Allium fistulosum L.
栃木県塩谷郡高根沢町, 矢板市, さくら市, 塩谷郡塩谷町（JAしおのや）
Japanese leek with a lot of white parts at the base. Make a groove around it and pull the soil from there to fill the groove. At the end, the green onions are high and buried in the soil, and the opposite of the beginning. It became “Nebuka green onion” because it grows deep roots.”
As a new initiative from 2022, Takanezawa Town, Shioya District will reduce and exempt both the supplementary food expenses of the nursery school and the school lunch expenses of elementary and junior high schools to support child-rearing. The amount of exemption is 1500 yen for supplementary meals. The school lunch fee will be reduced or exempted from 1,400 yen for elementary school students and 1,200 yen for junior high school students. It seems that the city planning tax will be suspended until 2025 to revitalize the city and promote settlement. From March 14, Shioya Town, Shioya District, Tochigi Prefecture and Yaita City will jointly inoculate children aged 5 to 11 with the new coronavirus vaccine. According to both cities and towns, it was decided to work together because it is difficult for the towns to deal with it alone. The target is about 1600 people in the city and about 410 people in the town. The first inoculation date is from March 14th to April 1st, and it seems that individual inoculations will be given at the KARUBE Dermatology Pediatrics Clinic in Kibata, Yaita City. Coupons have already been shipped in both cities and towns. Reservations will be made online, and children with underlying illnesses will be accepted from March 1st, and other children will be accepted from March 3rd. About 390 people accept reservations. As soon as the additional supply of vaccine is decided, it seems that the reservation frame will be increased. On March 2nd of the same year, at the “National Home reading Postal Contest”, which conveys the excitement of reading to the family with pictures and sentences, the work of a girl in the second grade of Ujiie Elementary School in Sakura City was the highest award “YANAGIDA”. It seems that he won the Kunio Award. It seems that he was selected as one of the 5 points of the award from about 18,000 points in Japan and overseas from kindergarten to the general public. The highest award selection for elementary school students in the city is a feat for the second consecutive year. The competition is sponsored by the Board of Education of Misato City, Saitama Prefecture, which advocates Misato, the city of reading in Japan. It has been implemented since 2014, and is chaired by KUNIO Yanagida, a well-known non-fiction writer from Kanuma City. He is an intellectual who actively speaks about disasters, accidents, pollution problems, life and death, language and mental crisis, child personality formation and media issues. Also, in 2022, it seems that there were applications from Japan from Hokkaido to Saga Prefecture and from Hangzhou City, China. To promote the merger of JA, the “Wide Area JA10JA Concept” was resolved at the 22nd Tochigi Prefecture JA Convention in November 1991, and it is possible to strengthen farming and lifestyle guidance measures, strengthen the management base, and meet the needs of union members. We aimed to create a JA that has high-level business functions and is capable of self-responsible management. Furthermore, at the 23rd Tochigi Prefecture JA Convention (November 1996), it was resolved to “realize wide-area merger and promote organizational development”, and it seems that the promotion of wide-area merger was strongly promoted. Based on these movements, I heard that the “Shioya District Wide Area Merger Research Council” was established on August 2, 1993 within the JA jurisdiction, and research and research for the merger has begun. In addition, on August 31, 1996, with the secondment from each JA, Central Association, and Federation, a dedicated secretariat was set up, and it seems that a full-scale merger preparation system was prepared. On January 14, 1997, the research council so far was reorganized in a developmental manner, and the “Shioya District Wide Area JA Merger Promotion Council” was established, and it seems that concrete merger plans have begun to be examined. In October of the same year, a merger preliminary contract was signed that describes the basic matters of the merger, and each JA held an extraordinary general meeting asking whether or not the merger was possible. There is. After that, after repeated discussions with the establishment committee, the Shionoya Agricultural Cooperative was established on March 1, 1998. This agricultural cooperative consists of 1 city and 4 towns, Yaita City Agricultural Cooperative (Yaita City), Shioya Town Agricultural Cooperative (Shioya Town), Ujiie Town Agricultural Cooperative (former Ujiie Town), Takanezawa Town Agricultural Cooperative (formerly Ujiie Town). Takanezawa Town) and Kitsuregawa Town Agricultural Cooperative (formerly Kirengawa Town) are merged. After that, due to the merger of cities, towns and villages on March 28, 2005, Shionoya Agricultural Cooperative seems to have become 2 cities and 2 towns. The JA Shionoya jurisdiction is administratively divided into the