Allium fistulosum L.
Japanese leek with a lot of white parts at the base. Make a groove around it and pull the soil from there to fill the groove. At the end, the green onions are high and buried in the soil, and the opposite of the beginning. It became Nebuka green onion because it grows deep roots.”
A large collection of delicious and special products of Yashio. An event to introduce tourist products in the city was held on February 26, 2022 at the commercial facility “Frespo Yashio Event Square” in front of Yashio Station. His Yashio brand certified Tsutsuji has a wonderful balance of type of rape and sweet white bean paste. There were 10 stores scheduled to open. Confectionery Doraku Kineya (Store: Yashio, the interior is like an old-fashioned folk house, and the beams on the ceiling shine) is the Japanese confectionery “Yashio Tsutsuji” (a special product of Yashio City) that was certified as the Yashio brand in 2022. The type of rape is mixed with sweet white bean paste and wrapped in Gyuhi using rice flour for dumplings. Rice cracker Chaya Honpo handles Rice crackers that also use the specialty green soybeans. In addition, they also sold potato chips and cider made by companies in the city. It seems that the city contact agricultural products direct sales office also brought in fresh vegetables from the city. At the same time, a consumer life exhibition will be held on the 3rd floor of the facility. The first 100 people to visit the three locations, the city character “Happy Koma-chan (born in Yashio’s Komatsuna field belonging to Yashio City Hall. The head is made of a delicious type of rape. My favorite is the type of rape. My dream is everyone. It seems to be healthy.)” It seems that a stamp rally was also held to present goods. A special exhibition that looks back on the history of people and plague, such as the new Corona, which has been facing poverty problems from fear and economy for more than two years, is being held at the Yashio City Museum until March 13, 2022. This special exhibition is open to let people know how infectious diseases called epidemics and infectious diseases have been related to Japanese people, and measures against infectious diseases such as smallpox and cholera remaining in the city. It seems that about 140 materials recording the above are on display. It seems that the cause of cholera infection that was prevalent from the end of the Edo period to the Taisho era and the leaflets calling for prevention describe measures such as using tap water or water that has been boiled once. The four articles for the prevention of Spanish flu, which were all the rage around the world from 1918 to 1920, are now social distance, mask wearing, vaccination, wash hands and gargle, which are almost the same as modern measures. It seems. It is difficult to estimate the number of patients and deaths worldwide, but the number of patients is 25-30% (WHO) of the world population, or one-third of the world population (Frost WH, 1920), about 500 million people. (Clark E.1942.), The lethality rate (probability of dying when infected and sick) is 2.5% or more (Marks G, Beatty WK, 1976; Rosenau MJ, Last JM, 1980.), Deaths The number is 40 million (WHO), 50 million (Crosby A, 1989; Patterson KD, Pyle GF, 1991; Johnson NPAS, Mueller J, 2002.), and one theory is 100 million (Johnson NPAS, Mueller). J, 2002.) It seems that it was also said. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Home Affairs of Japan at that time, it was reported that there were about 23 million patients and about 380,000 deaths in Japan. The first wave began in March 1918 in the United States and Europe, but the first wave in the spring and summer of the Northern Hemisphere was reportedly highly infectious but not particularly lethal. However, the second wave, which began simultaneously in France, Sierra Leone, and the United States in late autumn in the Northern Hemisphere, has a 10-fold case fatality rate, with the highest number of deaths among healthy young people aged 15-35 years, 99 deaths. It has been confirmed that% occurred in the younger age group under 65 years old, which is an unprecedented phenomenon in the past and after. Following this, the third wave occurred at the beginning of 1919, which is the winter, and it seems that three epidemics were seen in the time span of the year. Many deaths in 1918 were apparently due to pneumonia due to a secondary bacterial infection, while it was also reported to have caused primary viral pneumonia with extensive bleeding. He was so severe and died in a short period of time that he was not considered influenza when the first case appeared and was suspected of having cerebrospinal meningitis or the return of bubonic plague. Antibiotics were not discovered at that time, effective vaccines were out of the question, and it seems that the influenza virus had to wait until 1933 for the