Solanum lycopersicum L.
In August 2002, the three tomato subcommittees that had been in the jurisdiction were unified, and a new facility gardening subcommittee was established. It is shipped under the brand name “Red Tomato Girl”. Although it is a variety, it is beautiful and, as the name suggests, it looks beautiful. Also, the impression that it has a very beautiful and well-organized color and shape.
茨城県つくばみらい市, 取手市, 守谷市（JA茨城みなみ施設園芸部会）
In 2018, there are many items that boast the highest production in Japan such as chicken eggs, sweet potatoes, melons, peppers, Chinese cabbage, bricks, dried sweet potatoes, mizuna greens, etc. Fruit trees such as Japanese peppers and even rice production are flourishing. The Tokyo Metropolitan Central Wholesale Market has recorded the highest volume of fruits and vegetables in Japan for 17 consecutive years, and Ibaraki Prefecture is truly one of the leading agricultural prefectures in Japan. It is blessed with a mild climate, vast and flat land, and abundant nature. In the era of “Hitachi Fudoki (description of the culture, climate, etc. of Hitachi provence; approach. , People live affluently, it’s like a land of the eternal world (paradise).” Even in modern times, agriculture occupies an important position not only as a key industry in the region but also as a foundation of the country. In addition to this “Ibaraki Agricultural Academy”, the prefecture seems to be making various efforts to enliven agriculture, such as the establishment of the “Ibaraki Eating Campaign Promotion Council” that supports local production for local consumption in all Ibaraki. In addition, the total amount of agricultural output in 2018 exceeded 430 billion yen, and it seems to be the third largest in Japan after Kagoshima prefecture. Rice accounts for about 20%, horticulture about 50%, and livestock about 30%, compared to 25 years ago (around 1984), when rice, horticulture, and livestock accounted for almost one-third each. The structure seems to be changing. The main reason for the increase in the proportion of the horticultural sector in recent years is that vegetables, flowers, etc. are being actively produced by taking advantage of favorable conditions such as being adjacent to the metropolitan area, which is a large consumption area. It seems that it is thought to be for the sake of it. From the beginning of January 2022, according to the Ibaraki Prefecture Production Area Promotion Division, in recent years, natural disasters that have caused enormous damage to agricultural houses have occurred frequently, which has a great impact on agricultural management, and in the prefecture, the wind speed is 36 m. It has announced a policy to promote the development of a house with a strength that can withstand more than / s (Toughening Greenhouse). Along with this, in the prefecture, when constructing or rebuilding agricultural greenhouses in the future, the target of assistance is “Toughening house: About 70% of agricultural greenhouses in the prefecture are pipe greenhouses with a pipe diameter of 22.2 mm. It seems that the maximum wind speed is about 29m / s. It is necessary to take measures such as increasing the pipe diameter and reinforcing with a tie bar. In addition, it seems that the points to be strengthened and the matters to be concerned differ depending on the structure and location conditions of the greenhouse.” In addition, according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, medium- to long-term measures to be achieved on December 11, 2020, in order to accelerate measures against natural disasters such as storms and floods that have become severe in recent years, from measures to strengthen business continuity in horticultural production areas. The Cabinet has decided on “five-year acceleration measures for disaster prevention / mitigation and national resilience,” which set goals and measures to be accelerated / deepened. Based on the measures, we support the formulation of Business continuity planning: BCP by multiple farmers to improve the ability to respond to emergencies in horticultural production areas in order to prepare for the occurrence of natural disasters and form disaster-resistant production areas. In addition, it will support the establishment of the system necessary for the execution of BCP and the demonstration of recovery efforts in an emergency. Checkerboard / The top share of Japanese chessboard in Japan is Ibaraki Woodworking Co., Ltd. (Yatabe, Kamisu City), and about 80% of Goban and Shogi boards in Japan are produced by Ibaraki Woodworking Co., Ltd. For more than 55 years since its founding, while inheriting the techniques of traditional crafts, we have introduced technological