Allium cepa L.
In Japan, the ancient Chinese “蔥头: Allium cepa” was read as “onion”. It is attached from the scallion of the “بَصَل” sphere. The Latin word “union” is the English name for onions.
KAGOME CO., LTD. (Headquarters: Naka Ward, Nagoya City, Aichi Prefecture, Tokyo Headquarters: Nihonbashihama Town, Chuo Ward, Tokyo Aiming to become a strong company that can solve social issues through food and grow sustainably. With a long-term vision of “from a tomato company to a vegetable company.”, By delivering a variety of vegetables deliciously as salads, juices, seasonings, or supplements, we can extend healthy life, promote agriculture, and local communities. A company that helps solve social issues such as creation) started a joint venture of onions (fresh and processed products sales) in September 2021. The company aims to promote agriculture in Hokkaido in February 2020. Minami Agri System Co., Ltd. (Sobetsu Town is located on the southeastern shore of Lake Toya. In addition to hot springs, there are many attractions such as Mt. Usu and Mt. Showa Shinzan., A famous tourist spot. The farm is located in the plateau area a little away from the lake. The Minami family has been farming in this area since their grandfather’s generation, and the third generation is now leading the company. Incorporated in 2002 and expanded the scale of the farm while aiming for “environmentally friendly sustainable agricultural management”. Currently, in addition to upland farming, it seems that it is also engaged in facility gardening of vegetables and flowers, breeding of Japanese beef, etc. Production. Many of the agricultural products that have been produced are sold directly to customers, and they seem to be happy as “vegetables that can see the producer’s face.” On the other hand, from the interaction with customers, “safety and security are natural, and delicious agricultural products. It seems that they are practicing agriculture that values soil preparation, which is the basis of agriculture, with the idea that it is important) and established a joint venture “Sobetsu Agri Foods” to prepare for commercialization. We have been proceeding with this, but recently a storage for fresh onions and a fruit sorting plant have been completed in Sobetsu Town, Usu District, Hokkaido, and the sales system has been set up since September. The storage, fruit sorting plant, and processing plant of “Sobetsu Agri Foods” were built using the school building and site of the closed Sobetsu Municipal Kubonai Junior High School, and it seems to promote regional revitalization through the promotion of local employment. In the storage, Mooij Agro of the Netherlands (Moy Agro’s state-of-the-art storage computer “Croptimizer” announced at Interpom in Belgium in November 2014 has been installed in the Netherlands. There seem to be some major differences from the conventional storage computer. Since the images on the touch panel can be basically customized, you can use images from the actual warehouse, such as using images that are closer to the actual warehouse. Various controls are possible. Since the warehouse is managed centering on various images, it is more specific and easy to understand. It is possible to manage up to 32 rooms with one unit. Many analysis screens are prepared, and you can instantly find the element you want to know. Confirmed. Compatible with all kinds of character languages in the world and can be used in the language of the country. The flexibility of the program is dramatically increased and it can be customized to the warehouse control desired by the customer. The company has higher performance. It seems that it has embarked on an ambitious challenge to lead the global vegetable storage industry at a stretch by significantly improving the central device corresponding to the air conditioning control of the increasingly complicated vegetable storage. The company has so far about 750 warehouse systems in the world. However, it seems that it was planned to replace all control systems with this croptimizer within a few years. Furthermore, it is a significant grade of remote operation management software that works in conjunction with this storage computer. It seems that it has started to upgrade and will gradually introduce it together with the croptimizer. In the spring of 2015, the company started installing and operating this croptimizer in the place of practice for the first time in the Netherlands, and fine tuned the system. The introduction to the world began in the fall of 2015, starting with the Netherlands. It was TOMTEN Co., Ltd. (Headquarters: Toyohira Ward, Sapporo) that introduced the vegetable warehouse management system equipped with this croptimizer to Japan.)) Introduced equipment with drying and refrigerating functions. With three locations in Belgium, the Netherlands and Romania the company leads the industry in the development and production of agricultural machinery for soil cultivation, planting, harvesting, grading, sorting and transport of potatoes and vegetables. The family business has a rich 75 year history and is now under management of the third generation. Innovation, reliability, enjoyable collaboration and assisting the customer in finding the most efficiently solution are the cornerstones of the business strategy at Dewulf. The group achieves a turnover. Of 82 million euros with a close-knit team of 360 employees (2021).) It seems that they have also introduced state-of-the-art large-scale agricultural machinery such as rough selection machines and harvesters. Onions go well with Kagome’s