福井県小浜市加茂（福井県JAグループ, 株式会社 めぐみふぁーむ）
Originating around the Andes mountains in western South America, the indigenous Aztecs call it “tomatl” and it is widely known. , It is said to be after the Meiji era. The godfather of “Koshi no Ruby” is Ms. Setsuko TSUMURA, a writer from Fukui prefecture who was awarded the “toy（1965）” award. The reason is that “ruby-like tomatoes were made in Koshi’s country (ECHIZEN)” because they are harvested after they are fully ripe in bright red.
A week has passed since Russia’s military invasion of Ukraine began in early March 2022. It seems that the path to the ceasefire has not yet been seen. A military clash in a land 8,000 km away from Japan, 10 Ukrainians live in the prefecture and are watching over the fate of their homeland. A woman who works as a Japanese confectionery craftsman in Obama City also answers an interview with a local newspaper with a sad look. She was born in a small town called Кам’янка, located almost in the center of Ukraine (area: 603,500 km2), and the news that a military invasion had begun seemed to hide her sadness. Obama City, the birthplace of soft volleyball, is fascinated by the possibility of the mackerel highway, which once brought seafood from Wakasa Bay to Kyoto. Intelligent and curious foreigners walk the old roads themselves, spelling out the conduits that helped shape Japan’s complex culture, and portraying the old folk houses they saw as rough jewels that slipped through the fingers of progress. Koshi’s ruby was cultivated in the Department of Agriculture at Fukui Prefectural Junior College: two-year college (now Fukui Prefectural University) using biotechnology (tissue culture) technology in 1989, and was registered as an original variety in Fukui Prefecture in 1992. The training registrants are Mr. Nasuda, Mr. Mori, Mr. Oshiro, and Mr. Katsuta. From the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries variety registration homepage, application number 3713, application date 1990/02/13, application publication date-registration number 2993, registration date 1992/01/16, breeder’s rights duration 15 Year, extinction date of breeder’s right 2007/01/17, * Name and address of cultivar registrant whose period has expired Fukui Prefecture (Fukui City, Fukui Prefecture): Overview, This variety is a selection successor of strains with resistance to Ralstonia solanacearum. This is a fixed variety in which a mini-type selection system “Mini 16” is bred and the third generation of hybrids is propagated by tissue culture. It is a variety suitable for cultivation. The grass shape is usually a little large in the number of leaves under the first flower cluster, the number of interbunching leaves is generally 3, and the internode length is a little long. The leaf settling angle is slightly drooping, the leaf length and width are medium, the leaf shape is type 2, the curly leaf is medium, and the leaf color is dark green. The shape of the flower cluster is simple, and the number of flowers is rather large. The size of the fruit is small (about 45 g), the shape of the fruit is a high-waisted sphere, and the shape of the cross section of the fruit is a circular shape. Delamination of the fruit stalk is present, the degree of depression on the side with calyx (closer to the resulting branch) is shallow, the size of the calyx is slightly small, the shape of the flower drop is punctate, and the shape of the abscisic acid is slightly. It is convex. The hardness of the fruit is a little hard, the thickness of the flesh is a little thin, the number of ovary is generally 3-4, the uniformity of the size of the fruit is a little high, and the deformation rate is a little low. There is no green on the shoulder, the fruit color at the ripe stage is dark red, the color of the fruit epidermis is yellow, and the color of the flesh is deep red. The beginning of flowering and the beginning of coloring are late. Tolerable solid content is high, acidity is slightly low, total solid content is medium, fruit cracking resistance is medium, and bacterial wilt resistance is high. Compared to “Chelsea Mini”, the leaf setting angle is drooping, the fruit size is large, the number of ovary is large, the soluble solid matter content is high, the flowering start is late, Ralstonia Compared to “Kintaro”, the leaves have a drooping angle, the size of the fruit is small, the content of soluble solids is high, and the resistance to Ralstonia solanacearum is high. It is said that distinction is recognized because it is high. Name of registered variety, Ruby Urara of Koshi, name of variety at the time of publication of application Application number 22798, date of application 2008/07/29, date of publication of application 2009/02/03, registration number 20951, date of registration 2011/08/29, duration of breeder rights 25 years, extinction date of breeder rights 2017/08/30, name and address of variety registrant Fukui Prefecture (Fukui City, Fukui Prefecture): Registered varieties were cultivated Name of the person Mr. Yukio Nomura, Mr. Toshio Okuda, Mr. Takuma Tayasu, Mr. Minoru Saito, Mrs. Kumi Kato, Mr. Yasutaka Hatanaka, Mr. Nobuhito Sato Medium, leaf length is slightly long, leaf width is slightly narrow, leaf notch is pinnate twice, leaflet size is medium, leaf green intensity is light, flower cluster shape is single, petal color Is yellow, with delamination of fruit stalk, fruit size is slightly small, fruit diameter ratio (vertical / horizontal) is