first isolation. Without such medical means, the only way to deal with it seemed to be to rely on mundane methods such as patient isolation, contact restriction, personal hygiene, disinfection and postponement of meetings. Many people voluntarily or by law wear masks where people gather, and in some countries coughing and sneezing in public places have been fined or imprisoned. I hear that public facilities, including schools, were often closed and rallies were banned. Patient isolation and contact restriction were widely applied and could delay transmission to some extent, but did not appear to reduce the number of patients. Among them, Australia, which belongs to the Oceania region, has many exceptions. By strict seaport quarantine, the de facto closure of the border, succeeded in delaying Spainful’s domestic invasion by about six months, and by this time the virus had lost some of its pathogenicity, thanks to it. So, although the period was long, it seems that it is a milder epidemic. Other small islands in the western Pacific actually had similar border closures to stop the invasion, but with a handful of these exceptions, nowhere in the world seems to have escaped. The area of Yashio City, Saitama Prefecture, was a shallow sea called inner part Tokyo Bay about 6,000 years ago, but it became land by about 2,000 years ago due to the uplift of the Kanto Plain and the accumulation of sediment carried by rivers. , A small highland called a natural levee was formed along the river. It is not clear when people began to live in the city area, but from the currently confirmed ruins (Hachijo breech shinto shrine ancient tomb, Goryo type clayware spraying area of Hikawa shrine ruins), the Kofun period (about 1,700 years ago) It is presumed that people were living their lives by that time. It is probable that in the city area where the Nakagawa River and the Ayase River flowed in and the wetlands spread, people lived on the natural levee formed along the river channel and cleared the wetlands. In the Hachijo area, settlements during the Heian period have been confirmed, and it seems that earthenware and belt decorations produced in various places such as Chiba and Ibaraki have been excavated from there. It seems that you can get a glimpse of the lives of people around this time, such as the fact that distribution through rivers was already carried out in this area and that there was some relationship with local officials. The city area from the end of the Heian period to the Kamakura period belongs to the Ohkawto inside the kitchen Hachijo Township, which is the territory of Ise Jingu. It seems that (Hachijo Goro Mitsuhira) was appointed as the lord of a manor. Hachijo Township is presumed to be the area of Hachijo territory in the early modern period between the Tone River (Nakagawa River) and the Ayase River, and Mitsuhira（Azuma Kagami: In the conferral of honors, according to merits in the Yoshimori WADA Rebellion in May 1213.）-Ko seems to have named himself Hachijo based on Hachijo Township. In “Shijo no Saibun” in 1361, “Hachiju City” (Hachijo) is described as one of the 33 markets in Musashi where a regular market stands, and it is one of the trading bases using boat transportation. It is speculated that it was. In addition, in the inventory of property that Katori shrine Big senior priest (of a Shinto shrine, below chief priest and deputy chief priest) Nagafusa Onakatomi-Ko gave to his son in 1387, “Tsurukasone” and “Osakahe” (Oze) ”, there is a description such as the right to collect customs money, and it seems that you can hear about the state of the Nakagawa River source, which is crowded with goods transportation ships. In addition, due to the unrest of the war, people sought the blessing of the gods and Buddha, and many temples were built in the city area during this period, and excellent Buddhist art and stone structures such as his Itahi (board monument; bluestone pagoda) are also left behind. Seems to have been done. During the Edo period, the Yashio city area was divided into 20 villages (corresponding to the current section of village), but it is said that most of them were established around 1600. In the Edo period, under the newly reclaimed rice field development policy of the Shogunate, the Ayase River was straightened, artificial embankments were constructed, and Hachijo and Kasai irrigation waters were excavated around the city, creating abundant cultivated land. It seems. The villages of the early modern period were positioned at the end of the ruling unit of the shogunate, and seemed to bear the annual tribute and various roles (poster role（Duties for public freight and passenger transportation at the lodging station on the highway）, etc.). The center of goods transportation in this era was water transportation using ships that can carry goods safely and in large quantities, and riversides for