Shioya district and is located in the northeastern part of Tochigi prefecture. It is a long rhombus from north-northwest to east-southeast, about 43 km north-south, the widest part of east-west is about 30 km, and the total area is 543.97 km2, which seems to occupy about 8.5% of the prefecture’s land. It consists of 2 cities and 2 towns, Yaita City, Shioya Town, Sakura City, and Takanezawa Town, and the total population seems to be increasing with more than 118 thousand people. It is a clear fact that as Japan’s population declines year by year, migration from the city and prosperity of descendants are progressing within the jurisdiction. It will be a result of each municipality’s dedication to attractive town planning. In the north, Yaita City and Shioya Town border the Kinugawa, Shiobara, and Nasu districts with the plateau mountain range as the boundary, and part of them is designated as Nikko National Park. In addition, Sakura City (former Kitsuregawa Town) in the east borders the Minaminasu district on a gentle plateau, and Sakura City (former Ujiie Town) and Takanezawa Town in the south are located at the northern end of the Kanto Plain and border the Utsunomiya and Haga districts. , Seems to form a corner of the flat grain area. The highest point is Shakagatake（The highest peak of the plateau volcano. Although it is a mere intermediate mountain in terms of altitude, Mt. Takahara itself forms a vast independent mountain area and has many peaks including Mt. Keicho. It is not a simple stratovolcano, but a compound volcano, and its activity time and place are different, so it has topographically complicated elements.）in Shioya Town, which is 1,794 m above sea level, and the lowest point is the southern flat land, which is 107 m above sea level. The main rivers are the Kinugawa River, which flows from the western part of the area to the southern boundary, the Hoki River, which originates from Shiobara Town in the north, along the eastern part of the area, and the Uchikawa, Arakawa, and Egawa rivers. Is traversing the inside of the pipe. The average temperature in the area is around 12 ℃ in the north and around 13 ℃ in the south, and the precipitation seems to be different from about 1,560 mm in the north and about 1,380 mm in the south. In addition, the frequency of thunderstorms is high, and it seems that those that occur on Mt. Takahara mainly affect, and those that occur on Mt. Nantai may affect the southern area. As the main means of transportation, the JR Tohoku Shinkansen, Tohoku Main Line, and Karasuyama Line run on the railroad, and the Tohoku Expressway, National Highways 4, 293, 408, and 461 and the Shioya Wide Area Farm Road (Green Line) have been developed. , It seems to be a big transportation base for industry and tourism. The area is dotted with many famous places and historic sites, including tourist attractions such as Happogahara in the north, the prefectural forest, and Shojinzawa spring. Especially, hot springs spring out everywhere in the jurisdiction to improve health. It is crowded with domestic and foreign users for recreation and other purposes during normal times. Tochigi long onion : This was named after the fact that Tochigi green onion is a special product of Shionoya and Boiled Hoto (noodle) is local dishes of the northern part of Tochigi. It is harvested all year round, but it is divided into “spring onions”, “summer green onions” and “autumn / winter green onions” depending on the harvest season. During the winter season when the sweetness increases due to the cold, the land of Shionoya grows and is sweet, soft and exquisite. The feature is that it is heavy, the surface is smooth and fresh, and the winding is firm. Besides, there are many white parts, and the boundary between green and white is clear. If you wrap the mud in newspaper without washing it, store it in a cool and dark place, and bury it in the garden, it will be more useful for a long time. White is famous for doing the work of pulling the soil at the base many times. Then, cultivate the green onions so that the soft white part becomes longer. Since ancient times, the soil layer is deep and soft in the Kanto region, so it is said that it was suitable for cultivation. By the way, I heard that it is a Senju long onion group, but both are nutritious and always captivate us. It’s the end of the year with only a few days left. 2021 is the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables (IYFV2021) set by the United Nations to raise global awareness of the nutritional and health benefits of eating fruits and vegetables. The United Nations is a valuable opportunity to raise awareness about the important role that fruits and vegetables play in human nutrition, food security, health and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2019 in New York, USA. Adopted at the 74th United Nations General Assembly held in December. Fruits and vegetables are rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals, etc. and are an important source for preventing lifestyle-related diseases, but even in developed countries, the average intake per adult has not reached the required amount. In addition, although the production of fruits and vegetables