Citrus maxima ‘Banpeiyu’
Citrus maxima citrus fruits including Citrus decumana are called Citrus grandis. Late varieties from Taiwan’s native varieties, “Peiyu”.
Prime Minister Fumio KISHIDA and Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Genjiro KANEKO (not running for the Upper House election in the summer of 2022, have announced their intention to retire from politics only this term. In the morning, at a press conference at the Nagasaki Prefectural Office, “I thought it would be better to retire early and touch the next young person with a baton. I’m fine now, but even if I win the next election, it’s been six years. If there is a health problem during his term, he will be inconvenienced.” After that, I have been a member of the House of Councilors since 2010, and I am currently in the second term. I hope that the last flower viewing will also bloom for the people of Nagasaki Prefecture.) March 10, 2022 , Visited the Toyosu market in Koto Ward, Tokyo, and exchanged opinions with the owners of the fisheries wholesale business and the restaurant business in the wheelchair. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has raised concerns about soaring food prices, and has announced a policy of carefully grasping the actual situation through consultation counters nationwide. “It’s important to prepare for additional measures,” she told reporters, assessing the effectiveness of current measures. In the exchange of opinions, there were a number of voices who were worried about the prolonged impact. The prime minister emphasized to reporters, “I am struggling with the double suffering caused by the new Corona and the situation in Ukraine. I will prepare for the response with a sense of tension.” It’s easy to talk about, but is it the real intention from the bottom of my stomach? No matter what I do, it’s a decision when things are going on and the industry and individuals can’t afford it, so I’d like to ask as soon as possible. This is because Japan is the most unstable developed country behind the world. Yatsushiro Specialty Banpeiyu: Registration No. 94, Registration Date March 30, 2020, Registration Application No. 201, Registration Application Date, March 29, 2019, Registered Producer Name of organization, Yatsushiro GI Brand Promotion Council, Address of registered producer organization, Furushiro Town, Yatsushiro City, Kumamoto, Name of representative of registered producer organization, Chairman Mr. Yoshihisa Hayashida. Address of website of registered producer organization, Classification of Specified Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, etc. Class 1 Agricultural Products Fruits (citrus decumana), Names of Specified Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Yatsushiro Specialty citrus decumana, Yatsushiro Specialty Banpeiyu, Production Area of Specified Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Kumamoto Prefecture Yatsushiro City, Furushiro Town, Yatsushiro District, Kumamoto Prefecture, Characteristics of specified agriculture, forestry and fishery products, etc. The average shipping size is about 20 cm in width. Some of them weigh more than 4 kg when they become large, and in 2005, they were certified as the Guinness World Records as the world’s heaviest in the citrus pomelo category. In addition, a coloring standard is set at the time of shipment, and as the maturity progresses, a refreshing citrus aroma spreads from the epidermis, and it seems that the taste is excellent with moderate sweetness and refreshing acidity. Due to its size and good taste, “Yatsushiro specialty citrus decumana” has long been popular as a fruit in the Yatsushiro region, which represents winter, and is now highly regarded by the market as a specialty product and as a gift such as year-end gifts. It has been exported to Hong Kong since 2014 and seems to be used as a gift for the Chinese New Year. Production method of specified agriculture, forestry and fishery products (1) Cultivation method: Banpeiyu is used for varieties (a) Artificial pruning is performed during the flowering period to promote fruit set and enlargement (b) Promotion of fruit enlargement (C) Pruning and bagging to improve the appearance. For shipping, it is assumed that the width is 15 cm or more and the actual color is almost complete. However, if the damage caused by scratches or pests exceeds 1/2, it will be used for processed products. Shipping form as a final product: The shipping form of “Yatsushiro specialty citrus decumana” as a final product is fruits and vegetables (citrus decumana). : The Yatsushiro area has abundant soil and abundant water brought by the Kuma River and Hikawa, and is a fertile and well-drained soil. It faces the Yatsushiro Sea and has a warm climate with long sunshine hours. It seems that it