loading and unloading luggage were set up on the banks of the Ayase and Nakagawa rivers to load luggage. It seems that the riverboats were bustling with each other. Water transportation has also brought about the promotion of new industries in the villages of the city. The dyeing industry, which is still practiced as a local industry, seems to have developed in close connection with water transportation by dyeing the yukata after the bath, which has spread among the Edo townspeople since the middle of the Edo period. The dyeing industry in the city area is located between Edo, the consumption area, and Iwatsuki, the area where cotton fabrics are accumulated. It seems that it became popular as a side business of farmers. In addition, the road that runs north-south through the city area has been called Shimotsuma Highway or Senju Traffic. It is not clear when this road was opened, but it is said that it was one of the main roads connecting Kanto and Oshu at the end of the Heian period. After that, this road was called the Shimotsuma Highway because it connects Edo and Shimotsuma, and was used by people as a sidewalk along the Nikko road and as a transportation route for goods. It was broken. Regarding the bustle of Hachijo village at that time, Dijo TSUDA（十方庵主: 1762‐1832は, 名を大浄, 字を敬順 / 宗知という. 本姓は津田氏で, 織田信長公の子孫と伝えられている. 津田隼人正（盛月）（信長の兄の子）の子, 津田信賢が三河の本法寺（浄土真宗）に入り, 寺主敬映上人の弟子となって賢順と改名, 廓然寺と号したらしい. その後, 子孫が廓然寺を継いだ. この寺は本法寺の子院である. このため, 本法寺が江戸に移ると, それに従って江戸に移ってきたようだ. 先生は, 賢順8世の裔である. 江戸本所生まれで, 牛の御前を産土神としたらしい. 11歳のときに江の島で遊んだことがあるという. 天明元年3月, 近藤知新庵の茶道を学び, 翌年3月, 小島卜斎の忍ヶ丘の茶室に入り, 十種香を模して十煎茶を工夫. また, その間に“枇杷葉”を鴨田検校（59代の惣録: 享和元年12月-2年4月）に学んだという. 文化八年, 51歳のときに寺のことを子の大恵に譲った. 遊歴雑記の序文は文化十一年（1814年）八月の日付となっている. 江戸から八條村への道について記されている. 千住から榎戸（えのきど）(現: 東京都足立区)から, 八條村の道について, 田舎道で砂利が少ないので, 雨天時にはぬかるんで歩きづらいなど記載.）, an Edo monk who visited here around 1823, described the liquor store, public bath, and Edo-era as “the busiest and most bustling city in the remote area” (“circuit miscellaneous note”). It seems that barbershop etc. are writing that the eaves are lined up. The villages of the Edo period functioned as a living community even after the Meiji Restoration, and when the Union tocho office was established in 1884, the Ise Nomura Union (two-chome village, Kiso village, Minamikawasaki village, Ise) was established in the city. Nomura, Oze Village, Koshinden, Tate Village), Kamibaba Village Union (Minamigotani Village, Yanaginomiya Village, Nishibukuro Village, Kamibaba Village, Nakabanba Village, Ohara Village, Osone Village, Ukizuka Village), Matsunoki Village Union (Hachijo Village, Tsuruga Sone Village, Tateno Hori Village, Igusa Village, Matsunoki Village, Koshinden Village) was established. After that, in 1889), the city and town / village system was enforced as part of the modern local autonomy system, the Ise Nomura Union became Shiodome Village, the Kamibaba Village Union became Yawata Village, and the Matsunoki Village Union became Hachijo Village. It seems that the expansion of war costs due to the Russo-Japanese War from 1905 to 1906 put a great deal of pressure on the village’s finances and exhausted the rural areas. At this time, a movement to promote the autonomy of towns and villages called the “Regional Improvement Movement” was promoted under the leadership of the Ministry of Interior, and in 1911 Shiodome Village was selected by the Ministry of Interior as a model village. The reason seems to be that the efforts and achievements of tax payment, encouragement of school attendance, establishment of a credit union and willingness to save for work were recognized as model examples. In addition, Yawata Village is also recognized as an excellent village in the prefecture, and the village head of Tamtaro FUJINAMI seems to have been commended as an autonomous meritorious person in the prefecture for his efforts in promoting education, improving tax payments, and developing industry. A brick factory has set up in the city area near Tokyo, which is convenient for water transportation, because it was blessed with Arakida soil, which is the raw material for bricks. The Kanamachi Brick Company moved its factory to the Koshinden area around 1916, and in 1918, the Hanahata No. 2 Factory of Teikoku Brick Co., Ltd. started operations in the Ohsone area, and in 1940, Yogawa moved to the Yanaginomiya area. Brick factory was founded. However, due to the question of earthquake resistance as a building material due to the Great Kanto Earthquake, demand gradually decreased, and the brick factory in the city area was forced to close in the 1970s. After the war, a new constitution was promulgated with local autonomy as a major pillar, and the government promulgated the Municipal Merger Promotion Law in 1953, planning the scale of towns and villages necessary for proper municipal management. It took time to reach an agreement on the merger of Hachijo, Shiotome, and Yashio, but the Hachijo village section of village Tatenohori district (currently Inari, Soka City) was separated, and the new village name was taken from the acronym of Yashio. 