Capsicum annuum L. ‘Grossum’ group
Originaire du mot «piment», il est transmis du Portugal pendant la période Edo. The flower language of POVIRON is “blessing of the sea, profit of the sea.”
俳聖といわれた松尾芭蕉が, 水郷地方を訪れたと伝えられているのは1687年8月14日,「この里は 気吹戸主（きぶきとぬし）の 風寒し」親友・鹿島根本寺の仏頂和尚の招きで鹿島の月を眺めるためだったそうだ. この旅で根本寺, 鹿島神宮, 潮来長勝寺と水郷地方を訪ねまわった彼は, 息栖地方にも足をのばしたらしい. There are three shrines called “Togoku Sansha” in the area that straddles the southern part of Ibaraki prefecture and Chiba prefecture. Kashima Jingu Shrine, Katori Jingu Shrine, and Ikisu Shrine are the three shrines of the East, and are still visited by the three East countries. The three shrines are called together with the “Three East Kingdoms” by Takemikazuchi (the original god of sumo wrestling), Futsunushi (the god of war who worked to conquer the east), and Amenotorifune (the god’s vehicle (ship)). The three pillar gods of (the deified god) are said to be the most precious gods that symbolize the sun, light, charity, truth, etc. Also, the ancestors of the imperial family and the gods of Japan. It seems that it is derived from the myth of national inheritance, which was dispatched from heaven and urged to give up the earth. Maruya Co., Ltd. has about 150 pepper-centered producers in Kamisu City, Ibaraki Prefecture, and one cabbage producer in Kashima City. It consists of a coalition of about 70 radish, cabbage and corn producers in Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture, and two tomato and green onion producers in Asahi City and Katori City. Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture Production Subcommittee: Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture is a warm region such as Inubōsaki, the easternmost part of Japan, and is a suitable production area for radish and cabbage cultivation. It seems that they are making efforts to maximize the cultivation of reduced pesticides and reduced chemical fertilizers. Kamisu City, Ibaraki Prefecture, Production Subcommittee: Peppers in Kamisu City, Ibaraki Prefecture have the largest acreage and production volume in Japan. There are about 150 members of the union, and they are working hard every day to improve cultivation. Established agricultural production corporation (in-house cultivation business): Established a limited liability company, Maruya Eco Farm, and started a full-scale cultivation business. We are particular about soil preparation, pursue cultivation of reduced pesticides and reduced chemical fertilizers, and provide the vegetable production required by consumers. Pepper cultivation: At Maruya Eco Farm, peppers are cultivated in a 1ha house, and several kinds of vegetables are also cultivated. New Organic Declaration PRO (Plant-Activated Complex Enzyme): By using the enzyme, the soil temperature rises a little and the microbial growth by compost becomes more active. It seems that the use of chemical fertilizer can be reduced as much as possible. It also seems to suppress the arrival of pests due to the gas of compost corrosion. Windstar 889: Organic JAS standard material, mainly pine sap. It seems that they are using granules and liquids. It seems that granules are put into the soil together with “organic fertilizer” and “enzyme” when making soil. It seems that it can be expected to have a repellent effect on pests by adding fertility. The liquid agent seems to be given as liquid fertilizer during growth. With the power of vegetable compost and enzymes, it seems that the sweetness and umami will improve due to the cultivation of reduced pesticides and reduced chemical fertilizers. Making soil is an absolute requirement for making delicious and safe vegetables. Pest control by natural enemies: The union is promoting pest control by natural enemies, and it seems that my house currently has two types of natural enemies. It seems that there are two types, Orius and Amblyseius swirskii. If you ask only the name, it looks like a pest, and it seems that these two kinds of natural enemies