広島県尾道市瀬戸田町, 竹原市, 三原市（大和町を除き）（JA三原, JA広島果実連）
I hope that the sunny weather will make the fruit sweet and fragrant in the summer and autumn seasons.
RCC Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (Headquartered in Naka Ward, Hiroshima City, a specific terrestrial backbone broadcasting company that also operates a latte with Hiroshima Prefecture as the broadcasting target area) on March 4, 2022 I want you to finish. This child was born in Japan and she has never seen her grandma. If the war is over early, I’ll go to Ukraine with my children to see my grandmas. I want peace. For that reason, a Ukrainian woman living in Mihara City, Hiroshima Prefecture, complained in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome (Ote Town, Naka Ward, Hiroshima City). Her parents seem to live in Cherkasy in central Ukraine. The big battle has not been confirmed yet, but when the air raid warning sounds, it seems that the days of hiding in the basement of the house continue. Hiroshima Fruit Agricultural Cooperative Association (nicknamed JA Hiroshima Fruit Federation: Headquarters location, Chukai Nakamachi, Takehara City, Hiroshima Prefecture, Cardboard Factory, Chukai Tokuura, Takehara City, Hiroshima Prefecture, Tokyo Branch, Tokai, Ota Ward, Tokyo, Ota Market Ninienrennai, Osaka Branch, Noda, Fukushima Ward, Osaka City, 12th floor of Osaka Central Wholesale Market Business Administration Building, Nichienrennai, Hiroshima Branch, Kusatsu Port, Nishi Ward, Hiroshima City, Central Wholesale Market, Hiroshima City) After being established as the Federation of Sales Agricultural Cooperatives, the name was changed to the current name in 1956. The business content has also changed from a sales-centered federation to a federation that provides guidance in both production and sales, and it seems that it has played a leading role in fruit tree producing areas in the prefecture together with the member unions to this day. In 1964, the association reorganized from a non-investment federation to an investment federation and established a directly managed cardboard factory in order to smoothly carry out integrated business with members based on union members. It seems that they tried to unify the shipping standards by supplying shipping containers that were switched from boxes to cardboard. Then, in 1966, a freezing factory (food department) was established in response to the rapid increase in mandarin orange production, and in 1972, the factory was separated as Hiroshima Corp., and it seems that it is processing food as a cooperative company. Recently, the environment surrounding distribution and consumption has changed drastically, and the wave of internationalization is rushing in, forcing us to respond to the production and distribution of fruits and vegetables that can be sold in production areas. The association will continue to play an active role by making the best use of its function as a professional association to deal with these situations. JA Mihara covers Mihara City (excluding Daiwa Town), Takehara City, and Setoda Town, Onomichi City. It seems that agricultural and livestock products that take advantage of the unique climate are being produced. The JA jurisdiction is blessed with a warm climate in Setoda, and it grows from lemons centered on Setoda Town and Allium × proliferum (Allium wakegi: bulbs) that have been cultivated since the beginning of the Meiji era. It is said to be a hybrid of allium, and the root part swells like a bulb, scallions increase, and seeds cannot be produced. Also, I heard that Odo City has the largest shipment volume in Japan in Japan. Cultivation seems to have started from the beginning of the year. In the Kansai region, it seems that there is a habit of eating Wakegi, which grows by splitting, at Doll’s Festival as a lucky charm for the prosperity of descendants.) Boasts the highest production in Japan. It seems that they are working on a wide range of production promotion from rice to citrus fruits and vegetables. From the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries variety registration website, application number, 13718, application date, 2001/08/10, application publication date, 2002/02/13, registration number 12069, registration date 2004/06/04 , 25 years of breeder’s right, extinction date of breeder’s right Name and address of breeder’s registrant, National Research and Development Corporation Agriculture and Food Industry Technology Research Organization (Kannondai, Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Prefecture): Raising registered varieties Name of the person who did it, Mr. Toshio Yoshida, Mr. Hirohisa Nekaku, Mr. Terutaka Yoshioka, Mrs. Mutsuko Nonomura, Mr. Yuji Ito, Mr. Shoji Murase, Mr. Fumitaka Takishita, No designated country for export. This variety was cultivated by crossing “Wase Miyagawa” with “E-647” (“Kiyomi” × “Oseora”). It is a citrus fruit that matures in early December in the orange growing area (Shizuoka City, Shizuoka Prefecture). The shape of the tree is medium, the size of the tree is a little small, and the tree vigor is medium. The thickness of the shoots is thick, the internode length is medium, and the thorns of the shoots are many. The shape of the leaf