八潮 Village was born on September 28, 1956. There were various circumstances before becoming “Yashio”, but the proximity to the city center became a big advantage, and it continued to develop due to the expansion of factories and population increase due to the subsequent high economic growth, and the town system was enforced in 1964, 1972. The city system was enforced. After that, remarkable progress was made in the city of Saitama Prefecture, such as the opening of the Metropolitan Expressway, land readjustment, and the opening of the Tsukuba Express in 2005. Yashio City is located at the southeastern tip of Saitama Prefecture. It is located on the Nakagawa low ground, which extends almost in the center of the Kanto region. The area is 18.02 km2, and it seems that it has a vase-shaped terrain with 5.23 km from east to west and 7.45 km from north to south. At an altitude of 1 to 4 m, it is surrounded by the Nakagawa River in the east, the Ayase River in the west, and the Gake River in the south. It is located 15 kilometers northeast of the city center, bordering Misato City in the east, Adachi / Katsushika Ward in the south, and Soka City in the west and north. The Nakagawa, Ayase, Gake, Oba, and Denu rivers flow through the city, and are located at the southern end of the Nakagawa lowland sandwiched between the Kita Adachi plateau and the Noda plateau. “Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation” is a “domestic Vegetables matching site” that connects vegetable producers and actual consumers (businesses that buy and sell domestic vegetables as a business) online and provides a place for exchanges and business negotiations. With the opening of “Veggie Machi” in February 2021, it seems that from December 1, 2020, participants in “Vegetable Machi” for vegetable producers and actual consumers are also recruiting for membership registration. Due to the new coronavirus disease, the demand for vegetables has decreased or lost in transaction volume, mainly for commercial use, and some producers are facing a difficult situation. Under such circumstances, it seems that it was established to support vegetable producers who are working hard. In the Yashio City Nakayasuragi Green Space Creation Project, the agricultural land in the urbanized area has become an important regional resource that plays an important role as a green space and a disaster prevention space in addition to supplying fresh agricultural products. Enforced in April 2009 with the aim of creating a “city of peace” that makes the most of its functions and considers the landscape. What is the Yashio City Local Production and Local Consumption Promotion Council? It seems that it was decided based on the production volume at that time, also as an introduction of special products after ‘Hachi; Japanese mustard spinach, green soybeans, green onions, spinach, tomatoes, eggplants, shantung vegetables, Tennoji turnips’. However, among them, the production of Shandong greens and turnips is quite low, and it seems that the reason is that the number of producers has decreased due to the aging of producers and the decrease in demand. In particular, Ten turnip has rarely been cultivated in the city in recent years, and there are few opportunities to see it, so at the meeting to review Yashio’s eight vegetables, it seems that there was an opinion “Why not remove it from Yashio’s eight vegetables?” It is irresponsible and unreasonable to include unproduced vegetables in the eight vegetables, and “broccoli is desirable in terms of acreage,” and so on. On the other hand, “Isn’t it ignoring the traditional Yashio food culture such as Shantung vegetables that can only be considered in terms of production volume?” “Since the production of Ten turnip is decreasing even in the suburbs of the city, can we take this opportunity to appeal the characteristics of Yashio?” In urban agriculture, it is done in a similar environment, so it seems that similar crops are produced. It seems that the issue is how to bring out the characteristics, make them recognized, and connect them to consumption. As a result of discussions, it was decided that if it was not made in the suburbs of other cities, it should be one of the eight vegetables, and the way of eating should be researched, introduced and produced to make Yashio’s eight vegetables. It seems that opinions have been gathered on Yashio’s Eight Vegetables by continuing to promote locally grown and consumed vegetables in Yashio, such as by collaborating with related organizations and promoting production efforts and spreading recipes. We would like many people to know about Yashio’s eight vegetables and support the spread of fresh, safe and secure