From here, Kishu Shimotsu Town, Kainan City.
Kainan City, Wakayama Prefecture’s official PR character “Kainyan (April 2, 2017, at the 1st Kainan Confectionery Festival” to many people that “Kainan’s town is a place of sweets” Born to get to know)” is dreaming of becoming a national ward. At that time, it was devised by a girl in the fourth grade of elementary school. She became the official PR character on a sunny day in October 2020, but her name seems to be another because the event is restricted due to the Cov. It seems that the city is planning to increase the number of design patterns in the future. It seems that she is aiming for an activity like her seniors Kumamon and Hikonyan because of the cat boom. In 1934, Kainan City was merged with Kuroe Town, Hikata Town, Utsumi Town and Ono Village, and the city administration started. Kainan City, Wakayama Prefecture, was born on April 1, 2005 by the merger of former Kainan City and former Shimotsu Town. The area is 101.06 km2. Located in the northwestern part of the prefecture, it is adjacent to Wakayama City / Kinokawa City in the north, Kimino Town, Kaiso District in the east, Arida City / Aridagawa Town in the south, and Kii Channel in the west. It has three interchanges on the Hanwa Expressway, Kainan East, Kainan, and Shimotsu, and all the limited express Kuroshio trains stop at JR Kainan Station, so it seems to be easily accessible from the Keihanshin area and Kansai International Airport. Blessed with a warm climate throughout the four seasons, mandarin oranges and loquats are cultivated in the south, and peaches are cultivated in the east. Loquat and mandarin oranges are special products of the Shimotsu Town area and are known nationwide. In addition, the coastal area facing the Kii Channel is blessed with seafood such as whitebait, shirasu, and brown seaweed. The area around the Kuroe area is known as the production center of Kishu lacquer ware（Aizu-nuri (Fukushima Prefecture) Yamanaka-nuri, Wajima-nuri (Ishikawa Prefecture), etc. are called Japan’s three major lacquer ware. Historically, it is said that the Shibuji Japanese soup bowl was made by Kishu Kijishi (woodturner) during the Muromachi period. In addition to this, it is said that one of the origins of Kishu lacquer ware is that the monks made their own fixtures such as set, bowl, basin, and miniature shrine for the temple at Negoroji Temple（Shingi Shingon sect）in present-day Iwade City. It seems that these series of coatings are called “Negoro-nuri”. After undercoating with black lacquer and then applying vermilion on top of it, the red lacquer on the surface naturally wears off during use because it was made by an unskilled monk, and the black lacquer undercoat is scattered here and there. It seems that it was exposed. It seems that he was pleased with it as a tasteful thing. After that, when Hideyoshi-Ko attacked Negoro, the monk who escaped the difficulty spread because he engaged in lacquering in Kainan City with his technology and technique, and in the middle of Tokugawa-Ko, it was quite grand under the protection of the Kishu domain. It seems that it was said that it was.）, one of the four major lacquer ware in Japan, and has been designated as a traditional craft by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry. It also boasts a high market share nationwide for shipments of household products (especially water-related products; It originated in the production of “scrubbing brush”, “rope”, “straw raincoat” and “brush” made from hemp palm cultivated in the eastern part. It seems that the production of palm products was originally a side business during the off-season. However, after the Sino-Japanese War and the Russo-Japanese War, there was also military demand such as being used as a handrail for military ammunition boxes, and specialized manufacturers and wholesalers began to appear. It seems that it was made. After that, in the latter half of the Meiji era and the early Taisho era, there was a shortage of palms, so it seems that palms of palm fruits were imported from Southeast Asia as a substitute. I hear that although the raw material has replaced the cheaper palm, it has developed more and more as a local industry. In the 1955s, chemical fibers such as nylon, vinyl, and tetron appeared as raw materials, and processing technology developed. Coupled with the rapid westernization of lifestyles during the high-growth period, it seems that the development of new household items has been spurred. Even now, it seems that products that meet the diverse needs of consumers, such as design and ease of use, are being developed one after another. Trachycarpus is a general term for evergreen trees belonging to the genus Palmaceae. The tree grows straight and the height of the trunk is about 5 meters. A lot of palm-shaped leaves grow from the high part of the trunk, giving it a tropical atmosphere. There seems to be a strong theory that cultivation in Wakayama Prefecture began about 1,200 years ago when Kobo Daishi (Kukai), who opened Mt. Koya, planted saplings brought back from Tang in the garden of the temple.). The Kumano old road runs from north to south, and Kainan, which has been a major transportation hub since ancient times, seems to have been visited by many metropolitans since ancient times. Nine traces of “Kujuku-Oji（It seems that each prince performed ceremonies such as offerings (to worship money) and memorial services (reading the Heart Sutra, etc.), and often