is suitable for the production of pomelo because the dew is removed by the sea breeze and it is difficult for frost to fall. In the Yatsushiro area, Yatsushiro Zabon has been cultivated as a garden tree since the 17th century, and there has been cultivation technology for pomelo since ancient times. Therefore, it seems that the technology and management method necessary for large ball production and artificial pollination, fruit thinning, pruning, and bagging for quality improvement permeated the area, and it was established as a production center of Banpeiyu together with geographical factors. In 1965, along with establishing the current shipping standards, it seems that it has been working on quality improvement and regional brand products by using the name “Yatsushiro specialty citrus decumana”. The track record of producing specified agricultural, forestry and fishery products in the production area, the place of origin is Polynesia and Malaysia, and it was introduced to Japan in 1930. It was called citrus decumana because it was later than Banpeiyu cultivated in Taiwan. After introducing it to Japan, it was difficult to find a suitable place for cultivation, but it seems that it was planted in the Yatsushiro area in 1951 and confirmed to be a suitable place. The characteristics of citrus decumana were announced at the Kumamoto Prefecture Citrus Festival in the 1955s, and it seems that planting has increased. In 1965, the Banpeiyu Subcommittee of the Yatsushiro Fruit Agricultural Cooperative Association was established, and the current shipping standards were set. In addition, it seems that cultivation spread rapidly with the donation to His Majesty the Emperor. It was decided as a recommended variety in the prefecture in 1975, and it seems that it has become established as a specialty citrus in the Yatsushiro area as the area increases. It is often used for local events, and it is also useful as a gift such as year-end gifts, and it seems that it has been evaluated by market participants and consumers. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in 2015, about 90% of the national production is produced in the Yatsushiro area, and it is said that the shipment volume in 2018 is 800 tons. Applicability of Article 13, Paragraph 1, Item 4 (b) of the Act Not applicable. In 1920, it is reported that the high-quality fruit variety “Banpeiyu” was imported from the Malay Peninsula, where it originated, to Taiwan by Mr. Yaichi Shimada, a botanist from Kumamoto Prefecture who was working for the Government-General of Taiwan at that time. Fifteen years later, in 1935, by courtesy of Mr. Shimada, as a result of making a prototype at the Kumamoto Prefectural Fruit Experiment Station, it seems that it was found to be suitable for the climate of Kumamoto, especially the Yatsushiro region. Currently, as one of the recommended citrus varieties in Kumamoto Prefecture, the fruit has a high commercial value and is donated to the development of regional agriculture so that it is encouraged only in the Yatsushiro region. “Yatsushiro City”,Kumamoto Prefecture : It is located about 40 km south of Kumamoto City, the prefecture’s capital. It has an area of about 50 km from east to west, about 30 km from north to south, and an area of about 680 km2. The west faces Yatsushiro Sea, and the north is Yatsushiro District, Uki, Kamimashiki, and Shimomashiki. It borders Higashiusuki District in the east and Kuma District and Ashikita District in the south. It is divided into mountainous areas and plains by the “Hinagu fault scarp”.（It is estimated that the latest activity period for the Kouya-Shirahata section is after about 1,600 years ago and before about 1,200 years ago. The average activity interval is unknown, and it is possible that the amount of deviation during activity was about 2 m, mainly due to right lateral deviation. In the Hinagu section, the average activity interval may be about 36 million years to 11,000 years. New The activity period is estimated to be after about 8400 years ago and before about 2,000 years ago. Dislocation It seems that there was a relative uplift of about 3 m on the southeast side and a lateral shift to the right beyond that. It is possible that the Yatsushiro Sea section was active at intervals of about 11,100 to 6,400 years on average. New The activity period is estimated to be after about 1,700 years ago and before about 900 years ago. There is a possibility of the Higo earthquake in 744 AD (Tenpyo 16). It is estimated that there was a deviation of about 3 m during the activity, but the direction of the deviation is unknown.etc.）About 70% of the total area is mountainous and about 30% is plain. In the mountainous area, Kunimi-peak (1,739 m) in Izumi town is the highest peak and forms the backbone area of