innovations such as changing the grid process from handwriting to printing and realized mass production. As a top share maker, it seems to be contributing to the development and popularization of the fox industry. The largest beer production quantity in Japan: Ibaraki Prefecture seems to have the largest production quantity in Japan. (349,975 kiloliters / 2018 National Tax Agency Statistics Annual Report) In the prefecture, factories of major beer makers such as Asahi Breweries Ibaraki Factory (Moriya City Midori) where “Super Dry Museum” opened and Kirin Breweries Handle Factory are located. There is. The tallest bronze Buddha statue in the world (Kuno Town, Ushiku City): Official name: Ushiku Amida Daibutsu is the world’s largest bronze Buddha statue certified by the Guinness World Record as well as the highest in Japan, with a total height of 120 m. You can see the inside of the Great Buddha by elevator such as an observatory 85 m above the ground. Flower fields spread out around it, and cosmos is in full bloom in October. Aqua World, the largest number of shark breeding species in Japan Oarai Aquarium, Ibaraki Prefecture: Currently, about 60 species and 400 sharks are bred. The first baby sand tiger shark (sand shark) is born in Japan. Ibaraki Prefecture : It is one of the leading agricultural producers in Japan and boasts the second largest agricultural output after Hokkaido, and the melon production is the highest in the country. Tsukubamirai City : Born on March 27, 2006 by the merger of former Ina Town and former Yawara Village. It is a new municipality with a population of about 51,000 and an area of 79.16 square kilometers. The city is located in the southwestern part of Ibaraki prefecture, within a 40km radius from central Tokyo, and has two major rivers, the Kinugawa and Kokaigawa. Along the Kokai River, a vast paddy field spreads out, and the hills seem to be positioned as a city near the metropolitan area with fields, four golf courses, and residential areas. The road network has National Highway 354 in the north, National Highway 294 in the west, Joban Expressway in the central part, and Yawara IC, which intersects National Highway 294, and is convenient for transportation. Furthermore, in the railway network, the Kanto Railway Joso Line runs parallel to National Highway No. 294, and the Joso New Town development was carried out around Kokinu Station. On August 24, 2005, the metropolitan intercity high-speed railway “Tsukuba Express” that connects Tokyo Akihabara and Tsukuba City will open. It took 40 minutes at the fastest from Miraidaira Station to Akihabara, Tokyo, and 12 minutes to Tsukuba. Around Miraidaira Station, the prefecture has been developing excellent residential areas, and condominiums and shopping centers have been developed. It is also my hometown. The minimum temperature is around 3-4 degrees Celsius, and the maximum temperature is about 26 degrees Celsius, which is an average climate that is neither too cold nor too hot. The annual rainfall is about 1300 mm, and the weather conditions are quite good. Stable calm is also reflected in the tendency of the people of Tsukubamirai City. Toride City : Located at the southern tip of Ibaraki prefecture, the city area is 69.94 km2, 14.3 km east-west, and 9.3 km north-south.In an area blessed with water and greenery, where the two major rivers, the Tonegawa river and its tributary, the Kokai river, flow. The place name is because there was a fort of Mr. Tarozaemon Oshika in the Sengoku Period.However, in the 11th century at the end of the Heian period : As Soma Mikuria of Ise shinto shrine, the area around Toride City has already been recorded in historical materials. When it comes to 13 century, Inatoi, Togashira, Takai, Oshika, etc. These place names also began to appear in historical materials as the territory of Mr. SOMA. Jomon period ruins : Also, from the city, Nakazuma shell mound and Mukaiyama shell mound. 78 ruins from the Paleolithic period to the Nara / Heian period have been discovered. It is said that it has been a place of people’s lives since ancient times. Mito highroad is the Tenna-Jokyo year (1681-1688) : Toride has developed as a post town that plays a central role in the Kitasoma district. For the following details, please come to Toride City. “Moriya City” is located at the southwestern tip of Ibaraki Prefecture, within 40 kilometers from central Tokyo. It is adjacent to Toride City in the east, Joso City in the west, and Tsukubamirai City in the north. The south is a city facing Noda City and Kashiwa City in Chiba Prefecture across the Tone River. The railways that are the means of transportation for people are the Tsukuba Express, a metropolitan area new