blade is spindle-shaped, the degree of wavyness is a little weak, the size is small, the leaf height is medium, the leaf blade width is narrow, and the sharpness of the net vein is a little clear. The shape of the wing leaf is trace, and the length and thickness of the petiole are medium. The formation of inflorescences is solitary, the weight of flowers (flower buds) is light, the shape of petals is spindle-shaped, the length is short, the width is wide, the color is white, the number is 5, the degree of separation of pollen is separated, There is no pollen. Fruit shape is oblate, fruit shape index is slightly large, fruit top shape is flat, presence or absence of radial groove is not clear, presence or absence of concave ring is unclear, fruit stem shape is tangent plane, some radial groove Is inside. The fruit is empty, the size is large, the weight of the fruit is a little heavy, the color of the pericarp is orange, the size of the oil vesicles is medium, the density is dense, the unevenness is concave, and the rough surface of the fruit is a little rough. The slip, the thickness of the pericarp and the percentage of the pericarp are medium, and the difficulty of peeling is easy. The hardness of the sac is soft, the shape of the sac is short, the size is medium, and the color is orange. The juice is slightly high, the sweetness is low, the acidity is low, the aroma is medium, the number of seeds is small, and the number of embryos is single embryo. The germination period is a little late, the flowering period is a little early, the maturity period is quite early, and it is early December in the growing area. Biennial bearing is medium, the occurrence of floating fruit is small, the occurrence of cracking is absent, and the storability is short. Compared to “Kiyomi Orange”, the fruit is empty and the peeling is easy. Compared to “Oseora Orange”, the fruit is heavier and the color of the peel is orange. It is said that distinction is recognized by such. A strain grown by NARO in 1990 at the Fruit Tree Experiment Station Okitsu Branch (currently Citrus Club Okitsu) by crossing “Wase Miyagawa” with E-647. In 1992, he was in high contact with Satsuma mandarin, and in 1995, he first set fruit and was selected for the first time. Since April 1996, the 8th citrus line adaptability / characteristic test has been conducted, and it seems that an agreement has been reached that it is suitable as a new variety candidate. The fruits are oblate and average 180g inside and outside. The pericarp is orange, 4 mm thick inside and outside, and although it is a little thick as a mandarin orange type, it is soft and it seems that peeling is easy. The fruit is a little smooth and he seems to be fully colored from early to mid December. Floating skin rarely occurs. The flesh is orange and relatively soft, and the amount of juice seems to be a little large. The membrane is relatively thin and soft, so it is easy to eat. The sugar content of the fruit juice is relatively low at 10% inside and outside, but the acid reduction is quick, and it has an orange-like flavor and the taste is good. The maturity period is early December throughout the year, and it is usually as early as Wenzhou, and can be harvested and shipped within the year. Since the anthers are degenerated and there is no pollen, it seems that they will be non-nucleated unless pollen of other varieties is applied. The tree vigor is moderate, and the appearance of the tree is between upright and open. The shoots are thick, short and dense. There are many thorns, but they are getting shorter, and it seems that they will not grow if the tree vigor settles down. It has good fruiting and is fairly strong against Elsinoë fawcettii Bitancourt et Jenkins（The first onset of spring leaves seems to be accelerated from the germination stage to mid-April when there is a lot of rainfall and the low temperature continues due to lack of sunshine. The amount of occurrence is the correlation with the number of rainy days from the time of germination of the citrus to April 15th, the amount of rainfall and the sunshine time, and the average temperature from April 1st to 20th or the average temperature from April 1st to 20th. , There seems to be a correlation with precipitation. It seems that the onset of illness increases when there is rainfall (which occurs frequently when there is a lot of rain) and then the humid conditions continue for 12 to 15 hours or more. It seems that it overwinters with lesions on old leaves and is transmitted from the germination stage to every rainfall. It occurs frequently when the temperature is low and the number of rainfalls is high. Spring leaf lesions seem to be an important source of fruit transmission. Since a large amount of spores are formed on the lesions of spring leaves, it seems that they often occur in fruits even if they occur less in spring leaves. The sensitivity of the fruit is highest after the valve is dropped, and it becomes less likely to develop the disease as it grows larger. It seems that it occurs frequently in humid gardens such as dense plantations and valleys.）, but appears to be somewhat susceptible to Xanthomonas citri subsp. Citri.