main products, tomatoes and processed tomato products, and it seems that demand for processed onion products such as “onion saute”, which can reduce the labor and time of cooking work when eating out or eating out, seems to be increasing. Therefore, it seems that the company will work with the Minami Agri System to expand its business by providing onions with a high brand power of “made in Hokkaido” from fresh products to processed products according to user needs. The future business plan is to make the best use of the storage (total floor area of 1,430 m2) and fruit sorting plant (822 m2), and mainly use the Minami Agri System and Hokkaido onions cultivated by local farmers from September 2021. It is sold at wholesale / intermediate wholesalers and mass retailers inside and outside Hokkaido, and next year it will build a processing plant and sell peeled onions. From 2023, it seems that there are plans to sell processed onion products such as frozen sofrito to home-cooked meals and restaurants nationwide. It seems that the project was realized with the support of Japan Finance Corporation, Hokkaido Bank, Date Shinkin Bank and JA Mitsui Leasing. “Toya Lake Usuyama Geopark” has the theme of “coexistence of the changing earth”, and the area includes the whole area of Date City, Toya Lake Town, Toyoura Town and a part of Rusutsu Village and Makkari Village in addition to Sobetsu Town. It seems that there is about 1,180 km2. A caldera depression was created by an eruption that produced a huge pyroclastic flow about 110,000 years ago, and the pyroclastic plateau that spreads around Lake Toya and its surroundings, Nakajima, which was formed by repeated eruptions about 50,000 years ago, about It seems that the eruption started 20,000 years ago, and it is possible to know through many geological features, topography, ruins, disaster remains, disaster prevention facilities, etc. such as Mt. Usu and human history, which has repeated remarkable volcanic activity 9 times since the modern age. In this area, not only the dynamism of global activity and the history of disasters, but also the abundant fruits of agricultural products harvested on the Toya pyroclastic plateau formed by the pyroclastic flow eruption that created the Toya caldera, and Mt. Usu 7 to 8000 years ago. Toyako Hot Spring has a history of enjoying the blessings of many seafood caught in the waters near Usu Bay, which has many rocky reefs created by the debris avalanche caused by the collapse of the mountain body, and has now developed as one of Hokkaido’s leading tourist destinations. Seems to be due to the benefits of volcanic activity in 1910. All of these seem to be the resources that make up the Geopark. Geoparks are natural parks with multiple geological heritage sites such as topography, geology, and volcanoes that are of high scientific value. It seems to be an initiative aimed at the development of a sustainable regional economy and culture through “geotourism,” which is used not only for protection but also for research and education, and is also a target for tourism. In 2004, the Global Geopark Network (GGN) was established with the support of UNESCO, and the “Global Geopark” has started. In November 2015, it became a UNESCO official project as the International Geoscience and Geoparks Program (IGGP). Currently, it seems that Geoparks in 120 regions (as of September 2015) in 33 countries around the world are members of GGN. In 2009, Toya Lake Usuyama Geopark was certified as the first world geopark in Japan along with Itoigawa in Niigata Prefecture and Shimabara Peninsula in Nagasaki Prefecture at the GGN Secretariat Meeting held in Taian City, China, and as a world-class natural park. Value and commitment are recognized. Mt. Usu in Sobetsu is a new volcano that was created about 20,000 years ago and seems to have erupted nine times from 1663 to 2000, especially four times in the 20th century. Once erupted, it can be very damaging and sometimes even life-threatening, while volcanoes bring a variety of blessings, including dynamic natural landscapes, geothermal resources such as hot springs, and fertile land suitable for agriculture. It seems that it has supported the lives and industries of the residents of the town. The town accepts and understands the existence of volcanoes from the front, secures the safety of residents and tourists by taking appropriate disaster prevention and mitigation measures, and at the same time enjoys the blessings of the town as a “town that coexists with volcanoes”.It seems that they are making various efforts. In order to support the child-rearing generation, we are implementing free medical expenses for children, subsidies for vaccinations, and subsidies for regular school fare. In addition, we have independently operated the “Child-rearing support housing that we thought of as a mom”, which was devised through repeated workshops with moms, and the “Sobetsu Children’s Center,” which combines the functions of a nursery center, child-rearing support center, and children’s club. is doing. In 1993, Sobetsu Town, which has abundant forests and lakes and overlaps with the image of Northern Europe, entered into a friendship city tie-up with the city of Kemijärvi in northeastern Finland. Since then, a Finnish dispatch project (overseas training) for junior high school students in the town has started with the aim of fostering an international sense. Furthermore, it seems that various exchanges are being repeated, such as accepting the homestay of the Gemiyarvi City Student Visit Group. The 2021 edition of the United