in the world is sufficient to support the world population, there is a fact that it is lost or discarded and is not eaten in the process of consumption in developed countries and in the process of distribution in developing countries. It seems. As 2030 approaches, which is the year to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the “Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)” started by Japan is also about. Resolution of a new international framework “Education for Sustainable Development: Toward the Achievement of the SDGs (ESD for 2030)” to encourage further efforts, Thursday, December 19: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (Thursday) FAO). Due to the problem that there was inappropriate spending in the “sixth industrialization” project that Shioya Town, Shioya District, Tochigi Prefecture had outsourced to JA Shionoya, the JA requested the town to return it by the 1st. It was found that the Utsunomiya District Court Otawara Branch filed a lawsuit seeking confirmation of the absence of debt of approximately 12.7 million yen. Dated April 1, 2021. According to the complaint, the town and JA Shinoya had a total of three outsourcing contracts, once each year for the three years from 2016 to 2018. The consignment fee seems to be about 44.5 million yen in total. The town has determined that a total of approximately 12.7 million yen, including reservations remaining in the JA, subcontracting costs paid after the contract period, and subcontracting costs for which receipts cannot be confirmed, are inappropriate expenditures. It seems that he was asking JA to return it. It is known in late July 2021 that a settlement between the town and the JA is expected to be reached in a lawsuit seeking confirmation of the absence of debt. To promote the merger of JA, the “Wide Area JA10JA Concept” was resolved at the 22nd Tochigi Prefecture JA Convention in November 1991, and it is possible to strengthen farming and lifestyle guidance measures, strengthen the management base, and meet the needs of union members. It seems that it aimed to create a JA that has high-level business functions and is capable of self-responsible management. Furthermore, at the 23rd Tochigi Prefecture JA Convention (November 1994), he resolved to “realize a wide-area merger and promote organizational development,” and said that he strongly promoted the wide-area merger. Based on these movements, the “Shioya District Wide Area Merger Research Council” was established on August 2, 1993 within the JA jurisdiction, and research and research for the merger has begun. On August 31, 1996, with the secondment from each JA, Central Association, and Federation, a dedicated secretariat was set up to prepare for a full-scale merger. On January 14, 1997, the research council was reorganized in a developmental manner, and the “Shioya District Wide Area JA Merger Promotion Council” was established, and it is said that a concrete merger concept was examined. In October of the same year, a preliminary merger contract was signed that describes the basic matters of the merger, and each JA held an extraordinary general meeting asking whether or not the merger was possible. Both JAs were approved and the founding committee members were appointed at the same time. After that, after repeated discussions with the establishment committee, the Shionotani Agricultural Cooperative was established on March 1, 1998. It consists of 1 city and 4 towns, Yaita City Agricultural Cooperative (Yaita City), Shioya Town Agricultural Cooperative (Shioya Town), Ujiie Town Agricultural Cooperative (former Ujiie Town), Takanezawa Town Agricultural Cooperative (Takanezawa Town), It is said that the five agricultural cooperatives of Kirengawa Town Agricultural Cooperative (formerly Kirengawa Town) have merged. After that, due to the merger of cities, towns and villages on March 28, 2005, the Shionotani Agricultural Cooperative became 2 cities and 2 towns. The first frozen vegetable in Japan was strawberry. 100 years history of frozen foods in Japan: The first frozen food in Japan seems to have started in 1920 with the construction of a full-scale refrigerator in Mori-cho, Hokkaido, which has the ability to freeze 10 tons of marine products per day. Ten years later, it seems that Tobata Cold Storage (now Nippon Suisan Kaisha)’s “Strawberry Shabe (frozen strawberry)” was sold at Hankyu Department Store in Umeda, Osaka as Japan’s first commercially available frozen vegetable. When the school lunch law was enacted in 1954 and school lunch started, frozen fish fillets, frozen croquettes, sticks, etc. suitable for lunch were adopted, and after that, school lunch expanded rapidly. This is the basis for the development of commercial frozen foods. Furthermore, at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, attention to frozen foods accelerated because the amount of food supplied in the Olympic Village was enormous and purchasing it all at once would affect ordinary households. Thawing and cooking methods have been studied, and it seems that they have begun to be used in the food service industry. Imports of frozen vegetables temporarily decreased due to the incident of pesticide