（Due to bacterial diseases, there are few effective drugs, and control using drugs is not sufficient, so we thoroughly implement windbreak measures and remove transmission sources. It seems that it is essential to maintain windbreak fences and windbreak nets in windy gardens. Thorough pruning of diseased branches and leaves during pruning. For summer and autumn treetops, citrus leaf miner: Phyllocnistis citrella (Stainton) (body length about 3 mm, body covered with silvery white scales. Eggs should be laid (egg diameter 0.3 mm) along the veins of undeveloped leaves. However, it seems that it lays eggs on fruits very rarely. It seems that the damage is great on young and young trees because adult worms lay eggs on new leaves and larvae prefer to eat the mesophyll of new leaves. The affected leaves atrophy and become malformed, which seems to adversely affect the growth of the tree. Damage to summer leaves causes disease. It seems that the number of occurrences per year is thought to be 8 to 10 times in warm regions. Is the growing season of summer and autumn treetops, and it seems that the more summer and autumn treetops occur, the greater the amount.) Thoroughly remove the diseased branches and remove the diseased branches. It is essential not to let the spring leaves develop the disease in order to prevent the onset of fruit, and it is thoroughly sprayed from 1 month before germination to the end of the spring leaf exhibition. It is too late to spray after the fruit becomes ill. The residual effect period of the drug is about 30 days for Bordeaux mixture (cumulative rainfall of 200 mm) and about 20 days for copper wettable powder (150 mm). If a typhoon is expected to hit, spraying after the hit is less effective, so spray 2 to 7 days before the hit. In the new plantation, we do not bring in diseased seedlings and thoroughly exterminate them.）Occurrence of system pitting due to citrus tristeza virus is mild. The fruits are tasty and easy to eat, but the sugar content of the juice is relatively low and the taste tends to be pale, so it seems to be suitable for cultivation in areas where there is little rainfall in the fall in the citrus growing area. Cultivation in places where soil moisture tends to increase, such as paddy field conversion gardens, should be avoided as much as possible. Cultivation is said to be good under conditions that control soil moisture in the summer and autumn and put moisture stress on the trees. Onomichi has a good natural harbor. The first year of Kao in the Heian period (1169): Funatsukura site officially recognized by Bingo-Ota no Villa (later Koyasan territory): Since becoming a shipping port for manor rice : Japan-ming trade ship and Western-route shipping : These prospered throughout the Middle Ages and the early modern period. The development as a port town and a commercial city gave birth to wealthy merchants in each era. Many of these were donated to shrines and temples. A landscape that condenses history : Stairs and slopes overlooking the sea. Onomichi water seen through the alley, scattered temples, etc. Mr. Naoya Shiga who wrote the draft of “A Dark Night’s Passing” : He published the first half of the two-part novel, “A Dark Night’s Passing,” in 1921 : In 1937, he published the second half of “A Dark Night’s Passing,” completing it : The author’s only full-length novel, “A Dark Night’s Passing” (1921-1937), is considered one of the most important works of Modern Japanese Literature ; Shohei OHKA, a novelist, praised it as the highest achievement of modern literature. Mrs. Fumiko HAYASHI（Onomichi Municipal a girls’ high school ; Hiroshima Prefectural Onomichihigashi High School）from “A Wanderer’s Notebook” : Ms.Hayashi Fumiko, born in present-day Moji-ku, Kitakyushu City, is famous for her excellent works, including the autobiographical novel Horoki (A Wanderer’s Notebook), which was adapted for a play long performed around the country. Mr. wasaku KOBAYASHI who loved this place and continued to draw : Received the Minister of Education Award for Art Selection in 1953. Many literary men and women are making footprints. In recent years, it has become the setting for numerous video works and is famous as a movie town. In 1898, the city system was enforced second only to Hiroshima City in the prefecture. Expanded the city area through merger with surrounding municipalities. From the lush northern hills to the area around Onomichi Channel : A town with a variety of resources, extending to the Seto Inland Sea region, which has a unique Archipelago. New attractions such as ‘Shimanami Sea Route’ : It connects islands full of history and culture:Enjoy the sea load of about 70 km in total length by cycling（Connecting the cities of Onomichi in Hiroshima Prefecture and Imabari in Ehime Prefecture, the seventy-kilometer cycling route-which takes cyclists across six islands along the Seto Inland Sea-is attracting intense interest from overseas tourists）. Promote town development with unique and attractive value.Located almost in the center : A city with great expectations for its development as “Setouchi Crossroads”. Approximately 600 km west of Tokyo and approximately 200 km west of Osaka. A warm port town located in the eastern part of Hiroshima Prefecture. Prosper