performed dedications such as sato kagura, familiar dance, and tanka poetry. Along the Kumano old road, it is a general term for shrines that were solicited and built by Kumanosanzan from the middle of the Heian period to the Kamakura period. Oji-Shinto shrine refers to the Mikogami of Kumanosanzan, and it is recorded that there were more than 100 Oji-Shinto shrine at its peak. Most of them seem to have been made by A safety prayer during the visit to Kumanosanzan. Among them, Gotai-oji was enshrined as a particularly prestigious prince company, and it seems that it was considered to have been an important base for worship at the Kumano imperial visit. All of the shrines are found on Kiiji and Nakahechi, but they have repeatedly declined and prospered over time, and nowadays, many shrines are enshrined in places where only information boards are built as traces or in local shrines. It seems.）”, the place where you worshiped, rested, and stayed on the way to Kumano, are scattered around, reminiscent of the bustle of the time. Even now, there are 14 monuments such as songs that love the scenery and songs that think of loved ones, which were written by the residents of the capital, and many hikers are visiting the area around the prince’s ruins and Fujishiro Pass. The Shimotsu Town district is said to be a treasure trove of cultural properties, but of the seven national treasure buildings in the prefecture, there are actually four, including the national treasures “Chohoji main temple building” and “Zenpuku-in Shakado.” It is blessed with many cultural assets such as the Tokugawa family graveyard, the lord of the Wakayama feudal lord of the prefecture. In addition, there are many unique festivals such as “Nakizumo; Weeping-Sumo (Yamaji-Oji Shrine Dedication Flower Sumo)”, “Confectionery Festival” and “Shiotsu no Mugil cephalus
Dance” at Kitsumoto Shrine, and it seems to be crowded with many people from inside and outside the prefecture every year. Leisure facilities such as “Wanpaku; Energetic Park” and “Fishing Park Shimotsu Pierland” are also substantial. We are also actively working to attract companies such as “Kainan Intelligent Park” where advanced technology industries are concentrated, and we are creating a well-balanced town that is blessed with rich nature and traditional culture but is highly convenient. I heard that. It seems that Shimotsu Town has been busy since ancient times, with the Kumano Kodo leading to it. On April 1, 1889, the following five villages were established in Ama District with the enforcement of the town and village system. Hamanaka Village is Shimotsuura, Obata Village, Obara Village, Uemura, and Flatfish Village. Osaki Village is Osakiura, Homura, Maruta Village, Kuroda Village, and Ding Village. Shiozu Village is Shiozuura. Kamo Village is Okubo Village, Konan Village, Umeda Village, Shimomura, Aoe Village, Tachibana Motomura, Ichitsubo Village, Kutsukake Village, Nakamura, and Komatsubara Village. Hitoshi Village is Kasahata Village, Komura, Hikio Village, Hyakugaki Uchimura, and Soneda Village. On April 1, 1896, Kaiso District merged with Nagusa-gun to become Kaiso District. On June 1, 1938, Hamanaka Village enforced the town system and became Shimotsu Town. On February 1, 1953, Osaki Village enforced the town system and became Osaki Town. From February 1, 1955, Shimotsu Town, Osaki Town, Shiotsu Village, Kamo Village, and Ningi Village merged to form the new Shimotsu Town. It seems that the government office was located at the former Osaki Town Hall. On April 1, 2005, it merged with Kainan City to become the new Kainan City. Shimotsu Port is included in a part of Wakayama Shimotsu Port, and it seems that an oil storage base is set up. The mountainous area is Sanpo mandarin (a fruit of the Rutaceae family, a natural hybrid of Yuzu; Citrus junos and Sour orange; Citrus limetta ‘Daidai’. It was discovered in Wakayama Castle during the Edo period and was presented to the lord on the Three treasures of Buddhism because of its rarity and deliciousness. It is said that it has a citrus fruit. It looks just like dekopon (Citrus reticulata Siranui). The fruit inside is more yellow than orange, but it has a wonderful refreshing sweetness without bitterness) . The Osaki district, located at the southwestern tip of Kainan City, is a cluster that prospered as a port town with a good natural port in Osaki Bay. The main industries are shipping, fishing, wakame seaweed farming, and agriculture (mandarin orange cultivation). It is known as a district where you can experience the blessings and activities of the sea and mountains. It is about 8 minutes by car to the nearest station, JR Kamogou Station, about 40 minutes by car to the center of Wakayama City, and 20 minutes to Kainan IC on the Hanwa Expressway. ‘大崎の荒磯の渡り延う葛の行方も無くや恋ひ渡りなむ’ 詠み人不詳, ‘大崎の神の小浜は狭けども百船人も過ぐといはなくに’ 石上乙麻呂. The terraced fields exposed to the sea breeze have soil suitable for citrus cultivation and a climate with little rain, and it seems that many oranges, lemons, miscellaneous citrus fruits, etc. are cultivated. In warm areas where there is almost no frost, it is relatively easy to grow vegetables, and I hear that many households grow their own vegetables and taste them. The climate is dry with little rain, there are no rice fields, and the terraced fields of mandarin oranges and private houses are densely packed around Osaki Bay and on the mountain surface, which seems to be somewhat reminiscent of the port