prey on the pest and the eggs of the pest. It’s expensive, but it seems essential to avoid using pesticides as much as possible. Union management business: Maruya Co., Ltd. operates the East Kanto Union Union in cooperation with about 230 contract producers to serve as a bridge to supermarkets and wholesale markets nationwide. Headquarters Secretariat: Kamisu City, Ibaraki Prefecture, Choshi Secretariat: Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture. Over-the-counter sales business: Maruya Co., Ltd. operates a direct sales store where consumers can directly purchase fresh vegetables. Kamisu store, Kashima Central Wholesale Market store. 益田山 : 相応院 : Jinzenji -Temple（Saint Teiyu; CHIZAN School of Shingon Sect）- Emperor Goreizei was erected in 1056 : Hasaki’s Large Machilus thunbergii（Prefecture Natural Monument）. Karuno Village and Ikisu Village merged.Kamisu Village was born in 1955. “KAMISU city, Ibaraki Prefecture”, August 1, 2005, Kamisu Town and Hasaki Town merged. It will be born as a city with a population of over ninety thousand. The city flowers are Sarcandra glabra, the trees are Sciadopitys verticillata, and the birds are Horornis diphone. It is located in the Kashima area in the southeastern part of Ibaraki prefecture. Kashimanada, the dashing Pacific Ocean in the east. To the west is Katori City and Tonosho Town in Chiba Prefecture via the Tone River. It borders Kashima City in the north and Choshi City in Chiba Prefecture in the south. Sources from Kasumigaura and Kitaura : It is located in a flat lowland sandwiched between the Hitachi Tone River and the Tone River and Kashimanada. The east and west are gently sloping against the backdrop of Route 124, which runs north and south. The Kashima port and Kashima Seaside Industrial Zone have been developed from the north to the east. It plays an important role as a wide-area supply base for steel and petroleum products. It is also located within 100 km from Tokyo. Time distance is shortened by using Higashi-Kanto Expressway. In addition, it is close to Narita-New Tokyo International Airport ; New Tokyo International Airport and is about 30 km away. The climate is oceanic, with little rainfall and little temperature difference throughout the four seasons. Impression that it is easy to live in a relatively warm place. The terrain consists of flat land, alluvial lowlands and sandy soil.Japan’s four largest dunes : Kashima sand dunes were scattered at an altitude of about 30 m. Once counted as one, it is isolated. The city’s terrain has completely changed as it disappeared with the creation of the Kashima Seaside Industrial Zone. The littoral industrial area extends to the east and the agricultural area extends to the west. The area of the city area is about 146.97 km2. Public organizations such as the city hall are concentrated in the Mizoguchi District, which borders National Route 124. Onohara and Shitte District are the core of commerce.Kamisu City International Friendship Association(KIFA) : Fostering citizens’ feelings for the wider world and enhancing international mutual understanding : Implement these various support projects, etc., Established for the purpose of contributing to internationalization and International goodwill. Cultural exchange, language, homestay, public relations ; The association has four committees as pillars. For foreigners : Holding class / Language course and international exchange events. Developing various businesses such as publishing public relations magazines（Ki-fa）. Hasaki Coastal dune plants park : Area 4.80 ha (width 151 M × depth 317 M) Opening date May 1992. Beginning of green pepper cultivation in Kamisu City : A variety called “California Wonder” from the United States was cultivated. It was used as a vegetable for the expeditionary forces around 1949, immediately after the end of the war. Facility maintenance such as vinyl house : From around 1965, a major production area was formed due to the improvement