small, fruit shape of vertical cross section is slightly flat, folds on fruit shoulder are weak, stem part The dents are weak, the size of the buds is small, the size of the flower drops is small, the shape of the fruit apex is smooth, the color of the fruit epidermis is yellow, the size of the heart of the fruit is medium, and the thickness of the fruit is medium. , Number of child chambers is 4.5 or 6, no green on the shoulder of the fruit in the young fruit stage, the fruit color in the young fruit stage is quite pale, the fruit color in the ripe stage is red, the fruit color in the mature stage is pink, fruit The hardness of is hard. The application variety “Koshi no Ruby Urara” is a control variety “Hana no Suzu (date of extinction of breeder’s rights, name of variety registrant, address of NICCA CHEMICAL CO., LTD. Variety registrant, Bunkyo, Fukui City, Fukui Prefecture, registered variety” Compared to “Name of the breeder, Mr. Shigeru Taniguchi, Mrs. Sachi Aokizawa, Mr. Mitsuo Tamamura)”, the size of the heart of the fruit is medium, and the fruit color at the young fruit stage is quite pale. Distinguishing is recognized. Compared to the control variety “Wonderball 50”, it is said that the distinction is recognized by the fact that the size of the heart of the fruit is medium and the color of the fruit at the young fruit stage is considerably lighter. Koshi no Ruby Sayaka, Variety name at the time of application publication Application number 22799, Application date 2008/07/29, Application publication date 2009/02/03, Registration number 20952, Registration date 2011/08/29 , Duration of breeder rights 25 years, Extinction date of breeder rights 2019/08/30, Name and address of variety registrant Fukui Prefecture (Fukui City, Fukui Prefecture): Name of the person who bred the registered variety, Mr. Nomura Yukio, Mr. Toshio Okuda, Mr. Takuma Tayasu, Mr. Minoru Saito, Mrs. Kumi Kato, Mr. Yasutaka Hatanaka, Mr. Nobuhito Sato, Overview, Grass shape is normal, anthocyanin color on the stem is light, internode length (limited to normal varieties) is medium, leaf length Is long, the leaf width is slightly wide, the leaf notch is pinnate twice, the leaflet size is medium, the leaf green intensity is light, the flower cluster shape is single, the petal color is yellow, and the fruit pattern Delamination is present, fruit size is small, fruit diameter ratio (vertical / horizontal) is small, fruit shape of vertical cross section is slightly flat, folds on fruit shoulder are weak, dents on the hump are weak, to The size of the drop is a little small, the size of the drop is small, the shape of the fruit apex is smooth, the color of the fruit skin is yellow, the size of the heart of the fruit is medium, the thickness of the fruit is a little thin, the child chamber The number is 4.5 or 6, there is no green on the shoulder of the fruit in the young fruit stage, the fruit color in the young fruit stage is quite pale, the fruit color in the ripe stage is red, the fruit color in the ripe stage is pink, and the hardness of the fruit. Is hard. The application cultivar “Koshi no Ruby Sayaka” is distinguished from the control cultivar “Koshi no Ruby Urara” in that the leaf width is slightly wider. Compared with the control variety “Red Ole”, the distinction is recognized by the fact that the number of child chambers is 4.5 or 6 and the green color on the shoulder of the fruit in the young fruit stage is absent. Control variety Solanum lycopersicum ‘Campari’ (The company Mastronardi Produce (produces tomatoes and other fruits and vegetables at a solar-powered plant factory based in Kingsville, Ontario, Canada) registered the term Campari as a United States trademark for its tomatoes in 2003; however, the trademark was challenged in 2006 based on claims that “Campari” is actually the general name for the tomato variety bred in the 1990s by the Dutch company Enza Zaden.) ” It is said that the distinction is recognized by the fact that the number of child chambers is 4.5 or 6, and the fruit color at the young fruit stage is quite pale. “Fukui Seed Co., Ltd.”, a Koshi no Ruby seedling company, handles good seedlings and agricultural materials and agriculture in collaboration with seedling companies all over Japan, including the development of seeds and seedling varieties centered on original varieties. We are also actively selling households and other products. It seems that there are original varieties of “delicious tomatoes” that are second to none in Japan. It seems that they have been working from the desire to be useful “all for farmers” and “for revitalization of local industries”. Company information, company name Fukui Seed Co., Ltd., location, Fukui City, Fukui Prefecture Development, establishment, December 25, 1998, number of employees 24 employees, 19 other parts Business items Development of varieties of vegetables, production and wholesale of seedlings, Sales of agricultural materials, agricultural houses, gardening materials, cultivation guidance for flowers, vegetables, etc., facility gardening technical guidance, horticultural design and construction. Average fruit weight: 30-40g, TMV resistance: Tm-1, Medium size between large tomatoes and cherry tomatoes. The sugar content is 3 to 4 degrees higher than that of large tomatoes, and the average sugar content is 7 to 8 degrees, and the taste is very good and popular. Megumi Farm Co., Ltd., based in Obama City, Fukui Prefecture, completed