1564 with Iiyama Castle as one of the important bases for the invasion of Shinano. In the Edo period, the Iiyama domain was established and the domain office was set up in the castle, and the castle town was also maintained as the center of the surrounding area. Until the middle period, the feudal lord changed in a short period of time, and when the Honda clan became the Honda clan, the 7th generation was finally invaded until the Meiji Restoration. In 1868, the “Iiyama War”, which became the only fierce battlefield of the Yang Earth Dragon in Nagano Prefecture, was held, and the new government centered on the Matsushiro Domain and the Impulse Corps (former Shogunate Army: both false government forces) that had advanced from the Echigo Takada Domain. It seems that he suffered a lot of damage from the war with the army. Since it is a heavy snowfall area, it seems that it has developed mainly from paddy rice crops for a long time. In recent years, the production of fungal mushrooms by horticultural cultivation in facilities, vegetables such as green asparagus and good-tasting rice, livestock farming utilizing local brands, and agriculture using various production items such as flowers such as Paeonia lactiflora（The place of origin is northern China, distributed from eastern Siberia to northern China. The plant morphology is 50-80 cm in height. The roots thicken into narrow spindles or columns. Several stems are upright and hairless. The leaves are alternate, 1 to 2 times 3 dewa-like compound leaves, the leaflets are needle-shaped to oval, and sometimes 2 to 3 split. The flowering season is May. It has 1 to 3 large flowers of various kinds such as red and white on the top of the stem, and it seems that it often becomes a double petal. It seems that when taken as a medicine, it regulates the secretion of female hormones and makes the skin beautiful and glossy. The appearance and beauty of the flower is called “Apocalypse” (meaning supple and beautiful), and the name comes from the fact that it is extremely beautiful and beautiful.）have been developed. Iiyama’s specialty “Tomikura Fagopyrum vulgare” is 100% Fagopyrum vulgare powder, and it is said that the fiber of a plant called “Synurus pungens” is used as a binder. In the Tomikura district in Iiyama City, Nagano Prefecture, it is difficult to cultivate wheat because it is located in the mountains, and it is said that fibers have been refined from the perennial Synurus pungens that grows naturally in the surrounding area and buckwheat noodles have been struck. In areas other than Tomikura, he has buckwheat noodles that use Synurus pungens as a binder, and is called “Bokuchi Fagopyrum vulgare”. The name seems to come from the fact that the fiber was used for the matchlock fire in the old days. Also, it is said that it is called Phytolacca decandra as a wild vegetable. It is also designated as an intangible folk cultural property of choice in Iiyama City, but it seems that the number of soba noodles has decreased in recent years. In order to pass on the rare food culture to the next generation, in recent years, at the Iiyama Soba Promotion Study Group, Synurus pungens (Franch. Et Sav.) It seems that a project was carried out to make a manual for the cultivation / harvesting method of Kitam. (1933) and the manufacturing method for extracting fiber. In addition, the Fukushima rice terraces in Fukushima area, Mizuho district of the city are characterized by stone wall rice terraces, and it seems that they have been selected as one of the 100 best rice terraces in Japan. The masonry terraced rice fields are said to have been built in the Edo period, but it seems that there are some areas that need to be modified in the future, such as deterioration over time and some collapse due to recent changes in the weather. It seems that the repair of the partially collapsed stone wall was carried out in the form of a workshop by asking a professional craftsman who has worked on the restoration of historic masonry. The nearest station is JR Iiyama station, which takes about 20 minutes by taxi. I heard that it takes about 30 minutes by car from the Toyota Iiyama Interchange on the Joshinetsu Expressway to the northeast. “Shine Muscat”: A large, good-tasting diploid grape grown by crossing “Grape Akitsu No. 21” (Stuben × “Muscat of Alexandria”) with “White South”. The skin color is yellowish green, the flesh is disintegrating and hard, and the scent is Muscat scent. It is a new variety that was registered in 2006 as a new variety, which was born in the Fruit Tree Tea Industry Research Division of the National Agriculture and Food Research Organization. It’s been only 15 years