contamination in Chinese frozen dumplings in 2008, but in recent years they have been on an increasing trend and exceeded 1 million tons in 2017. Imports of frozen vegetables in 2020 have decreased from the previous year due to a temporary decrease in imports from China due to the new coronavirus infection (COVID-19). In recent years, imports have increased significantly in countries such as Belgium, the Netherlands, Ecuador, and Vietnam. As for items, potatoes, broccoli, and mixed frozen vegetables seem to grow significantly. Regarding frozen strawberries, the import volume is increasing, and while the major import destinations of China and the United States are decreasing, the presence of Egypt and Chile seems to be increasing. While imports of frozen vegetables are increasing, there is a tendency for domestic production to be increasing, such as the introduction of functional labeling, cooperation with domestic production areas, and the entry of companies into organic frozen vegetables, reflecting consumer awareness. In 2020, when the time spent at home increased due to the influence of COVID-19, in addition to the growth of home-cooked meals, soaring vegetable prices in the summer spurred the sale of frozen vegetables at supermarkets and other places. For the purpose of reducing the number of purchases, the characteristics of frozen vegetables as stock demand have been reviewed, and it seems that the use has spread to consumers who have not used it until now, leading to continuous purchases. In addition, according to the summary of the Japan Frozen Food Association announced in April 2020, the growth of drug stores and convenience stores as places to purchase frozen vegetables is conspicuous as a trend in recent years, and the younger the age, the more the tendency. There seems to be a report that is getting stronger. Also, it seems that women tend to be more popular with ingredients such as frozen vegetables and frozen fruits than men. Cultivation spread rapidly as a back crop of paddy fields from the latter half of the 1950s, and in 2017, it recorded the highest production in Japan for 50 consecutive years. The prefecture seems to have designated January 15 as “Strawberry Kingdom Tochigi Day” to commemorate this the following year. In particular, its market share in the Tokyo market is unrivaled by other prefectures, and it seems that it is focusing on further expansion of production. Behind the scenes of strawberry production is steady breeding. It is a well-known fact that strawberry is now a highly competitive market with original varieties bred all over the country. The prefecture is also promoting strategic breeding, and it is said that four seasons that can be harvested in the summer, gifts, and white-skinned types are being developed. A wide variety of Japanese original strawberries are attracting a lot of attention from tourists visiting Japan, and it seems that the recognition of Japanese strawberries is increasing, especially in Asia. Ichigo; Strawberry is a representative agricultural product of the prefecture, but from the desire to secure more income for producers and enjoy agricultural products produced in Tochigi prefecture even outside the season, the National Federation of Agricultural Cooperatives, Tochigi Prefecture Headquarters, 2016 He started the frozen vegetables direct sales business in 2014, and two years later, in 2018, he started his own Tochigi dream factory. The frozen vegetables business is run by the direct sales section of the JA Zen-Noh Tochigi Farming Sales Planning Department, but it seems that only JA Zen-Noh Tochigi operates a freezing factory at the prefectural headquarters of Zen-Noh. Frozen vegetables to be tackled are not included in frozen foods under the Frozen Food Sanitation Law and JA Law, and seem to be treated as frozen distribution products of fresh foods. In addition, JA Zen-Noh Tochigi had outsourced the primary processing of Nira to a food processing factory from 2016 in order to respond to orders from the frozen dumpling factory in the neighboring prefecture, but in order to handle more items, 2018 I heard that in March, it was decided to establish its own “Tochigi Yume Factory” with a quality control function on the premises of the factory. At the vegetable processing factory, the most important thing to pay attention to is checking for foreign matter contamination, but at the Tochigi Yume Factory, we have started a trial operation of a function to inspect with LEDs to prepare for the risk of foreign matter contamination, and as a quality control function. It seems that bacterial tests and sensory tests (shape, luster, flavor, meat quality) are also in place. As mechanical equipment, there is a primary processing facility that can handle cabbage, lettuce, and cauliflower, centering on broccoli. Currently, we mainly perform primary processing (inspection, cleaning, cutting, etc.) before freezing, but we are still doing it. Since the factory has spare capacity, we plan to further increase the processing capacity. The factory is located in an easily accessible area, less than 6 kilometers from Utsunomiya Station and about 15 minutes from the Utsunomiya Interchange on the Tohoku