Nations World Happiness Report, which ranks the well-being of countries around the world, was released on March 19, and Finland ranked first for four consecutive years. Denmark is in second place, followed by Switzerland, Iceland and the Netherlands, which is new to my memory. How much is Japan? The correct answer is 56th. From a survey of ranking data released by the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) in conjunction with “International Day of Happiness” on March 20th each year from about 150 countries. “Okhotsk 222” is an improved variety of “Okhotsk No. 1（Shippo Co., Ltd. (Headquarters: Okamoto, Toyonaka Town, Miho City, Kagawa Prefecture, a company specializing in onion breeding and seeds made by farmers for farmers. The varieties are cultivated as standard. We have developed varieties that are resistant to diseases and have excellent storability, and are widely known as the number one company in Japan that boasts a sales share of 75% onion seeds. It seems that it does not grow well even if seeds of foreign varieties are sown because it is sensitive to varieties. Moreover, it is a vegetable that takes more than ten years to improve varieties. The disease-resistant variety was obtained by a major seed company and the National Hokkaido Agricultural Experiment Station and was developed by Dr. Warren Gabelman (person at least 100 years old in 2021) at Wisconsin University in the United States. Mr. Toyoshi IWATA, the representative who was working on the development of new varieties in Hokkaido, crossed the line of Professor Gerbermann with the native varieties of Hokkaido and improved the seedling test method, which is faster than the previous competitors, resistant to diseases and storable. He has developed an excellent and epoch-making variety and received the 2004 Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Award.), One of the main varieties of onions produced in Hokkaido, which is suitable for cultivation in cool regions such as Hokkaido. The ripening period is Wase, and it seems that it can be planted in cool regions from April to May and harvested after September. It is a little strong against soft rot, has resistance, hardly causes bolting, and seems to be easy to grow. Although it is a Wase variety, it has a very long storage period, and it seems that it can be harvested and stored until May of the following year.）” that was originally in Hokkaido, and it seems difficult to cultivate it in Honshu because it was improved according to the climate of Hokkaido. It is a Wase variety of yellow onion for Hokkaido and cool regions, and is an improved variety of Okhotsk No.1. Suitable for spring sowing cultivation that can be cultivated in Hokkaido and cool regions. Cultivation starts from March to April, and it seems that it can be harvested around September. It seems that the ball is tight, and the onion’s core is misaligned, and the number of hugging balls that divide inside is particularly small. In addition, it has excellent resistance to Pectobacterium carotovorum and seems to be difficult to bolt. The parent Okhotsk No. 1 is a Wase variety, but it has good storability and can be stored until May of the following year after harvesting, and the improved cultivar Okhotsk 222 seems to be able to store for a long time as well. It seems that spring sowing cultivation is basically done by sowing seeds in April and planting in late May, but since early planting is possible, sow seeds from January to February or March. I heard that it is possible to plant it in late April.
Allium cepa L. is cultivated at different times between Hokkaido and Honshu. The world’s largest economic island onions are sown in autumn (around September to October) and are harvested around the spring of the following year when they overwinter in the fields and become warmer. On the other hand, in Hokkaido, the cold weather is severe and the fields are covered with snow during the winter, so it tends to be transplanted to the fields after the snow melts by sowing in the spring (around February to March) and harvested in the fall of the same year. Hokkaido, which is located at the northernmost tip of the four major islands of Japan, has severe winters and short summers, so it should be transplanted to the fields as soon as possible and sown from January to February to ensure a sufficient cultivation period. It is carried out.
Utilizing the production technology of KAGOME Co., Ltd. while considering joint development of new varieties with seed companies. We are trying to differentiate ourselves by increasing cost competitiveness. Furthermore, with a view to selling products for home use, we will expand the onion business in addition to tomatoes.
“Okhotsk 222”, Kita Momiji 2000, Kita Hayate No. 2, Ikor (Okute variety, harvesting earlier than kamuy onions and other stored varieties, always very resistant to diseases that farmers suffer), Dr. Kelsey (for spring sowing only) Contains more C15H10O7 than conventional varieties), Hokkai Tenshin (suitable for spring-sown open field transplant cultivation in onion cultivation areas in all roads, but since this species is a medium Okute-late season breed variety, there is a delay in lodging, especially in the Amisato and Dohoku jurisdiction. To be expected, select an area with a good color of the outer skin and less occurrence of storage rot). These are all onion varieties cultivated in Hokkaido. Unfortunately, little is known that Hokkaido onions, which are often sold at supermarkets and are often seen, are cultivated early and late, harvested, and have many varieties.