the Kyushu Mountains. Examples of the hiding villages of the Heike no Ochiudo include Gokanosho in Kumamoto Prefecture and Gokayama in Toyama Prefecture. The city is dazzling with its history and natural scenery. The plains are rich in land formed by the Kumagawa River, one of Japan’s three rapids, and the Hikawa River system. An alluvial plain centered on alluvial fans and deltas. In addition, it has a vast plain that has been reclaimed for many years. Utilizing these abundant resources, many agricultural products such as rush（Juncus effusus L. var. decipens Buchen.）and tomato are produced. In addition to the blessed natural conditions, the construction of seaside industrial land and the enhancement of port facilities were planned, and factories of large companies entered the market from early on. It is in the middle of developing as one of the prefecture’s leading industrial cities. Developed Yatsushiro Port, the largest international trading port in the prefecture as an Asia logistics base. It is a key point for land and sea transportation. It is famous as an area with abundant nature, resources, and a high base of transportation. Kumamoto Prefecture faces the sea on the west side, and the rest of the mountains are lined up, so the climate varies from region to region. Around the Kumamoto Plain, summer is hot and winter is cold inland. At dusk in Summer, a phenomenon called “Higo evening calm” occurs, in which the area becomes calm. The Amakusa region has an oceanic climate, and the coastal area is famous as the northernmost point of coral reefs. There is a basin in the Kuma region in the south, and it seems that summers are hot and winters are cold. The Aso region surrounded by Asogairin mountain has a mountainous climate, and it is relatively cool in summer. In winter, the temperature drops to below freezing, and it seems that snow can be seen. Precipitation is high in Kuma and Aso, especially near Mt. Aso, reaching more than that in a year. This abundant rain brings water sources to various parts of the prefecture and provides vitality to moisturize the fields and people. In Prefecture, heavy rains occur during the rainy season, and heavy and torrential rains are likely to occur due to the hot and humid southwestern air currents coming from the East China Sea. About two-thirds of the Yatsushiro coastal area seems to be reclaimed new land. In this area, small rivers such as the Kuma River, Hi River, and Sunagawa, which are one of the three major rapids in Japan, pour into the Shiranui Sea. It seems that it is. It was when Kiyomasa Kato, who is famous as a warlord and a civilian, came to Higo as a nation, and even if the feudal lord replaced Mr. Hosokawa, he married Yatsushiro chamberlain Matsui. There is also a military significance as an avant-garde base for Mr. Shimazu of the Satsuma domain, and since he was given the right to reclaim the area near the mouth of the Kuma River, it seems that there are many new areas from the vicinity of the former Yatsushiro town to Hinagu town. In particular, the clan seems to have planned to develop a large new land in the three counties of Yatsushiro, Shimomashiki, and Uto as a remedy for the clan’s financial tightness during the period of culture and civil affairs. At that time, Mr. Ryohei Kanokogi, who was appointed as Nozu Tenagaso village headman (Ryuhoku Town, “Kagami Town”, etc.), is still famous for opening 400 towns and 700 towns. It is a village shrine in the modern shrine. The deity is Kiyomasa KATO-Ko. If you worship, you can get a red stamp. Benefits include family safety, business success, civil engineering and construction, and both Bunbu and Budo. Kagami Town, Yatsushiro City is a land opened by reclamation, with about 80% of the total area reclaimed from the sea. It is said that the reclamation work near Kagami Town began around 1688-1704 under the Kumamoto feudal lord Hosokawa in the Edo period. It seems that Mr. Taira prayed to the Holy Spirit of Kiyomasa-Ko as a pioneer of civil engineering work and newly reclaimed rice field development when he approached the construction. And with his son Mr. Kennosuke and others, it is reported locally that he succeeded in three major reclamation works of 100 towns, 400 towns, and 700 towns from 1805 to 1822. In 1822, after the construction was completed, he solicited a spirit from the Jyoike Mausoleum of Honmyo-ji Temple, which enshrines Kiyomasa-Ko, and built a temple as a guardian deity of a new area in order to reward the blessing of Kiyomasa. Known by the name of “Seishoko”, it was originally a shrine temple for both Shinto and Buddhism, but in 1870, it was changed to a Shinto festival by Ordinance Distinguishing Shinto and Buddhism, and it seems that it was lined up at the village shrine. The Jyoike Mausoleum was also