Raphanus sativus L. var. hortensis Backer
千葉県袖ケ浦市大曽根（袖ケ浦市園芸組合委員）（君津市, 富津市, JAきみつ）
おら（ほ; 方）: Refers to my town (region, village) and meaning. In the olden days, the character “one”, which means “big root”, was used, but it seems that it was later read aloud and became “Daikon”. I heard that Japanese radish is a variety with a white rhizome, and the alias of Suzushiro (fresh white, radish) is also based on this. From a safe production area with everyone’s shining smiles.
JA Kimitsu is a member of the Chiba Prefectural Horticultural Association and the Chiba Prefectural Vegetable Gardening Association: History, established in May 1964, 20 organizations in the prefecture (agricultural cooperatives, agricultural cooperative subcommittee organizations, municipal gardening associations / agriculture) Consists of the Promotion Association, Prefectural Seedling Study Group, Prefectural Greenhouse Association) (as of the end of May 2021). Activities We will promote mutual communication and coordination among members, improve and disseminate vegetable production, rationalize sales, secure the profits of members, and expect the development of vegetable gardening in this prefecture. Implementation of consumption expansion business Daejeon market top sales, creation of Chiba horticultural clear file, implementation of consumption expansion event at metropolitan area mass retailers Implementation of out-of-prefecture inspection training, participation in various workshops Promotion of establishment of main production area of excellent vegetables in Chiba prefecture Implementation of the project Holding of general meetings, board meetings, and secretariat meetings. Introducing the standing position of the producer（Ozone district） of Oraho Japanese Radish. Outline of affiliated organizations (as of April 1, 2021): Name of affiliated organizations, Sodegaura City Agriculture and Forestry Promotion Council, Grounds for Establishment, Sodegaura City Agriculture and Forestry Promotion Council, Establishment Ordinance, Purpose and Necessity of Establishment, Matters under the jurisdiction to respond to the mayor’s inquiry regarding the formulation, change and project implementation of the agricultural promotion area development plan and the city agriculture and forestry promotion. Number of members who deliberate on matters related to matters, 20 people, public / private disclosure of the two-year committee meeting (closed when discussing matters related to personal information) Jurisdiction department, Sodegaura City Hall, Environment and Economy Department, Agriculture and Forestry Promotion Division. Kimitsu Agricultural Cooperative is located in the southwestern part of Chiba prefecture, near the center of the Boso Peninsula. It is within 50 kilometers from central Tokyo. In April 2004, 3JA merged to form JA Kimitsu, which has jurisdiction over Kimitsu City, Futtsu City, and Sodegaura City. The jurisdiction has a relatively warm climate, where rice, vegetables, livestock products, etc. are actively produced, and it is blessed with geographical conditions and has a strong agricultural production base. Since the opening of the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line in 1997, the transportation network has been improved and convenience has been improved, such as the opening of the Futtsu Tateyama Road and the Tateyama Expressway, and the extension of the Ken-O Expressway. JA Kimitsu returns to the origin of cooperative activities with the aim of healthy management and “energetic JA loved by the region”, and is working on business management that makes the best use of the characteristics of comprehensive JA based on the promotion of regional agriculture. There is. In addition, rice grains, fruits and vegetables, flowers, livestock, and direct sales are the main areas, and rice cultivation and horticulture are popular. Phaseolus vulgaris is cultivated in the jurisdiction in the Obitsu district of Kimitsu city. Obitsu is located in the center of the JA, has a warm climate and an annual rainfall of around 1800 mm, which is a favorable environment for agricultural management, and it seems that paddy rice, vegetables and flowers are cultivated actively. Obitsu’s string: french beans production seems to have started in 1963, about 50 years ago. At that time, it was common to plant rice and lettuce in the back crops at Obitsu, but it was planted in the Odorii district of Sodegaura City, and it was triggered by receiving information from the producers there. Annual shipments in recent years seem to have been around 100 tons. In particular, it is mainly cultivated in a house, and it seems that there are two types of cropping, semi-forcing and suppressing. Semi-forcing seems to be cultivated from February to July, and suppression seems to be cultivated from August to December. I heard that shipments will be divided into two parts, spring and autumn, from May to early July and from October to early December. The cultivated area is about 5.6 hectares (semi-forcing 3.5 hectares, restrained 2.1 hectares), and the producer seems to be 45 houses (semi-forcing 25 houses, restrained 20 houses). The main varieties are “Super Steyer green beans” and “Kentucky Blue green beans”. The varieties can be broadly divided into vine species with vines and dwarf species without vines, both varieties and vine species with vines. In the jurisdiction, it seems that JA fruit sorting has adopted a system in which producers fill a container, ship it to JA Kimitsu’s fruit sorting plant, and use a belt conveyor at