city railway that connects Akihabara Station and Tsukuba Station, and the Kanto Railway Joso Line. The road runs through the Joban Expressway to Tokyo / Ibaraki and National Highway 294 to Tochigi / Fukushima. In particular, the Moriya service area on the Joban Expressway is the last service area for Tokyo and the first service for Mito / Iwaki. It seems that it is used by many people as an area. The terrain is the Joso Plateau, which is a large diluvial upland extending from the southern part of Ibaraki Prefecture to the northern part of Chiba Prefecture (eastern Kanto region, across the lower reaches of the Tone River, and the Hitachi Plateau in the same prefecture on the north side and the south side. It is a plateau that combines the Shimosa plateau in Chiba prefecture. The plateau seems to be a reddish brown loam (volcanic ash soot) layer, and the groundwater surface is deep. In recent years, the Tsukuba Research Academy City has been established on the Hitachi Plateau, and the Narita International Airport has been established on the Shimosa Plateau. Due to the Tone River eastward relocation work and the Kinugawa River excavation work, it seems that the island-like terrain is surrounded by the Tone River, Kinugawa River, and Kokai River in three directions. The origin of the place name was praised when Yamato Takeru passed through this place during the eastern expedition and the thick forest spreads endlessly. It seems to be said. There seems to be a theory that this was translated into Chinese and read aloud to become “Moriya”. Also, when Taira no Masakado built a castle in this area, there is a theory that it became an easy valley to protect because it was an easy place to protect by deepening the valley high in the hill, and it turned into “Moriya”. It doesn’t seem to be clear about that. However, it is said that Moriya at that time was a place where people gathered from an early stage, with thick forests and deep coves on both sides. “Hito_nouchi_plan ; Farmers based on discussion : Central management body in Regional Agriculture : Clarify the future of Agriculture in the region. It will be announced by the municipalities and will start in 2012. An attempt in the midst of concerns about the aging of the region and the shortage of farmers. A plan that organizes these things. We will conduct questionnaires and map them to understand the current situation : Substantiation of future policy on the consolidation of farmland. Divide the city into 6 areas（The fourth is the FUJISHIRO district）and promote plans for each area. ‘Former Fujishiro Town Kitasoma District, Ibaraki Prefecture’, Abolition is March 28, 2005. 2011 summer high school baseball : The Ibaraki prefectural Fujishiro high school has participated in ‘Koshien’ as a representative of the prefecture. Former FUJISHIRO town name : Taken from Mito highroad (Rikuzenhama-Kaido) Fujishiro-juku : The roads which ran from Edo to Sendai along the Pacific coast were called ‘Rikuzenhama-kaido Road,’ and among them the one which ran to Mito City, where one of three privileged branches of Tokugawa family was located, was occasionally called ‘Mito-kaido Road.’ It had the functions of next Miyawada-juku (Currently Miyawada, Toride City) and alternately fastness.‘In front of the New Corona Virus’ : The source of the previous situation in the jurisdiction :（Domestic situations）The Consumption Activity Index has risen for three consecutive months since the sharp drop immediately after the consumption tax hike. Moreover, the painful tax feeling（share of tax）of the household budget seemed to be gradually eased. “JA Ibaraki Minami Facility Gardening Subcommittee” : It is designated as a fruit and vegetable brand promotion production area for tomatoes（2006年, 取手市, つくばみらい市）. The club has 27 members and produces wintering tomatoes in a cultivated area of 5 hectares, which is appreciated by consumers (2016). All tomato producers in the subcommittee are certified as eco-farmers in Ibaraki prefecture. Environmentally friendly farmer (as recognized by law)とは, 持続性の高い農業生産方式の導入の促進に関する法律の（1999年7月28日, 法律第110号）持続農業法 ; Law for Promoting the Introduction of Sustainable Agricultural Production Practicesに制定. It came into effect on October 25, the same year. They is a farmer who has been certified by the Governor (road, prefecture, prefecture) for the introduction plan of the agricultural production method that integrates soil preparation with compost and reduction of chemical fertilizers and synthetic pesticides. “Technology certification required to become an eco-farmer” “Technology related to soil preparation” (application of compost, cultivation of green manure crops, etc.) “Chemical fertilizer reduction technology” (use