changed to a Shinto shrine in the Meiji era, and seems to be the current Kato Shrine in Chuo Ward, Kumamoto City. He was mourned for his virtues and is now enshrined at Bunsei Shrine in Kagami Town, Yatsushiro. It is said that the tombs of the father and son of Kanokogi Ryohei and Kennosuke remain as historic sites in Kagami Town. The annual festival is September 24th, which is the annual autumn festival. Higo Daikagura; Large grand kagura performance at Ise, Shinko-shiki procession, Shinme, shrine maiden dance, etc. are dedicated, and in recent years, it seems that local children have held portable shrines and judo competitions. In addition, it seems that various structures using rush, a special product dedicated from each district, will appear. In addition, there are festivals on February 24th and July 24th, and it seems to be crowded with stalls. Also, on January 15th every year, it seems that a porridge ritual is held to tell the story of the crops of the year. I heard that there are Kaizu Shrine (Ichikishimahimejin) and Wago Shrine (Watatsumi Ogami) in the precincts. Currently, road approaching a shrine is a roadway commonly known as “Baba-dori”, but it seems that the large entrance gate, which was built across the road in the Taisho era, retains its remnants. Most of them have been knocked down by several typhoons in recent years, but it seems that large ginko also shows beautiful autumn leaves in autumn, making the local people feel the season. “Hikawa Town, Yatsushiro District” is located in the northern part of the Yatsushiro area, almost in the center of Kumamoto prefecture, about 30 km south of Kumamoto city. It borders Uki City in the north and Yatsushiro City in the south. A second-class river Hikawa flows from east to west in the center of the town, and with National Highway No. 3 running from north to south as the boundary, forests and hills in the east, and Shiranui reclamation that is famous throughout the country as “Hachirogata in the west” in the west. It is a town with a total area of 33.36 km2 with a flat area including the beginning. “Bampeiyu” : It is famous as a kind of Pomelo which is said to be the largest fruit in the world.It weighs about 2 kg, and the larger ones weigh more than 3 kg. It is about 20 cm in diameter and is about the size of a child’s head. Kumamoto Prefecture is famous as the only production area in Japan, and Yatsushiro is a famous production area. I heard that Banpeiyu was introduced in areas with a warm climate around 1951. Cultivation became popular in the 1970s, and currently it produces more than 80% of the prefecture as a whole. It seems that it begins to bloom from mid-April to early May every year. Other citrus fruits, such as Citrus grandis, amanatsu (Citrus natsudaidai) , and Hassaku oranges, must be pollinated to produce fruit and are mainly artificially pollinated. The flowers bloom for a day, and the farmers chase after the bulging buds and perform the mating work at once. It is necessary to pluck the buds before flowering in order to make a good flower. When the pollination work is finished and the small fruits start to grow, hang small bags one by one on the ones grown in the open field. It plays a role in protecting fruits from an early stage so that they are not affected by diseases and pests. From early to mid-July, large bags are placed on both open-field and greenhouse-grown fruits that have grown vigorously. Furthermore, a special water-repellent sheet is put on it. The property of liquid is easy to evaporate at room temperature. Ingenuity is made to prevent the surface of the fruit from getting sunburned.In order to prevent the large Banpeiyu from falling naturally or due to a typhoon, preparations are made for branching (Hanging branches with strings). In mid-November, about a month later, we will start removing the bags that were covered for the harvest. It seems that the whole fruit is harvested by choosing from those that are colored yellow by about 70 to 80%. The open field is from January to early February. The house is open from late November to mid-January. Instead of shipping immediately, it seems that they will be taken to another greenhouse where they will be stored for about 10 days（In order to mature the bluish bottom to yellow, the balls are turned upside down and exposed to sunlight evenly. Finish with soft flesh with increased sugar content: Lined up in a plastic greenhouse. In today’s world, humans rarely see each other, but they are kindly close to each other.）