local vegetables with a visible face. Welsh onion is one of the representative vegetables of the Orient and has been cultivated in China for 3000 years. It has been cultivated in Japan since the Nara period, and in the Kansai region, leaf onions that eat the blue part are cultivated, and in the Kanto region, deep-rooted green onions that eat the soft white part of the white meat are the main cultivation. In the city, the soil outside the Nakagawa embankment was suitable, and it seems that it was a major production area for tide-stopping oku green onions. Even now, the cultivation area is small, but it is said that it is a production area of high quality green onions due to the suitable environment and the skill of the farmers cultivated. The best time to eat is all year round. In March 2010, “Yashio City Food Education Promotion Plan” (from 2010 to 2014) and “Yashio City Food Education Promotion Plan-Revised Edition-” (from 2016 to 2017) based on the Food Education Basic Law Was formulated. With the end of these planning periods, we have formulated the “Second Yashio City Food Education Promotion Plan” with a planning period of 7 years from FY2016 to FY2023. In this plan, based on the basic principle of “cultivating the power to live with the power of food” -eating deliciously and making everyone smile-, each citizen is interested in food, and from a correct understanding of “food” to practical actions. It seems that we will promote efforts to connect. In addition, the plan has set three basic goals based on the basic philosophy, and it seems that specific efforts and numerical targets have been set for each. In the future, it seems that we will evaluate the content of our efforts every year.
The climate of Saitama Prefecture belongs to the Pacific side climate. Most of the climate is inland, including the northern part, and coastal meteorological characteristics are added to the flatlands in the southern part, and basin-type and mountainous climates appear in the mountains of the Chichibu region. In winter, the northwest monsoon is strong, and there are many sunny days and the air is dry. The lowlands in the eastern part of the prefecture, also known as the Saitama Plain, are areas where Tokyo Bay used to be invaded, and are turbulent areas of the Tone and Arakawa rivers. was. On the other hand, these two major rivers bring abundant water, and many agricultural water networks such as Minuma substitute water and Kasai water are left in the prefecture.
Shiodome okute japanese leek: It is a characteristic of Nagao, but it is a variety of Senju green onion, and 5 stems grow from 1 root. It is a phantom green onion that disappeared while being highly evaluated for its quality. The taste is soft and sweet. It is said that during the Tenpo era (1830-1944), the original species were obtained from the former Katsushika District Sunamura (currently Koto District, Tokyo) and prototyped. There seems to be a record in “Saitama Agricultural Bulletin” (issued on December 1, 1914) that “breeding was improved to seeds”. Since the Meiji era, until around 1965, it was actively produced mainly in the former Shiodome village, but due to its softness, it broke during transportation and had weaknesses that it did not last for a long time, so it moved to the durable “Senju green onion”. Disappeared from the market. Currently, it seems that this agricultural product study group (5 members) is cultivating with the aim of revival. The period is from April to May.
Saitama Prefecture is an inland prefecture located from the central part to the western part of the Kanto region. With a total area of 3,798 km2, it ranks 39th in Japan. The population density is the 4th place after Tokyo, Osaka and Kanagawa prefectures, and the prefecture’s financial strength index is also the 4th place in the whole country. It is adjacent to Ibaraki and Chiba prefectures in the east, Nagano and Yamanashi prefectures in the west, Tokyo in the south, and Gunma and Tochigi prefectures in the north. The area of cultivated land for management is 74,500 ha (2018), which is the 16th largest in Japan (according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries “Crop Statistics Survey”). Since the development of the wilderness in the middle of the Edo period, agriculture has been supporting the food of Edo and Tokyo for a long period of time by taking advantage of the blessed natural conditions and the “local advantage” of the production area in the center of the metropolitan area, which is a large consumption area. There is. Even today, various agricultural products such as vegetables, rice, wheat, flowers, fruit trees, and livestock are produced. Agricultural output is 198 billion yen, the 18th largest in Japan (2018). The breakdown is 48.9% for vegetables, 19.8% for rice, and 14.8% for livestock, making it one of the leading vegetable producing areas in Japan.