four gardening houses in the spring of 2017, cultivated Fukui Prefecture brand tomatoes, Koshi’s ruby, and spun off from Megumi Wakasa Co., Ltd. Established “Company Megumi Farm”. Megumi Wakasa Co., Ltd. was established on July 13, 2015, head office location, Kamo, Obama City, Fukui Prefecture, 10 employees (including 1 part), business content: production and processing of agricultural products, sales of agricultural products, and agricultural work agency. It is located in a quiet rural native place surrounded by mountains in the middle of the Reinan region. It is the smallest Miyagawa district among the 12 districts in Obama city, but it seems to be a historical area that has continued since the Kofun period. During the Yayoi period, rice cultivation was carried out, five small villages were formed, and it seems that the medieval literature also states that the area was recognized by the government. Mountain castle was built during the Warring States period, and it seems that it was also a strategically important base. In the Meiji era, the five small villages became one as Miyagawa village, and in the Showa era, it seems that it merged with Obama city and became the present Miyagawa district. The ancient people consistently protected the fields without being swept away by the rough waves of history. It brings the blessings of the earth to us living in the present. Unfortunately, in recent years, the number of farmers who cannot continue farming due to aging is increasing year by year. Rice prices are falling, production efficiency is poor, it is difficult for individuals to maintain agricultural machinery, and above all, there is no successor. Due to various factors, more and more people are forced to quit agriculture. It seems that it was known for more than 20 years. From that time on, it seems that the hardships of the seniors who have been studying countermeasures, advancing land improvement, setting up agricultural corporations in each village, and confronting difficult situations are beyond imagination. Megumi Wakasa Co., Ltd. was established thanks to the volunteers and people involved, as well as the farmers in the area who understood and cooperated. It seems that there were a number of difficulties in putting together agricultural corporations for each cluster and advancing large-scale agriculture. It seems that it was not unusual to collect rice fields from each farmer. It seems that everyone thought that it must have been an unbearable feeling to leave the rice fields inherited from their ancestors to others. It seems that some people thought that it was not necessary to make it a mega farm. Nevertheless, the reason why the establishment of the mega farm was promoted is that if we think about this situation and 10 to 20 years from now, Japan will continue to change rapidly and the situation in the world will continue to decline. Seems to be visible. By becoming a mega farm, it seems that work efficiency can be improved and production costs can be reduced compared to the past. It is important, but from now on, we will make the best use of the property of this area, gather the experience and wisdom of our ancestors cultivated so far, and incorporate and practice advanced technology, and data. It seems that he is focusing on accumulating. We will spare no effort to spend time and effort to grow crops of better quality. We will prepare the working environment and work as one to manage the cultivation of crops while protecting the environment. Is indispensable. It seems that he continues to disseminate information and is focusing on getting more people to become fans. Recycling agriculture: It seems that they are working on environment-friendly and highly sustainable recycling agriculture by effectively utilizing what would otherwise be discarded, such as rice husks, rice bran and vegetable waste, as organic resources without waste. The compost made by fermenting rice husks mixed with bark (wood chips) and microorganisms is rich in organic matter. By mixing it with soil to make a field rich in nutrients, sowing seeds, harvesting, and repeatedly making compost, it will slowly and surely grow into rich soil, and it will be reborn as sustainable agriculture that continues to circulate. By continuing recycling-type agriculture that is friendly to both people and the environment and making good soil, it seems that rice and vegetables that are full of the original taste are being grown. Obtaining JGAP and FGAP certification and preparing and protecting the paddy field environment will not only grow better quality crops but also protect the surrounding environment. He is seriously learning and practicing the cultivation management of safe and delicious agricultural products, the work environment of employees, and the environment surrounding agriculture. In addition, Megumi Wakasa Co., Ltd. is focusing on three types of specially cultivated rice that are environmentally friendly and contain as little chemical synthetic pesticides and fertilizers as possible. Specially cultivated rice, certification: Chemically synthesized pesticides and fertilizers are grown in rice fields that are not used during the cultivation period. Wakasa Obama is located in the center of the archipelago on the Sea of Japan side, and is a cultural city that is deeply connected to the continent, the Korean Peninsula, and the capital of Kyoto. Obama City, which still has 130 temples and has handed down