towns of Italy and Southern Europe. I would like to visit the fascinating district at least once. Last but not least, in Kainan City, we are proceeding with efforts to certify the “Shimotsu Kuraide Mikan System,” which has supported people’s lives by cultivating fruit trees centered on oranges, using steep slopes for about 400 years. Seems to be there. In March 2021, the “Shimotsu Kuraide Mikan System” passed the first screening (document screening). As a result of the examination at the “Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Experts’ Meeting”, the “Shimotsu Kuraide Mikan System” passed the first examination (document examination). Of the 20 application areas (15 prefectures), 9 areas (8 prefectures) have passed the primary examination. (The “Agriculture and Forestry System in the Koyasan / Arita River Basin” in Koya Town, Katsuragi Town, and Arida River Town also passed the first screening. In a steep slope with scarce flat land, we support our livelihood with agriculture centered on mandarin orange cultivation and form one of the leading mandarin orange producing areas. Through many years of trial and error, the ancestors have created a “Kuradashi; delivery mandarin oranges” technology that matures mandarin oranges immediately after harvesting in the storage in the garden to create an exquisite sugar acid balance. By leaving a wooded area near the top of the mountain, sediment outflow is prevented, and in steep slopes where even terraced fields cannot be created, the terrain is used as it is, and loquats are cultivated by vegetation. Through production activities, the unique landscape of the region, various cultures related to mandarin oranges, and the ecosystem inherent in satoyama and reservoirs are born and inherited. This agricultural system that makes the best use of local resources is proud of not only Japan but also the world, which realized “sustainable agriculture and living that leads to the future”, and was certified in February 2019 (2018). Submitted an agricultural heritage application to the Kinki Regional Agricultural Administration Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries on Tuesday, June 19). In order to aim for the Japanese agricultural heritage certification of the “Shimotsu brewed orange system”, which is traditional cultivation using the steep slope of the birthplace of orange cultivation, related organizations such as Nagamine Agricultural Cooperative, Wakayama Prefecture, Kainan City, etc. cooperated in 2018 On May 24, 2014, the “Shimotsu Delivery Mikan System Japan Agricultural Heritage Promotion Council” was established.
A shrine located at Awashima Shrine (Shimotsu Town, Kainan City). It is one of the Awashima Shrines and is a village shrine in the modern shrine. If you worship, you will get a red stamp. Enshrine Sukunabi kona. It is said that it is the same god as Awashima Shrine, which is enshrined in KADA, Wakayama city. According to the company’s biography, Sukunabikona was washed ashore in Suzuriuri in the second year of the 12th Emperor Keiko, and the villagers of 21 houses enshrined it in a nearby forest. The original settlement was under the sea, and it is said that he visited the tidal flats at low tide. The descendants of the villagers of these 21 houses who were involved in the creation still inherit the ritual, and in posterity they formed the organization of shrine parishioners in a hamlet called Ohgashirako, and it seems that they are still entrusted to the festival. Later, Empress Jingu noticed the birth at the time of the conquest of the three Koreas (legendary military invasion of the Korean kingdoms; 3rd century CE), and she sent an imperial messenger to Awashima Shrine to pray that she would not give birth until the triumphal return. However, she couldn’t go to Oshima because of the wind wave, and she had to offer a wand with hemp and paper streamers to a Shinto god from afar.
The conquered Empress Jingu gave birth to Homutawakenomikoto (Emperor Ojin) on board during the triumphal return, and to celebrate it, he himself used the root of an arrow to see the statue of Sukunabikona and Deity of magic and medicine later viewed as equivalent to Daikokuten and celebrated at Izumo Grand Shrine. After chopping and returning to the morning, it was designated as a war drum and “Twill elastic webbing’s ancient Chinese clothes, short coat for noble women (Nara and Heian period)”, which seems to have been transmitted as a corporate treasure. From 1264-1275 in the Kamakura period, he moved to his present location by taking a worship flight from Suzuriura, and a large shrine was donated from Ninna Temple, the territory of the Hamanaka shoen at that time, and shrine became a solemnity. It is said that Prince Kaneyoshi, who traveled to Kyushu during the Nanbokucho period, survived the sea disaster by praying, and there is now a shrine of the same name in Yonouzu, Saiki City, Oita Prefecture. This Awashima Shrine was built, and after that it stayed here for a long time to protect miya. It seems that there are still descendants.
Kainan City is the Shimotsucho district, which is said to be a treasure trove of cultural properties. Of the seven national treasure buildings in Wakayama Prefecture, there are actually four such as the national treasure Tendai sect keitokusan Chohoji main temple building” and Zenpukuin Shakado, and many cultural assets such as the Tokugawa family graveyard of the Wakayama feudal lord of the prefecture are blessed.