Expressway. Garlic chives, cabbage (chilled), and frozen strawberry are the items with large sales and amount of money, but in recent years, it seems that frozen strawberry juice, frozen asparagus, and frozen green onion have been growing. We are developing items according to demand, and we also freeze-process onions and ginger. In addition to chilled cabbage, there are core removal and cutting. In 2020, it seems that they are starting to work on spinach and broccoli on a trial basis. Since the processing of vegetables relies heavily on human-wave tactics, it is said that securing a labor force that matches the season of vegetables is a major issue. It is the most important thing in the management of the factory to operate the machine without resting for a year and not to create a quiet period. However, unlike industrial products, in the case of vegetable processing factories, the peak time of their work depends greatly on the item and the weather, and it seems that it is not always the same every year. It seems that the peak time of work is from March to May for strawberries, from March to May for green onions, and from June to August for garlic chives. Smell tends to be a blind spot. Garlic chives are very fragrant vegetables, so it seems that they try to avoid working at the same time as strawberries. This measure seems obvious, but it seems to be a breakthrough. Raw materials are mainly procured from production areas in the prefecture, but items other than strawberries may be procured from production areas outside the prefecture with the cooperation of the neighboring JA group during the off-season. Some garlic chives are cultivated in fields dedicated to processing, but the varieties and standards seem to be the same as those for the market. In the case of strawberries, they are not cultivated for processing, and fruits that are slightly overripe or not for the market are shipped to the Tochigi Yume Factory for processing. The product seems to be capable of producing BQF candied, dice-cut, slice-cut, and fruit juice that retain their original shape. Being able to freeze strawberries at the most delicious time is a strength unique to the production area, which also leads to reduction of food loss. In addition, I heard that there are strong inquiries from major confectionery makers because the varieties “Tochiotome” and “Skyberry” can be used for display. Founded in 1986, Company A has been deeply involved in the development of menus at JA Zen-Noh Tochigi, and now has a business consignment contract to transport raw materials from agricultural cooperatives throughout Tochigi Prefecture to the Tochigi Dream Factory and part-time labor. Is responsible for securing. In recent years, the shortage of truck drivers has become a serious problem, and it seems that it has become a very big existence. It seems that sales to sales destinations, inventory and production volume adjustments are carried out by the direct sales section of JA Zen-Noh Tochigi Farming Sales Planning Department, and sales activities are carried out to end customers with direct sales as the center of the business. Also, regarding the collection of raw materials, the price is decided annually, but there seems to be no agreement on the quantity. One or two days before shipping, each agricultural cooperative will contact JA Zen-Noh Tochigi about the planned shipping quantity, and it seems that they will basically buy the entire quantity. Vegetables lose their freshness quickly, so if they cannot be processed, they are stored frozen as they are, and it seems that the amount of raw materials received and the production line are adjusted. In the case of frozen vegetables, there is a storage fee for the product, so I hear that maintaining a balance between manufacturing and sales and systematically producing and shipping is the biggest issue. The growth of vegetables is easily affected by the weather, and it is difficult to secure raw materials, it is difficult to secure a labor force, and there are no items that can be harvested and processed in the summer in Tochigi prefecture, so the operating rate of the factory has dropped. It seems that they have a problem of getting rid of it. In addition, with the expansion of COVID-19, the demand for eating out and school lunches has declined significantly, so it seems that the inventory for business use cannot be handled and the burden of storage fees is heavy. However, Tochigi Prefecture is close to the metropolitan area consumption area and has the great advantage of being able to secure raw materials from neighboring vegetable producing areas, and it seems that the market for frozen vegetables using domestic raw materials is still considered to have a lot of room for growth. As mentioned above, but again, JA Shionoya is administratively divided into the Shioya district and is located in the northeastern part of Tochigi prefecture. It is a long rhombus from north-northwest to east-southeast, about 43 km north-south, the widest part of east-west is about 30 km, and the total area is 543.97 km2, which occupies about 8.5% of the prefecture’s land. It consists of 2 cities and 2 towns, Yaita City, Shioya Town, Sakura City, and Takanezawa