. Sorted by appearance and size at three fruit sorting plants in the Yatsushiro area. After carefully packing the boxes, they are shipped to Kyushu, Kanto and Kansai. From November to January, it is mainly used for gifts, and from February to April, it is distributed nationwide with the original taste of the variety. Marmalade, jam, and jelly with an elegant taste are sold at the local product hall and are popular. Candied zabon pickles have long been popular with a wide range of people. It lasts for a long time, so it’s okay for 1-2 months at room temperature. Not only can you lightly dry the peeled skin and enjoy it as a bath salt, but you can also expect a beautiful skin effect. Tsuguo Horiuchi (born in 1873 in Tanba-Sasayama (now Shinoyama City, Hyogo Prefecture) as a child of a samurai who contributed to the eradication of infectious diseases by improving the hygiene of Taiwan, where the plague was widespread. Passed the pharmacist examination at the age of 16 while studying hard, and graduated from the Second Higher Junior High School Medical School in Sendai in 1894 when the Sasayama War began. Assigned to -1945). The Sendai Imperial Guard Division (pre-1945) will land in Taiwan, which was owned by the Shimonoseki Treaty in 1895, and is serving as a military doctor of the division.), A large-scale dam in southern Taiwan Yoichi HATTA, a civil engineer who transformed a vast plain into a large grain storehouse by combining water and waterways (the Kanan plain, which was called the barren land, with a dam length of 1,273 m, was the largest in the Orient at that time, the “Usanto dam”. With the completion of a water supply and drainage channel with a total length of 16,000 km, the Kanan Plain has become the largest grain area in Taiwan. Eikichi ISO (1886, section of village Sasayama, Fukatsu District, Hyogo Prefecture), a farmer who created “Horai RICE” that suits the climate of Taiwan through repeated varieties improvement. Born in Kasumi Town, Fukuyama City), after graduating from private Nisshokan Junior High School (currently Hiroshima Prefectural Nisshokan High School), enrolled in Sapporo Agricultural School.), And in March 1912, when he was 25 years old, he was assigned to Taipei as an engineer at the Agricultural Experiment Station of the Governor’s Office of Taiwan. The answer he arrived at was the crossing of Japonica rice and Indica rice. After trial and error, he succeeded in developing “Taiwan No. 65” and later Horai RICE). Born on March 15, 1886 as the eldest son of the fourth village chief of the former Chikushi District Ono Village Kamaba (now Oshiro, Ono-jo City) in Fukuoka Prefecture. Immediately after graduating from the current Oita Prefectural Mie Agricultural High School), he got a job at the Fukuoka Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Station.) Kanichiro MATSUKI (Originally from Kawarazu, Saijo City, Ehime Prefecture, he was the secretary chief of Shinpei Goto at the Cabinet Railway Institute, and introduced Shinji SOGO（Born in Nakahagi, Niihama City, Ehime Prefecture, graduated from Ehime Prefecture Normal Junior High School Toyo Branch School (currently Saijo High School). He is a Japanese railway bureaucrat and politician. He was the second mayor of Saijo during the postwar turmoil, and was instrumental in the development of city administration. After that, he became the 4th President of the Japanese National Railways in 1955 (1955 to 1963). With his passion and outstanding skill, he realized the construction of the dream super express Tokaido Shinkansen, which was an unprecedented big project in the world at that time, and is known as the “creator of the Shinkansen”.） to Goto. He has also been appointed president of Taiwan Power Co., Ltd. to complete the hydroelectric power generation facility. The completion of the power generation facility will contribute not only to the lives of Taiwanese citizens but also to the economic development of Taiwan.) And other Japanese people are praised as “meritors who have contributed to the development of Taiwan” even in present-day Taiwan. When Kabayama Sukenori proceeded with the requisition plan for Taiwan as the first governor, Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa led the Imperial Guard Division (pre-1945) and landed at the bottom (Otei, now in New Taipei City). After that, he fought the Otsubi War (a battle with some Qing dynasty troops and residents who resisted the occupation of Japan) for several months, but the division seems to have suffered from an infectious disease. There is folklore that Kitashirakawa-no-miya was ambushed and cut off while marching across Chan-bûn-khe, but official records indicate that his true cause of death was the death of an infectious disease. When considering the relationship between Taiwan and China, it is the Taiwanese identity that must not be forgotten. It’s rude to call someone Chinese who doesn’t consider you Chinese, and conversely, to someone who thinks you’re Chinese, “you’re not Chinese.” Isn’t it rude? It’s a matter of courtesy before it’s called politics.