the fruit sorting plant to pack boxes according to grade by seasonal employers. At Obitsu, it seems that the cultivation area was sluggish due to the lack of manpower for sorting and packing the fruits after harvesting. Therefore, it seems that JA fruit sorting was started in 2003 with the aim of reducing the fruit sorting work and boxing work, expanding the area by that amount, and increasing the shipping quantity. After that, although the shipment volume has been declining due to the decrease in the cultivated area due to the aging of the producers, the strict fruit selection by JA fruit selection seems to have received high praise from the market. JA fruit selection seems to be indispensable for shipping high-quality beans and maintaining their position as a production center. In recent years, it seems that the damage caused by small pests such as thrips has become more serious in greenhouse cultivation. From spring to early summer, the population of these pests increases sharply as the temperature rises, causing a decline in the rate of fruit excellence and suppression of tree growth due to the damage. It seems to have caused particularly great damage to the harvest of semi-forcing cultivation after June. Amblyseius swirskii Athias-Henriot, a natural enemy of pests, has a habit of preying on thrips, whiteflies, and Tarsonemidae. Therefore, it seems that the damage of thrips will be suppressed if this natural enemy is released in advance during the flowering period of green beans. The producers who used it said that the frequency of spraying chemicals in the summer could be reduced, it became easier, the damage of thrips was suppressed, and the yield increased, and it seems that the effect was realized. Since the use of natural enemies does not rely on chemical pesticides, it seems that it has led to the acquisition of the “Chiba Eco Agricultural Products” certification recommended by Chiba Prefecture. Chiba Eco Agricultural Products is an initiative to reduce the amount of chemically synthesized pesticides and fertilizers to less than half of the usual amount in order to deliver agricultural products that consumers can purchase with peace of mind through environment-friendly agriculture. Producers seem to have achieved strict standards to obtain certification, such as recording the history of pesticide use and undergoing examination in the actual field before harvesting. Given the aging of producers, it is unfortunately difficult to increase the cultivation area and shipment volume in the future, but the goal is to maintain the current production volume and establish high-quality production and sales routes. Seems to be there. We would like to improve the quality more than ever, take advantage of the transportation by the aqua line, and ship mainly to the Keihin market. It seems that they are politely and sincerely trying to produce Kidney beans with good freshness and safety so that they can become fans of the JA. In addition, it has a reputation for being a proud vegetable that is sweet and has no bitterness and can be eaten deliciously by children and adults alike. Japanese radish in JA Kimitsu jurisdiction seems to be shipped from October to early June. In addition to the common Japanese white radish, Japanese radish for Japanese oden: Fishcake stew, round Shogoin daikon（It seems that two Long Daikon radishes were dedicated from Owari no Kuni to Konkai Komyoji Temple in Kuroya, the head temple of the Jodo sect, in 1818-30, the Bunsei era, which is near the end of the Edo period. It happened that Mr. Kihei TANAKAYA, a tokunoka who lives in Shogoin (Sakyo Ward, Kyoto), saw this and was surprised that it was much larger and very splendid than the Daikon cultivated in the Shogoin district at that time. Then, after receiving a request from the monzeki who was his friend, he continued to collect seeds in his own field at the Shogoin, and as he continued to cultivate, it seems that a short one appeared in the elongated Daikon. It is reported that a fixed round variety was finally cultivated as the thick and short varieties were selected and cultivated and continued to be cultivated. The quality was better than that of Daikon cultivated at that time, and it had excellent characteristics such as being suitable for cultivation in shallow cultivated soil, so it seems that cultivation spread rapidly throughout the Shogoin area.）, and red and purple radishes that can be eaten with pickles and salads are also cultivated. Daikon with leaves is also in high demand for the “leaf” part, and seems to be used as a substitute for sessioning furikake and green vegetables. Sodegaura City, Chiba Prefecture, is located along Tokyo Bay, almost in the center of Chiba Prefecture, and is shaped like a butterfly with spread wings. It borders Ichihara City in the east, Kisarazu City in the west, and faces Tokyo Bay in the shape of a saw tooth in the north. On April 1, 1991, the city system was enforced 656th in the whole country and 29th in the prefecture. At this time, it seems that Sodegaura Town, Kimitsu District became the current city of Sodegaura. In April 2021, we celebrated the 30th anniversary of the enforcement of the city system, and during this time, the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line and the Higashi-Kanto Expressway Higashi-Kan Line were opened, and the Ken-O Expressway was partially put into service. Increased. While taking advantage of the “Sodegaura-ness” that is characterized by its good location, rich nature and excellent industrial base, we are working