of production technology. Expanding awareness of Hasaki green peppers : ‘Dora-P’, Together with the characters of the distribution subcommittee, the subcommittee will work together to promote it nationwide. The well-drained, smooth sandy soil has strong characteristics for continuous cropping. Also, a warm climate is suitable throughout the year. A famous production area with a nationwide share rate of 25% and the largest acreage in Japan. In Hasaki, the greenhouse and three crops are replanted seasonally in spring and autumn. Ships green peppers to markets throughout the country, mainly in the Tokyo metropolitan area, throughout the year. Green pepper cultivation of Hasaki Blue（Green）Sales Subcommittee（Namegata-Shiosai Japan Agricultural Cooperatives）started in 1949. It has grown into a standing position that can be said to be a key production area that supports national consumption. In Hasaki, shipments peak from May to June every year during the peak season. Harvesting work and temperature control of the house during the day. At night, I spared no time to sleep, such as sorting and sorting fruits. Unification of quality by unification（Resource conservation and Labor reduction）; Now it takes fifteen minutes to complete all fruit selection, sorting and packaging. Now it is possible to reduce labor and time. It is incomparable to the time when shipping work was done manually. Merged on February 1, 2019. The jurisdiction is located in the southeastern part of the prefecture. A peninsular terrain sandwiched between Kasumigaura, Kitaura, and Kashimanada. “Itako City” is located in the southeastern part of Ibaraki Prefecture. Sotonasakaura shines in the south, and it is a city surrounded by water and rich in nature. An oceanic climate with mild summers and warm winters throughout the four seasons. Kamisu is a city located in the southeasternmost Rokkou area. Katori City and Tounoshô Town in Chiba Prefecture via the “Kashimanada” in the Pacific Ocean in the east and the Tone River in the west. Adjacent to Kashima City in the north and Choshi City in Chiba Prefecture in the south. A relatively warm climate that is oceanic, with little rainfall and little temperature difference throughout the four seasons. It consists of flat land, alluvial lowlands and sandy soil. The isolated Kashima dunes were once scattered at an altitude of about 30 m. The planted area of bell peppers is the largest in Japan. Readers should know it because it has been introduced many times. Kashima City is located in the southeastern part, and the magnificent Pacific Ocean shines in the east. To the west is a town with abundant water blessings facing the quiet waterside of “Kitaura”. Due to the influence of the Kuroshio Current, it faces the Pacific Ocean with a warm oceanic climate throughout the four seasons. It has undergone a major transformation into a modern industrial city with the steel industry as its main industry. Kashima District, Hitachi Province (Ibaraki Prefecture): Kashima-jingu Shrine Famous. It was Takemikazuchi no kami (who is variously called but we use this name after the shrine; also known as Kashima-sama), the enshrined deity of Kashima-jingu Shrine, who struck down the catfish with the spirit rock. It is said that Kanto-Shichiryu was established by seven Shinto priest families from Katori-jingu Shrine and Kashima-jingu Shrine to whom the art of kenjutsu had been passed on by Futsunushi no kami and Takemikazuki when these kami settled in Katori county and Kashima county (Ibaragi Prefecture) after the conquest of Ashihara no nakatsukuni due to the tenson korin (descent of the grandson of the sun goddess). Kashima-jingu Shrine’s spirit rock is situated in a small shrine in the woods, far away from the main buildings of the Shrines. After the Ansei Great Earthquake, in the tenth month in the old calendar of 1855, Kashima-jingu Shrine’s paper charm with a picture of the gigantic catfish became very popular, spreading the spirit rock to