of organic fertilizer, local fertilizer application, etc.) “Chemical pesticide reduction technology” (Use of biological pesticides, mechanical weeding, etc.) It is necessary to introduce (or more) one technology that corresponds to the following three categories.）Reduce synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. The entire subcommittee is working on safe and secure tomato production. Selection, sorting and boxing of round tomatoes. By using a joint fruit sorting machine, fruit sorting is achieved without any variation. The cultivars are round ball-based “Reiyo（SAKATA SEED CORPORATION (Headquarters location: Nakamachidai, Tsuzuki Ward, Yokohama City, Kanagawa): It has a good shape with a rich circle, and the color is glossy and deep red. In addition, even if the grass is moderately vigorous, the stamina is strong and the momentum is not too strong, so there are very few occurrences of chuck fruits, windowed fruits, hollow fruits, and streak rotten fruits, so it seems to be well aligned in a beautiful state. Furthermore, the part called flower drop that remains on the actual buttock is also small. The flesh is hard and well-tightened, and has a long shelf life, so it seems to be able to maintain its beautiful condition as it deteriorates and loses its shape slowly after harvesting. Not only does it look beautiful, it also tastes good. The flesh that is tight and firm is tightly packed, even though it is tightly packed. It is not too hard or stiff, and has an excellent texture. The taste is sweet and rich, and you can fully enjoy the original taste. Large ball I heard that it is a tomato variety and is a member of the King Tomato.）” and Gift, and the brand name of “Red Tomato Girl（まっ赤なトマトっ娘）” is also popular. Fujishiro Tomato Beauty: Ladies First, Superfast ripe variety. Because it is a cultivation method that gives almost no water, it relies on soil and solar heat, and temperature control inside the greenhouse is the most important. Even within the same house, it is difficult to produce uniformly because the growth varies depending on the location. It is a proof for the future that the producer’s thoughts are transmitted to consumers and activated. As the flower language says, there are producers for consumers. We always need to thank each other. Again, in JA Ibaraki Minami, which is located in the southwestern part of Ibaraki prefecture, 40 km from the metropolitan area, producers working on environmentally friendly agriculture were certified by the prefecture as eco-farmers in 2002, and the brand tomatoes We are shipping “Red Tomato Girl”. Currently, it seems that the subcommittee is working as one to research tomato varieties and study sessions to improve quality with the aim of designating the brand production area. According to the producer, before planting tomatoes, in addition to soil disinfection by solar heat, JA Ibaraki Minami was asked to perform a soil diagnosis, and the missing components were identified and fertilizer was selected. Also, it seems that they are choosing a disease-resistant shiroki to prevent diseases caused by humidity. After planting, cover the ridges with a mulch sheet. By covering the tomatoes with a mulch sheet after planting and then covering with the mulch sheet, the sunlight can be applied to the soil after planting, and the roots of the tomatoes seem to grow downward. As the roots grow downward, it seems that healthy tomatoes grow by absorbing the nutrients in the soil even in the low temperature from winter to spring. Also, by choosing a white mulch sheet, it seems that the sun’s rays can be reflected and the light can be shined firmly even in the weak winter sunshine. It seems that it is necessary to adjust the humidity according to the growth, but it seems that you may suffer from mold caused by this humidity. Botrytis cinerea Persoon (It often occurs in fruits, petals, leaves, etc., but it seems that it also affects the stems and petioles. When it occurs near the stems at the seedling stage or immediately after planting, the damaged part turns brown and produces gray mold. It seems that the entire strain may die if the disease is severe. Also, when it occurs on the stem above the ground, it seems to be a large dark brown, oval lesion surrounded by purple-brown. After going around, it seems that it will wither from that part and die. In the young fruit, gray mold grows densely on the deflated petiole of the flower that has finished blooming, and it seems that it spreads from the flower drop part to the whole young fruit. The part becomes water-soaked, and it seems that gray mold is formed on the surface and softens and rots. It tends to occur in fruits near the ground. It seems that it invades