Town. Yaita City and Shioya Town in the north border the Kinugawa, Shiobara, and Nasu districts with the plateau mountain range as the boundary, and part of them is designated as Nikko National Park. In addition, Sakura City (former Kitsuregawa Town) in the east borders the Minaminasu district on a gentle plateau, and Sakura City (former Ujiie Town) and Takanezawa Town in the south are located at the northern end of the Kanto Plain and border the Utsunomiya and Haga districts. It seems to form a corner of a flat grain area. I heard that the highest place is Shakagatake in Shioya Town, which is 1,794 m above sea level, and the lowest place is the southern flat land, which is 107 m above sea level. The main rivers are the Kinugawa River, which runs from the western part of the area to the southern boundary, the Hoki River, which originates from Shiobara Town in the north, and the Hoki River, which runs along the eastern part of the area. Seems to be doing. The average temperature in the region is around 12 ° C in the north and around 13 ° C in the south, and the precipitation tends to be different, about 1,560 mm in the north and about 1,380 mm in the south. In addition, the frequency of thunderstorms is high, and it seems that those that occur on Mt. Takahara mainly affect, and those that occur on Mt. Nantai may affect the southern area. As major transportation means, the JR Tohoku Shinkansen, Tohoku Main Line, and Karasuyama Line run on the railroad, and the Tohoku Expressway, National Highways 4, 293, 408, and 461 and the Shioya Wide Area Farm Road (Green Line) have been developed. , It seems to be a big transportation base for industry and tourism. The area is dotted with many famous places and historic sites, including tourist attractions such as Happogahara in the north, the prefectural forest, and Shojinzawa spring. In particular, hot springs spring out everywhere in the jurisdiction to improve health. It seems that it is crowded with domestic and foreign users for recreation.
Before being transmitted to Japan, it was differentiated into leek (Nebuka Japanese leek) and leaf Japanese leek, and it is reported that both came to Japan and spread throughout the country, and were indigenous to each region. In the Agriculture complete book (1696), which is a farm book of the Edo period, “winter green onions are called large green onions, and spring and summer green onions are called small green onions.” (The leaves are thin and small and can be collected several times a year, but especially in the summer leek) and green onions “seem to be described. It also states that the quality of Japanese leek is better, and even the cultivation method, and it seems that a part of the current cultivation of green onions was already established more than 300 years ago. In addition, although it was classified as Liliaceae in the Cronquist system (the classification system of angiosperms proposed by Arthur Cronquist in the 1980s), it is classified into the Allioideae genus Allioideae in the APG plant classification system in the 1990s.
The spiciness peculiar to green onion is C6H10S, which is an ingredient that can be expected to promote digestion and antibacterial action. The green leaves are green-yellow vegetables, which also contain β-carotene, which is expected to have antioxidant effects, and other calcium. The white parts are light-colored vegetables and tend to contain a lot of vitamin C. Soft white onions are generally grown by a cultivation method in which the white part is covered with a black film or the like to shade the white part to lengthen the white part, and the white part becomes longer and softer than ordinary agricultural products. Especially in the extremely cold January to February, the sugar content rises and the sweetness seems to increase further. In addition, it is fresh, crispy and sweet, so you can eat it like a salad. Cooked dishes such as grills and stir-fried foods have a richer sweetness and are unbearable for Japanese leek.
Tochigi prefecture belongs to the Kanto region, and among them, it belongs to the northern Kanto region together with Gunma prefecture and Ibaraki prefecture. It is also located between the Tohoku region and the metropolitan area. It plays an important role in connecting the two on the Tohoku Shinkansen and Tohoku Expressway. The prefecture is often divided into the northern area of the prefecture such as Nikko and Nasu, the central area of the prefecture including Utsunomiya city, and the southern area of the prefecture such as Oyama city and Sano city. The northern area of the prefecture has mountains such as the Nikko mountain range, and the central area of the prefecture and the southern area of the prefecture are located in the northern part of the Kanto plain, and it seems that urbanization is progressing. The distance from the city center to Utsunomiya is about 130 km. It takes about 2 hours by car for transportation and less than 1 hour for the Shinkansen, which is relatively quick. When moving to the Tokyo metropolitan area, the Tohoku Expressway, Tobu Isesaki Line, and Tobu Nikko Line go through Gunma Prefecture, and the Tohoku Shinkansen and National Route 4 go through Ibaraki Prefecture.