many rituals and performing arts, is the first Japanese heritage founded by the Agency for Cultural Affairs on April 14, 2015. Cultural heritage group (MiketsuKuni: A country that has been the food of the imperial court and the emperor since ancient times. In the Manyoshu, Ise, Shima, Awaji, etc. are described as MiketsuKuni, and Wakasa was edited in the Heian period. In the “Enki-shiki” that was held, it was listed with Shima Nato as a country that pays Minie, which is the supply food of the emperor.) (Certified in two cities, Obama City and Wakasa Town.) Since before the Nara era, the Wakasa area, which faces Wakasa Bay and is blessed with seafood, is the food of the emperor, “Offering (to the gods, emperor, etc. As “Miketsu Kuni” who sends”.)”, It seems that it has supported the food culture of the city (≒ Japanese food culture). In the Heian period, it became a key point of maritime transportation, and it seems that many cultures, goods, and people have flowed in from all over Japan, including the continents and the Korean Peninsula that face each other across the sea. In recent years, fresh seafood has been sent to the capital by a number of roads called the Scomber japonicus highroad (Saba Kaido Museum), and the latest culture has been transmitted from Kyoto, which seems to have brought prosperity to Wakasa Obama. It seems that many Buddhist statues from the Heian period and temples built during the Kamakura period remain along the road leading to the city, including Obama City, which is also called the “treasure of cultural properties” (list of cultural properties of Obama). Many Buddhist statues called “eleven-faced Avalokiteshvara statues”, which show the relationship with the esoteric beliefs of the Tendai sect and Shingon sect, to which the Heian aristocracy was deeply devoted, seem to indicate a deep connection with the city. The temple of Myotsuji in Obama was built in the Kamakura period, and the main hall and the three-storied pagoda seem to be designated as national treasures. In 1408, in the early Muromachi period, the “foreign ship (esp. Of Spanish and Portuguese ships arriving from the south prior to the Edo period)” loaded with rare animals such as elephants and ostriches was a trading base as a gift to Shogun Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA. It seems that “Elephant” became the first city to land in Japan after entering the port of Obama, which continued to develop. From the Warring States period to the Edo period, the lord of Obama changed frequently, but during the time of IEMITSU, the third shogun of Tokugawa, the Shogunate member of shogun’s council of elders Tadakatsu SAKAI became the Obama feudal lord. It seems that it prospered as a central city. It seems that the prosperity situation can be seen from the festival “Obama Gion Grand Festival” at Hiromine Shrine at that time. There are still wonderfully diverse and dense traffic cultural heritage groups such as temples, shrines, Buddhist statues, festivals and other traditional events brought about by exchanges with the continent and the capital, and unique food culture nurtured in the history of traffic. The carefully handed down “MiketsuKuni Wakasa Obama” is colored by 1500 years of various history and culture, and still fascinates people over time.
Since 2013, we have been working on development with the aim of increasing consumption of tomatoes produced in Fukui Prefecture and increasing the income of producers. By repeating mating and selection of various varieties, it seems that they narrowed down the ones with high sugar content and resistant to diseases. In 2018, new yellow and orange varieties are born. The two varieties weigh about 25 to 30 grams and are equivalent to or slightly smaller than the products. The producer said that the average sugar content is a little high, and it is better to eat it as a salad while making the best use of the sweetness and color.
Midi tomato is a general term for medium-sized tomatoes, which are about the size of a ping-pong ball of table tennis, which was born through various breeding improvements such as combining large ball and mini tomatoes. Both the peel and the flesh tend to be firm, and generally contain more nutritional value than the large ball species. As far as I know, it seems to be high in lycopene, potassium, vitamin B6 and vitamin C. In addition, folic acid, which is one of the important nutrients for women, especially during pregnancy and lactation, seems to be contained more than 1.5 times more than ordinary tomatoes. Folic acid, which is gentle and necessary for women, is also effective in preventing anemia. It also seems to contain a lot of dietary fiber that helps improve the intestinal environment such as relieving constipation. Although it does not have the sugar content of fruit tomatoes, its strong taste and aroma of tomatoes are widely used for cooking and are useful along with their size.
The FUKUI Prefectural Agricultural Cooperative was established on April 1, 2020 with the management philosophy of “Enjoying Fukui’s Agriculture and Living Forever”. I hear that the purpose of JA Fukui Prefecture is to increase agricultural productivity and increase the agricultural income of union members. In order to strengthen the farming production system and realize low-priced supply of production materials, it seems that they are working on organizational restructuring and returning to the origin of agriculture-based management.