from the wound or dead part. The optimum temperature for fungal growth is 23 ℃. Minimum 2 ℃. Maximum 31 ℃. Generally, it does not seem to form stalks at low temperature. It is common in cloudy weather and rarely in fine weather. It perishes in the damaged tissue in the form of mycelia and seedling spores and becomes a source of transmission. Mycelial nuclei are rarely formed and perennial even in the soil. It seems that it tends to occur when it is humid at about 20 ° C. It seems that it often occurs in greenhouses and green house cultivation from December to April. It seems that it is easy to occur. It seems that the rapid cooling in the morning and evening significantly promotes the outbreak of this disease. I heard that it is likely to occur in varieties with poor flower drop.) In addition, it seems that they are working on safety and security by using a method called natto control using natto water made by stirring with a mixer. Also, at night when the cold is severe, heat the green house to keep the room temperature between 8 ℃ and 10 ℃. In order to spread the warm air throughout, the air is circulated using several places in the greenhouse, and the vinyl installed just above the main branch is expanded to narrow the area where heating is used. So, it seems that they are trying to improve efficiency so that the room can be warmed evenly with a small amount of energy. It seems that winter and spring tomatoes are harvested manually from late October to June. Carefully lift the fruit a little so as not to damage it, and cut the part between the stem and the calyx with scissors. It seems that the fruits harvested in the summer are selected before they turn bright red, but the tomatoes harvested from winter to spring are selected to be relatively bright red. I heard that the degree of ripening until it hits the market changes depending on the temperature, so it is harvested while carefully checking.
Before planting tomatoes, in addition to disinfecting the soil with solar heat, we asked JA Ibaraki Minami for a soil diagnosis, identified the missing components, and selected fertilizer. In addition, in order to prevent diseases caused by humidity, we have selected a sickness-resistant substitute tree. The next step is to cover the ridges with the multi-sheet. The procedure of covering the tomatoes with the multi-sheet（Vinyl, plastic film, etc.）after planting seems to be because the sunlight can be applied to the soil after the planting by covering the multi-sheet later, and the roots of the tomatoes grow downward. As the roots grow downward, it seems that healthy tomatoes grow by absorbing the nutrients in the soil even in the low temperature from winter to spring. Also, by choosing a white mulch sheet, it seems that the sun can be reflected and the light can be shined firmly even in the weak winter sunshine.
REIYO tomatoes are round and well-shaped, and the color is glossy and the deep red color is impressive. The color turns beautifully up to the calyx, so it’s very beautiful. In addition, even if the grass is moderately vigorous, the stamina is strong and the momentum is not too strong, so the occurrence of chuck fruits, windowed fruits, hollow fruits, and root rot fruits is very small, so it seems that they are well aligned in a beautiful state. Furthermore, the part called flower drop that remains on the actual buttock is not a little small. The flesh is hard and tight, and has a long shelf life, so it tends to deteriorate and lose its shape even after harvesting.
It is called a culinary treasure in Europe, and it is widely known that it contains a lot of umami ingredients and makes the dish delicious by adding it. In terms of health, there is a saying “a tomato a day keeps the doctor away”, and tomatoes are rich in lycopene (a type of carotenoid), naningenin chalcone (a type of polyphenol, the skin part), vitamins and minerals, and when eaten. It is used to mean that the number of patients is reduced and the need for a doctor is so good for health. The red color of tomatoes is due to a pigment called lycopene. C40H56 is a kind of carotenoid, which has a strong antioxidant effect and is said to suppress active oxygen that causes cancer and adult diseases, and is attracting attention. Tomako-chan was born in Tsukubamirai City and Toride City with the image character of “Makka-na Tomatokko”, a tomato of JA Ibaraki Minami brand. She is a character raised by the dad, mom, grandpa, and grandma of the Ibaraki Minami Facility Horticulture Subcommittee with a lot of love.
I hear that the subcommittee is currently working together to research tomato varieties and study sessions to improve quality with the aim of designating a brand production area.