to improve the social base and citizen services, and we are steadily creating other proud towns, and the population. Also seems to be on the rise. Area is about 94.92 km2, east-west distance 14.0 km, north-south distance 13.5 km, circumference 84.5 km, coastline 28.7km. Sister city is Itajai city in Brazil. It seems to be thriving. Dried seaweed cultivation was once popular on the northwestern coast of the city, but the Keiyo Industrial Zone was formed in the 1965s, and it seems that enormous energy such as electricity, gas, and oil is being sent to the metropolitan area from here. In addition, a residential land was formed by a land readjustment project triggered by the creation of a seaside industrial zone. Currently, it seems that a land readjustment project is underway in the area on the sea side of Sodegaura Station. On the other hand, in the lush agricultural area in the inland area, rice cultivation, lettuce and tomato facility gardening, and fresh vegetables such as taro, japanese radish, and peanuts are cultivated, which serves as a food base to support kitchens in the suburbs of the city. In addition, dairy farming (I heard that the city has been working on recycling-type farming in collaboration with farming from early on. By growing rice for feed in rice fields made from cow dung compost, and eating it by cattle. It seems that it is creating a circulation mechanism. It has merits for both farmers in addition to the environmental aspect, it saves the trouble of cutting etc. for rice farmers, and it seems that stable profits can be expected with subsidies. On the other hand, for dairy farmers. It seems that processing cow dung was a source of trouble that was costly and time-consuming. It seems that it is very convenient to be able to effectively use it as compost. Also, rice is a favorite by fermenting fruits and foliage to make “whole crop silage”. It seems to be a feed that has good properties and is also excellent in digestion and nutrition. “Whole crop silage” is a crop that was conventionally made for the purpose of harvesting grains, such as corn and rice, with the foliage part with a lot of fiber. It means that the nutty grain parts are harvested together and adjusted to silage. By using this, it seems that it is possible to produce a feed that is well-balanced for dairy cows and meat cows and has a high nutrient yield. For cultivated forage crops, corn and grass production seems to be the basis in terms of quality, yield and cost.) As a base on the Chiba prefecture side of the Tokyo Bay Aqualine, which will have a great impact on the future of the city, and taking advantage of the geography of the shortest 22 minutes between Haneda Airport and Sodegaura Bus Terminal, the future city image “People who make together, green shine, peace of mind” It seems that we are proceeding with town development toward the realization of “Machi: TOWN Sodegaura”.
Allyl isothiocyanate; -N = C = S: Expected to have the effect of suppressing the generation of ethylene gas, and the role of preventing oxidizing and enzyme. Sinigrin (C10H16KNO9S2) contained in root and leaf cells is produced by the action of an enzyme called myrosinase (β-thioglucosidase). Glucosinose (Pungent principle; Mustard oil glycosides): Secondary metabolite; It is divided into three types: reducing (Alanine, Isoleucine, leucine, methionine, valine.), Acrylic (Phenylananine, Tyrosine) ), And indole (C8H7N) (Tryptophan), and is synthesized from different amino acid precursors. Hydrolyzed by myrosinase and decomposed into isothiocyanate, thiocyanate ([SCN] ion), nitrile (Linear molecular geometry), and sulfur (S). Starch digestive enzyme: Mainly works to help digest carbohydrates. Glycosyltransferase; 1837, Justus Freiherr von Liebig; Glycosidases that break down glycosidic bonds inside sugar chains are called endoglycosidases, and glycosidases that break down glycosidic bonds at the ends of sugar cha it seems to be present in almost all living things, from bacteria to mammals. It contains various enzymes such as enzymes that decompose substances such as starch and disaccharides such as sucrose and lactose to serve as nutrient sources, and enzymes that process glycoproteins. Flavonoids; Polyphenols with pigments, bitterness and pungent ingredients.
An example of an Ozone producer: A field of radish to avoid soil disinfection Then, in the summer, pour marigolds and pour them in. When soil is disinfected, organic matter is not decomposed much in the soil, and in fields where the decomposition component of organic matter is small. Making delicious vegetables becomes difficult. In addition, it takes a lot of time and effort to give ripe compost to the soil every year, but it seems that Japanese White Radish is delicious and the production method is environmentally friendly.
JA Kimitsu’s direct sales offices “Mirai Sadamoto” and “Yuri no Native Place” commend the producers who participated in the sales points and events and tried to attract customers in 2021. It seems that the award is given at the anniversary event every year, but the event was canceled due to the influence of the new coronavirus. Therefore, it seems that it was held at the main store in Tsukahara, Kimitsu City. Although it is a product purchase, the barcode sticker with the price written on it has the name of the producer, the place of origin, and the shipping date in addition to the price. It seems that some consumers buy by looking at the producer’s name, shipping date, and production area while having fun by seeing, touching, and enjoying.