since it first appeared on the market. Since 2014, the cultivation area has become the fourth largest among grape varieties, and its popularity is rapidly expanding nationwide. It is a beautiful yellow-green large grape that can be produced without seeds. It has a sweet and muscat scent, and its high quality is attracting attention, as it has a thin skin and an excellent texture that can be eaten together with the skin and crumbles in the mouth. In addition, it has excellent characteristics that farmers can cultivate with peace of mind, such as easy cultivation and good storage of harvested grapes. It is a yellowish green that matures at about the same time as Kyoho. It is weak against Elsinoe ampelina, but has a certain resistance to downy mildew (Peronosporaceae : It is a water-type biotrophic phytopathogen containing 21 genera including more than 600 species. Parasitic on host plants as intercellular mycelium using Haustoria to invade host cells.) and strong resistance to downy mildew. Cold resistance is evaluated as Kyoho. The trees are strong and the yield seems to be higher than that of Kyoho. The grain weight varies depending on the cultivation method, but it seems that it can be cultivated to about 13 g. It is easy to chew (disintegrate), has a hard meat quality, and has a high sugar content of 18% or more. The acid content is as low as 0.3-0.4g / 100 ml, and the aroma is Muscat aroma. In seedless cultivation, it is a little difficult to peel, but the skin is not thick and there is no astringency, so you can eat the whole skin. Like Kyoho, it generally does not split. It is harder to shed than Kyoho and tends to last longer. It seems that it can be produced as seedless grapes by spraying 200 ppm of streptomycin before flowering and dipping in inflorescence (fruit bunch) of 25 ppm of gibberellin at full bloom and 10 to 15 days after full bloom. Use about 4 cm at the tip of the spike. I heard that it is effective to add Fulmet solution at the time of the first gibberellin treatment to stabilize the grain formation. In an unheated house, seedless treatment (hormone treatment) on the lower 3.5 cm results in a triple bunch of grapes 10 cm long.
“Grape Akitsu No. 21” (“Stuben” × “Muscat of Alexandria”) is a new variety registered in 2006 at the Institute of Fruit Tree Science, Institute of Fruit Tree Science, Grape and Kaki Research Center (formerly National Fruit Tree Experiment Station Akitsu Branch). A large, good-tasting diploid grape grown by crossing “Hakunan”. Raised by crossing European and American grapes over generations to increase consumption. It is a large variety that has the aroma and texture of European grapes and the edible nature of the whole skin. As a characteristic of the fruit, the average bunch weight of a bunch is 400 to 500 grams, the grain has a short oval shape, and the size is 11 to 12 grams, which is about the same as KYOHO Grape. The sugar content is as high as about 20 degrees and the acidity is low, so the taste feels sweet. The skin color is yellowish green, the flesh is disintegrating and hard, and the scent is muscat scent. In addition, the gibberellin treatment (promoting cell elongation in the direction of the growth axis, promoting seed germination, promoting dormancy breakage, suppressing aging, etc.) gives the impression that the peel is not thick and there is no astringency.
There are various theories about its origin in Japan. During training in Kai no Kuni (currently Yamanashi Prefecture) visited by Gyoki, a high priest from the Nara period, Yakushi Nyorai with grapes in his hand appears on his dream pillow. It seems that Kashiwaoyama Daizenji Temple was engraved with the same statue of Yakushi Nyorai. Since then, Gyoki has passed on the grapes transmitted from the continent as medicine to Katsunuma, and there is a strong theory that cultivation has spread. The theory is that Kageyu AMEMIYA of Katsunuma, Yamanashi Prefecture discovered a vine plant different from his native mountain grapes and took it home and planted it.
In order to protect and develop agriculture, five agricultural cooperatives in the Hokushin area (Nagano City), Miyuki Kita Shinshu (Iiyama City), Chikuma (Chikuma City), Suzaka (Suzaka City), and Shiga Kogen (Yamanouchi Town, Shimotakai District) The inauguration ceremony of “JA Nagano” (Nagano City), which was born by the merger, was held in Nagano City on September 2, 2016. The business has started as the largest agricultural cooperative in the prefecture in terms of sales of agricultural products such as main fruits and mushrooms and the number of union members. And I hear that “Mushroom Day in Nagano Prefecture” is November 11th every year.