It is a fact known all over the world that Banpeiyu, one of the largest citrus fruits in the world, is the largest producer in Japan, with Kumamoto Prefecture accounting for 95% of the national production. This produce is delicious to eat, but there seem to be other ways to enjoy it. It seems to be a Banpeiyu bath with drums. It’s Yatsushiro’s winter something characteristic of a particular season. It is said that its excellent effects are blood circulation promotion and sensitivity to cold, citric acid and vitamin C for skin beautification, and citrus scent for relaxing. At home, it seems good to put the skin after eating in a washing net and enjoy it.
In the Yatsushiro region of Kumamoto prefecture, the Kumagawa River, which is one of the three rapids in Japan, flows, and the west is a plain facing the Yatsushiro Sea. Cultivation began in the 1945s, and because it was suitable for the climate, cultivation spread rapidly in the 1965s. In particular, it is actively cultivated in the Koda district located in the southeastern part of Yatsushiro city and in Hikawa town adjacent to the northern part. Excellent citrus is a special product that represents the Yatsushiro region, and is designated as a city tree in Yatsushiro City.
At Matsui Shrine (Kitanomaru Town) in Yatsushiro City, the Wolong Plum of Matsui Shrine in Yatsushiro City, which is a natural monument designated by Kumamoto Prefecture and is said to be nearly 400 years old, is in full bloom these days. At Matsui Shrine near the ruins of Yatsushiro Castle, there is an old plum tree that is nearly 400 years old. It is said that Tadaoki HOSOKAWA, who was the owner of Yatsushiro Castle at that time, planted it himself, and it is called Wolong Plum because it looks like a dragon is lying down. The flowers, which started to unravel from last weekend about 10 days later than usual, have been in full bloom for 5 to 6 minutes due to the cheerfulness of these days. Originally where there was the Kitanomaru of Yatsushiro Castle, first Masakata KATO (the second son of Yoshishige KATO, the second son of Yoshishige, served Tadahiro KATO, followed by his father’s footsteps, and then as Aso-Uchinomaki castle keeper, then Yatsushiro Castle in 1612. After the collapse of Mugishima Castle due to the 1619 earthquake, a new Yatsushiro Castle was rebuilt in Matsue, and the original shape of the current center of Yatsushiro City was formed at this time.) My mother’s myokei zen nun A retreat was built and a garden of dead mountain water was created. After the Kato family reform, Sansai HOSOKAWA seems to have built a sukiya and a pond here and proceeded with the maintenance of the garden. Furthermore, the Matsui family inherited this, allowing the Ryumine mountain range to be seen from the Shoin on the artificial hill. It is said that SANSAI himself planted the famous tree Wolong Plum with the idea that “from Yatsushiro, it is a human resource who will become a hundred flowers,” and it became a natural monument designated by the prefecture in 1982. Matsui Shrine was founded in 1881 with the first Matsui family YASUYUKI and the second OKINAGA as deities.