as a “Setouchi crossroads” that connects Kinki and Kyushu, and Sanin and Shikoku. It still occupies an important position as a transportation hub.Onomichi is a long and narrow town about 20 km east-west and about 35 km north-south. Jodo‐shin sect Honganji sect (of Shin Buddhism) Kosanji Temple（Former businessman Mr. KOZO Kosanji（Mr.Fukumatsu Kanemoto）: The ritual called “Ho-onko” for expressing the feeling of gratitude to Shinran takes place on the date of his death annually. Built with a feeling for the benevolent mother : Setoda Town, Onomichi City, Hiroshima Prefecture) – Seated Statue of Hokan Amida Nyorai (coroneted Amitabha Tathagata) (1201), Izusan Jogyo-do old warehouse, Important Cultural Property. The urban area and the area where the countryside spreads can be roughly divided into two. There’s another portrait of Takauji ASIKAGA preserved in Jodoji Temple in Onomichi City, Hiroshima Prefecture : Jodoji Temple Pagoda (Onomichi City, Hiroshima Prefecture), Important Cultural Property. Shiranui Orange : Sumo Mandarin : You have to give a lot of nutrition, and you need to irrigate and fertilize well when the flowers bloom and become young. Born in 1972 in Minamishimabara (Kuchinotsu), Nagasaki. It is famous as a fruit born by crossing “Kiyomi Orange（Citrus unshiu ✕ Sinensis）” and “Ponkan（Nakano No.3 : Citrus reticulata var poonensis (Hayata) H.H. Hu）”. After ripening well on the tree, store for half a month to a month. It seems that the sourness will be removed and the sweetness will increase. Cultivation of Citrus Unshiu, which uses less water to increase sugar content, requires a slightly different cultivation method.Producers encourage special agricultural products of lime（Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle）. As a travel pesticide targeted for saving, it decreased by 80% here. Chemical fertilizer (Nitrogen component) also decreased by 80% compared to the local area. The jurisdiction is the West Kyushu Production Association (Citrus Subcommittee). In the greenhouse, water management and nutrient management are thoroughly carried out, and it is carefully calculated so that it will be tasty. On May 26, 2020, JA Mihara of Hiroshima Prefecture signed an agreement with JR West Okayama Branch to promote the area of Setoda Town, Onomichi City. The signing ceremony was held in the lemon field of the town, and the JA’s Mr. Tsunemasa Nishihara（at that time） and JR West’s Mr. Yasuhiro Arita（at that time）Okayama branch president signed the agreement. Recruitment from October 25, 2021. Onomichi Co., Ltd. (Headquarters: Shibuya Ward, Tokyo, with local people) operates a matching site “Onomichi” that creates a population related to the region by taking advantage of seasonal and short-term labor shortages in the region. The concept that we think that we want to visit the area over and over again because we like the people in the area because we meet each other will increase the value of our experience). In collaboration with the project, by matching “citrus farmers suffering from labor shortages during the busy farming season”, “guesthouses during the off-season of tourism” and “young people who are interested in the region and agriculture” in the Setoda area of Onomichi City, agriculture and tourism It seems that they are working on a model that solves the regional issues of both sides.
Wase-based midpoint late-ripening citrus (e.g. pomelo) shipped for Year-end gifts and year-end demand. Recently, it is called the Marudori method (a technology that combines a “mulch coating” that covers a mandarin orange garden with a sheet and a drip can drip that gives liquid fertilizer to the soil little by little like a drip). The technology to lay a sheet and drain the water during the summer to make delicious fruits has been developed, and HAREHIME oranges with a sugar content of 13% or more is available for purchase. The name comes from “Harehime,” which becomes a sweet and fragrant fruit as the sunny weather continues from summer to autumn.
It seems that Hiroshima Prefecture has created its own mandarin orange cultivation calendar and mandarin orange control calendar, and is providing guidance to producers. We collect, sort, and ship at 7 fruit sorting plants in JA in the prefecture. In order to prevent product loss such as spoilage, it seems that JA / technicians are holding a handling briefing session. The climate of the Seto Inland Sea, which is warm and has little rain, is suitable for mandarin orange cultivation, and is widespread mainly in the coastal areas of Hiroshima Prefecture and minor islands. The sales period is about half a year from October to March every year, and it seems that it can be handled by a variety relay.
The fruits are tasty and easy to eat, but the sugar content of the juice is relatively low and the taste tends to be pale, so it seems to be suitable for cultivation in areas where there is little rainfall in the fall in the citrus growing area. I heard that it is better to avoid cultivation in places where soil moisture tends to increase, such as paddy field conversion gardens. It seems desirable to cultivate under conditions that control soil moisture in the summer and autumn and put moisture stress on the trees.