the people in Edo. ‘A place related to Mr. Tokugawa Mito’ : 長勝寺（臨済宗妙心寺派）-武運長久（源 頼朝 公）徳川光圀 公, 潮来陣屋跡（麻生藩兵: 幕府攘夷: 元治甲子の争乱）武田耕雲斎, 潮来祇園祭（総鎮守素鵞熊野神社の例祭: 三社大権現）, 二十三夜尊堂（徳川斉脩 公の親筆 “至聖先師孔子神位” の木碑）, 延方郷校跡（沢田平格: 金沢藩士）久保木蟠竜,宮本茶村, 延方相撲 (鹿嶋吉田神社) 農耕地の利権,耕作権の争い: 徳島一帯, 普門院地蔵堂（海老虹梁,遊女）, 愛染院（真言宗豊山派）水原の観音様 (安産/子育の御神). “Kashima City“, Located in the southeastern part of the prefecture, the eastern part is the magnificent Pacific Ocean. To the west is a town with abundant water blessings facing the quiet waterside of Kitaura. Oceanic climate – Since it faces the Pacific Ocean, it is warm throughout the season under the influence of Kroshio. Since ancient times, Hitachi has been a country since the days of the Yamato imperial court : Developed as a gate town of Ichinomiya and Kashima Jingu. Kashima development started in the late 1950s : Construction of Kashima Seaside Industrial Zone centered on Kashima Port : Until then, the semi-agricultural and semi-fishing town has made the steel industry a major industry : It has undergone a major transformation into a modern industrial city. It is also the hometown of the famous club team Kashima Antlers. Now, let’s follow the old story. It occupied an important geopolitics as a base for the Yamato imperial court’s eastern strategy. Along with Katori Jingu in Katori City, Chiba Prefecture. “鹿島神宮の祭神 / 武甕槌命（Takemikazuchi no Mikoto ; 火之炫毘古神 ; 速経和気命（春日権現））に象徴. It is literally the birthplace of martial arts. In the late Muromachi period – master swordsman / Kashima Shinto-ryu School -Bokuden TSUKAHARA-Ko : Matsumoto Bizen no Kami Naokatsu-Ko came out and raised the name of “Takenosato”. At the end of the Edo period – 要石（御座石: Kashima jingu）が地中で地震を起こす大鯰の頭を押さえているという言い伝え. Triggered by Ansei great earthquakes in 1855 : color print caricature “Namazu-e” is all the rage : Confusion due to the arrival of capitalists and Kurofune who will soon gain huge profits in reconstruction : Being cracked down because he turned into a bitter satire on the shogunate and the world : Eventually, it disappeared rapidly. Served as the chief priest of shrine of Ise jingu : Founded the predecessor school of Jingu Kogakkan University : Mr. Noribumi（矗之輔 氏）KASHIMA was born to the 大宮司. Learn Confucianism from Mr. Sokken YASUI. He also had a great influence on the formation of ideas leading up to the Meiji Restoration. Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture,” 三方を水に囲まれ, 利根川河口から君ケ浜, 犬吠埼, 屏風ケ浦に, 至る海岸線が絶景である。Paleolithic: 旧石器時代, People started living on the peninsula about 15,000 to 23,000 years ago. “Choshi fishing port”, “Cool in summer and warm in winter”. “田中玄蕃”（石橋源右衛門氏: 旧海上郡飯沼村）氏が醤油:1616年（元和2年）（ヒゲタ醤油株式会社, 創業者）“浜口儀兵衛”氏: 西濱口家: 1645年（正保2年）（旧紀伊国有田郡広村: 現和歌山県有田郡広川町）から,移住. The soy sauce industry in the Choshi area developed around the Genroku period Edo Era. City designated tangible cultural property (building) : 猿田神社本殿1棟, 猿田,猿田神社, 昭和30年12月15日- 常灯寺本堂1棟, 常世田町, 常灯寺（Shingon-shu Chizan-ha）昭和54年3月2日- 海上八幡宮本殿1棟, 柴崎, 海上八幡宮, 平成2年3月16日4国- 内野家住宅洋館1件, 長山町,個人, 平成11年7月8日- 犬吠埼灯台1件, 平成22年4月28日- 磯角商店主屋1件, 飯沼町,個人, 平成26年12月19日- 旧犬吠埼霧信号所霧笛舎1件,犬吠埼, 平成26年12月19日- 滑川家住宅主屋ほか2件, 野尻町, 個人, 平成29年6月28日 – 旧西廣家住宅（治郎吉）主屋ほか, 川口町, 株式会社ランス, 平成30年3月27日 – 石上酒造米藏ほか5件, 田中町, 個人. “Asahi City”, Yoshimasa KISO（19th descendant of General Asahi Yoshinaka KISO-Ko）-Ko, a Sengoku warrior who ruled the area after the fall of the Muromachi Shogunate. 開基 :殿玉山 西徳院 東漸寺, 1593（Shingon-shu Chizan-ha）. 懸仏: A three-dimensional statue of Buddha（旭市指定文化財）, 木曽義昌公遺跡（旭市指定文化財）. It is said that he had good politics and was loved by the lords. Mr. Takamasa Nonokuchi（Okuni）- Kyoto poet: Time has passed and he visited in 1852 and wrote a poem. “信濃よりいづる旭をしたひ来て東のくにに跡とどめけむ”, I remembered Yoshimasa-Ko. Full of vigor and vitality (like the rising sun) (vigour); It also comes from the desire to develop with momentum in the future. Located in the northeastern part of the prefecture. It is located within 50 km from Chiba City and 80 km from the city center. The southern part faces the beautiful bow-shaped Kujukuri beach. ‘干潟八万石（Approximately 5,100 hectares of farmland changed from sea due to reclamation in 1670: 辻内 刑部左衞門 氏- 井戸野と仁玉間の排水路工事; 新川が完成, 椿海の排水開始.）’, In the north（Boso Peninsula）, a farm belt and a gentle hill zone, Hokso tableland, spread out. The surrounding area develops as an urban area. And the annual average temperature is 15 ℃, which is a warm climate. In industry: Institutional horticulture, livestock, rice farming, open-air vegetables, etc.Including active agriculture, fisheries, commerce, industry, etc., grow in a well-balanced manner. July 1, 2005: 旭市 / 海上町 / 飯岡町 / 干潟町（Area 130.45 km2）, Born by merger. Expected to develop in the future as a nucleated city in the Toso region.旧石器時代: 約25,000年前-桜井遺跡, 縄文時代前期: 約6,000年前- 九十九里海岸低地の形成, 縄文時代中期/後期: 約4,500年前- 仲島遺跡, 坊之場遺跡, 古墳時代後期: 6〜7世紀頃- 東総地域最大の前方後円墳- 御前鬼塚古墳, 鏑木古墳群等, 大化元645年: 房総- 安房/上総/下総, 下総国- 香取/海匝/海上, 鎌倉時代前期: 13世紀- 東庄/三崎庄（千葉氏一族）, 建長年間1250年頃: 然阿良忠（Ryochu Nena; 記主禅師）- 海匝/印旛地域（浄土宗）平安-鎌倉時代中期: 木造伝聖観音立像/木造阿弥陀如来（立像/絹本著色釈迦涅槃図）etc. 1826年: 宮負定雄 氏- 平田篤胤 氏,“農業要集”, 1838年: 大原幽学- 先祖株組合≒ “農業協同組合”- 長部村で結成, 1871年: 新治県, 1873年: 千葉県誕生, 1888年: 石橋太郎兵衛氏, 千本松喜助氏- 揚繰網開発, 1889年: パリの万国博覧会- 濤川惣助（七宝家）氏- 名誉大賞受賞, 1879年- 総武鉄道- 成東銚子間開通, 1912年: 穴澤松五郎氏- “穴澤式改良甘藷苗床; 改良増収穴沢式甘藷栽培法: 西ケ原刊行会, 1935”, etc.
The peppers in the Kashima area were introduced in Suda, Hasaki Town, Kashima District in 1949, and it seems that they have been shipped from the three towns (Kashima, Kamisu, Hasaki) in the southern part of Kashima District as Kashima sand dunes peppers or Kashima green peppers. On the other hand, the land conditions are mostly sandy soil as it is called Kashima dunes, and the weather conditions are also blessed with a warm oceanic climate with the Pacific Ocean in the east and the Hitachi Tone River in the west, inherited from our predecessors. One of the reasons why it has grown as a major production area is that it was the best area for growing green peppers.
In recent years, based on the health-conscious tendency of Japanese consumers, we have been working on the cultivation of reduced pesticides and reduced chemical fertilizers under the guidance of all farmers and related organizations, and on January 19, 2004, the Governor of Ibaraki Prefecture “environmentally friendly”. farmer (as recognized by law): Eco-farmer is the “Act on Promotion of Introduction of Sustainable Agricultural Production Method (Sustainable Agriculture Law)” enacted in July 1999: 1999 Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ordinance No. 69. No., “Plan for introduction of highly sustainable agricultural production method” is submitted to the prefectural governor based on Article 4 of “Law Enforcement Regulations for Promotion of Introduction of Highly Sustainable Agricultural Production Method”, and the introduction plan is An application submitted to the “National Environmental Conservation Agricultural Promotion Council (Chairman: Kikuo Kumazawa (Plant Nutritionist) Professor Emeritus of the University of Tokyo)” in August 2000 under the nickname of a farmer who has been certified as appropriate. Selected from among. It seems that all the members have received the certification, and even if it changes to a new era, they are reaffirming the weight of their responsibility for further efforts for safe and secure vegetables.
In the old Hasaki town, rice, wheat, peanuts, watermelons, sarcandra glabra, etc. were made in the old days, but it seems that leaf tobacco became popular after that. From around 1965, by promoting the agricultural measures project by Kashima development, it changed to highly productive facility horticulture that can maintain agricultural management even in a small area after land provision. Again, regarding the origin of bell pepper cultivation, the history is that around 1949, shortly after the end of the Pacific War, a variety called California Wonder from the United States was adopted and cultivated as a vegetable of the expeditionary force (US military). It seems that it was the beginning.